PeaceBuilding for a Culture of Peace

2.0 Assessing the Research Question

- Peace has an undeniable relation to development.

- Expenditures for peace can be more difficult to guarantee as its aims and objectives may appear abstract and unrealistically visionary, despite scholastic research and international organizational objectives granting
more attention and credibility to the notion of creating peace. The grim statistical and eventual accounts of military might as key economic actor, overshadow the existence of a Culture of Peace. (Castillo)

- the assumption that an international civil society exists in which there emerge common traits and desires.

- An international civil society presupposes an existence of such common drives and organizing principles which transcend political organization.

- Developing a peace culture is based on "the universal values of respect for life, liberty, justice, solidarity, tolerance, human rights and equality between men and women." (Adams)

- Peace, defined as the absence of violence, termed negative peace, does not include practices of structural violence or the threat of violence that which positive peace comprehensively incorporates.

- positive peace is understood as "dynamic, peace is a just and non-violent solution of conflicts..." (Adams)


- The transition from war to peace cultures requires a "transition from societies dominated by the State, sole organizer of security...It must welcome and promote citizen participation in national and international affairs." (Adams)

- "peace is not possible without international security and there can be no international security without peace" (Espiell)


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