Announcement - Second Annual Canadian Peace Award Recipients and Canadian Peace Hall of Fame Inductee
November 11, 2001
 
Introduction
This year, Awards will be presented in 10 major categories for Canadian achievements in building a Culture of Peace and Non-violence, at home and abroad.  The presentations also culminated in the second induction into the Canadian Peace Hall of Fame housed at the Canadian Centres for Teaching Peace and on its web site at http://www.peace.ca/peaceawards.htm .  The Award categories include peace achievements in government, business, the media, education, peacekeepers, peacebuilders in civil society, peace philanthropy, and youth, to name a few.

InukshukThe Award will be in the form of an engraved, soapstone 'Inukshuk'.  For millennia, massive stone figures built in the image of a human have stood silhouetted on the treeless Arctic horizons.  Created by Inuit people, these Inukshuks serve as guides to point out a journey or a safe passage.  The Canadian Centres for Teaching Peace believes this is a fitting Canadian symbol of the journey to safe and caring communities and world.

Our vision is for the Canadian Peace Awards to take a prominent place among Canadian celebrations, fitting of the importance of the topic.  In these violent and rapidly changing times, what could be more important than to celebrate the building of a Culture of Peace at home and abroad, for current and future generations?

The First Annual Canadian Peace Awards are being hosted by the Canadian Centres for Teaching Peace. The Awards, in the form of an engraved soapstone 'Inukshuk', have been crafted by the Inuit of Sanikiluaq, Nunavut and supplied by the Nunavut Development Corporation.
 

 
 
Sports and Entertainment Award
We know from research in psychology that young children (and even adults) tend to model their behaviour and attitudes on those of adults, particularly adults they admire. Athletes and entertainers are role models. But Club Owners, sponsors and the entertainment media often encourage the violence, because it attracts spectators.  To children it all seems natural and sometimes confusing. Little does he or she know that the extreme violence he sees often grows more out of the owners' commercial interests than normal inclinations.  A well-adjusted child who watches acts of violence committed by thieves, murderers, or sadists in films or on TV generally knows that society disapproves of these acts. The child who watches sports knows that athletes' acts of violence are approved of. It makes sense that sports violence would serve as an important role model for children who tend to be well adjusted socially, while illegal violence on the screen would tend to have a greater influence on the behaviour of children who are more psychologically damaged and/or feel more alienated from society. We have reached a crisis point today. Contributing to this crisis is TV, which introduces violent athletes and entertainers as role models and often focuses attention on the violence.  It is time to honour those men and women in sports and entertainment who work to counter violence.
 
Sports and Entertainment - Artists Against Racism
 

ARTISTS AGAINST RACISM ("AAR") is a non-profit organization which does International projects where artists reach out as role models to youth. AAR's aim is to combat racial and religious prejudice which youth often learn from their friends, society, peer pressure, parents, racist record labels which have a huge mail order market, and racist websites. Projects include radio & TV ads, posters, billboards, school videos, CDs, magazine ads, On-line auctions twice yearly, and much much more!   AAR Artists include: Musicians -  Matchbox 20, Everclear, Natalie Merchant,  RUSH, Hootie and the Blowfish, Barenaked Ladies, Oscar Peterson, CHUMBAWAMBA, RUSH, Prozzak, Aerosmith, Matthew Sweet, B.B. King, JackSoul, Neil Young, Joe Satriani, The Moffatts, Rascalz, Celine Dion, k.d. lang, BUSH, Sarah McLachlan, Midnight Oil, Robbie Robertson, Jann Arden, Lenny Kravitz, Paul Shaffer, Meredith Brooks, Joni Mitchell, Indigo Girls, Carlos Morgan, The Moffatts, Ed Kowalczyk,  Great Big Sea, Ani DiFranco,  Leonard Cohen,  Michelle Wright,  Jennifer Batten, The Tragically Hip, Our Lady Peace, MOIST, Amy Sky, Susan Aglukark, The Jeff Healey Band, The Rankin Family, Spek, Dream Warriors, Wide Mouth Mason, Glueleg,  Rusty, Blue Rodeo, Colin James, Spirit of the West, The Watchmen, Marc Jordan, Prairie Oyster, Roberta Pili, Ian Thomas, Dan Hill, Kashtin, Rawlins Cross, Moxy Fruvous, Raffi, 54-40, Jon Kimura Parker, The Waltons, Holly Cole, McAuley Boys, Reg Schwager, Kiki Misumi, The Skydiggers, Sue Medley, Corey Hart, Salome Bey, Youssou N'Dour, Catherine Wheel, Ocean Colour Scene, Roger Hodgson, Mike Mills. Actors - Ellen Degeneres, Kiefer Sutherland, Dan Aykroyd, Ralph Fiennes, Len Lesser, Lou Diamond Phillips, Andrea Martin,  Mike Myers, Martin Short, Graham Greene, Eugene Levy, Margot Kidder, Ricki Lake, Brent Carver, Monique Proulx, Fiona Reid, Jackie Burroughs, Sarah Polley, Shirley Douglas, Michael Burgess, Tantoo Cardinal, Angela Dohrmann, Frank Shuster, Martin Short, JazzMann, Mike Myers Authors - Margaret Atwood, Jane Urquhart, Alice Munro, Pierre Berton, Joy Kogawa, Michel Tremblay, Michael Ondaatje, Timothy Findley, Susan Swan, M. G. Vassanji, Marie Claire Blais, Janette Turner Hospital, Julie Johnston.  Other artists - John Kim Bell, Karen Kain, Veronica Tennant, Norman Jewison, Atom Egoyan , Mary Pratt, Ken Danby, Kurt Swinghammer, Leland Bell, Roy Henry Vickers, Mendelson Joe. AAR is also a proud winner of the 2001 GLOBAL TOLERANCE AWARDS to be awarded at the UN, December 2001, in New York.  AAR is being recognized for its unique and powerful international educational media ad campaigns which have included TV PSAs shown in Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK in response to race riots, radio ads in South Africa and worldwide, and movie, bus, mall, school, and other types of awareness campaigns.  INTERNATIONAL HEAD OFFICE at: Box 54511, Toronto, Ont. M5M 4N5 Canada.  Phone: 416-410-5631; E-MAIL: aar@idirect.com ; web site  http://www.ArtistsAgainstRacism.com  and  http://web.idirect.com/~aar/main.html ; contact Lisa Cherniak.  AAR EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES For the student and teacher available at http://aar.vrx.net/edresource.html

TV PSAs     

 
Peace Philanthropy Award
Today, many organizations face increased expectations to meet community needs, increasing competition for funds, and demands for more accountability from funders and the public.  The environment that charitable organizations operate in is complex and ever-changing. Research shows that the voluntary sector is built on a very narrow base of donors and volunteers.  If it is the government's role to provide for basic human needs, it is the charitable sector's role, both as partner and counterpoint to government, to explore and challenge systems and solutions and to put the words to music. To do that effectively, the sector requires some independent money, money that is not tied to political timetables or points of view. This is where philanthropy comes in.  As Tom Axworthy said when he was with the CRB Foundation in Montreal, foundations are investment bankers in the commonwealth. They have the ability to deal with the basic fissures that produce the problems in the first place. Private foundations also have the luxury of time, and so can deal with the long-term. Peter Goldmark, president of the Rockefeller Foundation, describes philanthropy as the practice of applying assets of knowledge, passion and wealth to bring about constructive change.  Alan Broadbent of the Maytree Foundation, made the following comment: "The best philanthropy occurs at the vital crossroads of the donor’s values and the needs of the community's." It is my view that community foundations have a very important role to play in facilitating and enabling the best peacebuilding.
 
Peace Philanthropy - Peacefund Canada
 
Peacefund Canada was established in October, 1985 by Murray Thomson O.C., the International Council for Adult Education (ICAE), Canadian Association for Adult Education and l'Institut Canadien d'Éducation des Adultes.  Since then, with contributions from Canadians, Peacefund has been able to offer financial support to over 400 groups working for peace and disarmament in 50 different countries.  Peacefund Canada's goal is to encourage and support adult peace educators and other learners in their efforts to build a more humane, non-violent and de-militarized world.  Its mission is to fund every peace education project which requests our help, and which meets our criteria, in Canada and around the world.   The purpose of Peacefund Canada is to encourage and support education programmes which challenge people to believe in and work for world peace.* The Fund will do so by supporting projects which educate the public on:
  1. The consequences of nuclear war; and which seek to reduce the risks of such a war by working for an immediate reduction of nuclear weapons produced, stored and deployed in the world. 
  2. The causes of armed conflict, on methods of prevention, and on alternative methods for resolving conflict. 
  3. The negative impact of the global arms race on international development, and on the benefits to be reaped from peaceful economic conversion and a disarmed world. 
  4. The need to reach across hostile or forbidden borders, whether between nations or ethnic, racial or religious groups. 
  5. The necessity to strengthen existing global institutions pledged to the cause of international peace and security, such as the United Nations, or to establish new ones including NGO organizations and networks. 

* A world at peace would be very different from the one we know today. It will be one in which: Material resources are equitably shared; Beliefs and practices of militarism are no longer dominant; Terms such as "enemy" and "alien" are discarded as obsolete; and Local initiatives as well as global institutions are committed to enhancing social and economic justice and the peaceful resolution of international conflicts.  A world without war dignifies its own citizens, thereby creating a climate more conducive to ensuring basic rights and freedoms for all people in all countries.  Peacefund Canada has observer status as a nongovernmental organization at the United Nations and is a recipient of its Peace Messenger awards.  Peacefund Canada relies on the support of hundreds of donors across Canada to continue its work to support grass-roots peace and social justice initiatives.  Contact information: Peacefund Canada 206-145 Spruce Street, Ottawa, K1R 6P1; Phone: (613) 230-0860; Fax: (613) 563-0017; email pfcan@web.net ; web site http://www.web.net/~pfcan/

 

 
Peace Education Award
Education is a cornerstone in the peacebuilding process. As today's youth become increasingly desensitized to violence, the roles of schools and the curriculum they represent assume great importance. Schools have the power to shape the attitudes and skills of young people toward peaceful human relations. Through teaching young children values of respect, tolerance, and empathy, and by equipping them with the necessary skills to resolve conflict in a non-violent manner, they are provided with the tools they need, now and in the future, to foster peaceful relations at home, at school and around the world.  Education builds the foundations for good citizenship, respect for self and others, democratic values and tolerance of opinions. Educational research indicates that when young people are trained in civics, mediation, ethnic tolerance and conflict resolution, the likelihood that they will resort to violence later in life is diminished. We firmly believe that we can not have a peaceful people without educating for peace. 
 
Education - Maurice Strong, Chair of the United Nations University for Peace 
 
[ Photo of Maurice Strong ]

As Chair of the United Nations University for Peace, Maurice Strong is the Canadian in the highest post for Peace Education.  His past achievements are significant, and he is currently likely to be the Canadian with the most potential influence over Peace Education in Canada. 

Mr. Strong is a leading Canadian industrialist and business leader who has maintained an overriding involvement in development and environmental concerns. Before most of the rest of the world recognized the clear environmental warning signs he was immersed in the issues- first as the Secretary-General of the 1972 UN Conference on the Environment in Stockholm and then as the first Executive Director of the UN Environment Programme. He was deeply involved in preparations leading to the 1992 Conference on the Environment and Development.  Mr. Strong was promoting the establishment of a global security and risk management programme under the auspices of the World Federation of UNA’s of which he was then the President. The aim was to define the minimum or boundary conditions necessary to ensure the survival of this planet and civilization as we know it. He challenged Canada and other industrialized countries to play an important role in this crucial pursuit.  As the guest of honour at a UN day dinner later that evening, Mr. Strong made an important statement on "Global Security and the Perils of Peace". He was particularly concerned that the dramatic changes in American-Soviet relations, welcomed as they were, have led many people to mistakenly assume that the risk of nuclear war and other global catastrophe had all but ended. "Rather we are in a dangerous and risky transition period with its own turbulence, uncertainty and peril. Although the present state of international affairs holds out the hope of a secure and lasting peace, it also presents great challenges. We need to convert this period of relaxation of rivalry between the great powers to one long-term, positive cooperation."  Mr. Strong paid particular attention to the global threats represented by debt, drugs and a deteriorating environment. He predicted that multilateral institutions -and particularly the United Nations- will be the effective forum through which these issues can be addressed. "We have seen much evidence of what many are calling the renaissance of the United Nations and its specialized agencies. this new relevance is built on nearly half a century of solid painstaking work. Canada is well positioned to see that the United Nations is given the scope and support necessary to its making a still larger contribution to global security." 

The United Nations University for Peace http://www.upeace.org/ , which is chaired by Canadian Maurice Strong, was established in December 1980 by Assembly resolution 35/55 to provide humanity with an international institution of higher education for peace and with the aim of promoting, among all human beings, the spirit of understanding, tolerance and peaceful coexistence. It also aims to stimulate cooperation among people and to help lessen obstacles and threats to world peace and progress. The University's headquarters are in San Jose, Costa Rica.   The United Nations Declaration and Programme of Action on a Culture of Peace adopted by the General Assembly last September (resolution 53/243) could provide useful guidance and substantive input in the elaboration of the future programme and course contents of the University. That document should be included in the existing Master's degree course in human rights and education for peace. He also expressed concern about the University's financial situation and the fact that resource constraints had curtailed its activities. The UNESCO Culture of Peace Program articles approved by the United Nations states that education at all levels is one of the principal means to build a culture of peace.

Other related articles for reference:

- United Nations Association of Canada tribute of the Pearson Medal to Maurice Strong 
http://www.unac.org/events/pearson_medal/strong.html
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The Earth as we know it has less than 30 years to survive if we continue our destructive course
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The United Nations - better performance will help build confidence and political support by Maurice Strong http://www.cgg.ch/strong.htm .  The Commission on Global Governance http://www.cgg.ch/ , an independent group of 28 public figures, was inspired by the belief that the end of the cold war offered opportunities to build a more co-operative, safer and fairer world.  It presented proposals for improving the world's governance and better managing its affairs in a report published in 1995 - the year the United Nations marked its fiftieth anniversary.  The message of the report was encapsulated in its title: Our Global Neighbourhood http://www.cgg.ch/contents.htm . The book-length report was commended by such world figures as Nelson Mandela, Gro Harlem Brundtland and Vaclav Havel.  The Commission's recommendations centre principally on the United Nations, the only forum in which governments come together regularly to tackle world problems. Our Global Neighbourhood suggests how the UN should be revitalised so it can better respond to the needs of the modern world - a world that has changed in many ways since the UN was formed in 1945.
- Transcript: Maurice Strong on a People's Earth Charter  
- International Man of Mystery: Who Is Maurice Strong?  
- Dossier - Maurice Strong  
- Maurice Strong - the true King of the World?  


 
Civil Society Award
This new century calls for new ways of thinking and doing. The evolution of organized civil society is as significant as the invention of the nation state. Central to any discussion of suggestions for reform or new initiatives must be the role of civil society as a partner in the deliberations and implementation of the new social order. For it is us, mere mortal civilians, who are on the ground. More people are waging peace today than ever before. The new movement is powered by more than 20,000 civilian organizations around the world, up from just 985 in 1956, and their work is beginning to bear fruit.  “There is a growing influence of civil society,” says Tamara Malinova, political affairs officer of the U.N.’s Department of Disarmament Affairs. “No doubt about it.”  Civilian peace organizations have achieved some impressive results of late.  For example, the campaigns that resulted in an international treaty banning land mines and the creation of an International Criminal Court.  To quote Canadian Margaret Mead, “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. Indeed, it’s the only thing that ever has.” 
 
Civil Society - Nonviolent Peaceforce Canada 

GNPF-Canada logo

This year's recipient also qualifies as most innovative, and the peace program with the most potential to make a positive difference in Canada and around the world.  Nonviolent Peaceforce Canada was founded in May, 2000 to teach the techniques of nonviolence and peaceful conflict resolution to Canadians, and to help the international effort to create a global nonviolent peace force to send to conflict areas worldwide.  Just Recently: 1. Teaching nonviolence in Canadian classrooms and playgrounds is becoming mainstream;  2. Alternative Dispute Resolution is increasingly replacing lawsuits in Canada;  3. Approaches to peacemaking for Quakers, Unitarians, Mennonites, Catholics, and First Nations peoples are coming together;  4. Peace Brigades International (PBI) celebrated 20 years of nonviolent accompaniment and violence prevention in conflict areas without a single death of a volunteer; 5. Project Accompaniment sent hundreds of Canadian volunteers to Central America to be unarmed bodyguards for returning refugees.  Nonviolent Peaceforce Canada in its first year, has: 1. participated in the Winnipeg International Conference on War Affected Children;  2. hosted the International Steering Committee of Nonviolent Peaceforce and its own retreat;  3. held its first training series in introductory conflict resolution techniques;  4. opened an office in The Bronson Centre, 211 Bronson Ave., Suite 100A, Ottawa ON.  The legacy of Martin Luther King and Mohandas Gandhi are still alive today. Nonviolence may be an idea whose time has come.   For more information, contact: Carl Stieren (Chair) - Ottawa, Ontario - Email: carls@cyberus.ca , Nonviolent Peace Force Canada, Suite 100A, The Bronson Centre, 211 Bronson Avenue, Ottawa, ON K1R 6H5; Phone: (613) 564-0999; Fax: (613) 564-0068; Email: pax@magma.ca ; web site http://www.magma.ca/~pax/ 

 
Other related articles for reference:

- Nonviolent Peaceforce International http://www.nonviolentpeaceforce.org/
 

 
Youth Award
Peace begins with children.  It is our children who may experience conflict and/or violence at a very young age - in either their home, community or school environment.  It is also our children who will lead future generations to either achieve a world of peace, or a world of violence.  We need to provide the children of the world with the skills they need to resolve conflict and build more peaceful communities.  By recognizing those youth who are contributing to building peace, provides a positive relevant example to other youth.  It also drives home to we adults the power of any individual to make a difference with their lives. 

 
Youth - Craig Kielburger, Free the Children

This Award goes to Craig Kielburger and all the youth involved in Free the Children.  When he was twelve, Craig Kielburger read a newspaper report about the murder of a liberated child labourer in Pakistan who had been working to free other youngsters from bonded labour. Reading the article changed Craig's life: he went on a seven-week trip to South Asia to find out for himself about the lives of working children. While there, he upstaged the Canadian prime minister's trade mission to India and managed to put the issue of child labour on the international agenda.  An organization he founded with school friends, Free the Children, now has chapters in more than twenty countries.  Free the Children is a non-profit, charitable organization dedicated to eliminating the exploitation of children around the world, by encouraging youth to volunteer in, as well as to create programs and activities that relieve the plight of underprivileged children.  Free the Children has two main goals: (1) to free youth from exploitation and provide the opportunity for an education; and (2) to empower youth.  The first goal of Free the Children is to stop the abuse and exploitation of children around the world. Actions are taken in order to work against the many forms of child exploitation, including that of harmful child labour, situations of sexual abuse, and children in armed conflict.  http://www.freethechildren.org/ .  Craig and Free the Children raise money to help abused and exploited children worldwide and carries the message that children should have a voice in decision-making.

Other related articles for reference:

- It Takes a Child... Craig Kielburger's Journey Into the World of Child Labour   The film follows Craig from age twelve to fifteen, showing how he has used international acclaim to fight for the rights of working children around the world.
- Kids Helping Kids: UNICEF Kit Teaches Kids About Child Labor (Classroom resources) http://www.education-world.com/a_lesson/lesson025.shtml
- Oprah Winfrey was so moved by Craig's passion and impressed with his organization's accomplishments that she pledged $200,000 to "Free the Children" from Oprah's Angel Network to build schools in countries around the world. "Free the Children" is using the Angel Network grant to build schools in Guatemala, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Ecuador, Tanzania, Nicaragua, and India. Schools can be built very economically in many regions of the world, some for as little as $2,000. Read more at http://www.oprah.com/uyl/charities/uyl_charities_ftc.jhtml;jsessionid=SIXYTGSEZL2E5LARAYFSFEQ
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Free the Children by Craig Kielburger with Kevin Major, McClelland & Stewart, 1998, 0-7710-4592-1  $29.99 hc
The extraordinary story of Craig Kielburger, the 12-year-old boy who formed his own human rights organization to expose the horror of child labour in the Third World.  
 

 
 
Media Award
Conflict can be considered the meat and potatoes of journalism and the media. Conflict is both the common experience of humanity as well as its opportunity for progress. But disputes in the media are often reported as if the parties were boxers in a ring or horses running a steeplechase.  Much present day journalism LEAVES OUT the most important part of the story -- how a conflict might be transcended.  Besides reporting the immediate facts of a conflict, the task of the peace journalist is to look beyond the question of who wins, to how the situation might be gradually transformed. What is the conflict about? Who are the parties? What are their real goals? What are the deeper roots of the conflict in structure and culture, including the history of both?Undue focus on the violence, for instance, only serves to hide the underlying conflict and nourishes more violence. The peace journalist needs to report on those who are working to prevent further destruction by asking about their visions of conflict outcomes, their methods, and how they might be supported. Missing facts are as important as reported facts. The task of the good journalist is not only to report what IS, but also to highlight what is MISSING from the story.  (Thanks to Ray Cunnington for edited summary.)
Media - Globe & Mail
 
The Globe and Mail, touted as Canada's National Newspaper, offers over a million readers across the country daily, national, international and business reporting, analysis and commentary. The Globe and Mail's website, http://www.globeandmail.com, offers up-to-the-minute news and information.  Canadians can be grateful during the past year that the Globe and Mail has been very good at reporting articles that raise awareness on peacebuilding issues.  This is particularly important during the period since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.  Since then, more people have learned about the issues around war and peace than in any previous period.  The Globe and Mail's reporting on issues of peace can be seen from the following list of articles:
Other related articles for reference:

- During 2001, The Globe and Mail became part of Bell Globemedia http://www.bce.ca/en/about/content/globemedia/ , a Canadian multimedia company in which the Thomson Corporation http://www.thomson.com/ holds a 20% ownership position.
- Covering Violence: How Should Media Handle Conflict by Danny Schechter
- Media and Peacebuilding
- HOW JOURNALISTS CAN HELP PEACE


 
Business Award
Just as businesses participate in building a culture of violence, businesses must be involved in building a Culture of Peace. Canadian corporations should be expected to follow the same peace building values and ethics that we expect of our citizens. That these values would contribute greatly to peacebuilding at home and abroad is obvious.  Corporations must be increasingly responsive to issues affecting the physical, social and economic environments not only because of their impact on business performance but also out of a pro-active sense of responsibility to all constituencies served.  Corporations need to consider the balance between the short-term interests of shareholders and the longer-term interests of the enterprise and its stakeholders (including the community).  Meeting the traditional objectives and performance criteria is not sufficient. Voluntary standards which exceed the requirements of prevailing law and regulations are necessary to the development of sustainable practices. Society's "license or franchise to operate" has to be earned.  Corporations should lead by example through business practices that are ethical and transparent, and that reflect a commitment to human dignity, political and economic freedoms, and preservation of the planet.  Corporations cannot act alone but should seek to address key global issues through cooperative efforts with governments, other institutions and local communities.

Business - Canadian Business For Social Responsibility

 
Canadian Business For Social Responsibility (CBSR) is a not-for-profit, non-political organization of profit businesses committed to socially responsible policies and practices that contribute actively to improving the quality of life in our communities.  

Corporate Social Responsibility encompasses a company's commitment to operate in an economically and environmentally sustainable manner, while acknowledging the interests of a variety of stakeholders. Corporate social responsibility is determined by an organization's policy and continuous action in such areas as employee relations, diversity, community development, environment, international relationships, marketplace practices, fiscal responsibility and accountability.  CSR involves a company's commitment to do business in ways that preserve or enhance, not harm the surrounding community, their employees the environment and the economic system. Companies accountable for their corporate social performance are perceived as better able to offer consumers and communities real value for goods and services, without harming people or the environment.

The globalization of trade and the expanding interconnectedness of markets and citizens in the last decade has drawn attention to the power of business in terms of its social, environmental, and economic impact. Micro-entrepreneurs to multinationals are paying – or are being forced to pay – greater attention to the ways they operate, to the direct and indirect impact they are having on communities, to the size of ecological imprint they are leaving behind.  The impetus for change is arising on a number of fronts: shifting social values, increasing consumer and shareholder activism , strengthening local and international citizen action, depleting natural resources, and a growing recognition that the costs and benefits of a globalized economy are inequitably shared and dangerously out of balance. Pressures are rapidly increasing for business to responsibly and transparently share leadership with government and civil society to create a more just and sustainable world.  Two major polls of citizens emphasise the shift of consumer attitudes and their expectations of business.  The Environics 1 New Millennium Poll surveyed 25,000 people in 23 countries and a Market and Opinion Research International poll 2 surveyed 12,000 people in 12 European countries. From the survey results both organizations concluded that approximately two thirds of people believe a company’s commitment to goals other than profit is important when buying a product or service 3 . Clearly, consumers care about responsible business practices. This growing consumer concern is creating a market demand for responsible practices, products, and services as well as a social demand of government support and business action.

CBSR defines, promotes, and educates on responsible business policies and practices that benefit our society, our economy, and our environment.  CBSR is committed to implementing and acting upon socially and environmentally responsible policies and practices, the shared prosperity of shareholders, staff, and local and international communities, and to participating in an exchange of ideas and information within the business community.  CBSR offers a variety of services to its members and the greater business community in Canada. CBSR offers a variety of services to members and the greater business community in Canada. These services include:
  1. Networking opportunities with similar organizations looking at, and implementing CSR/ Best practice sharing. 
  2. Monthly e-newsletter designed to highlight best practice and news from the field of Corporate Social Responsibility.
  3. Regular events where practitioners of Corporate Social Responsibility outline their programs and share their experiences.
  4. Speakers for international, national and local events with presentations focussed on particular areas (ie. Workshops or presentations on Corporate Environmental Social Responsibility).
  5. Co-sponsoring of Ethics in Action in Toronto and Vancouver. The Ontario awards are sponsored by Citizens Bank of Canada and Mountain Equipment Co-op. The BC awards sponsors are VanCity Savings Credit Union, Mountain Equipment Co-op, The Workplace Centre for Spiritual and Ethical Development, Better Business Bureaus of Vancouver Island and Mainland BC, and CBSR. Digital media sponsorship for both Ontario and BC by Communicopia.Net.
  6. Web-site links to member companies.
How does this contribute to building peace?  For a specific example, one CBSR Member's Ethics Policy includes among other important issues, it will not invest in or do business with any company involved in the manufacture or design of weapons, instruments of warfare or torture, or that derives significant revenue from weapons-related products or services.  As one Member said, "CBSR? It's about learning. Big companies have bigger problems than small companies. Bigger responsibilities, bigger pressures; less control by individual consciences. CBSR brings it back to the individual . . . and lets the individual bring it back to the corporation. It's a good thing".  Contact information: Canadian Business for Social Responsibility R141-757 West Hastings Street Suite #121, Vancouver, BC, V6C 1A1; Phone: (604) 323-2714 Fax: (604) 323-2715 E-mail: info@cbsr.ca ; web site http://www.cbsr.ca

 

Other related articles for reference:

- Business for Social Responsibility (BSR)
www.bsr.org
- CSBR Report on Government & Corporate Social Responsibility at http://www.cbsr.ca/links/gvt.pdf  recommending government Leadership, Commitment, Communication, Action and Research
 
 

 
Government Award
Some 80 years ago there was inscribed in the Peace Tower, that magnificent symbol of peace which gives world-renowned character to Canada's Parliament, the words from Proverbs: "Where there is no vision, the people perish."  As we move into a new century and a new millennium, we should think deeply about this scriptural admonition.  What is our vision? What do we see for Canada; a bounteous land blessed with space, industry, resources, technological advancement, and immense human energies?  How do we see Canada related to the world at this pivotal moment in world history where human beings have in their power the means to fashion human security for everyone on God's planet, and the power to blow it apart?  Leadership is key to effective team building, community building, nation building and peace building.  We elect our government leaders to provide visionary leadership.  While it is easy to be critical of government, this award celebrates what has been done, rather than what has yet to be done or done differently in future.
 

Government - Hon. Douglas Roche

Author, parliamentarian and diplomat, Douglas Roche was appointed to the Senate of Canada on September 17, 1998. Senator Roche was Canada's Ambassador for Disarmament from 1984 to 1989. He was elected Chairman of the United Nations Disarmament Committee, the main U.N. body dealing with political and security issues, at the 43rd General Assembly in 1988.  Senator Roche was elected to the Canadian Parliament four times, serving from 1972 to 1984 and specializing in the subjects of development and disarmament.  In 1989, he was appointed Visiting Professor at the University of Alberta, where he teaches "War or Peace in the 21st Century?" In 1997, he was chosen by the Students' Union to receive a SALUTE Award for "outstanding contributions to students."  Senator Roche is an Officer of the Order of Canada, Chairman of Canadian Pugwash and Chairman, Middle Powers Initiative, a network of seven international non-governmental organizations specializing in nuclear disarmament.  He is the author of fifteen books, and has contributed chapters to eight more. His latest is "Bread Not Bombs: A Political Agenda for Social Justice".  Senator Roche has served as President of the United Nations Association in Canada and was elected in 1985 as Honorary President of the World Federation of United Nations Associations, the first Canadian to receive this honour. He was named Chairman of the Canadian Committee for the Fiftieth Anniversary of the United Nations in 1995. He was the founding President of Parliamentarians for Global Action, an international network of 1,300 parliamentarians in 99 countries; founding editor of the Western Catholic Reporter (1965-72); and International Chairman (1990-96) of Global Education Associates, New York.  An Honorary Doctor of Divinity was awarded to him by St. Stephen's College, Edmonton, in 1977. He has also received Honorary Doctor of Laws degrees from Simon Fraser University (1985) and the University of Alberta (1986), and an Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from St. Peter's College, Jersey City, N.J., for his work at the United Nations. In 1992, he was given the Thakore Foundation Award "in recognition of his prolonged and distinguished work towards disarmament, global peace and peace education." In 1995, he received the United Nations Association's Medal of Honour. The N.G.O. Committee on Disarmament at the United Nations presented him with The 2000 Josephine Pomerance Award for Meritorious Service in the cause of Disarmament in a U.N. context.  In 1995, Pope John Paul II presented him with the Papal Medal for his service as Special Adviser on disarmament and security matters. In 1998, the Holy See named him a Knight Commander of the Order of St. Gregory the Great.

 
Other related articles for reference:
- Senator Douglas Roche, O.C. (Official Site)  
-
Canadian Senator Douglas Roche speech "The Right to Peace"
- Canada's voting record at the UN First Committee By Senator Douglas Roche http://www.peace.ca/questioninggovernmentmorality_.htm (mid-page)
Bread Not Bombs: A Political Agenda for Social Justice by Douglas Roche.  Housing, health, and education services are desperately needed for the world's poorest people but instead, governments spend billions on war.  The international community must be mobilized to provide human security, and Senator Roche asserts that this is where Canada can play a crucial role.  184 pages; ISBN 0-88864-357-8; $19.95 paper.  For more information contact Cathie Crooks, Sales/Marketing, Ring House 2, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada, T6G 2E1; Fax: (780) 492-0719; Direct line: (780) 492-5820; E-mail: ccrooks@ualberta.ca ; Website: http://www.ualberta.ca/~uap/P/FRAMESET.HTML .  Order University of Alberta Press books from: Raincoast Books, 8680 Cambie St, Vancouver BC  V6P 6M9; (604) 323-7100; Toll free voice: 800 663-5714 , Toll free fax: 800 565-3770
 

 
Peacekeepers Award
One of the current misconceptions in Canada is the role of peacekeepers in a Culture of Peace and human security (as versus the "scourge of militarism").  Peacekeepers (e.g.. the military, police, security guards, etc.) have a legitimate, necessary and positive role to play in building a Culture of Peace (some would say 'unfortunately', but it is a reality of the human condition).  Often they are called upon as a threat against violence, or after the fact to control violence.  We should Remember the peacekeepers who served (and serve) our country and future generations to maintain law, order and freedom.  However, as was the message in the movie 'Saving Private Ryan', remembering the dead is not sufficient ... each of us must honour our inherited commitment to those who served and died, in order that we may live, by doing as much as we possibly can to prevent violence and wars, at home and abroad.  
 
Peacekeepers - Lester B. Pearson Peacekeeping Centre

 The Lester B. Pearson Canadian International Peacekeeping Training Centre is named in honour of Lester B. Pearson, former Prime Minister of Canada and recipient of the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize for the establishment of UNEF I, the first modern peacekeeping operation. The Centre, a division of the Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies, was established in 1994 by the Government of Canada. The PPC is funded in part by the Department of National Defence and the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade.  Its mission is to support and enhance the Canadian contribution to international peace, security and stability.  The mission of the Pearson Peacekeeping Centre is to support and enhance the Canadian contribution to international peace, security, and stability through the provision of quality research, education and training in all aspects of peacekeeping. It serves the New Peacekeeping Partnership by providing national and international course participants with the opportunity to examine specific peacekeeping issues, and to update or share their knowledge of the latest peacekeeping practices. The New Peacekeeping Partnership is defined as:  The term applied to those organizations and individuals that work together to improve the effectiveness of modern peacekeeping operations. It includes the military, civil police, government and non-government agencies dealing with human rights and humanitarian assistance, diplomats, the media, and organizations sponsoring development and democratization programmes. 

The Pearson Peacekeeping Centre is comprised of five main departments which work together to enhance the Canadian contribution to international peace, security, and stability:  The mandate of the Department of Programmes is to dispense the educational and training services provided by the PPC.  The Department of New Projects designs new educational products to meet internal and off-site requirements.  The Department of Productions and Publications consists of three functional areas: publications, production and printing. It is the mandate of the department to support, complement and enhance the education, training, research and development and corporate initiatives of the Centre.  The Library is dedicated to the promotion, development and support of library and information services on all aspects of Canadian and international peacekeeping.  The Department of External Relations deals with a wide range of mechanisms to create greater awareness of the PPC and to promote peacekeeping throughout the international community.  The PPC conducts roundtables, research, seminars, and courses, and produces a number of publications each year. All are attended by Canadian and international military and civilian participants. Programs are presented in English and selected courses are also offered in French and Spanish. Off-campus activities in Canada and abroad are conducted by mobile training teams.  The staff at the Pearson Peacekeeping Centre trusts that the level of professionalism they strive to achieve is assisting the international community in accomplishing the true aim of peacekeeping: the saving of lives and the alleviation of human suffering.  In 2001, the Pearson Peacekeeping Centre assisted with the establishment of Peaceful Schools International, which is co-located with the Pearson Peacekeeping Centre in Cornwallis Park, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Other related articles for reference:
- The Lester B. Pearson Canadian International Peacekeeping Training Centre, Box 100, Clementsport, Nova Scotia, Canada B0S 1E0, telephone 902-638-8611, fax 902-638-8888, email: registrar@ppc.cdnpeacekeeping.ns.ca , Internet: http://www.cdnpeacekeeping.ns.ca 
- Peaceful Schools International http://www.peacefulschoolsinternational.org/
 
 

 
Canadian Peace Hall of Fame
The Canadian Peace Hall of Fame (CPHF) honours people and institutions who represent the best in the peacebuilding profession. The Hall of Fame exists to recognize the prominent and the unsung heroes of our country - the people who influence our most worthwhile cause, Peace.  Initially, as a virtual Hall of Fame, the web site will provide you with information about the Canadian Peace Hall of Fame's members.  The goal of recognizing exemplary peacebuilding is to be accomplished through honour, recognition and building awareness. 

Peace Hall of Fame - John Peters Humphrey 1905 - 1995
 

The principal author of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was a native of New Brunswick, John Peters Humphrey. He wrote the first draft of what eventually became perhaps the most important human rights document in history.  The Declaration was unanimously passed by the United Nations' General Assembly on December 10, 1948. To mark this milestone, December 10 is recognized worldwide as Human Rights Day. In 1998, special events were held throughout the world to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration.

John Humphrey

John Humphrey was born in Hampton, NB and went to school in Rothesay, NB. John did not have an easy childhood. His father died before John was one year old and his mother when he was eleven. His left arm was amputated when he was six because of a severe burn. Undeterred by these handicaps, John Humphrey pursued his studies at Mount Allison University in Sackville, NB and then at McGill University in Montreal. He earned four degrees at McGill and later became a professor and dean of law.

In 1946, Humphrey was asked to set up the UN's Division for Human Rights, of which he became the Director. In this capacity, he prepared a 400 page background paper for the proposed Universal Declaration and wrote its first draft in 1947. After further drafts and revisions by various UN officials and committees, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the UN in 1948. Humphrey was Director of the Human Rights Division until 1966.

Humphrey then returned to McGill, where he devoted himself to human rights teaching and advocacy. He was the founding president of the Canadian Section of the International Commission of Jurists and he helped establish Amnesty International Canada and the Canadian Human Rights Foundation.

Humphrey authored numerous articles and several books. He received 13 honorary degrees and, in 1974, was named an Officer of the Order of Canada. In his honour, the International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development established the $25,000 John Humphrey Freedom Award, which is presented each year. Humphrey died in 1995 in Montreal. Canada Post issued a stamp in his honour in October 1998.

References - http://www.udhr.org/history/Biographies/biograph.htm
http://www.gov.nb.ca/hrc-cdp/e/humphre2.htm#Humphrey
http://www.sfu.ca/mediapr/Releases/News/1999/October1999/Author.html
http://www.markings.bc.ca/mind/peace/humanrights.html
http://www.pch.gc.ca/ddp-hrd/humphrey/index_e.shtml
http://www.radio.cbc.ca/programs/thismorning/archives/1998/humphrey.html

Videos:
By His Hand, an excellent documentary produced on John Humphrey's contribution to the Universal Declaration in 1991 by Through the Lens Inc.  Current distributor: Omega Films Limited omega@baloo.com 
John Humphrey: Address to the U.N.G.A. on 35th Anniversary of Universal Declaration
John Humphrey: Education-The Ultimate Sanction of Human Rights
(ref.
http://ace.acadiau.ca/polisci/aa/digagora/courses/pols4883/videos.htm  )

The following is a partial list of his publications:

- Humphrey, John Peters. On the Edge of Greatness: The Diaries of John Humphrey, First Director of the United Nations Human Rights Division, Vol I 1948-1949 by A.J. Hobbins (Editor) (Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1994). ISBN: 0773513833
- Humphrey, John Peters. On the Edge of Greatness: The Diaries of John Humphrey, First Director of the United Nations Division of Human Rights 1950-1951, Volume 2. (Fontanus Monographs by A.J. Hobbins (Editor) (Montreal and Kingston: McGill Queen’s University Press, 1996). ISBN: 0773514546
- Humphrey, John Peters. On the Edge of Greatness: The Diaries of John Humphrey, First Director of the United Nations Human Rights Division, Volume III, 1952-1957 by A.J. Hobbins (Editor) (Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1997). ISBN: 0773514562
- Humphrey, John P. No Distant Millennium: The International Law of Human Rights. (Paris: UNESCO, 1989).
- Humphrey, John P. and Nash, Alan E., Institute for Research on Public Policy and Canadian Human Rights Foundation. Human Rights and the Protection of Refugees Under International Law. Proceedings of a Conference held in Montreal, November 29-December 2, 1987. (Montreal, Quebec and Halifax N.S: Canadian Human Rights Foundation and Institute for Research on Public Policy, c1988)
- Humphrey, John P. Human Rights & the United Nations: A Great Adventure. (Dobbs Ferry, N.Y: Transnational Publishers, c1984)
- Humphrey. John P. and Macdonald, R. St. J. The Practice of Freedom: Canadian Essays on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. (Toronto: Butterworths, c1979).
- Humphrey, John P. Florence Bird, and Jacques Henripin, Report of the Royal Commission on the Status of Women in Canada. (Canada. Royal Commission on the Status of Women in Canada, 1970).
- Humphrey, John Peters. The United Nations and Human Rights. Series: Behind the Headlines, V.23, No.1. (Toronto: Published for the Canadian Institute of International Affairs by the Baxter Pub. Co., 1963).
- Humphrey, John P. The Inter-American System: A Canadian View. (Toronto: Macmillan Company of Canada, 1942).

A Partial Bibliographical listing may be found in:

Wiktor, Christian L. Canadian Bibliography of International Law 714 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984).

Biographical Statements on this great Canadian are in:

- Macdonald, R. St. J. "Leadership in Law: John P. Humphrey and the Development of the International Law of Human Rights," The Canadian Yearbook of International Law, XXIX (1991), 3-91.
- Humphrey, John Peters. On the Edge of Greatness: The Diaries of John Humphrey, First Director of the United Nations Human Rights Division, Vol. 1. 1948-1949. A.J. Hobbins (Editor) (Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1994), 11-22.

 

 


For more information about the Canadian Peace Awards - contact Robert Stewart, C.A., C.M.C., Director, Canadian Centres for Teaching Peace at stewartr [at] peace.ca; (telephone - 403-461-2469; fax - 309-407-6576; mail - Box 70, Okotoks, Alberta, Canada T1S 1A4; web site - http://www.peace.ca )