Proponent: Polly Hill
Polly Hill Associates, 96 Frank Street, Ottawa, Ontario K2P
(613) 235-6688 
Polly Hill Associates, 7 Jackes
Avenue, Suite 202, Toronto, Ontario M4T 1E3, Canada
(416) 972-6260 [current]
* Reformatted and reprinted, June 2000, by friends of Polly
Table of Contents
Executive Summary ................................................................................................. (i)
1. Introduction ..................................................................................... ............ 1
2. A Canadian Initiative: A United Nations Office for Mutually Assured Peace
(UNOMAP) ................................................................................................. 3
3. An Operations Centre for MAP ................................................................... 8
4. The Method of Operation of UNOMAP ......................................... ............ 10
5. Applying the Method of Operation for dealing with a Specific Problem .... 11
6. Next Steps ......................................................................................... 14
Appendix: Memo re Office for Research and the Collection of Information. UN Secretariat
Practical mechanisms are needed to achieve mutually assured peace. We propose a Canadian initiative: to sponsor the creation of a new United Nations Office for Mutually Assured Peace (UNOMAP). It is envisioned that the initiative will give the UN a capability to act synergistically to bring common security, peace planning and associated activities into a new relationship.
UNOMAP, the office for mutually assured peace, is a new concept to promote practical initiatives that will sustain cooperative and mutually assured peace between nations. It could be located in Canada and will use advanced communications and information technologies to gather and disseminate information among the nations of the world. Its primary goal will be to advance the cause of mutually assured peace through a genuine commitment to human values, world cooperation, and a deepened reliance on emerging global thinking.
This proposal is based on the premise that “NO NATION ever is going to ‘dis-arm’ until after global security systems and institutions have been created, and publicly tested and demonstrated and the public has learned that these new institutions can be trusted.”(1) We therefore are delighted than a UN group of government experts has been set up, November 1988, to study the role of the UN in verification, with a Canadian in the Chair. This revival of the International Satellite Monitoring Agency (ISMA) concept of 1978 is germane to the UNOMAP proposal.
UNOMAP and ISMA are complementary, one de-escalates aggression, the other escalates cooperation and global planning.
This proposal is directed to the Prime Minister and the Government of Canada believing that Canada is perceived as an innovator, mediator and participant in international initiatives toward mutually assured peace.
(1) Howard Kurtz, War Control Planners Inc. Washington, DC. Father of the French proposal to the United Nations, ISMA, 1978
“We make history. Changing its direction is
within our power.”
December 8, 1987
“To move toward such a world there has to be
creative courage, new thinking . . .”
December 8, 1987
1.1 Practical mechanisms are needed to capitalize on the initiatives now coming from world leaders, the UN, governments, research groups, peace groups and individual citizens towards mutually assured peace. One example of such a mechanism that gathered the world’s imagination and its energy was aid to Africa. This project arose from the recognition of the need for international action for mutually assured well-being. In Canada one extraordinarily effective mechanism has been the “participaction” campaign: physical fitness participation has increased from 5 percent of the population to 37 percent in little over a decade.
Experience has shown that innovative mechanisms catalyse change. This paper presents a Canadian proposal to create a new United Nations Office for Mutually Assured Peace (UNOMAP).
1.2 Canada is perceived worldwide as an innovator, mediator and participant in international initiatives toward mutually assured peace. This paper is therefore addressed to the Right Honourable Brian Mulroney, Prime Minister of Canada, the Right Honourable Joe Clark, Secretary of State for External Affairs, and to the Canadian people. It proposes an immediate international initiative by Canada and Canadians to take a lead role among the 157 ‘in-between nations’ of the UN, and to maintain the momentum toward mutually assured peace demonstrated by the two superpowers December 8, 1987 in Washington, DC.
1.3 The proposed Canadian action is that Canada would take the initiative to propose the creation within the United Nations system of an Office for Mutually Assured Peace (UNOMAP). This would serve as an international source and catalyst for the development of the practical mechanisms needed in a world that now recognizes the interdependence between nations, the environment, development and economic and human well- being.
We have mechanisms for mutually assured destruction (MAD). We now need the mechanisms for mutually assured peace (MAP).
A description of the UNOMAP mechanism follows with reasons why it is appropriate, necessary, and practical, and why Canada and Canadians are eminently qualified to lead in pursuing its development.
1.4 About the Proponent
Polly Hill has created the UNOMAP concept and developed it into this proposal for a Canadian initiative based on 40 years as a volunteer and professional in the field of child development, child rights, and children’s environments. Her focus has been not only to meet their needs and reduce risks to their well-being, but also to improve the quality of life of all children worldwide. This steadfast advocacy on a local, national and international scale for tomorrow’s citizens has given her great respect for the usefulness of innovative mechanisms in effecting change.
The development of this proposal has been accomplished with cooperation from Gail Ward Stewart.
A Canadian Initiative: A United Nations Office for Mutually Assured
2.1 The MAP Office (or Centre) for the UN (UNOMAP) is designed to identify and develop positive mechanisms for mutually assured peace.
UNOMAP would acknowledge the reality of the interrelatedness of assured peace, common security, environment, development, eradication of hunger and poverty, human rights, quality of life, human values and a strengthened UN.
Its work would include the promotion of practical and successful initiatives that have sustained genuine cooperation and mutually assured peace between peoples, ranging from mechanisms for the avoidance of conflict to endeavours that have contributed or enhanced human values and cooperation among nations. Its work would also embrace experimental mechanisms and positive mechanisms under consideration in all fields, including those that are preventive.
For example, the work that has been done on the Law of the Sea has
created a body of knowledge and process that is applicable well beyond that
field. The implementation of the findings of the World Commission on
Environment and Development (1987) points the way to innovative “managing of
environmental resources to ensure both sustainable human progress and human
The World Health Organization (of which the Canadian Dr. Brock Chisholm was the first Director General) has developed many mechanisms extending beyond national borders in its attempts to solve health problems of all humanity. Taking the analogy further, smallpox killed more persons than all the wars of history combined until, in modern times, scientific research isolated the single tangible control factor and the epidemiologic discipline worked to eradicate the disease.
(2) World Commission on Environment and Development, Our Common Future: From One Earth to One World: An Overview. Oxford University Press, 1987.
UNOMAP would search to identify and isolate the control factor or factors that are either preventing or pursuing mutually assured peace. UNOMAP would then develop the discipline that could expose these factors for innovative analysis and operational solutions. A basis for continuing international policies would thus be formed.
2.3 As medicine searches for causes of disease, not just amelioration, so should UNOMAP. It should look for cures for war, not just arms control -- (not just making MAD a little less MAD). For example, Canada and the USA have had a frustrating dispute on the control of acid rain. But at least the two countries did not stockpile their acid rain on each side of the border, threatening to unleash it for the purpose of mutually assured destruction.
Holes in the ozone layer are everyone’s fault and we’ve no time to play blaming games. Only immediate comprehensive, cooperative, global, operational solutions will save us. The arms race and the present regional wars pose the same threat; we should try to solve the problems not just contain them.
2.4 In addition to identifying factors, gaps and needs, and developing new disciplines, UNOMAP would assess potential in existing practicable prototypes, models and programs. It would systematically identify these effective programs around the world and link isolated elements. In so doing, a pattern would emerge leading to new directions and new insights, and developing energy and confidence in global human resources. It would also let us map some of the real forces of victory for peace and cooperation that exist to defeat such enemies as power, greed, hunger, disease, poverty and environmental degradation. UNOMAP would assist us to move from ideas to policy to action to continuing policy.
2.5 The UNOMAP concept implies a genuine commitment to human values. A political will to genuine cooperation, deeper reliance on planetary thinking and the bond of humanity and the environment forms its context and is mandatory to its realization.
2.6 The adversarial confrontational and competitive mind-set that uses knowledge as a tool for power and greed, destroys humanity and the environment. Conversely, UNOMAP would combine knowledge with moral and social commitment, as the underlying principles of its analytic activity. “We are greatly in need of (a more profound) analysis of what’s good for us,” Natalie Petrowski has said. (3)
2.7 The UNOMAP approach is supported by what is happening in the world in spite of the divisive influences. As stated by Willy Brandt in his introduction to the North-South report,(4) “We see signs of the new awareness that mankind is becoming a single community.”
2.8 The MAP Centre is conceived on the metaphor of a war room, but would be a peace room, containing the same type of technology for collecting current information and data from all over the world. It would analyse and synthesize information received, set up a data processing system and interpretation centre, and make the results available to the UN and individual nations and the public as a basis for international pursuit of mutually assured peace. It would also have the capacity to bring minds together to focus on particular issues through the electronic media. The MAP Centre is envisioned as an open concept, available to all. It would encourage suggestions for positive innovations and spark ideas for alternative world systems; good for all nations, good for all people.
An important aspect of the MAP concept is the use of existing world resources. Since many peace research or communication centres are now in place, linkages and exchanges would be the rule, not the exception. World-wide television coverage of discussions on fundamental issues would be one activity of the MAP Centre. Visibility rather than secrecy would be the key, and communications and information technology would make the knowledge resources of the MAP Centre available to all.
(3) Natalie Petrowski, Québec critic for Le Devoir, Montreal, Québec, January 1, 1988 on Peter Gzowski’s radio program, Morningside.
(4) Independent Commission on International Development Issues, North-South: A Program for Survival.1980. Chaired by Willy Brandt.
2.9 As a War Operations Room assists in making better warriors, so should the UN office for MAP be effective in making better peacemakers.
2.10 It would be clear from the start that the concept of UNOMAP is that of an agency actively involved in operations; it would not be solely a data collecting, knowledge-transfer centre, an educational or awareness-raising agency, or merely a coordinating body. It is primarily a mechanism to search for “cures” and, once they are found, to give impetus and direction to the quest for mutually assured peace. Although the process and the spin-off of the MAP centre would include data collecting, knowledge transfer, education, awareness-raising and, in certain aspects, coordination, its primary focus is as an operational office or centre for mutually assured peace for creating UN policy and international laws.
2.11 Examples of existing activities that have recently been acclaimed by both superpowers are cultural and professional exchanges. Such exchanges lead to mutual understanding, respect and education, as well as pleasure. UNOMAP would analyse the factors involved in exchanges of all types, e.g., the common denominators: the extent and value of knowledge transfer, the amount of informal social time, the degree of contact with the general public and with experts, and the extent of mutual participation in activities versus demonstrations, etc. That is, the actual factors involved in building better understanding and mutual trust through exchanges would be identified. The MAP office’s function might be to point out to the UN the values and advantages of exchanges, then to “market” their merits so that UN member nations will increase their support for such efforts in their own countries. Through computer and communications technology the MAP Centre would recognize, chart and analyse exchange activities worldwide and, it is to be hoped, simultaneously develop indicators that would rate their effectiveness. The knowledge gained could then be used to improve the design of subsequent exchanges, thus ensuring that success breeds success.
2.12 Another factor in understanding the MAP Centre concept is the realization that it would operate alongside disarmament and arms control, verification, peace-keeping and arbitration of disputes. These and other initiatives to de-escalate existing war or tensions are essential to defuse the real and dreadful danger of the arms race. The MAP concept assumes that there will be no disarmament without a trustworthy security system. “Trust but verify.”
But the building of a security system that makes a reality of mutually assured peace or trust between all nations will take time and practice. It will need resources stemming from reduction of arms spending, and it will demand entirely new ways of thinking and transferring knowledge -- and turning it into action. It will need to link and respond to these new ways of thinking that are emerging in all nations. The mechanisms of UNOMAP must meet this challenge and be developed into humanity’s most important attribute -- creative power.
2.13 UNOMAP is conceived as a special new organizational unit of the United Nations. It is proposed that it be situated in Canada in the same way as UNESCO is situated in France and UNIDO in Austria. However, its location is not germane to the concept. It can be an “office” without walls -- anywhere.
2.14 One possibility to be explored is that UNOMAP might be created in cooperation with the UN Office for Research and the Collection of Information which is headed by the Assistant Secretary-General, James O.C. Jonah. This office is responsible for research, the collection and dissemination, within the Secretariat, of political news and information and for drafting related to the responsibilities of the Secretary-General. Its specific functions (see appendix) are similar to the proposed MAP concept, but designed for use by the Secretary-General and his senior staff. ORCI is an organizational component of the UN Secretariat. UNOMAP would be designed for use by all nations and all peoples, would complement ORCI to their mutual benefit, but by the unique nature of its work, is seen to be separate in organizational structure.
An Operations Centre for MAP
3.1 The working hub of the UNOMAP concept is a MAP centre, where its operations would be clearly visible and accessible to the public. It would have communications connections all over the world, held together in a flexible, experimental and creative organizational framework.
The following description is clearly hypothetical and offered here primarily to spark the imagination.
3.2 The operations centre of UNOMAP is visualized as a pavilion-type building featuring a large central space or main hall, the MAP Room, with high ceilings and walls covered with electronic maps, charts and projection screens. These would be constantly changing and updated. Some of the hardware would be temporary, reflecting an issue under study. Other installations might be permanent with only the information changing. For example, a map of the world might show all the armed conflicts, internal and external. If one conflict is settled, the symbol of a gun might be replaced with a dove, or a gold star. However, this map would have the capability of changing to show expansion of the arid areas or growth and decline of populations. For example, there would be many uses for each installation. Also, any map could be used in conjunction with other hardware around the room.
Besides maps and charts, there would be video screens to provide additional information by “talking heads,” rolling scripts, or pictures. There could be replays or live broadcasts of seminars in other parts of the world, selected to highlight a point of view. Even cartoon characters might be used. There would be a computerized ticker tape of information on current topics (the latest disarmament offer, etc.) printed out in UN languages. Material on the screens would spark questions or point out new factors or specific operations. These would be referred by computers to offices throughout in the building where more comprehensive enquiries could be set in motion. A useful application for the MAP Room might be a continually updated record of countries’ implementation of UN recommendations such as those of the Brundtland Commission.
3.3 There would be easy access to each special interest area. For example, an area would be set aside for non-governmental organizations (NGO’s). Their main recommendations would be synthesized to show the numbers and types of organizations pressing for the UN verification capability, for example, or for “Open Skies.” As latest membership lists are registered with MAP, these could be a constantly changing number to show dramatically world involvement in peace and disarmament, environmental or developmental issues, human rights, anti-poverty and international relations groups, etc. It will show that this body of citizens constitutes an informed critical mass, whose opinions count. Of course, the MAP Centre would have information on all NGO groups, and visitors could easily find information about resources in their own community.
3.4 The MAP room would be designed for staff as well as visitors, students of all ages and specialists or experts. Desks would have computers and earphones that hook up to the displays or block out sound to aid in concentration.
3.5 The building would of course include a library using the latest technology to access its material. A room or group of rooms would house a communications centre linked to other centres around the world. Incoming information would be redirected to various offices of expertise in the MAP Centre. The work would be visible to visitors.
There would be a printing press, television studios, and all sizes of conference rooms where visual as well as audio access would be available to visitors and students.
3.6 The offices of MAP workers, advisory board members, consultants and administrators would be designed by experts in the field of human environmental design. The object would be to induce creative thinking and provide for easy and informal working relations.
The Method of Operation of UNOMAP
4.1 How would the MAP office work? How would the technology or the MAP Centre aid in finding ‘cures’ and in analysing factors in a global context? How would information become knowledge? How would a discipline be developed to motivate action and policy and follow through at the UN level?
4.2 That is, of course, the key question. No one will doubt that technology can be developed to illuminate the findings of the MAP Centre, but how the organizational mechanism works may not be clear.
4.3 We have called the MAP concept an innovative mechanism. An innovative mechanism needs an innovative structure or a completely new type of institution. It must encourage entrepreneurial-type thinking. The method of operation would reward individuals and teams for creative thinking, experimentation and fitting the methods to the problems.
4.4 We have described the theory in sections 1 and 2, and in section 3 we have speculated on a MAP Centre to house the UN Office for MAP. In the same vein, we now envision a process or method of operation. The following description is, again, clearly hypothetical and offered here primarily to spark imagination.
4.5 If the UN accepts the UNOMAP concept and creates the Office for MAP, 157 nations would be giving higher priority and an increased share of financial resources to planetary thinking, multilateral analysis, interdependence of nations, interrelatedness of environment, sustainable development, and international cooperation and long-term planning for mutually assured peace. No nation would admit to opposing mutually assured peace!
4.6 UN member nations, having agreed to the concept, would consider the UNOMAP as a tool for their deliberations and would take responsibility for providing information to the centre as well as transmitting the UNOMAP’s finding to their own information centres.
4.7 UNOMAP, being a member of the UN family, would have the resources of all UN specialist agencies. It would in no way duplicate research or activities, but would rather enhance their work. For example, UNOMAP would track and advertise the progress of recommendations arising from UN conferences and commissions.
4.8 UNOMAP would have its own autonomy to study and search for solutions to attain mutually assured peace. It would not be the servant of political pressures in what it chose to tackle and its deliberations would be open at all phases of their development. The ideal would be that member nations refer issues for UNOMAP to pursue.
4.9 However, when UNOMAP would make specific recommendations to the UN for action or implementation, these would be subject to the regular UN procedures. UNOMAP would then track the results. Failure to reach consensus would be an incentive to try new directions rather than a signal to give up. Educated trial and error (the basis of all learning and invention) would be part of the UNOMAP’s operational style.
4.10 It must be remembered that UNOMAP would recommend action not only to the UN but also to specific nations or industries, to the NGOs or to the general public.
Applying the Method of Operation for dealing with a Specific Problem
5.1 The following description is again clearly hypothetical, designed for exploring a future method of operation.
5.2 Take, for example, an intricate problem facing the world today, famine aid to Africa, and imagine it being processed through the MAP Centre.
5.3 UNOMAP would have a constitution and by-laws to ensure that the concept of approaching problems from a mutually assured peace perspective would be preserved.
Built-in safeguards, from the election of a Board of Directors to the appointment of the administration, would prevent misuse of the technology and authority of the Office.
5.4 The Board of Directors, comprised of persons of experience and wisdom, would be selected on a rotating basis for a specified term.
5.5 The Board of Directors would select the topic for operations (i.e., famine aid to Africa).
5.6 The Board would immediately gather an ad hoc team of advisors -- African and international experts with experience in African affairs. Members of UNOMAP operations staff would be assigned to provide technical, clerical and research support.
5.7 The Africa team would examine existing resources, research and findings of recent conferences. It might set up computer conferencing to answer current questions in search for fundamental issues and factors.
5.8 The team would report to the Board to be sure it was interrelating this regional issue, African aid, into UNOMAP’s global multifaceted context.
5.9 The “Africa team” and the MAP staff would translate these factors into technology software for the MAP Operations Room. The factors would be juxtaposed in differing ways in the search for a solution.
5.10 Here are a few factors in the African famine situation. We suggest you use your imagination to select the technology -- maps, charts, video tapes and other hardware of the MAP room -- to illustrate the interaction between different factors.
5.11 For the example we have set out various pairs of factors that, when examined for their interaction, might lead to new thinking and new knowledge.
aid - industrial nations have offered more than Africa wants.
aim for long-term self-help programs. Wants only the absolutely
programs, geographical location.
map showing present drought and locust plagues.
of prices for African commodities making economic recovery practically
Africa’s economic output servicing debts, etc. Total dollars.
countries input, famine aid, development aid, total dollars. Africa
gives out more than it gets (little known fact).
Internal conflicts and border conflicts, geographical location.
costs, related to troops needed and supply and support, transportation
recovery programs under way (some way to indicate their success).
Transportation of famine aid - trucks, no gas stations, no parts, helicopter costs.
- terrain problems, realities of distribution, population relocation.
International food distribution.
surpluses in Western countries (to keep the price up).
Western fear and distrust of leftist governments.
nations sovereignty, Soviet and US self-interest.
5.12 These and many other issues in the African famine-aid problem may of course be related in different ways from the above.
5.13 As these and other factors emerge, the Africa Team advises the Board of approaches to the famine-aid problems that might lead to cures. Suggestions might include experimental action policy for the UN to pursue, as well as new long-term planning for African aid and recovery, etc. The Africa Team might then disband or agree to return at intervals to reassess its recommendations.
5.14 The Board would then put its outreach team network into action using the methods need to further the recommendations and strengthen positive initiatives. UNOMAP would of course continue to monitor and follow up the situation with an in-house team, having, as its resource, members of the Africa Team.
6.1 The next step in the development of the UNOMAP proposal is its study and further development by a group of experts. It is proposed that Canada take the initiative in developing a practical and financially viable proposal for UNOMAP.
6.2 We therefore propose that the Prime Minister and the Government of Canada arrange to support a group of experts to undertake an in-depth study on the technical, legal and financial implications of establishing an Office for Mutually Assured Peace within the United Nations.
We envision that the group of experts will present financially realistic options and will achieve the mobilization of present resources and private sector involvement that can make this initiative a reality.
6.3 We see such an action as being consistent with this Government’s objectives as stated by the Canadian Minister of External Affairs, the Right Honourable Joe Clark: “This Government’s activity will be focused in three directions: 1) encouraging compliance with existing treaties; 2) developing verification mechanisms; and 3) building confidence between East and West.” (5) We also see it as consistent with the new climate of world opinion which the superpowers are endeavouring to achieve, and with the purposes and principles of the UN charter.
(5) 86/07 Statement of the Right Honourable Joe Clark, Secretary of State for External Affairs, in the House of Commons on “USA-USSR Nuclear Arms Control Negotiations,” January 23, 1986.
6.4 The accomplishment of peace and security arises both from the absence of war and from a positive process of building laws, institutions and other mechanisms for cooperation, that can be trusted or assured. UNOMAP and UN Verification are mechanisms, each of which serves both paths to peace and which themselves are complementary. One develops war control and monitors peace agreements and disarmament measures. The other concentrates on alternatives to the arms race, and furtherance of a mutually assured peace. Both together hasten the day when the expenditure for world cooperation will outweigh the expenditure for national defense in all nations. Developed concurrently they will bring security planning and peace planning into a new and synergistic relationship as the technology of each becomes available to the other.
6.5 UNOMAP then becomes an instrument of hope, a mechanism for working together with responsibility and commitment toward a universal goal: mutually assured peace.
Ottawa, February 1989
Polly Hill, C.M.
Polly Hill Associates
7 Jackes Avenue, Suite 202
Toronto, Ontario M4T 1E3
Phone (416) 972-6260
Fax (416) 972-0603
Memo re Office for
Research and the Collection of Information.
1 March 1987
Members of the staff
OFFICE FOR RESEARCH
AND THE COLLECTION OF INFORMATION
Effective immediately, an Office for Research and the Collection of
Information is established, headed by an Assistant Secretary-General who will
report directly to the Secretary-General. This
Office will be responsible for research, the collection and dissemination within
the Secretariat, of political news and information and for drafting related to
the responsibilities of the Secretary-General.
The specific functions of the Office for Research and the Collection of
To assess global trends;
(b) To prepare country, regional, subregional, and
issue-related profiles in close consultation with officers dealing with
negotiation and conflict resolution functions in the Secretariat;
To provide early warning of developing situations requiring the
To maintain current information in data systems, consulting
with inside and outside data banks, as appropriate;
(e) To monitor factors related to possible refugee flows and
(f) To carry out ad hoc research and assessments
for the immediate needs of the Secretary-General;
To receive, consolidate and distribute political information
from the media and from the United Nations information centres on developments
related to peace and security, for use by the Secretary-General and his senior
(h) To prepare and edit
drafts of the Secretary-General’s public statements, messages and reports.
The Office for Research and the Collection of Information comprises:
(a) The Office of the
(b) The Research and
Early Warning Service;
(i) Africa and
(ii) Americas and Europe
(iii) Planning and General Research Unit;
The News Distribution Section;
(d) The drafting and
The distribution of functions among the organizational elements will be
shown in document ST/SGB/Organization for the Office for Research and the
Collection of Information, which will be issued to form a section of the Organization
Manual of the Secretariat.
Separate bulletins will be issued in due course on other
related organizational changes.
Javier PEREZ DE CEULLAR
Slightly reformatted of copy of original xeroxed appendix to Mutually Assured
Peace: A Canadian Initiative, 1989.