peace is called 'a problem of convergence'.
That is to say, the converging of many different issues impact upon
peace - often, each one is a dilemma in themselves.
'Problems of convergence' are the most difficult to resolve. The solutions, therefore like the problems, are complex and
are the most challenging. Unfortunately,
this presentation gets a bit technical as a result.
(whether at the community level or world level) has not achieved a Culture of
Peace because the methodology leading to a solution has not been well
understood and necessary action agreed upon.
We call the science of gaining this understanding and knowledge about
peace solutions 'Macropeace'.
can be described as seeing the 'Big Picture' of Peace. The purpose of this presentation is to communicate the 'Big
Picture' of Peace, as simply as possible (not an easy task or it would have
been done before). The benefit of
understanding 'Macropeace' is the ability to priorize key factors necessary to
achieve peace: namely peace education, peace informatics, E-peace, motivation,
unification, conflict transformation and mainstreaming.
overview of Macropeace can be gained through an understanding of a Conceptual
Map, Problem Solving Methodology, and Change Management.
have chosen to describe the 'Big Picture' of Peace as 'The Peace Pie',
attempting to get the many elements that impact upon peace into one picture.
Indeed, a picture that is worth a thousand words.
This picture is arrived at by applying a typical problem solving
methodology. There is a hierarchy to the Conceptual Map that is best
understood by the following 4 diagrams.
start with Diagram 1 which shows the three major typical issues that first
impact upon peace and must be understood to start to arrive at a solution:
Resource Issues, Problem Solving Issues, and Functional Issues.
These are explained more fully in the following diagrams.
2 shows the elements of Resource
and Problem Solving Issues in more detail.
Resource Issues can be broken down into the management of the major
types of resources, namely Information, People (human resources and the
network of organizations), Money and Time resources.
Problem Solving Issues can be broken down into: Problem Identification,
Action Planning, Action Implementation, Monitoring/Evaluating/Adjusting.
3 shows the Functional Issues in more detail.
As previously described, these are the converging of many different
functional issues that impact
upon peace - often, each one is a dilemma in themselves. Each is a discipline unto itself - highly specialized. We
have borrowed from the Hague Appeal for Peace agenda which identified 50 major
functional issues. We can add a
catch-all 'Other' category for the many other issues which may be added and
also impact upon building a Culture of Peace.
"11 others" include media, conflict impact of policies, global action plan to
prevent war, demilitarization, nuclear weapons, proliferation of conventional
weapons, landmine ban treaty, new weapons, biological and chemical weapons,
state and corporation accountability, civil society movement to abolish war.
(Undoubtedly more will be added to the list.)
Diagram 4 (click on link for full page version) then brings in Diagram 1 and overlays Diagrams 2 and 3 almost three dimensionally to show the complex interaction of all these issues required to build peace at the individual, family, community and world levels or 'strata'. At the core is peace information, awareness, knowledge and the human spirit - the goal of peace education:
is what it might look like using transparencies (click
on link for full page version):
Here is what it might look like using transparencies (click on link for full page version):
4 might be pictured as a globe of this small planet, with cross-section
exposed showing the many issues.
example only (final version under construction):
reference: NORAD System Support Facility presentation by Small Bear Management
Services; see http://www.smallbear.com/chngemgt/sld017.htm ]
Solving Methodology can be broken down into: Environmental Scan, Problem and
Solution Identification, Action Planning, Action Implementation, Monitoring,
Evaluating, and Corrective Action/Adjustment.
(For an overview of the Steps in a Strategic Planning Process refer to http://www.des.calstate.edu/leep.html
(click on Strategic Planning); http://www.uimprove.com/prob_meth.html
Scan - Once the vision and mission are clearly identified, we must analyze the
external and internal environment. The environmental scan analyzes information
about an organization's external environment (economic, social, demographic,
political, legal, technological, and international factors), the industry, and
internal organizational factors.
and Solution Identification - This is the 'idea stage', and involves gathering
together the key players and scope the problem; then investigate, quantify and
Planning, Action Implementation, Monitoring, Evaluating, and Taking Corrective
Action/Adjustment are relatively self-evident.
is an excellent slide presentation at http://www.smallbear.com/chngemgt/sld001.htm
giving an overview of Change Management.
change in most organizations takes 2 to 5 years, depending upon the
circumstances. One can imagine
that change, in our selves, families, communities and world, from a culture of
violence to a Culture of Peace and Non-violence will take a lot longer.
Change Model is comprised of 4 Levels:
Knowledge (increase knowledge)
Attitude (change attitudes - motivation)
Individual Behaviour (change individual behaviour)
Group (Organizational) Behaviour (change group behaviour)
'Managing the Journey' for another
overview of the recommended video by Ken Blanchard of the same name.
Peace Achievable? What Is The
Formula For Peace?
a detailed response to these questions, refer to http://www.peace.ca/formula.htm
bottom line is that Peace in our families, communities and world is
achievable. This is not the
conclusion of one individual, but the results of many years of research and
thought by the world's most prominent peace people.
(The Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict http://www.ccpdc.org
recently reported: 1. deadly conflict is not inevitable; 2. the need to
prevent deadly conflict is increasingly urgent; and 3. preventing deadly
conflict is possible. "The
problem is not that we do not know ... it is often that we do not act.")
is achievable. Further, the formula to achieve peace is known. We currently
have the knowledge, technology and infrastructure to achieve peace. So what is
the problem? Motivation: "The world is dangerous not because of
those who do harm, but because of those who look at it without doing
leaders have not been motivated to work together in co-operation to achieve
world peace (hence a management or leadership problem). And the world's
populace have not been motivated to motivate their political leaders (a civic
problem). We can, and should, approach this from the top down, and from the
a National Culture of Peace Program in as many countries as possible, as soon
a detailed description of a National Culture of Peace Program for Canada (or
any country for that matter), refer to http://www.peace.ca/copp.htm.
A suggested Process Framework is shown at http://www.peace.ca/appendixb.htm
Culture of Peace Program must take a long term perspective.
Transforming values, attitudes and behaviours that are indispensable
for eliminating the deep roots of violence, exclusion and conflict (see Change
Model above), of individuals and institutions on a broad scale, is extremely
difficult (but possible).
National Culture of Peace Program would raise the profile, mobilizing
resources, organizations and public opinion. It will put peace work on a fast
track, and focus it on a common objective or worthwhile cause. It will include
action to support participatory communications, networking and the free flow
and sharing of information and knowledge. Education is the principal means to
build a Culture of Peace, and hence action would be taken to develop
education, training, and research for peace and non-violence. Ultimately,
informed voters can provide direction to our leaders motivating them to take
the necessary action to build peace in our communities and world. The first
country to do this could then provide a working model to others and speak from
experience. It will not be easy - it will be a lot of work - but it is
the plan that makes the most sense today.
Starts At the Individual Level - the Health Care Model
Preamble to UNESCO's mandate states: "Since wars begin in the minds of
men, it is in the minds of men that the defences of peace must be
is a disease. We know the
antedote: peace education to transform values, attitudes and behaviours that
are indispensable for eliminating the deep roots of violence, exclusion and
conflict. We 'simply' have to
innoculate all the children of the world.
We can learn from the Polioplus program, whereby the World Health
Organization and partners are working to eradicate polio from the face of the
earth by 2005. This was once also
thought to be an impossible task, but we are now reaching this monumental
Formula For Peace applies equally to building peace at the individual, family,
community, national and world levels. What
we learn at one level, we can often apply at the other levels.
This is represented in the following diagram as a Peace Informatics
Matrix to facilitate, and organize, our peace information and understanding:
PEACE INFORMATICS MATRIX
Time is of the Essence
the World's Scientists have warned us, during our children's lifetime "A
great change in our stewardship of the earth and the life on it, is required,
if vast human misery is to be avoided and our global home on this planet is
not to be irretrievably mutilated."
[reference http://www.peace.ca/scientistswarning.htm ]
before, too many people have been able to turn a blind eye to the violence
taking place around us, in our communities and world, we now have to conclude
that it is urgent to understand and implement the science of MacroPeace. The
Internet and mass media communications are recent innovations that make a most
significant contribution to our ability to achieve peace.
One can already see the effects of 'E-peace' in bringing support,
education and peaceful solutions throughout the world.
is particularly up to those of us individuals, communities and nations that
are relatively prosperous to take responsibility for change - the poor and
distressed are not able.