Creating a Culture of Peace
A Workshop Kit Produced by Canadian Voice
of Women for Peace
Gender perspective or gender analysis - An approach that takes into account that women and men are affected differently by policies and programs, and addresses the inequities that may result.
Human security - A concept that challenges the precepts of military security. Instead, democracy, human rights, sustainable development, social equity and the elimination of poverty are seen as essential elements of security.
NGOs (Non-governmental organizations) - People's organizations, as distinct from governmental organizations, existing at the community, national and international level. They are the locus of much of the work towards a culture at peace.
The Ottawa Process - A unique process of cooperation between people's organizations all over the world and Canadian political leadership which led to a global ban on antipersonnel land-mines.
Peacebuilding - As defined in the Agenda for Peace, actions in an immediate post-conflict setting designed to prevent a relapse into violence or war. A broader definition of peacebuilding is the long-term alleviation of the causes of war.
Peacekeeping - International military monitoring and patrolling by UN peacekeeping forces at the invitation of all conflicting parties to preserve peace, once it is restored, in areas of tension.
Peacelessness - A term which implies that peace is more than the absence of war. It also suggests that peace should be seen as a desirable, attainable state, and its lack as an aberration, in much the same way as health is related to disease.
Peacemaking - Efforts to bring hostile parties to agreement by peaceful means such as mediation and negotiation.
Preventive diplomacy - Action to prevent disputes from arising, to prevent existing disputes from escalating into conflicts and to limit the spread of conflicts when they do occur.
Problematique - A term used in the context of global relations by the Club of Rome to refer to the complex tangle of mutually reinforcing problems facing the world in areas such as population, development, security, human rights, energy, ecology and militarism.
Soft power - A non-coercive approach in international affairs, where power springs from attractive ideas, shared values and partnership, rather than military and economic might.
Structural violence - Indirect, rather than direct violence, inherent in the way social structures, for example economic systems, may be ordered in ways which oppress people.
UNESCO (United Nations Education, Science and Cultural Organization) - A UN agency founded after World War II to address the deep cultural roots of war and violence. Its international headquarters are in Paris, France, and it has national commissions in close to 200 countries, including Canada.
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