Nizkor Int. Human Rights Team
Derechos Human Rights
Serpaj Europe
Urgent Solidarity
21sep99

FOUR MEN ARRESTED IN THE WAKE OF STUDENT DEMONSTRATIONS IN JULY 1999 ARE REPORTED TO HAVE BEEN SENTENCED TO DEATH.

(AI) On 12 September 1999, Gholamhossein Rahbarpur, the President of Tehran Revolutionary Court, announced the death sentences in an interview to Jomhuri-ye Eslami newspaper, stating that two of the death sentences have already been approved by the Supreme Court. He did not give the names of those sentenced or any details of the charges or trial proceedings against them.

He is also reported as saying that a further 45 of those involved in the demonstrations have been sentenced to prison terms and fines based on their "confessions"

BACKGROUND INFORMATION:

Hundreds of people are believed to have been arrested following student demonstrations which began on 8 July 1999, when a group of students gathered outside university hostels in Tehran in a peaceful protest against the closure of the daily newspaper Salam.

Among those who remain in detention are Manuchehr Mohammadi, a leading member of the Anjoman-e Daneshjuyan va Daneshamukhtegan Melli (National Association of Students and Graduates).

In late July 1999, state television broadcast the "confession" of Manuchehr Mohammadi, in which he is reported to have "confessed" to
coordinating his activities with a "counter-revolutionary agent", an activity punishable by death in Iran.

The television also named Gholamreza Mohajeri-Nezhad and Maryam Shansi as leading associates of Manuchehr Mohammadi.

Four members of the Hezb-e Mellat-e Iran (Iran Nation Party), Khosrow Sayf, Ahmad Namazi, Farzin Mokhbar and Mehran Mir Abdol-Baghi are also believed to remain in detention following their arrests in connection with the demonstrations.

FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION:

Please send telegrams/express/airmail letters in English or your own language:

- expressing your grave concern at reports of the death sentences and calling for their immediate commutation;

- expressing concern that those sentenced may have been tortured in order to extract "confessions", and that the sentences may have been passed following unfair trial proceedings;

- seeking information about the identity of all those sentenced as well as details of the charges and trial proceedings against them.

APPEALS TO:

1)Leader of the Islamic Republic
His Excellency Ayatollah Sayed 'Ali Khamenei
The Presidency, Palestine Avenue
Azerbaijan Intersection, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Telegrams: Ayatollah Khamenei, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Salutation: Your Excellency

2)President
His Excellency Hojjatoleslam val Moslemin Sayed Mohammad Khatami
The Presidency, Palestine Avenue
Azerbaijan Intersection, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Telegrams: President Khatami, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Salutation: Your Excellency

3)Head of Judiciary
Ayatollah Mahmoud Hashemi-Shahrudi
Ministry of Justice
Park-e Shahr, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Telegrams: Head of the Judiciary, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Salutation: Your Excellency

COPIES TO:

Minister of Foreign Affairs
His Excellency Kamal Kharrazi
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Sheikh Abdolmajid Keshk-e Mesri Avenue
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran

Mr Mohammad Hassan Zia'i-Far
Secretary, Islamic Human Rights Commission
PO Box 13165-137
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Faxes: + 98 21 204 0541

and to diplomatic representatives of Iran accredited to your country.

13 September 1999
-----------------------------------------
ACTION BY: Amnesty International, International Secretariat. PUBLIC AI
Index: MDE 13/24/99
Further information on UA 160/99 (MDE 13/15/99, 9 July 1999) and
follow-up (MDE 13/16/99, 13 July 1999) See also:
http://www.amnesty.org.uk/news/press/releases/16_september_1999-0.shtml
----------------------------------------
USEFUL LINKS:
- Human Rights in Iran.
http://www.derechos.org/human-rights/mena/iran.html
- Question of the impunity of perpetrators of human rights violations
(civil and political). Revised final report prepared by Mr. Joinet
pursuant to Sub-Commission decision 1996/119.
[E/CN.4/Sub.2/1997/20/Rev.1 ]
http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu4/subrep/97sc20r1.htm
- Informacion sobre el caso del juicio en espanha por desaparecidos en
Argentina / Info on the Spanish trial in favor of the disappeared in
Argentina.
http://www.derechos.org/nizkor/arg/espana/
- Informacion sobre el jucio en espanha contra el senador vitalicio
Augusto Pinochet Ugarte / Info on the Spanish trial against Senator for
Life Augusto Pinochet Ugarte.
http://www.derechos.org/nizkor/chile/juicio/
- An Appraisal of Technologies of Political Control. By Scientific and
Technological Options Assessment - STOA
http://jya.com/stoa-atpc.htm
FIN DEL MENSAJE END OF MESAGGE EINDE BERICHT FIM DA MENSAGEM FINE
DEL MESSAGGIO ENDE NACHRICHT FIN DEL MENSAJE END OF MESAGGE EINDE
BERICHT FIM DA MENSAGEM FINE DEL MESSAGGIO ENDE NACHRICHT
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