Canadian Peace Institute Summary and Call to Vancouver Meeting December 15, 2000

Dear CPREA Members et al.,
Below please find a Summary of the proposed Canadian Peace Institute ("CPI") based on the Minutes of the Hamilton meeting (which are available with background information online at ).  This is a work in progress to be further developed at a workshop on Friday, December 15 in Vancouver (location to be announced). 
The meeting would run from 8:30 am to 5:30 pm and the preliminary draft agenda for the meeting would be to build on the work done in Hamilton, as follows (input welcome):
1. Presentation of the background and work done at the Hamilton meeting for discussion
2. Nature of Programs of CPI; Accreditation Issues
3. Organization and Governance of CPI
4. Financial and Resource Issues of CPI: budget and fundraising; the Canadian Peace Foundation
5. Any Other CPI Issues 
6. How will we know when CPI is Successful?; Key Success Areas; Critical Success Factors
7. Action Plan (including a follow up meeting in Winnipeg March)
Janet Hudgins and Noemi Gal-Or have volunteered to help in the arrangements for this meeting.  CPREA President Larry Fisk and I will facilitate the meeting.
Please pass along this information to anyone who you think has an interest in the development of a Canadian Peace Institute and/or may wish to attend the Vancouver meeting.  Please let me know at your earliest convenience if you are able to attend the meeting so that I can keep a list of participants for planning purposes.
Bob Stewart
P.S. I urge anyone who wishes to continue to follow the developments of CPI to subscribe to the CPREA listserver as follows:
To SUBSCRIBE or UNSUBSCRIBE send an e-mail message to:
<>    Leave the subject blank and in the text
type either:   <subscribe cprea>    or    <unsubscribe cprea>

                                                                                                        DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION
There is an emerging consensus among many Canadian peace educators, researchers and activists (Note 1) that the structures and processes which would enhance peace learning of the best possible quality at all levels are not currently available in Canada.  While we need to acknowledge that a peace focus would be highly supported by some few Canadian Universities, Colleges, Schools and other institutions, our goal is to see more of them do so.  We would hope to begin to fill that void through the creation of a Canadian Peace Institute ("CPI"). 
Our vision is to contribute to the creation of a just and peaceful world by using action, education, training, dissemination and research to handle conflicts non-violently and creatively.  In doing so, CPI will also help transform Canada from a culture of violence to a Culture of Peace and Non-violence.
Our Task
The Canadian Peace Institute will help educate and train Canadians, and others, about peace and the creative transformation of conflicts, to help significantly reduce the human costs of violence at home and abroad.  CPI will produce peace and conflict workers and professionals, on a large scale. It will also reach out into Canadian communities and schools.  CPI will be a catalyst for change to communities, businesses, governments and education.  CPI will also turn out graduates with a grasp of the bigger human picture; the ability to learn; top-notch verbal, writing and leadership skills; and an ability to creatively resolve problems through co-operative effort.  CPI students will be able to earn undergraduate and post-graduate degrees; program certification; and/or informal learning.
What Makes the Canadian Peace Institute Different?
Attempts to create an institution of higher peace education have been tried in the past, and failed.  A new sense of optimism now prevails for a number of reasons: the Internet has produced a new Knowledge (and Communications) Revolution, resulting in a new kind of unlimited power - the power for anyone to do things; relationships are being studied more now than ever before; futurists forecast a coming Spiritual Revolution; there is a global push for peace education and education reform; the United Nations is promoting a transformation from a culture of violence to a Culture of Peace; new methodologies have been developed for the transformational handling of conflict (Transcend, and the 'Third Side' for example); the Non-violence Revolution fathered by Gandhi and growing throughout the Twentieth Century is transforming global governance; the Macro-Peace Revolution (knowledge of the big picture - tying it all together; catalyzing); transdisciplinary consortia working together to build peace (together we are smarter than any one of us).  These signs of peace point to a shift in human affairs.  Having said that, there is also a matter of some urgency to our work: the nuclear threat to the world is more acute today than it was during the Cold War; the world's scientists warn us that a great change in our stewardship of the earth and the life on it is required if vast human misery is to be avoided and our global home on this planet is not to be irretrievably mutilated; current violence trends in Canada, if untended, will grow exceedingly worse.  The Canadian Peace Institute will use these powerful developments, effected by the Canadian psyche, to carve out its niche and give necessary momentum to the positive shift in human affairs at home and abroad.
The CPI Market
Conflict has become a growth industry.  Capitalizing on the 'Peace and Conflict Knowledge Revolution', the Canadian Peace Institute will serve any 'pools' of conflict, through the application of pertinent knowledge.  Conflict occurs in individuals, families, communities and at the world level.  Of all factors influencing their respective success, the single most critical one is the ability to resolve conflicts co-operatively.  With their knowledge, CPI's conflict professionals and volunteers will be able to help prevent, resolve and/or contain conflicts at all levels, aiming for a 'triple win', and hence be much sought after.  Through pragmatic solutions to conflict, CPI professionals and volunteers will provide significant value (including improved performance, productivity and profitability measures) to individuals, families, communities, schools, businesses, governments, NGOs, etc.  Typical career opportunities for CPI graduates are listed in Note 2.
A Canadian Peace Foundation
To raise funds for peace generally, and for the Canadian Peace Institute particularly, a Canadian Peace Foundation is being created.  Our vision of the Foundation is to raise resources to contribute to the creation of a just and peaceful world.  We will be inviting prominent leaders in peace across Canada to join the Canadian Peace Institute and Canadian Peace Foundation to lend their wisdom.
How You Can Help
The Canadian Peace Institute will make a difference to the quality of life for all Canadians.  We foresee a previously unheralded revolution happening in business, in the family, in the neighbourhood, and in politics.  While we have a long term perspective, there is no better time for us to begin than now.  We would be pleased to hear from individuals and organizations that might consider supporting this groundbreaking, co-operative effort.  We believe that we can offer many significant benefits to potential investors, employers, educators, students and volunteers.
For a more detailed description of our working vision, refer to the minutes of our September 29, 2000 meeting (available on request).  For more information contact: Robert Stewart, Box 70, Okotoks, AB T1A 1S4; email stewartr [at] ; telephone (403) 461-2469; fax (309) 407-6576.

Initial Method of Operations
CPI will start with a virtual Canadian Peace Institute, with online knowledge and onsite training.  At the same time, CPI will consider a "home" in each major region/community centre (accountable to locals and linked to each other).  This "home" could literally be a house, owned or rented building, or housed in an existing institution - but financial and moral independence must be stressed.  CPI will be pragmatic.  The major expenditure item will be the compensation for the pre-eminent course instructors.  A typical annual operating budget of $200,000 can be assumed at this stage.  The start-up phase may depend upon volunteers carrying out the required functions.  The economic structure of CPI will be based on one major principle: financial self-sufficiency for independence.
CPI will be governed with the following characteristics: in a consensus style (collaborative decision making/collaborative democracy); non-hierarchical; utilizing a facilitator and co-facilitator to guide deliberations; gender/regional/cultural mix; participatory; availability of a 'wise person' in support; binding; creative.  It is anticipated that the governors will be volunteers.
What gap are we trying to fill?
Everyone is vulnerable.  From personal life to business to world politics, people are going through a slow and painful reeducation about the nature of conflict.  Most people and organizations are illiterate when it comes to handling conflict - hence the general need for training of individuals and organizations, of all ages, and in all walks of life.  CPI can put this peace education on a fast track and make it more digestible.
The really big gap is in creative conflict transformation - a gap not filled by the state - hence the need for training of professional conflict workers. 
There are further gaps noted as follows:
- in Universities: there are no Faculties of Peace, mandated accordingly; there is a need for Masters and Doctorate degrees in peace in Canada; Universities delegitimize action; Universities have their limitations in peace dialogue; there is a need to bridge University education and community needs;
- in primary, elementary and secondary schools: there is a need for peace education and training for teachers;
- there is a current gap in "macro-peace education" (i.e. conceptual mapping; emphasizing the understanding of the 'big picture', and how the "micro-peace thematic issues" fit in), in order to enable the "binding" of peace groups to pull in one common, supportive direction to achieve a common vision;
- there is a gap in that peace groups are not networking very well currently (CPI will help other peace groups and workers to work smarter);
- there is a gap in that communities are not skilled in the practical aspects of how to live non-violently;
- in Government: there are no Departments of Peace, mandated accordingly - as a result, important peace matters fall through the cracks; there are needs for some government transformation to help build a Culture of Peace; and
- there is a gap in that peace work is currently unfairly perceived to be lacking in legitimacy.
These are some of the important gaps CPI will work towards filling.  There is no shortage of work.
How will we address the Marketplace?
Every conflict has three sides.  We have identified that the individuals and organizations that make up the CPI market need help in preventing, resolving and/or containing problem conflicts between two opposing sides.  Accordingly, among other things, CPI's conflict professionals and volunteers will be educated and skilled in the ten roles of the 'Third Side' (note 3), namely:
1. the Provider - enabling people to meet their needs
2. the Teacher - giving people skills to handle conflicts; empowering
3. the Bridge-Builder - forging relationships across lines of conflict
4. the Mediator - reconciling conflicting interests
5. the Arbiter - determining disputed rights
6. the Equalizer - democratizing power
7. the Healer - repairing injured relationships
8. the Witness - paying attention to escalation
9. the Referee - setting limits to fighting
10. the Peacekeeper - providing protection
The 'Third Side' thus serves as a kind of social immune system preventing the spread of the virus of violence.  Ultimately, the CPI's success will be assessed mainly in market terms: does it successfully meet key stakeholders' needs, as demonstrated by steadily increasing service value, enrolments and support, and decreasing violence.  The value of a degree from CPI, and hence our management of CPI, will reflect accordingly.
All of the more technical issues are tentative and will be worked on in more detail in the coming months.  For a more detailed description of our working vision, refer to the minutes of our September 29, 2000 meeting (available on request).  For more information contact: Robert Stewart, Box 70, Okotoks, AB T1A 1S4; email stewartr [at] ; telephone (403) 461-2469; fax (309) 407-6576.

1. This is a summary of a meeting involving the following participants: Bob Stewart, Yellowknife/Okotoks/Calgary (facilitator), Canadian Centres for Teaching Peace; Anne Adelson, Voice of Women Toronto/McMaster U. Hamilton; Edmund O'Sullivan, Transformational Learning Centre, OISE/U. Toronto; Shirley Farlinger, Rotary Toronto; Derek Paul, U.Toronto, Science for Peace;
Larry Fisk, Menno Simons, Winnipeg, Manitoba; Mark Vorobej, Centre for Peace Studies, McMaster, Hamilton; Joanna Santa Barbara, McMaster, Hamilton; Graeme MacQueen, McMaster, Hamilton; Rama Singh, Gandhi Peace Festival/McMaster, Hamilton; Mac Smyth, York U., Toronto/Hamilton; Julia Hitchcock, student, McMaster, Hamilton; Joy Warner, Voice of Women/Hamilton Culture of Peace Network; David Jefferess, student, McMaster, Hamilton; Raj Ramanathapillai, student, McMaster, Hamilton; Niloofar Ahmadzadeh, student, McGill, Montreal; Lowell Ewert, U. Waterloo; Sue McGregor, MSVU, Halifax, Nova Scotia; Johan Galtung, Transcend; Peter Langille, U. Western Ontario, London; Luydmilla Karpenko, Russian Peace Foundation, Toronto; Rachel Goodman, Maharishi U. of Management, Iowa.
2. Typical job opportunities for CPI graduates include: Canadian federal government (there are several departments, such as DFAIT, CIDA, foreign diplomats, DND, justice, corrections, health, social services);  Foreign governments; Canadian provincial and municipal governments (teacher education, education systems development, police services, victims services, safe and caring cities, safe and caring schools; responding to real community needs as identified by the community); research institutions; the UN (including many UN agencies, UN Universities, University of Peace/Costa Rica); private research services; businesses (e.g.. international businesses vis international affairs, employee relations, public relations, conflict resolution/ADR); non-government organizations (e.g.. CARE, Red Cross, religions, foreign NGOs; teaching leadership, fund-raising, etc.); individuals (e.g.. target hardening courses, enlightenment seekers); other
3. The 'Third Side' is people (from the community) using a certain kind of power (the power of peers) from a certain perspective (of common ground) supporting a certain process (of dialogue and nonviolence) and aiming for a certain product (a "triple win").  The ten roles of the 'Third Side' are more fully explained in 'Getting to Peace - Transforming Conflict At Home, At Work, and In The World' by William L. Ury.  ISBN 0-670-88758-7; 1999.




Home | How You Can Make a Difference | Problem Identification Topics |
Proposals/Solutions | Information Resources | Who's Who | Upcoming Events
1998.  Permission to reprint is granted provided acknowledgment is made to:
The Canadian Centres for Teaching Peace
Last update:  10 Dec 2006