Friday November 8th
9 am - 5 pm
prepared by Alanna Peters
Psychology of Peace by David Adams:
Culture of War and Violence Culture of Peace
armies and weapons = disarmament
Enemy vs. us = multiculturalism, tolerance, respect, acceptance
fear = confidence, trust
greed, selfishness = generosity
belief in efficacy of violence = belief in non-violent methods, Peace education, caring
propaganda, secrecy = transparency, free flow of information
corrupt leadership, authoritarian, = democratic participation
non democratic, devious
patriarchy = gender equality
profitability = sustainable development
lack of respect for human rights = respect of all human rights
obedience, control = fairness
self-righteousness, God is on our side =
adversarial legal system =
Four aggressive aspects of the brain:
-the ability to stock prey and kill with a bite to the back of the neck.
-competitive fighting, frustration aggression
*fear aggression has no hormonal influences
The role of the city as an arena for peace:
Cities are not part of a culture of war as they have no armies or enemies;
they practice human rights in most cases, they have little control of media
(no propaganda), their leadership is more democratic, governmental secrecy
is less of a problem, they are not a patriarchy (many women and sometime
more in regional politics)....
Cities require other means than just the police for creating peace. Cities
have a smaller scale so reconfigurations of the community are more possible,
reform the community so everyone feels safe.
Aims and strategies for the UN program of action on a culture of Peace:
-Actions to foster a culture of peace through education
-Actions to promote sustainable economic and social development
-Actions to promote respect for all human rights
-Actions to ensure equality between women and men
-Actions to foster democratic participation
-Actions to advance understanding, tolerance and solidarity
-Actions to support participatory communication and the free flow of
information an knowledge
-Actions to promote international peace and security
*UN "Manifesto 2000" based on above listing
Discourse with David Adams and Anne Goodman notes and ideas:
-A culture of peace is dealing with thinking, emotion and behavior.
-In long term hostility values (empathy, compassion, fairness, realism) are
-Innocent hatred is rooted in fear. Fear of what is going to happen to
yourself and your community, of your own rights. Then fears are
misperceived due to lack or no dialogue. Lack of dialogue is due to: 1. no
respect, only fighting. 2. very one sided view.
*One sided view + emotion +fear + values = a belief system so strong only
one belief is right. Lack of realism*
-Pre assigned blame: no acknowledgment of responsibility for my role ot the
good of the other. Is pre assigned blame conscious greed and selfishness or
is it a form of habit, does it become daily routine?
-Mathematics to support peace development: the simulation of dualities,
theory of dynamic opposites, the rule of three, the myth of linearity...
-The problems of our world are caused by aggression. Aggression and anger
not the same. Anger is discouraged form the military. Anger is interpersonal
and their are no interpersonal relationships with the enemy. There is no
role for anger in modern warfare. Major step for peace activism is that
they need to be fed from anger over injustices. Anger is essential for peace
activism. Channel anger to use it as a motivating force.
Problems with peace culture:
-leadership, resource and funding problems
-many groups working on individual things not working together
-need better communication and sharing of resources
-production problems, producing results not just activity
-marketing problems, need to market for general public not special interest
-nature of communication important, must be careful.
-need to live what we say