National Culture of Peace Program/Canadian Peace Initiative Strategy: A
Canadian Peace Vision
development of the strategy for a National Culture of Peace Program/Canadian
Peace Initiative must be an open, inclusive, collaborative and ongoing evolving process.
I have taken the liberty of collecting my ideas here, so that I may help
with the facilitation of its development. My
thoughts are not intended to pre-empt or prejudice any discussion – only to
help (at least it helps me). For a
summary this is lengthy, however peace is a complex issue (actually a
convergence of many complex issues, each one a dilemma in its own right) –
this is why it requires a substantial strategy.
Prior to reading these suggestions, readers should enumerate their own ideas and principles with respect to a proposed National Culture of Peace Program/Canadian Peace Initiative/Culture of Peace and Non-violence.
Proposed Vision Statement
To significantly reduce the human costs of
violence, in our communities, country, and in our world (and increase the human
– costs may be measured in terms of financial, human, social and other costs;
profits may also. Violence may be
measured in terms of direct (eg. Physical abuse) and indirect (eg. Psychological
abuse, systemic abuse, etc.) violence.]
Canadian Peace Vision at http://www.peace.ca/canadianpeacevision.htm
"The Human Right To Peace" - Senator Douglas Roche' book
Excerpts from the book UNESCO and a Culture of Peace: Promoting a Global
Movement, by UNESCO (ref. Chapter 5, National Culture of Peace Programmes, pages
43 to 57 http://www.peace.ca/excertunesco.htm
Summary of UNESCO Culture of Peace Program at http://www.peace.ca/unesco.htm
and the David Adams article on the
"values of a culture of peace" at http://cpnn-usa.org/learn/values.html
What might a National Culture of Peace Program for
working groups and organizational structure (for an example of what that might
look like to start the discussion refer to
Culture of Peace Program calls for a transformation of all organizations
from a Culture of Violence to a Culture of Peace.
The Culture of Peace Program is on the threshold of making a major
impact pacifically, nationally and internationally, but is currently lacking
direction and capacity. Many have
recognized this, and the importance (and excellence) of the UNESCO/U.N.
Program for some years. This
could be the subject of a significant presentation in itself.
had originally developed the conceptual material proposing a National
Culture of Peace Program in
the November 2003 DFAIT Peacebulding Consultations, four things were
apparent: (i) the Minister and Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs were
quite unaware of the U.N. Culture of Peace Program and Canada’s
commitments to it; (ii) while a lot of people are unaware of the Program, a
lot of other people are aware and supportive, but lack direction and
capacity; (iii) when one talks about peace and peacebuilding, many people
and particularly the federal government think it relates to other countries
– while the reality is that “Peace starts at home” and with “me”;
(iv) it is time for each and every one of us to personally pick up this U.N. challenge and move
it forward in Canada (otherwise it may be a long time waiting) – the
UNESCO Culture of Peace Program is too important to allow it to be aborted.
a result, my response was to create a venue and invite key stakeholders to
discuss a National Culture of Peace Program, which has become synonymous
with a Canadian Peace Initiative which peace educators have been discussing
for the past four (or so) years. That
venue is the Symposium at
see my role a "Process Consultant", offering a process and
technical resources to help stakeholders "find their own truths with
respect to a Culture of Peace and Non-violence", if/as/and when
required. I have provided some
articles with my thoughts so that a participant need not start with a
“blank page”. (Note –
“Process Consultant” means that the
consultant helps you to define the process for accomplishing a certain
project. Process consultants are experts in how to organize people and
processes in order to accomplish a change.)
were 5 National Culture of Peace Program initiatives world-wide that I am
Suggested Statement of Principles
In no particular order:
Charter of Principles (background reading at the end section of http://www.peace.ca/CPImission.htm
to start the dialogue, based on the World Social Forum, who I think
have done a good job in this respect)
the governance approach in “Servant Leadership” (ref. http://www.peace.ca/servantleadership.htm
) (“What is proposed here for the top leadership team of large
institutions is a shift from the hierarchical principle, with one chief, to
a team of equals with a primus (comes down from Roman times ... primus
inter pares -- first among equals), preceded by the change in trustee
attitude and the role necessary to assure its success.”)
anticipate that the role of the Board of Trustees and Senior Management
Team(s) of the National Culture of Peace Program will also be as “Process
Consultants”, offering a process and technical resources to help
stakeholders "find their own truths with respect to a Culture of Peace
anticipate the main methodology employed by the Program will be one of
“persuasion” and modelling. It will be
important to do our best to safeguard the Program from politics (and it will
have to be nonpartisan).
Education will provide the central tool (core) for promoting the Culture of
Peace Program. Training Programs
and a Speakers Bureau will provide an entry to the “marketplace”.
“committee” or working group culture should be guided by the principles
of the Culture of Peace Program and good Peace Education practice (eg.
Respect, reject violence, share with others, listen to understand, preserve
the planet, rediscover solidarity, inclusive, transparent, inclusive, etc.; reference
suggest a high profile Board of Trustees of the Culture of Peace (eg. people
Axworthy, Maurice Strong, Doug Roche, Ken Dryden, Pierre Pettigrew, Sacha
Trudeau, Geoffrey Pearson, etc.)
with one as primus (the larger in numbers on the Board the better).
It will take time for prominent people to get on board.
suggest a senior management team (or teams) responsible for day-to-day
management, organized similarly, comprised of heads of key stakeholders and
proven Culture of Peace Promoters. I
suggest that consideration be given to no paid senior positions. (it has its
pros and cons, but making it voluntary probably reduces politics and
increases sincerity, although not necessarily; I would not be concerned with
there being too many people in the management teams)
should be a Corporate Code of Ethics and Values
costs will have to be kept to a minimum – there is no money at the moment.
This is grass roots. We
should not be beholden to any funders, to ensure we have independence to do
what needs to be done.
will have to compile a brochure and web site summarizing our methodology and
related key information; an email listserver(s) for communication; Culture
of Peace News Network – Canada (refer to separate strategy document in
preparation, and http://www.peace.ca/CPNN.htm
); a Canadian Culture of Peace Museum(s) or network of centres across the
country for education and networking (strategy in preparation)
statements will have to be handled with care; likely, individuals would make
statements on their own account rather than the Program; corporate
statements would be covered by the Board of Trustees
will be an issue: I would suggest an “asset-based, positive building
approach” 80% of the time and the more usual “needs-based/critical
approach” 20% of the time (as a guideline).
would suggest that we talk in terms of “Peace and the Future” (i.e. I am
motivated by the following quote: "We need to adopt the mindset of
most professional futurists and become systemic optimists - those who
believe that life can get better, but only if we fundamentally alter the way
we think and do things. We need to embrace whole-system change."
Richard Eckersley, fellow at the National Centre for Epidemiology and
Population Health at the
major key stakeholders include governments (federal, provincial, community,
First Nations, international), schools, religions, media, nonprofit
organizations, businesses, families, etc.
are six major relationships that I have identified that require attention
pursuant to a Culture of Peace (in no particular order): (i) First Nations,
(ii) Francophone/Anglophone, (iii) the impoverished, (iv) minorities, (v)
the United Nations, and (vi) the
am under no illusion that this will be easy – it will be resisted by those
who enjoy the status quo. Paradoxically,
Peace is the toughest ‘sell’. We
are talking about transforming virtually every organization and institution,
including government. Currently,
the federal government provides an insignificant amount of money and
resources for building a Culture of Peace. Many
arrogantly think that peace is for other people, other countries, not
“us”. The Canadian
Commission for UNESCO, the agency that I believe should be providing some
leadership in this matter, is not performing up to its potential (they do
not see themselves as “leaders” – I maintain that we are all leaders).
Some leaders will jealously guard their turf, and will resist a civil
society initiative. The good
news is that we have the majority of Canadians on our side, including a very
large number of civil society organizations and teachers, in particular –
this may provide a potentially new ‘superpower’ in
government does not join in, we must start without them and retain seats at
the table for them – they will come in due course.
We should wait no longer.
and nurturing a culture of peace is a social movement”; “the plan called
for energies to be refocused on the systemic and root causes of conflict”;
“this is the beginning of systemic change”
Doug Roche in The Human Right to Peace
should be careful to lever existing peace infrastructure, and not duplicate
or “do any harm”
words that likely apply: change management, raise awareness, holistic,
building people, value added, mentoring, organizational mentoring, to help
build a better world for our children, change attitudes and behaviours,
bringing people together, think globally and act locally, empower, self
sufficiency, sustainable, popular involvement, independent thought, critical
thinking, social progress, relationship building, conflict transformation,
social accountability, “owls” (i.e. not doves or hawks), ethics and
values, spiritual revolution, model, etc.
am pleased to indicate that David Adams (past director of UNESCO/UN International Year for the Culture of Peace
and professor of Psychology (bio)
) will join us for our Symposium and I
believe would be a valuable resource in the development of a National
Culture of Peace Program
Prospective participants will have to decide whether they support the current Culture of War and Violence or that they support the Culture of Peace Program. They will also have to decide to do something about it, starting with Peace Education.
those committed to the United Nations Culture of Peace Program, we are the children of a peace culture.
It has taken us a long time and a personal journey of learning to get
here. We haven't got it perfect yet, but we
are the start. Many are not here yet, but we
can help. Based on the good
work done by UNESCO and the U.N., you and I can say, “I am one of the children
that we are now “consciously” trying to form.”
‘Trying to form’ in the sense of helping them, through Servant
Leadership, to find their own truths about the Culture of War and Violence, and
the Culture of Peace and Non-violence. “Future
generations … will recognize almost intuitively that peace is their right.”
has been said that a people without a vision will perish.
A Canadian Peace Vision will lift Canadians to great heights (it is both
a human and “market” opportunity). In
one sense, it should not be a difficult sell: One-third of Canadians already
believe "peacekeeping and peacefulness" is the greatest contribution Canada
has to offer the world (ref. http://www.peace.ca/surveycanadianrole.htm
80% to 90% of Canadians have positive feelings toward peace, but need support
in what to do to act upon it. The good news: More Peace Education has
taken place since September 11, 2001 (9/11) than ever before in the history of
80% to 90% of Canadians have positive feelings toward peace, but need support in what to do to act upon it. The good news: More Peace Education has taken place since September 11, 2001 (9/11) than ever before in the history of mankind.
Peace starts at home, with us … with “me”. Our first task is to help create a nation of peace promoters. This is bound to help peace organizations, governments, educational and other institutions sincerely interested in building a better future. We will be asked to help other peoples in other countries similarly, if we get our act together and develop a special expertise in the Culture of Peace. It is also important to point out that the UNESCO Culture of Peace Program has been threatened by “politics, and resource and support starvation” – it is vital that countries like Canada take a lead to keep this important Program alive and flourishing.
role…is to nourish the seeds of peace so that the blossom appears. When ‘we
the peoples’ seize this responsibility, the human right to peace will be
assured.” Doug Roche, The Human Right to Peace.
must react, each of us to the best of our abilities.
input, comments and Suggestions Welcome
The development of the strategy for a National Culture of Peace Program/Canadian Peace Initiative must be an open, inclusive, collaborative and ongoing evolving process. The challenge is for each of us to put forward our visions for a Culture of Peace, to develop direction, capacity and give action to The Human Right of Peace.
Stewart, C.A., C.M.C. stewartr [at] peace.ca
REPORT OF PROCEEDINGS:
I am attaching the following Canadian Culture of Peace Program ("CCOPP")
Reports for your information:
1. CCOPP Summary Statement (in HTML) (in Microsoft Word)
2. CCOPP Initial Action Plan (in HTML) (in Microsoft Word)
3. CCOPP Leadership & Peace Workshop Report (Nov 15 - 17, 2004) (in HTML) (in Microsoft Word)
4. CCOPP Organization Network (Draft) (in HTML)
5. CCOPP Mobilizing Peace Resources (Nov 19, 2004) (in HTML) (in Microsoft Word)
6. CCOPP Open Space Technology Conference Report (Nov 22 - 23, 2004) (in HTML) (in Microsoft Word)
and our amazing, 60 page Youth Day Report (Nov 18, 2004) (in pdf)
A great "THANK YOU" to all the
participants. Without you, none of this would be possible.
A great "THANK YOU" to all the participants. Without you, none of this would be possible.
APPENDIX 1 - FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS RELATED TO A NATIONAL CULTURE OF PEACE PROGRAMFAQ #1: "My (peace) program is the priority and I do not have time for a National Culture of Peace Program." (For purposes of the example, we will use the Nuclear Weapons issue.)
A question to the Canadian government about peace (peace education, Culture of Peace) and the politician or official says, "that is about or for other countries, not Canada". Government appears to see peace only in terms of Foreign Affairs, CIDA, DND - and not in its Departments of Health, Justice, Community Affairs or Education. How can you achieve a Culture of Peace and Non-violence when that is the attitude of our government? As the United Nations promulgates, transformation is required at all levels (individual, family, community, world), and in all institutions (government, education, religious, business, NGOs, etc.).
[Other questions are invited, and we will publish our responses.]
2 - BIBLIOGRAPHY
2 - BIBLIOGRAPHY
and a Culture of Peace: Promoting a Global Movement, by UNESCO (book)
a Culture of Violence to a Culture of Peace: Peace and Conflict Issues, by
UNESCO Culture of Peace website http://www.unesco.org/cpp/uk/
, http://www3.unesco.org/iycp/ (it is
interesting to note that it is very difficult to find the Culture of Peace
Program from UNESCO’s homepage at http://www.unesco.org
– I would suggest this may be reflective of politics)
Human Right To Peace, by Senator Douglas Roche (book)
conceptual material proposing a National Culture of Peace Program in
conceptual map of the Peace and Violence Issue, required for addressing the
issues (ref. http://www.peace.ca/macropeace.htm
) by Robert Stewart,
Commission for UNESCO Culture of Peace website and resources http://www.unesco.ca/english/CultureofPeace/main.htm
Policy on a National Culture of Peace Program for
Peacebuilding Coordinating Committee website http://cpcc.web.ca/database/project.cfm?ID=258
by Robert Stewart,
City Council has become active again in the anti-war movement. It formally
opposed the invasion of
There is a relatively new federal Department of Social Development (Ken Dryden, Minister) – see http://www.sdc.gc.ca/en/home.shtml
for a Federal Department of Peace, prepared by the Victoria Working Group for a
Federal Department of Peace
Responsibility to Protect
Navigating a New World: Canada's Global Future, by Lloyd Axworthy http://www.nav-new-world.ca/
Canada can change world, say Trudeau's sons http://www.peace.ca/trudeausons.htm
The Best Country: Why Canada Will Lead the Future, by Satya Das
Peace Psychology -
American Psychological Association (APA) Division 48 has sponsored development
of the first college textbook on peace psychology (all proceeds are donated to
the division). "Peace, Conflict, and Violence: Peace
Psychology for the 21st Century" edited by D. Christie, R. Wagner,
and D. Winter (2001) is now available from Prentice Hall. The book is a 426 page
paperback, very attractively packaged. If you teach at the college level, this
may be the perfect text for your peace psychology or conflict and violence
course. Knowing that an excellent text is available, some of you may now want to
develop the first peace psychology course for your college. 5 Star Must
on the link to Peace Psychology to read an excellent summary and ordering
a New Civilization: The Politics of the Third Wave, by Alvin and Heidi Toffler
New Realities: In Government and Politics/ In Economics and Business/ In Society
and World View, by Peter F. Drucker
Culture of Fear: Why Americans are Afraid of the Wrong Things, by Barry Glassner
of Violence in the
Peace: A Business for