Universities teaching Peace

 (Compiled by Janet Hudgins)

UN University for Peace,
San José
, Costa Rica


Dean for Academic Administration
University for Peace
Apdo. 138-6100
Ciudad Colon, Costa Rica
Tel: +506-205-9000
Fax: +506-249-1324
Email: acadmin@upeace.org

Under the programme, two degrees are offered:

*              Master of Arts in International Law and the Settlement of Disputes

*              Master of Arts in International Law and Human Rights


The interface between the maintenance of peace, social and economic development and environmental security will be of growing importance in the 21st Century. Environmental factors have been increasingly implicated in analyses of development, peace and conflict situations. There is mounting concern over the extent to which environmental stress is contributing to human insecurity by threatening livelihoods, health and the fulfillment of basic needs. Conflict and competition over natural resources are intensifying in many regions of the world, aggravating social tensions, and in certain volatile situations, driving violence and conflict.

However, there is a major shortage of skilled and motivated people who fully understand the complex issues involved and their inter-linkages and who can define and manage the necessary actions to reduce the threats to peace arising from environmental degradation and growing competition for resources. There are therefore many opportunities where motivated individuals will be able to follow productive and satisfying careers while making valuable contributions to the improvement of the prospects for peace and environmental security across the world.

UPEACE will offer a 16-month M.A. in Environmental Security and Peace, commencing in September 2005.



This course has been designed to:

1.             Offer a graduate programme that addresses the interface of environmental degradation, peace and security to students who are continuing their education or professional work in government, inter-governmental institutions, educational or training institutions, non-governmental organizations, the private sector, the media, etc.

2.             Prepare qualified professionals who are able to define the specific nature of the threats to peace and security posed by environmental degradation and who can develop, adapt and implement appropriate approaches and solutions in their local contexts to avert and respond to critical threats to environmental security.

3.             Graduate professionals who have a sufficient knowledge base and skills related to environmental security to teach competently in the field, to undertake high quality research on environmental security issues, and to develop and implement sound management and policy decisions.




TERM 1: 11 weeks lectures + 1 week Mid-Term Break             15

ESP-6010 - Introduction to Environmental Security       4

IPS-6010 - Introduction to Peace Studies I      3

1 week Mid-Term Vacation

IPS-6040 - Governance, International Law and Human Rights     3

IPS-6020 - Introduction to Research Methods                2

ESP-6030 - Analysing and Measurin Environmental (In)security                3

3 Weeks Vacation

TERM 2: 15 weeks lectures + 1 week Easter Break   15

IPS-6011 - Introduction to Peace Studies II     3

ESP-6040 - Demographic Change, Migration and Environmental Security                2

ESP-6050 - Land, Forests, Conflict and Insecurity         3

1 week Mid-Term Vacation

ESP-6060 - Water, Security and Peace              3

ESP-6070 - The Political Economy of Environmental Security      1

ESP-6080 - Modelling and Mapping Risk, Vulnerability and Resilience     3

1 Week Vacation


TERM 3: 11 weeks lectures              12

ESP-6090 - Hunger, Famine and Food Security               1

ESP-6100 - Health and Environmental Security               1

ESP-6110 - Urban Environmental Security       1

ESP-6120 - Energy Security and Climate Change            3

1 week Mid-Term Vacation

ESP-6130 - Science and Technology for Environmental Security                3

ESP-6140 - Environmental Conflict Prevention, Resolution and Peace Building       3


PRACTICUM: 6 weeks fieldwork    8

ESP-7200 - Practicum           8

2 Weeks Vacation


TERM 4: 7 weeks lectures + 5 weeks thesis completion            15

ESP-6150 - Governance for Environmental Security       3

ESP-6160 - Strategies and Policies to Advance Environmental Security    3

ESP-6900 - Capstone Synthesis         1

ESP-7100 - Independent Studies       8


TOTAL CREDITS               65


Admission Requirements/ Students Profile

Admission is open to qualified students who have completed a bachelor's degree or equivalent at an accredited higher education institution and who demonstrate an active interest in the fields of environment and peace. Students may come from any disciplinary background and should have previous work experience in a related field. Students from developing countries are particularly encouraged to apply. 

As specified in the admission requirements, a written essay will be requested as well as three letters of recommendation. In addition, applicants will be required to demonstrate adequate knowledge of English, through TOEFL results or completion of studies at an English-speaking institution.


Student Exit Profile

Following completion of their studies, participants will be qualified to teach competently in the field, to undertake high quality research on environmental security issues, and to develop and implement sound management and policy decisions. Specifically, by the end of this course, participants will be able to:

*              Articulate and critique key theoretical and conceptual dimensions related to environmental security including the relationships between environmental security, development, prevention of conflict, and peace-building;

*              Apply quantitative and qualitative methodologies to analyse scientific, ecological, political, economic, social, and cultural dimensions of key environmental security issues;

*              Identify and evaluate management options, supportive institutional, legal and policy regimes, governance reform, and other appropriate measures to strengthen environmental security at various scales.



The Master's Degree in Environmental Security and Peace will be offered at the University for Peace headquarters, in San José , Costa Rica . UPEACE will assist students in finding suitable housing close to the campus.



The tuition fee is US$24,000 for teaching activities, learning materials, medical insurance and other programmed activities that form part of the Master's Degree in Environmental Security and Peace.



Limited financial assistance may be available to those students who demonstrate academic excellence, and financial need and, as the circumstances may require, also to ensure gender balance and balance of regional representation.


Living Expenses

Living expenses in Costa Rica for a single person, living relatively close to UPEACE Campus (4-6 miles away) are estimated to be US$500 monthly, including housing, meals and miscellaneous. 

UPEACE scholarships, based on international standards, provide US$500 monthly for living expenses

Information for:

*              STUDENTS



Information about:

*              UPEACE

*              FACULTY

*              ACADEMIC


Master's Degrees

*              Environmental Security and Peace

*              Gender and Peace Building

*              International Law and Human Rights

*              International Law and Settlement of Disputes

*              International Peace Studies

*              Natural Resources and Sustainable Development

*              Peace Education



The University for Peace, in collaboration with the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at the University of Lund, Sweden, offers a Graduate Programme in International Law and Human Rights.

Other major partners in the Programme are: the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights, San José , Costa Rica ; Mahidol University , Bangkok , Thailand ; the Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria , South Africa ; and the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg , Germany .

The Plan of Studies for each Master's Degree consists of a concentrated, ten-month residential period of studies which includes 12 course units with a combined academic weight of 40 credits. The courses will follow three teaching modes: module courses, with professors visiting the campus for the period of instruction; year-long instruction in peace studies; and independent studies. Instruction is in English.


Master's degrees in international law and human rights

The Master's Degree Programme is divided into two semesters. In the first semester (September-December), students from both Master's Programmes are taught the core courses together. In the second semester (January-June), the students are divided into the two specialty areas. The courses in the Programme consist of four types: common courses, specialized courses, peace studies and independent studies. A total weight of 40 credits will be assigned to the courses leading to each of the degrees in the Programme 

Common core courses (12 credits)

Both degree programmes begin with four common core courses to be taken in the first semester (3 credits each course): 

*              General course in international law 

*              The United Nations and other international organizations 

*              Introduction to human rights, humanitarian law and refugee law

*              International criminal law

Specialized courses (12 credits)

Specialized courses follow in the second semester, four courses for each degree (3 credits each course). In the case of the master's degree in international law and the settlement of disputes, the specialized courses deal in more detail with fields of international affairs where conflicts between States and other entities could arise, threatening international peace and security, such as new pressures for intervention, efforts to combat terrorism and trade and investment disputes; the concentration is not on the substance of the law itself, but rather on the means of settling disputes in the respective fields.The specialized courses offered in the international law programme are: 

*              Settlement of disputes with respect to the use of force 

*              Environmental disputes 

*              Law of the sea

*              Economic disputes

In the case of the master's degree in human rights, the courses deal in more detail with specific fields of human rights and implementation mechanisms, both formal and through non-governmental entities, including the business sector. The specialized courses in the master's degree in International Law and Human Rights are the following: 

*              Global human rights system 

*              Regional human rights systems 

*              Human rights and religion

*              Contemporary challenges to the international human rights regime 

Peace studies (6 credits)

As mandated by the Charter of the University (Article 15), all students of the University shall be required to follow a course in "irenology, which shall comprise the study of peace, education for peace and human rights". In the case of students in the Master Degree Programme this requirement is met by pursuing course Peace Studies I and Peace Studies II (6 credits). The courses aim to provide an understanding of the main challenges for peace in the 21st Century; an appreciation of the theoretical and methodological options available in peace research and conflict resolution; the development of critical thinking and practical skills to be applied in diverse institutional and policy scenarios for preventive diplomacy, peace keeping, peace making and peace building (with an emphasis on United Nations programmes), and a well-developed ethical consciousness.

Independent Studies (10 credits) 

The writing and research requirement, an essential element of all postgraduate academic programmes, will be met in the independent studies components of the programme. The thesis component of the Independent Studies (8 credits) will be carried out on a year-long basis under the supervision of a faculty member of the University. It can be expected, however, that the work will be concentrated in the second part of the second semester. 

In order to prepare the students for their Independent Studies Thesis, they will be taught a course on Research Methods in International Law and Human Rights (2 credits). The course provides an overview of academic research methods, qualitative and quantitative.



The Co-Directors of the Programme are:


Mr. Gudmundur Eiriksson, Former Judge, International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea; Former Member, United Nations International Law Commission


Dr. Göran Melander, Professor, Faculty of Law, Lund University ; Former Director, Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law


Dr. Magdalena Sepúlveda, Doctor in International Law, Utrecht University , Netherlands ; Former Staff Attorney, Inter-American Court of Human Rights




*              Dr. Gudmundur Alfredsson, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Lund ; Director, Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law


*              Judge Awn Al-Khasawneh, International Court of Justice; Former Member, United Nations International Law Commission; Former Member and Chairman, United Nations Sub-Commission on the Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities


*              Dr. Juan M. Amaya Castro, Lecturer, International Law and Human Rights, Erasmus University, Rotterdam; Member of the Board of Editors, Leiden Journal of International Law


*              Dr. Daniel Bethlehem, University Lecturer, University of Cambridge ; Director, Lauterpacht Research Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge


*              Dr. Rolain Borel, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Forage Agronomy, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology; MSc, Livestock Production, Inter-American Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Costa Rica; Agronomist, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology; Faculty Member, University for Peace


*              Dr. Abelardo Brenes, Ph.D., Psychology, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom; BA, Psychology, and BA, Sociology, University of Costa Rica; Faculty Member, University for Peace


*              Dr. Gerardo Budowski, Ph.D., Forestry Science, Yale University, USA; MSc, Agriculture and Forestry, Inter-American Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Costa Rica; Agronomist, Central University of Venezuela; Faculty Member, University for Peace


*              Dr. Chandrasekhara Rao, Judge and Former President, International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea


*              Dr. Joseph Chuman, Adjunct Professor, Columbia University


                Dr. Flor Cubero, Ph.D., Information Sciences, University of Toronto, Canada; MA, Library Sciences, University of Western Ontario, Canada; MA in Sociology, University of Costa Rica; Faculty Member, University for Peace


*              Dr. Peter Danchin, Lecturer in International and Public Affairs and Director, Human Rights Program, Columbia University; Former Judicial Clerk, Constitutional Court of South Africa


*              Ambassador John De Saram, Former Permanent Representative of Sri Lanka to the United Nations, New York; Former Director, Office of the Legal Counsel, Office of Legal Affairs, United Nations; Former Member, United Nations International Law Commission


*              Dr. John Dugard, Professor, Leiden University ; Member, United Nations International Law Commission


*              Gudmundur Eiriksson, Co-director of International Law and Human Rights Studies, University for Peace; Former Judge, International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea; Former Member, United Nations International Law Commission


*              Dr. Philippe Gautier, Registrar, International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea; Visiting Professor, Catholic University of Louvain


*              Dr. José Antonio Guevara, Director, Human Rights Programme, Universidad Iberoamericana, Mexico; Regional Coordinator for Latin America and the Caribbean, Coalition for the International Criminal Court


*              Elizabeth Griffin, Lecturer, Essex University; Former Researcher, Amnesty International; Former UN Human Rights Adviser to United Nations Mission in Kosovo


*              Dr. Mary King, Ph.D. in International Politics; Former Deputy Director, Institute of Caribbean and International Studies, St. George's University, Grenada; Visiting Scholar, Center for Global Peace, American University, Washington, D.C.; Professor of Peace and Conflict Studies, University for Peace


*              Martin Lees, Rector, University for Peace; Post-graduate Diploma in European Studies, College of Europe, Bruges, Belgium; Honours Degree in Mechanical Engineering, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom


*              Professor Vaughan Lowe, Chichele Professor of Public International Law and Fellow of All Souls College , University of Oxford


*              Dr. J. Paul Martin, Executive Director, Center for Study of Human Rights, Columbia University


*              Judge Cecilia Medina, Inter-American Court of Human Rights; Professor of Law, University of Chile; Former Member and Chairperson, Human Rights Committee, United Nations


*              Dr. Göran Melander, Professor, Faculty of Law, Lund University ; Former Director, Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law

*              Matthew Norton, M.A. in Conflict Resolution, University of Bradford , United Kingdom ; B.A. in Philosophy, Villanova University ; Faculty Member, University for Peace


*              Dr. Manfred Nowak, Professor, Constitutional Law and Human Rights, University of Vienna; Director, Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights, Vienna; Former Vice-President, Human Rights Chamber for Bosnia Herzegovina


*              H.E. Elizabeth Odio, Judge and Second Vice-President, International Criminal Court; Former Vice President of Costa Rica; Former Minister of Justice of Costa Rica; Former Judge, International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia; Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Costa Rica


*              Dr. Sriprapha Petcharamestree, Director, Office of Human Rights Studies and Social Development, Mahidol University


*              Dr. Sonia Picado Sotela, President of the Board, Inter-American Institute of Human Rights; Former Congresswoman, Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica; Former Judge, Inter-American Court of Human Rights; Former Ambassador of Costa Rica to the United States of America


*              Dr. Francisco Sagasti, Ph.D. in Operations Research and Social Systems Science, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, USA; MSc in Industrial Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, USA; BS, Industrial Engineering, National Engineering University, Peru; Faculty Member, University for Peace


*              Professor Philippe J. Sands, University College , London University


*              Dr. Martin Scheinin, Professor and Director of the Institute for Human Rights, Abo Akademi University, Finland; Member, United Nations Human Rights Committee; Expert to the Finnish National Commission against Racism, Xenophobia, Anti-semitism and Intolerance; Member of the Finnish Advisory Board on Human Rights Affairs, Vice-Chairman since 1993


*              Dr. Magdalena Sepúlveda Carmona, Co-Director, Master's Degree Programme in International Law and Human Rights; Ph.D. in International Law, Utrecht University; LL.M. in International Human Rights Law, University of Essex; Licenciada en Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales, University of Valparaiso; Former Legal Adviser, Inter-American Court of Human Rights; Faculty Member, University for Peace


*              Dinah Shelton, Professor of Law, Notre Dame University School of Law; Counsellor of the American Society of International Law; Member of the Executive Council, International Institute of Human Rights


*              Simon Stander, MSc, BA (Economics), London School of Economics , United Kingdom ; Faculty Member, University for Peace


*              José Thompson, Director, Center for Electoral Promotion and Assistance (CAPEL), Inter-American Institute of Human Rights; Professor of Law, University of Costa Rica


*              Dr. Katarina Tomasˇevski, Professor, Faculty of Law, Lund University ; United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Right to Education

*              Dr. Theo R.G. van Banning, Deputy Ambassador, Dutch Foreign Service; Former Human Rights Co-ordinator in the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs


*              Dr. Victor Valle, Doctor of Education, The George Washington University, USA; Master of Education, University of Pittsburgh, USA; Undergraduate studies, Civil Engineering, University of El Salvador; Faculty Member, University for Peace


*              Jake Werksman, Adjunct Professor of Law, New York University ; Advisor, Environmental Institutions and Governance; United Nations Development Programme, New York


*              Dr. Rüdiger Wolfrum, Judge, International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea; Director, Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg; Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Heidelberg; Former Member, United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination


*              Dr. Ineta Ziemele, Professor, Riga Graduate School of Law


*              Leo Zwaak, Lecturer, Utrecht University ; Senior Researcher, Netherlands Institute on Human Rights (SIM)


Other University for Peace faculty members will also participate in the programme.



The University for Peace was established as a Treaty Organization pursuant to an Agreement adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1980. Its headquarters are located in Costa Rica , a fully democratic country in Central American, long committed to the safeguarding of human rights and to environmental protection. Costa Rica abolished its army in 1948 and now plays an important part in pursuing peace worldwide.



The programmes are open to students with a first degree in law, international affairs, political science or other appropriate discipline. Applicants are required to demonstrate an adequate knowledge of English, through TOEFL results or completion of studies at an English-speaking institution.

The Programme places special emphasis on providing access to individuals from developing countries as they often lack access to programmes focusing on international law and human rights. A gender balance is also a priority concern for the Programme. 




Upon graduation from the Programme students will have a thorough knowledge of the principles of general international law and human rights law; its origins, contents, and limits and will be able to think strategically, when applying these bodies of law in a professional setting. Students will have the necessary tools to use existing standards and mechanisms at the international level, working for national or international non-governmental organizations, for an international organization, a state institution or government.




To enhance the success of the mission of the Masters Program in International Law and Settlement of Disputes and Human Rights, students will have the opportunity to further their education by participating in practical internships. With the support of UPEACE, these internships will aid students in expanding the scope of their career choices while enhancing their classroom education. The University for Peace has made arrangements with different non-governmental and intergovernmental organizations and is able to offer a wide range of internships for students to choose from and will provide assistance with any stage of students' career concerns.




The United Nations University
UNU at a Glance
Profile of a Unique University

Mission: "to contribute, through research and capacity building, to efforts to resolve the pressing global problems that are the concern of the United Nations, its Peoples and Member States" [see UNU Charter]

Four Key Roles:
  • An international community of scholars
  • A bridge between the United Nations and the international academic community
  • A think-tank for the United Nations system
  • A builder of capacities, particularly in developing countries
Basic Facts:                 UNU Brochure [PDF file - 3.9 MB]   Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6
Academic Management: Prof. Dr. Hans van Ginkel, Rector
Prof. Dr. Ramesh Thakur, Senior Vice-Rector; Peace and Governance
Prof. Itaru Yasui, Vice-Rector; Environment and Sustainable Development
Prof. Motoyuki Suzuki, Special Programme Advisor for Environment & Sustainable Development
Prof. Yozo Yokota, Special Adviser to the Rector
Annual Budget: US$ 40.7 million (2005)
Staff: 211 from over 30 countries
Established: By the United Nations General Assembly on 6 December 1973 [Resolution 3081 (XXVIII)]
[UN Secretary-General's report on the work of UNU, 2004]


Strategic Plan, 2002 [PDF file - 1.5 MB]

Main Activities: Main Thematic Focus:

Governing Council: 24 international experts acting in their personal capacities
Headquarters: Tokyo, Japan
Institutes: 13 Research and Training Centres and Programmes around the world
Partners: Over 30 UN organizations and more than 100 research institutions globally
Programme Areas: Peace and Governance, and
Environment and Sustainable Development

Thematic Orientation:

Science, Technology
& Society
 International Relations

 UN System

 Human Security

 Armed Conflicts

 Human Rights/Ethics

Civil Society



 Globalization & Development

 Growth & Employment

 Poverty & Basic Needs



 Info & Bio Technologies

 Software Technology

 Food and Nutrition

 Resource Management

 Sustainable Industry & Cities


 Global Climate
& Governance

Cross-Cutting Issues
Globalization; Global Public Goods; Human Rights; Gender; Food Security; Water; Focus Africa; China.

UNU Institutional Structure and Focus:

UNU Centre, Tokyo, Japan - coordinates the University's global networks and carries out work within:


UNU Research and Training Centres and Programmes (RTC/Ps)


  Peace and Governance Programme

"research and capacity building to promote peace and good governance"

Current Programme Areas and Research Projects

UN and International Order

                Conflict and Security Studies

                Human Rights and Ethics

                Policy and Institutional Frameworks

The UN's Role in Democratization: Capacity-building in Transition and Consolidation

Culture of Solidarity and Geo-Strategic Cultures: Dilemmas of Contemporary Political Culture and Policy-making

Fault lines of International legitimacy

The Ideas-Institutional Nexus: Exploring the Mind and Body of Global Governance

Legitimacy of International Organizations

Rising and Fading Powers The Role of the Military in Post-Conflict Peacebuilding

Understanding and Managing Insurgent Movements

Refugees and Forced Displacement: International Security, Human Vulnerability and the State

Non-traditional Security Issues - East Asia

Regional Cooperation and Conflict Prevention in the Transcaucasus

Researching Ethnic Conflict in Africa

Conflict Data Service (CDS)

Children in Armed Conflict in Africa (INTERACT Project)

Mass Crime and Postconflict Peacebuilding

Making States Work: State Failure and the Crisis of Governance

The Dark Side of Globalization

Spoilers and Peace Processes

Conflict Prevention: From Rhetoric to Policy [report]    Human Trafficking: Structural Approaches to Understanding and Combating

Human Rights and Societies in Transition: Causes, Consequences, Responses 

Women And Children In Post-Conflict Peacebuilding

Ethics in Action: The Successes, Compromises, and Setbacks of Transnational Human Rights and Humanitarian NGOs

The Politics of Apologies

Human Flows Across National Borders in Northeast Asia: Globalization, Regionalism, and Local Capacity Building

Corporate Social Responsibility

The Changing Nature of Democracy

World Governance Assessment

Ethics and International Affairs        
Contestation of Globalization: in Search for New Modes of Global Governance

Global Economic and Social Governance Project


•The University of Hawaii at Manoa
, HI

  Matsunaga Institute for Peace
Peace Studies (PACE)

PACE 210 Survey Peace and Conflict Studies (3) Survey of basic concepts, relationships, methods, and debates in modern peace research and conflict resolution studies. Pre: any social science 100- or 200-level course or consent. DS


PACE 247 Survey of Conflict Management (3) Survey of contemporary conflict management and resolution: negotiation, mediation, conciliation, ombuds, fact-finding, facilitation techniques, arbitration, and litigation. Pre: any social science 100- or 200-level course or consent. DH


PACE 315 Personal Peace: Stories of Hope (3) Interviewing, writing, and publishing stories of those who have overcome great difficulties to find personal peace. Pre: grade of B or better in ENG 100 or ENG 109, or consent. DH


PACE 340 Negotiation (3) Negotiation theory, negotiation skills and application of negotiation in conflict prevention, conflict management and conflict resolution. Pre: any Social Science 100 or 200 level course or consent. DH 


PACE 345 Aggression, War, and Peace (3) Biocultural, evolutionary, and cross-cultural perspectives on the conditions, patterns, and processes of violence, war, nonviolence, and peace. Pre: ANTH 200 or consent. (Cross-listed as ANTH 345) DS


PACE 373 Nonviolent Political Alternatives (3) Exploration of scientific and cultural resources for nonviolent alternatives in politics. Pre: Any 100- or 200-level POLS course; or consent. (Cross-listed as POLS 396) DS


PACE 397 Nonviolent Alternatives (3) Seminar in which students examine the roots of nonviolence in human experience and explore alternatives to problems ranging from domestic violence to international war. DS


PACE 399 Directed Reading (V) Directed reading in peace and conflict resolution. Repeatable three times. Pre: Consent. 


PACE 410 History of Peace Movements (3) Examination of two centuries of United States, European, Australian, and Hawaiian peace, thought, and action. Also surveys early Christian and secular attitudes to war. Open to nonmajors. Pre: 210 (or concurrent) or consent. DH


PACE 412 Gandhi, King and Nonviolence (3) Life and thought of Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr. Pre: any Social Science 100 or 200 level course or consent. DH


PACE 447 Mediation Skills: U.H. Basic (3) Basic mediation skills training course. Completion of course requirements qualifies student to be listed as a mediator for university disputes, as co-mediator or on mediation panel. Pre: any Social Science 100 or 200 level course, or consent. 


PACE 477 Culture and Conflict Resolution (3) Conflict resolution techniques for major world culture. Emphasis on cultures of the Pacific Basin , Pacific Islands , and Asia . Pre: 210 or concurrent. DS


PACE 478 International Law and Disputes (3) Management, prevention, resolution of international disputes and the role of international law. Pre: any Social Science 100 or 200 level course or consent. DS


PACE 485 Topics in Peace and Conflict Resolution (3) Recent issues, practices in peace and conflict resolution. Repeatable one time. Pre: 210 or consent. DS


PACE 495 Practicum and Internship (3) The Practicum and Internship in Peace and Conflict Resolution provides an opportunity for students to apply the skills and concepts learned in earlier courses. Pre: 210 and two other PACE courses and consent.


•Transcend Peace University
Headquarters: Cluj-Napoca , Romania


1. Peaceful Conflict Transformation  Johan Galtung

2. Nonviolence as Political tool and Philosophy   Jorgen Johansen

3. Peace Journalism     Jake Lynch and Annabel McGoldrick

4. TPU Peace and the Arts Program   (Music, literature, cinema, all the arts...)           Olivier Urbain

5. Deep Culture in Conflict Culture   Johan Galtung and Wilfried Graf

6. Conflict Prevention, Intervention, Reconciliation and Reconstruction  S. P. Udayakumar

7. Democratization and Development      Paul D. Scott

8. Dialogue, Peace and Development      Katrin Kaeufer and Claus Otto Scharmer

9. Peace Through Tourism Lynda-Ann Blanchard and Freya Higgins-Desbiolles

10. Peace Business     Jack Santa Barbara and Sara Horowitz

11. Peace and Macro-history             Sohail Inayatullah

12. Peace Museums             Christophe Bouillet

13. Peace Zones   Christophe Barbey


Arcadia University
450 S. Easton Road
, Glenside , PA 19038



First Year FOUNDATION COURSES (24 Credits)           

IP501 Introduction to Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution

Fall (1st year)

This course provides a graduate level introduction to the interdisciplinary field of Peace and Conflict Studies, its relationship with other academic disciplines, and to careers in the field of conflict resolution. It draws upon a variety of disciplines, especially in the social sciences, to examine the interrelationship between personal, collective, national and global levels of violence and war and efforts to reduce it. Course objectives include familiarity with: the causes, symptoms and dynamics of conflict, violence, and war (from interpersonal to global) and conflict resolution.


IP535 Economics, the Environment and Development


Fall (1st year)


This course examines a new class of conflict that has risen to prominence in the international arena: conflict that is rooted in environmental degradation and resource scarcity. The course will cover emerging concepts of environmental security, that, together with other sources of tension, such as poverty, social inequity and ethnic intolerance are increasingly leading to violent conflict. Principles of international economics, regional development and the role of international organization will be addressed as well as new paradigms for environmental conflict management and sustainable development.

IP511 Introduction to International Law


Fall (1st year)


This seminar introduces MA candidates to the fundamental rules and principles of public international law, including the concept of state sovereignty, implementation methods, the sources of international law and their significance, etc. Particular emphasis will be placed on the peaceful settlement of disputes, including arbitration and international adjudication, and the rules governing the use of force and the responsibility for unlawful acts on the international plane. MA candidates will, moreover, learn about legal reasoning and methodology, research methods in international law, and the use of international law in the course of conflict resolution.


IP542 Health and Human Rights


Fall (1st Year)


This course explores relationships between contemporary political, socioeconomic, cultural, environmental and demographic conditions and their impact on health and human rights from an international perspective. A major focus of the course is the evolution of health care delivery systems and governmental and non-governmental responses to health and human rights challenges. Other topics addressed include structural adjustment, population dynamics, child survival policies, water and sanitation, HIV/AIDS, appropriate technologies, international organizations, traditional healing, pharmaceutical policy and human rights development.


IP502 Research Methods in Conflict Analysis and Peace Science


Spring (1st Year)


This course provides an essential introduction to the systematic analysis of conflict and to the relationships that exist across the social sciences that inform our understanding of social conflict and the emerging field of Conflict analysis and Peace Studies. As such, the seminar will introduce the basic approaches of conflict analysis and peace studies research. It will familiarize students with the diverse tools that are used to understand and analyze the emergence and evolution of conflict in a variety of settings. Initial sessions provide the intellectual foundation and theoretical framework for "conducting " conflict analysis and its relationship to principles in mediation and conflict resolution. Subsequent sessions will apply the framework to selected domestic and international disputes and explore appropriate strategies for their resolution.


IP512 Migration and Human Rights


Spring (1st Year)


This seminar introduces MA candidates to the existing international norms and systems for the protection of human rights, including the United Nations, Inter-American, European, and African treaty systems and various specialized treaties and supervisory bodies. In addition, selected substantive rights will be discussed in detail, with an emphasis on a comparative analysis of the systems. A substantial part of the seminar will be devoted to two simulations. Students will play the roles of the individual petitioners, government agents, and international judges when handling human rights complaints from their initial stages to the handing down of final judgments. MA candidates will thus be enabled to apply their knowledge of legal reasoning and methodology in practice.

IP532 Treaties and International Law


Spring (1st Year)


IP532 introduces current issues on globalization, regional integration and economic development from an international law perspective. Topics covered include globalization, dispute settlement within regional integration agreements and GATT, human rights, the environment, and arms control. The approach will emphasize the role of treaty law in promoting international cooperation and conflict resolution through the study of the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. Students will become familiar with treaty-making, negotiation and interpretation techniques.

IP533 Mediation Practicum


Spring (1st year)


IP535 is a practicum in the mediation process. It examines the range of strategic choices available for managing conflict, including techniques that have proven most constructive in the field of peace and conflict resolution: consensus-based mediation. The first part of the course introduces students to differing approaches to managing and resolving conflict, how the mediation process works and variety of contexts in which it is likely to be used with success. The second part of the course is devoted to designing and conducting mediation on a selected case in contemporary international relations.


IP523 Post Conflict Relief and Development


Spring (1st year)


Fourteen of the twenty poorest countries are currently in or emerging from conflict. As a result, NGOs and their donors are increasingly grappling with the fine line between “development” and “relief.” The first half of this course will examine traditional development approaches. Students will learn about the different roles of donors (NGOs, bi-lateral, multi-lateral, and foundations), the relationship between donors and recipients, strategies, impact and effectives. The second half of the course will examine international efforts to consolidate and to jump-start a nation’s social, economic, and political recovery from conflict. Students will then examine the continuum between development and relief, and the challenges it poses for the international community.


Second Year STUDY ABROAD AND INTERNSHIP (18-24 credits)


Study Abroad (9-12 Credits)


Throughout the program, students may participate in a variety of mediation and negotiation exercises and in lectures featuring practitioners in the field of peace studies and conflict resolution. Links to organizations in American and European cities provide students with ample opportunities to apply the concepts taught in the program to real-life situations. Students are also encouraged early in the program to think about opportunities to enhance their international and policy experience through fellowships.


A minimum of nine (9) and a maximum of twelve (12) study abroad credits should be in the students' chosen concentration.



Internship (9-12 Credits)


Generally, the professional experience consists of a supervised internship or field experience for three-to-four months in international peace and conflict prevention/resolution. The internship experience provides practical training and contacts for placement upon graduation. Candidates prepare a learning contract with their supervisors and the Program Director in order to determine their learning goals, resources and means of evaluation.


Capstone Seminar (2 Credits)


Throughout their time abroad and particularly during their internship experience, IPCR students remain in contact with each other and the Program Director through an online network, using e-mail and state-of-the-art video conference technology. To complete the capstone seminar, students return to the Arcadia University campus March 1 of their second year. The program concludes with oral and written presentations based upon students' overseas placements to share with first year MA candidates and the College community.


Columbia University
New York
, NY
Teacher’s College,


Certificate Program

Int’l Centre for Cooperation and Conflict Resolution

Fall 2004

ORLJ 5340:

Basic Practicum in Conflict Resolution & Mediation

(3 credits or noncredit)

No Instructor Approval Required

Instructors: ICCCR Trainers

An experiential course aimed at developing basic collaborative negotiation and mediation skills for interpersonal conflict in a variety of contexts.


Section 001: (CRN: 30225)

! Mandatory Orientation: Monday, September 13, 4pm-5pm !

Workshop Dates: October 1, 2, 3; October 22, 23, 24

Times: Fridays 4-8pm, Saturdays and Sundays 9am-5pm


Section 002: (CRN: 30522)

! Mandatory Orientation: Monday, September 13, 4pm-5pm !

Workshop Dates: October 8, 9, 10; October 29, 30, 31

Times: Fridays 4-8pm, Saturdays and Sundays 9am-5pm


Section 003: (CRN: 30414)

! Mandatory Orientation: Monday, September 13, 4pm-5pm !

Workshop Dates: October 15, 16, 17; November 5, 6, 7

Times: Fridays 4-8pm, Saturdays and Sundays 9am-5pm


Section 005: (CRN: 30666)

! Mandatory Orientation: Monday, September 13, 4pm-5pm !

Workshop Dates: September 20, 27; October 4, 11, 18, 25; November 1, 8, 15

Times: 9 Monday nights, 5pm- 9pm


ORLJ 6040:

Fundamentals of Cooperation, Conflict Resolution and Mediation

in Different Institutional Settings

(3 credits or noncredit)

No Instructor Approval Required

Instructor: Peter Coleman, Ph.D.

A survey course on the theoretical foundations of conflict resolution based on current and previous research.


Section 001: (CRN: 30280)

Workshop Dates: Weekly, Wednesdays

Times: 7:20-9:20pm


ORLJ 6350, 001:

Advanced Practicum in Conflict Resolution, Part I

(3 credits or noncredit)

Prerequisite: ORLJ 5340

Instructor Approval Required

Instructors: ICCCR Trainers

This is an applied course in the ideas and skills which are useful when intervening in inter-group conflicts. Building on the theories, models and concepts from the Fundamentals course (ORLJ 6040) and the skills learned in the Basic Practicum (ORLJ 5340), this course will explore some of the intervention skills needed when conflicts of interest are complex.


Section 001: (CRN: 31240)

Workshop Dates: November 5, 6, 7; November 19, 20, 21

Times: Fridays 4-8pm, Saturdays and Sundays 9am-5pm


ORLJ 4867:

Conflict Resolution & the Psychology of Humiliation

(1 credit or noncredit)

No Instructor Approval Required

Instructor: Evelin Lindner, M.D., Ph.D.

A major cause of socio-political violence is the social process of humiliation. This course presents the theory of humiliation, showing that the capacity to humiliate and be humiliated are aspects of a dense web of "hot" filaments wired into the tissue of culture, giving it a potentially explosive character that is too little recognized.


Section 001: (CRN: TBA)

Workshop Dates: November 12, 13, 14

Times: Friday 4-8 pm, Saturday & Sunday 9am-5pm

Internship Courses

ORLJ 5012, 002:

Organizational Internship: Community Mediation

(3 credits or noncredit)

Prerequisite: ORLJ 5340

Instructor Approval Required

Instructors: Mr. Stephen Slate, IMCR Executive Director

Students will participate in two weekend workshops and conduct supervised community mediation.


Section 002: (CRN: 30363)

Workshop Dates: December 3, 4, 5; December 10, 11, 12.

Times: Fridays 6-9pm, Saturdays & Sundays 9am-5pm



Fresno Pacific University
Fresno , CA

CRI-704 School Conflict Mgt/Mediation

*              LEAD-715 Indivdual Orgnzatn & Community

*              LEAD-720 Marketing for Leaders

*              LEAD-725 Law for Leaders

*              LEAD-730 Financl Decisn Makng & Control

*              LEAD-735 Leadrshp Qualty & Org Dynamics

*              LEAD-740 Changing Global Community

*              MBS-706 Violence and Nonviolence

*              MBS-718 Interpersonal Communication

*              PACS-700 Basic Inst: Cnflct Mgmt/Meditn

*              PACS-702 Theol Ethics/Conflict-Peacemkg

*              PACS-708 Conflict Analysis

*              PACS-710 Intro Altrnatve Dspute Rsolutn

*              PACS-716 Group Dynamics and Processes

*              PACS-720 Intercultural Communication

*              PACS-730 Historical Peacemakers

*              PACS-736 Inst Schl Peer Mediatn Prg Dev

*              PACS-737 Inst in VORP Development

*              PACS-739 Inst Estblshng Mediatn Prctice

*              PACS-746 Restorative Justice

*              PACS-748 Discipline That Restores

*              PACS-750 Internationl Conflict/Peacemkg

*              PACS-751 Conflt/Peacmkg Across Cultures

*              PACS-752 Church Conflict Mgt/Leadership

*              PACS-754 Curriculum/Conflict & Peacemkg

*              PACS-756 Intro Practicum in Mediation

*              PACS-758 Advanced Mediation

*              PACS-760 Mediation and the Law

*              PACS-762 Family Mediation

*              PACS-764 Internship in Mediation

*              PACS-786 Topics in Conf Mangmnt/Pcmkng

*              PACS-788 Directed Study

*              PACS-789 Independent Study

*              PACS-797 Continuous Registration

*              PACS-798 Project/Thesis Proposal

*              PACS-799 Project/Thesis-Conflict/Peacem



George Mason University
Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution (ICAR) 
Fairfax , VA



Fall 02

Spring 03

Prerequisite or co-requisite for all M.S. CONF majors.

Introduction to the field of conflict analysis and resolution. Examines definitions of conflict and diverse views of its "resolution." Explores thinking about human behavior and social systems as they relate to the origins of conflict and the role of conflict in violent and peaceful social change. Considers appropriate responses to conflict at interpersonal, intergroup, industrial, communal, and international levels.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801.

Examines major social scientific theories of conflict. Emphasis is on the need for theories to inform our ability to resolve conflict. Weaves together ideas from conventional disciplines with new approaches especially to causes of deep-rooted conflict. Focus is on analysis as a tool.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801.

Introduction to research design, including use of theory to define the problem; exploring research approaches; gathering, analyzing, and interpreting data. Latter includes field observation; field experiments; lab experiments (simulations); surveys and sampling techniques; and archival, documentary, and literature resources. Quantitative techniques include theories of measurement (numerical and ordinal scales); distributions; and analysis techniques (chi-square, correlating, and factor analysis). Briefly introduces philosophies of science, and its limits.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 and 610.

This course builds on the foundation of CONF 610. It guides students through the design, execution, interpretation, analysis, presentation and evaluation of field research into conflict and conflict resolution.



Section 001 - Dennis Sandole

Section 002 - Chris Mitchell

Taken in the last semester of master's students course work. Course assists students in developing their own "generic" theory of conflict by reviewing and integrating their prior course work. Students are expected to demonstrate a holistic comprehension of the field by writing a major essay of publishable quality about the causes, events, and resolution of a particular conflict of their own choosing.



Prerequisite: 501 or 801; 713 (714 or 715 recommended but not required)

A two semester course which involves students in an in-depth field study of ongoing conflict situations and in the design and delivery of intervention processes to manage or resolve the conflicts.



Prerequisite: 21 hours of prior course work, including 713 and 714. 715 recommended.

Under direction of the clinical coordinator, students will spend at least 160 hours working on a project involving the study and/or resolution of conflict. Students will be expected to mesh theory and practice through observation and experience. The course includes a comprehensive report analyzing the individual's experience.



A collection of special topics, including

Identity and Conflict (Summer 2004)

Globalization and Domestic Conflict (Spring 2004)

World Religions, Violence, And Conflict Resolution (Spring 2004)

Approaches to Violence (Fall 2003)

Innovative Teaching/Learning in Conflict Analysis/Resolution (Spring 2003)

Organizational Development Consulting.

Creativity, Identity and Meaning-Making in Conflict Resolution

Ethnography in Conflict Zones

Effective Teaching in Conflict Analysis and Resolution

Narrative Research Methods: Exploring the Link between Inquiry and Intervention

Intrapersonal Conflict

Models and Metaphors: The Epistemology of Conflict Theory




Independent reading at the Master's level on a specific topic related to conflict analysis and resolution as agreed to by a student and a faculty member.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801; CONF 601 recommended but not required.

This course is part of a series of theory courses and is the companion to CONF 601, theories of social conflict. This course explores theories which define and explain social harmony and cooperation. Examining social institutions which manage and mediate conflict at all levels (interpersonal to international), the course provides a foundation for subsequent courses in peace-building, peace-making, multi-lateral organizations, social change, and development.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801; CONF 601 is recommended but not required

This course covers diverse conceptions of peace and security, and reviews the rich history of research into peace movements and peace settlements.



Prerequisites: CONF 501, 601, 713

This course provides a framework for integrating theory and practice in conflict resolution. Reviews types of practice and theories of intervention and change, discusses the analytic process of assessment and diagnosis before intervention. Considers how research can be incorporated into practice and how thoughtful practice generates research questions. Includes methods of program evaluation and action research. Students will be encouraged to identify and/or develop their own theories of practice.



Prerequisite or co-requisite: CONF 501 or 801.

Considers various theories of violence, its causes, and conditions, and applies them to a variety of instances: family abuse, religious and ethnic violence; terrorism, revolution, and warfare. Insights gained from study of initiation, escalation, management, resolution, and prevention of violence are applied to theories about the resolution of deep-rooted conflicts.



Prerequisite or co-requisite for all CONF majors: CONF 501 or 801.

An introductory skill-building course that integrates conflict theory and practice using a reflective practitioner model. Students will learn necessary skills for third party facilitation and mediation including active listening, empathy, paraphrasing, reframing, and negotiation, and analytical skills of problem solving and creation of transformational processes. Although these skills are essential for all levels of conflict intervention, cases for practice will mainly focus on interpersonal and inter-group conflict.


CONF 714 - LABORATORY AND SIMULATION II: Organizational & Community Conflict

Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801 and 713.

Moves from conflicts that are simply described to those with multilevel components, such as community and organizational conflicts. This course expands the skills acquired in 613 by adding the following: recording chronology; identifying roles played by various participants; observing turning points in the resolution process; precisely stating the agreed-upon solution.


CONF 715 - LABORATORY AND SIMULATION III: International & Inter-communal Conflict

Prerequisite: CONF 501, 713, and 714, or permission of instructor.

A continuation of the study of resolution processes as applied to highly complex systems, especially where one party denies the legitimacy of existing political authority. Considers third-party options for intervention in revolutionary and international conflicts, and means for building communication and trust among parties, and implementing agreements.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801.

Examines the role culture plays in the genesis, structuring, and resolution of processes of conflict within and between groups. Special attention is given to ethnicity and other sub-cultural markers of identity in complex social systems as both the generators and outcomes of conflict. The relevance of these variables to the success or failure of conflict resolution is explored.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801. Cross listed as SOC 523

This course addresses historic analyses of racial and ethnic identity conflicts and their resolution.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801.

This course explores the role of organized religions in conflict, war, peace-making, and conflict resolution.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801.

This course examines constructs of gender and conflict as they relate to a critical analysis of theory and practice. Feminist theories will be reviewed for their contributions to social and conflict theories. Narratives will be used to explore how gender and power dynamics interact in conflict.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801.

"Them" and "Us". This course deals with the identification, analysis interrelationships and similarities among the various ways human being bifurcate themselves into "us" and "them" based on national, ethnic, religious, gender, and other criteria. Further, the course will explore the role these divisions play in the development and intractability of identity based conflicts and the implications for conflict analysis and resolution. Examples include: nationalism, racism, sexism, ageism, and classism.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801.

This course explores the role of spirituality in the naming, framing and unwinding of conflict. The roles of apology, reconciliation and forgiveness are considered as these relate to the deconstruction of enemy images in protracted communal and interpersonal conflicts. Relational empathy and ways of cultivating connection across perceived deep differences is examined.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801.

This course provides and overview of moral, philosophical and ethical underpinnings of conceptions of conflict and conflict resolution. The course enhances a student's ability to engage in discourse approaching conflict from a moral or philosophical disciplinary background.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801.

Introduction to techniques of participant observation and anthropological research. Provides insights into cross-cultural fieldwork experience, an important skill for facilitation working with groups outside their own "worldview." This course is highly recommended for students interested not only in understanding diverse groups, but in gaining first-hand insights into the wide variation in world views and values understandings held by different people.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801 or permission of the instructor.

Introduces students to major controversies and debates surrounding the use of human rights theory and practice cross-culturally. After a basic study of human rights philosophy, uses case studies from around the world to examine the problems and potential of human rights in today's globalized world.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801 or permission of the instructor.

Explores violence from a variety of intellectual and political perspectives. Readings are wide-ranging and interdisciplinary, addressing levels of analysis from the biological to the nation-state and transnational processes.



Prerequisites: CONF 501 or 801 and 601 for MS or 802 for PhD.

Examines how structures and institutions affect behavior and give rise to conflictual relationships at all social levels, from the interpersonal to the international. Explores the role of conflict resolution as a political process proving opportunities for non-violent system change.



Prerequisite: 501 or 801

Explores the intersection and the dynamics of organizational behavior and the dimensions of conflict. Theoretical perspectives and cases are used to examine the issues involved in conflict analysis and resolution. Strategies for prevention and intervention are practiced. Students will conduct field research in the greater metropolitan district to help integrate course content.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801.

Economic and social development cause trauma as new ideas conflict with old ones. Particularly when development is generated or directed by forces outside of a culture, the conflict takes on deep rooted character. This course explores how conflict analysis and resolution approaches can be applied to conflicts of development and change.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801.

Contrasts legal processes and institutions with alternative approaches to dispute resolution. Defines and distinguishes among law, "alternative dispute resolution," and problem-solving analysis as methods for resolving rather than controlling conflict. Asks to what extent legal procedures are truly applicable to resolving deep-rooted conflict.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801 or permission of instructor.

Explores the usefulness of conflict analysis and resolution perspectives in analyzing the causes, nature, and consequences of criminal behavior, and alternative approaches to the crime problem.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801.

The course advances students' skills and expands their knowledge base in critical analysis and creative problem solving. The root causes of conflict in a global context are examined in terms of gender inequality, cultural differences, unequal North/South relations, militarism, economic oppression, genocide, maldevelopment, religious and ethnic struggle, and environmental scarcity. Students are expected to develop their own conceptual tool boxes needed to analyze conflicts in different parts of the world.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801 or permission of the instructor.

Explores the meanings of globalization: economic, political, social, cultural: and examine how it affects conflict processes at the international level. It explores when and under what conditions globalization promotes cooperation or conflict.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801 or permission of the instructor.

Explores how globalization affects conflict processes at the domestic level. Topics include: economic interdependence and civil war; structural adjustment policies and distributional conflicts; changing cultural norms and gender roles, migration, tourism, and conflict.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801

This course is cross-listed in the graduate degree programs in health science as part of the certificate in health and conflict resolution. The course explores the special life-and-death dynamics of health systems as an arena for conflict. Students are expected to review and critique research on conflict in this field.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801 or permission of the instructor.

Explores how people translate their underlying grievances into collective action. It examines how groups organize, frame and develop strategies and tactics to pursue their agendas and how the processes of globalization have influenced social movement dynamics.



Prerequisites: CONF 501 or 801, 713

Analysis and critique of the nature and roles in conflicts. Theoretical perspectives and case histories are used to understand the settings in which third parties may operate. Covers roles as mediator, conciliator, arbitrator, and facilitator, and types of intellectual and other resources third parties may bring to conflicts. Includes ethical assessment of third-party interventions in a variety of conflict settings.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801 or permission of the instructor.

Student's negotiating experiences are used to construct a framework for thinking about and analyzing negotiation processes. The framework is then used to organize a review of the research literature on the "rhythms" and "patterns" of negotiation as well as to analyze a variety of actual cases. Exercises and class projects are interwoven with state-of-the-art concepts and findings as described in Professor Druckman's article in the October 1996 issue of The Negotiation Journal ("Bridging the Gap between Negotiating Experience and Analysis").



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801 or permission of the instructor.

Analysis of disputes involving the formation, implementation, and reform of social policy. Development and assessment of the roles of mediation and other intervention approaches in policy conflicts in the public, private, and citizens sectors.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801 or permission of the instructor.

Analytical study of the nature of the "peace process" in terminating international, transnational, and civil conflicts. Includes analysis of parties' decision-making procedures during processes of de-escalation, pre-bargaining, and negotiation. Examines impact of various third-party roles (mediator, conciliator, facilitator) on the overall process, including implementation and monitoring of agreements. Takes as exemplary case studies efforts to terminate such conflicts of the Iran-Iraq war, the Cyprus dispute, and the Eritrean conflict.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801.

To what degree do international 'peace-keeping' forces embrace conflict resolution and peace-building as part of their mission? To what degree could conflict resolution be integrated? What are the roles conflict resolvers can play in peace-keeping environments?



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801 or permission of the instructor.

Working premise for the course is that leadership responses to conflict are affected by several variables among them: race, ethnicity, and gender. Explores roles of leadership decision-making styles as agents of conflict across a range of conflict scenarios at the interpersonal, community, organizational, and international levels.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801.

Building on initiatives of the United Nations and other multilateral organizations, this course will explore the dynamics of post-conflict peace-building. Further, it will prepare students of conflict resolution to play innovative roles in the reconstruction of civil societies.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801.

This course explores processes of acknowledgment, reconciliation, forgiveness, and restitution. Literature, case studies and other research will be reviewed to assess the applicability and impact of these efforts.



Prerequisite: CONF 743 recommended but not required

The present course, is a more historical and comparative examination of a number of [fairly] recent efforts to bring to an end some of the many intra-state conflicts that appear to have emerged in the so-called "Post-Cold War" world but which, in reality, were merely suppressed, lying dormant or carried on at less noticeable levels of violence than came into being during the 1990's.



Prerequisite: CONF 501 or 801.

These one and two-credit courses will be scheduled non-conventionally using weekends, concentrated presentations and intersession periods to give students advanced professional skills. Possible topics include:

- Conflict and Celluoid - Spring 2004

- Simulation - Spring 2004

- Appreciative Inquiry - Spring 2004

- Mediation Clinic - Spring 2004

- Appreciative Inquiry in Organizations - Fall 2003

- Terrorism - Fall 2003

- Marketing Conflict Resolution Services        - Academic Course Design

- Training Design - Interpersonal & Small Group CR Skills

- Facilitation - Family practice

- Fundraising - Writing for publication

- Advanced field research techniques- Grassroots applications of conflict res.



Prerequisites: CONF 501, 713, 610.

Two semesters. Original research or analysis under the direction of a thesis committee.



Prerequisite or co-requisite for all PhD CONF majors.

Introduction to the field of conflict analysis and resolution for Doctoral students. Examines definitions of conflict and diverse views of its "resolution." Explores thinking about human behavior and social systems as they relate to the origins of conflict and the role of conflict in violent and peaceful social change. Considers appropriate responses to conflict at interpersonal, intergroup, industrial, communal, and international levels.



Prerequisites: CONF 801, and acceptance in the doctoral program, or permission of instructor.

An understanding human conflict requires knowledge of human behavior, motivation and perception. This course reviews and critically analyzes several psychological theories for their application to conflict analysis and resolution. The work of major personality theorists will be surveyed as well as material on cognition, creativity and change.



Prerequisites: CONF 801, 802 and acceptance in the doctoral program, or permission of instructor.

Understanding social conflict and the potential for conflict resolution requires that both conflict and cooperation be perceived in relationship to patterns of social change. This course reviews and critiques significant theories of social change in order to establish a basis for creative conflict analysis and resolution.



Prerequisites: CONF 801 or permission of instructor.

A philosophical inquiry into the history and structure of ideas and the building of scientific hypotheses. This course assumes that the ways we think, as human beings, and the ways we build and test our theories about the world are closely linked. Explores and critiques the thinking of major 20th century thinkers from the social sciences on this topic, thus forming an introduction to research methodology.



Prerequisites: CONF 801, 810 or permission of instructor. (Note: A prior course such as STAT 510 in intermediate statistics is presumed).

Building on the logic of inquiry, this course introduces students to the steps in the research process needed to prepare a dissertation and implement published research. The course covers a wide array of quantitative and qualitative research approaches used in the social sciences with an emphasis on conflict analysis.



Prerequisite: 811 or permission of instructor.

This course is a continuation of steps in the research process needed to prepare a dissertation and implement published research. It builds on 811 by extending the coverage of quantitative and qualitative research approaches used in the social sciences with an emphasis on conflict analysis.



Prerequisite: 801 and 713 (714 or 715 recommended but not required)

A two semester course which involves students in an in-depth field study of ongoing conflict situations and in the design and delivery of intervention processes to manage or resolve the conflicts.



Independent reading at the doctoral level on a specific topic related to conflict and conflict resolution as agreed to by a student and faculty member.



Prerequisites: CONF 801, 802, and at least 9 further credits in the doctoral core program. Analysis of the theoretical basis undergirding the methods of research in conflict resolution. Exploration of how theory is built through the reciprocal influence of research and practice.



Prerequisites: CONF 801 and 802 or permission of instructor.

Examines recent developments in theory and research in conflict analysis, with particular emphasis on project and dissertation work recently undertaken and completed. Its purpose will be to link ongoing research in this and parallel fields to students' own plans for dissertation work, and examine methodological approaches currently being used as well as the direction and focus of current substantive research.



Prerequisite: successful completion of all course work and doctoral qualifying examinations. Work on a research proposal that forms the basis for a doctoral dissertation. May be repeated for up to 6 hours total credit towards degree.



(Credits vary. At least 6 credits must be taken toward the degree.) Research on an approved dissertation topic under the direction of a committee. (NOTE: at least 12 credits of 998 and 999 must be accumulated toward the degree).



Kennesaw State University
Dept of Political Science and Int’l Affairs


MSCM Graduate Director
Dept. of Political Science and International Affairs
Kennesaw State University
1000 Chastain Road
MB 2302
Kennesaw, GA 30144-5591
Telephone: 770-423-6299
Fax: 770-423-6880

The following core courses, totaling 36 semester credit hours, are required for graduation in the Master of Science in Conflict Management: 

Course Description


CM 7200. Foundations and Theories of Conflict Management

7-0-7  Prerequisite: Admission to MSCM graduate program or permission of program director. 


This course is designed to introduce students to the foundation and theories of conflict management. The course includes an interdisciplinary introduction to conflict, sources of conflict, and conflict theory. The course introduces students to various responses to conflict, the ADR continuum, and negotiation theory.


CM 7205. Basic Mediation Skills

2-0-2  Prerequisite: Admission to MSCM graduate program or permission of program director. 


This course is designed to provide students with basic mediation training approved by the Georgia Office of Dispute Resolution for mediators handling court-referred or court-ordered cases.


CM 7300. Critical Knowledge and Skills of Conflict Management

7-0-7  Prerequisite: CM 7200. 


This course is designed to introduce students to critical knowledge and skills of conflict management. The course will integrate an introduction to interpersonal and intergroup conflict with an understanding of organizational, community, international, and intercultural conflict. Students will gain critical skills in multi-party and public policy facilitation and mediation, as well as in co-mediation.


CM 7305. Advanced Conflict Management Skills

2-0-2  Prerequisite: CM 7200; CM 7205. 


This course is designed to introduce students with advanced conflict management skills, including an introduction to diversity awareness, ombudsing, co-mediation, facilitation, multi-party mediation, and train the trainer.


CM 7400. Conflict Management Research Methods

3-0-3  Prerequisite: CM 7200; CM 7300. 


This course is designed to introduce students to the basic research methods used in the study of conflict. There is a particular emphasis upon methods to assess conflict and evaluation interventions designed to address conflict in a given environment.


CM 7500. Conflict Management Systems Design

3-0-3  Prerequisite: CM 7200; CM 7300; CM 7400. 


This course will prepare students to design a system to address conflict in the environment of an organization.


CM 7600. Study of a Specific Conflict Management Environment

3-0-3  Prerequisite: CM 7200; CM 7300; CM 7400; CM 7500. 


In this course the student chooses a specific environment for application of the knowledge and skills acquired through the academic and clinical components of the program. The study of a specific conflict environment provides the context for the student's fieldwork in the final semester of the MSCM program.


CM 7700. The Practice of Conflict Management

7-0-7  Prerequisite: 27 hours in graduate CM courses and approval of the program director. 


This course includes field study in a specific conflict environment chosen by the student with the guidance of the faculty. The student will analyze conflict in the chosen environment and, where appropriate, will make policy recommendations or design and plan implementation of intervention processes to address the conflict. The student will prepare an extensive written report of this analysis, accompanied by an annotated bibliography


CM 7705. Family Mediation Skills Training

2-0-2  Prerequisite: CM 7205. 


A forty-hour training clinic focusing on the content and skills specific to divorce and custody mediation and problems of the family.



Norwich University
Northfield , VT


Master of Arts in Diplomacy with a Concentration in International Conflict Management


Seminar 1: Theory and the International System

In this 6-credit seminar students review the basic theories that govern international relations and political science. As no one theory fully explains the international system, a firm grasp of the leading paradigms gives a student a solid foundation on which to build the degree. This seminar will also trace the historical evolution of diplomacy within the international system giving the student a sense of its progression and an awareness of the milestones of diplomatic interaction within that system.


Seminar 2: Law and the International System

This 6-credit seminar allows students to explore the structure of the international system as defined by the rules and guidelines for that system. A student will be introduced to international law terminology, history, and its theory. The laws surrounding conflict, war, and war crimes will be explored. Of special interest will be the laws pertaining to human rights. Finally the more up and coming areas of international law will be explored, environmental law and the growing body of law concerning humanitarian intervention.


Seminar 3: Economics and the International System

In this 6-credit seminar students explore the international economic system, examining the impact of modernization within the system. The controversy over the concept of globalization will also be investigated as well as the debate over free trade verses protectionism. A student will become familiar with the international financial network and its institutions. Special attention will be given to Third World development issues. Finally the idea of economics as a tool of diplomacy and military power will be raised.


Seminar 4: Conflict Avoidance, Prevention & Containment in the International System

This 6-credit seminar equips students to address the multiple schools of debate concerning the causes of conflict and war. The increasingly controversial area of peacekeeping, peacemaking, and peace enforcement will be reviewed with an eye toward lessons learned. Transnational forces, including non-governmental organizations will be investigated. Finally the important concept of multilateral diplomacy as a tool to avoid conflict in the international system will be examined.


Seminar 5: Conflict Resolution and Post-Conflict Reconstruction in the International System

In this 6-credit seminar students examine the dos and don’ts of negotiating peace, its hazard, unexpected consequences, and lessons learned. Of increasing importance is learning how to recover from atrocities, through trials, truth commissions, and amnesty. Post-conflict governing recovery is also explored. Reestablishing the rule of law, the dominance of civil society and the institutions of governance. Finally students will examine the politics and cultural impact of rebuilding, including the economic and financial costs.


Seminar 6: Military Intervention and Conflict Management in the International System

This 6-credit seminar enables students to examine conflict in all its forms. Such aspects as covert operations, psychological warfare, special operations, and limited warfare will be introduced. The increased emphasis on multinational coalitions and conflicts will be explored. A renewed emphasis will be given to terrorism, including the use of chemical, biological, and nuclear agents. Special cases of civil war and collapsed state conflicts will be reviewed. Finally the impact of modern warfare, most notably to the environment, will be investigated.


Thesis & Non-thesis Options

If you choose the thesis option of the online Diplomacy program you will enjoy the unique opportunity for individual creativity, in-depth research, scholarly investigation, and rewarding discovery as you compose your master's thesis. Thesis students will enroll in all 6 seminars but no written work will be required for seminars 5-6. Students will defend their thesis at the residency and will be required to take the comprehensive exam. If you choose the non-thesis option you will study in-depth areas of diplomacy, leadership, and military history. Non-thesis students also have the opportunity to present a paper in an academic conference setting at the residency. Students are required to commit to either the thesis or non-thesis option in their first semester.


End of Program Residency

At the conclusion of your degree program, you and your class teammates will join graduate students from other Norwich Online Graduate programs for a dynamic week of face-to-face interactions, keynote speakers, lectures, thesis presentations, and seminars as the final degree activity. The residency week occurs in mid to late June and will culminate with a traditional graduation ceremony for our master's degree candidates.


Dynamic and Engaging Curriculum

You will engage in vigorous dialog and discussion surrounding up-to-date events in the areas related to diplomacy, the international system, international law, conflict prevention, resolution, and containment, force intervention, and post-conflict reconstruction. You will invest a fair amount of time reading intellectually stimulating texts, researching, synthesizing and articulating theoretical perspectives, and writing research papers and briefs.



•Nova Southeastern University
3301 College Avenue , Fort Lauderdale , Florida 33314

Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences

The Ph.D. program in Conflict Analysis & Resolution trains students in the skills and techniques of practice, interdisciplinary research, policy and program development, historical critique, cultural analysis, and theoretical foundations of the field. The mission of the doctoral program is to advance the study and practice of conflict analysis and resolution by mentoring and developing practitioners trained in theory, practice, research, teaching, and informed leadership in the field. Students pursue an in-depth study in the field of conflict resolution while drawing from a variety of theoretical perspectives and the knowledge of an experienced, interdisciplinary faculty.


The 82-credit-hour degree program is designed to prepare graduate students for careers as advanced practitioners, college and university educators, researchers, theoreticians, consultants, program evaluators, and organization administrators. The Ph.D. program is offered in both on-campus and online formats. These flexible formats allow mid?career working adults, and those unable to attend the on-campus program, to study conflict resolution in a creative, rigorous, and structured fashion. The online Ph.D. program is the only one in the fields of peacemaking and conflict resolution. Students enrolled in the online program participate in Residential Institutes on the Fort Lauderdale campus twice per year, as well as online Web-based courses and individualized, independent studies.


The Ph.D. program focuses on improving skills for reflective practice, understanding and mastering qualitative and quantitative research knowledge and analysis, developing professional leadership skills, and producing publications of quality and substance. The curriculum consists of:


*              Theoretical Foundations (18 credits)

*              Practice and Applications (30 credits)

*              Research (28 credits)

*              Electives (6 credits)


Degree Plan: 45 credits hours


Fall (September)                

Winter (January)

Summer (April)


Year 1   

*              CARM 5000: Foundations and Development of Conflict Resolution

*              CARM 5040: Human Factors

*              CARM 5020: Theories & Philosophies of Conflict and Peace


*              CARM 5100: Mediation Theory and Practice

*              CARM 5200: Research Design

*              CARM 6120: Culture and Conflict


*              CARM 6000: Organizational Conflict: Theory & Practice

*              CARM 6140: Facilitation Theory and Practice (on-campus program)

*              CARM 6170: Violence Prevention and Intervention (online program)

*              Elective


Year 2   

*              CARM 6130: Practicum I

*              CARM 5140: Negotiation Theory and Practice

*              Elective


*              CARM 6160: Practicum II

*              CARM 6170: Violence Prevention and Intervention (on-campus program)

*              CARM 6140: Facilitation Theory and Practice (online program)

*              Elective


*              Comprehensive Examination

*              Graduation and Celebration


Master’s Thesis Option

The student may write a research thesis. The thesis is 6 credits and counts as two elective. Instead of the electives offered in the fall and winter semesters of the second year, thesis students register for Master’s Thesis. Entrance into the thesis track is not automatic; students must meet eligibility requirements. Details regarding the Master’s Please visit http://shss.nova.edu/Downloads/ for the Master’s Thesis handbook.


To complete the M.S. in Conflict Analysis & Resolution, you must complete a total of 130 hours of practicum. You are responsible for documenting your practicum hours, and must have these hours verified and signed by your on-site supervisor. Practicum I and II must be passed with a grade of “B” or better. The practicum experience is designed to provide you with an experiential opportunity to utilize conflict resolution methodology and theory within a diversity of professional settings. You will have the opportunity to apply theoretical concepts within a practical framework.



Portland State University
Portland , Oregon 97207-0751


Course Descriptions | Courses Offered in 2003-2004

CR 512 Perspectives in Conflict Resolution (4) - Introduction to full scope of the master's degree program. Since the program is intended to embrace both humanities and social science orientations, students need to become acquainted with the methods and terms of criticism arising from these sometimes divergent disciplines. Prerequisite: 3 credits English literature and 3 credits psychology or sociology.


CR 513 Philosophy of Conflict Resolution (4) - Introduction to the insights that philosophy offers to the field of conflict resolution. The course will also explore the impact that conflict resolution practice may have on philosophical theory. Additionally, ethical issues that arise during conflict resolution work will be carefully considered. Prerequisite: 3 credits philosophy.


CR 515 Negotiation and Mediation (4) - Introduction to collaborative approaches to responding to conflict. A theoretical framework will be established for using negotiation and mediation in a variety of settings. Students will learn how to function as a neutral third party focusing on: conflict analysis, communication skills, maintaining a neutral role, creating a safe environment, and ensuring procedural, substantive and psychological satisfaction. Ethical issues and concerns in the field of mediation will be presented. Prerequisite: 3 credits psychology or sociology.


CR 517 Nonviolence (4) - Designed to acquaint students with the theories and history of nonviolence from ancient times to the present, with some speculation as to future use. Prerequisite: 3 credits of philosophy.


CR 518 Psychology of Conflict Resolution (4) - Introduction to the psychological research and insights that illuminate conflict resolution theory and practice. A dual focus on both methods and research will be maintained throughout the curriculum. Recommended Prerequisite: 3 credits psychology.


CR 522 Thesis Preparation Seminar (1) - Introduction to a variety of approaches to thesis writing and research. Students examine completed master's degree theses in conflict resolution. Prerequisite: one year completed in the master's degree program.


CR 523 Legalities and Professional Ethics in Conflict Resolution (4) - Students examine theories and insights about the role of law and professional ethics in the fields of conflict resolution. A historical account of the evolution of law and professional ethics raises interesting question about how the fields of conflict resolution challenge law and ethics. Prerequisites: 3 credits of ethics.


CR 524 Advanced Mediation (4) - Focus on the qualities of the practitioner that enhance the practice of mediation. The practice of mediation involves a particular kind of presence, that of a non-judgmental observer. To maintain such a presence while in the midst of emotions, intense interactions, hostility, and conflict requires much clarity, steadiness, and stability. Students will learn ways to achieve these qualities through the cultivation of mindfulness. Prerequisites: CR 515.


CR 525 Conflict Resolution Systems Design (4) - Acquaints the student with a systems approach to designing conflict resolution services. These services are designed for a wide variety of settings to handle conflicts effectively at the lowest cost. Students learn to diagnose and correct problems in an existing system, as well as create and implement a wholly new system.


CR 526 Intercultural Conflict Resolution (4) - Explores the ways in which cultural similarities or difference might influence the conflict resolution process. In this context, culture is defined broadly and will be considered as it plays a part in either the actuality or perceptions of our experience. In addition, issues of power and marginality as they relate to dynamics of culture will be explored. Students explore and learn form other cultures and apply this learning in the evaluation and use of conflict resolution paradigms.



University of Denver , CO
Conflict Resolution


Master of Arts Degree

Core Courses

(Take all)

1.  INTS 4920 Conflict and Conflict Resolution (5 credits) 


            A course offered through the Graduate School of International Studies (traditional DU program). Focuses on literature drawn from diplomatic history, sociology, psychology, organizational behavior, and international politics, on theories of conflict and conflict resolution, including holistic approaches, socio-cultural conditioning and norms, and personality influences as alternative means to understand negotiation and bargaining in varying contexts. Applies the practical fundamentals of negotiation and particular problem-solving techniques. Take this course during the first term after enrollment.


 2.  ADR 4202 Alternative Dispute Resolution Overview (3 credits)


            A  course offered through University College . Provides students with a global perspective of the history, development, methodology, ethical and societal issues and trends in ADR.  Hands-on exercises are used to translate theory into practice.  Important: students must register separately for University College courses.  Contact 303.871.3155 for additional information.


3.  MBA 4220 High Performance Management I (4 credits)


            A course offered through the Daniels College of Business (traditional DU program). Focuses on communication, creativity and leadership in the development of management skills affecting individual and group performance in organizations.  


4.  CRES 4222 Mediation Theory and Issues (5 credits)


            A course through the Conflict Resolution Program (traditional DU program). An analysis and critique of the nature and role of third parties in conflict intervention, including conciliator, arbitrator, facilitator, monitor, and trainer. Theoretical perspectives and case studies are used to understand the situations where third parties operate, what values and resources they bring, and how power issues affect mediator functioning. Ethical guidelines are also considered.


5.  CRES 4225 Conciliation and Reconciliation (5 credits)

            A course through the Conflict Resolution Program (traditional DU Program). Builds on concepts and themes introduced in CRES 4222, including further analysis and critique of the roles of third parties in conflict intervention. Values, motives, resources, and third-party competencies are considered, along with ethical guidelines and the issues of power, neutrality, gender, and culture as they affect third-party functioning.


Courses listed under Conflict Resolution


CRES 4111 Reflective Practice and Evaluation in Conflict Resolution (5 credits)

CRES 4222 Mediation Theory and Issues (5 credits)

CRES 4333 Resolving Environmental and Public Policy Conflict (5 credits)

CRES 4981 Internship (1-5 credits)

CRES 4991 Independent Study (1-5 credits)

CRES 4995 Thesis Research (1-5 credits)


Substantive Specialty Courses 

by Academic Division

Select 5 courses within any of the 6 fields

For customized specialty, please consult the Program Director


International Studies


INTS  4192 International Commercial Dispute Resolution (5 credits)

INTS  4390 Decision-Making in Non-profit Organizations (5 credits)

INTS  4462 Ethnic Conflict (5 Credits)

INTS  4705 Democratization (5 Credits)

INTS  4706 Group and Organization Dynamics (5 Credits)

INTS  4851 Theories of Non-Violence (5 credits)

INTS  4907 International Terrorism (5 Credits)

INTS  4806 Global Justice (5 Credits)

INTS  4925 Peace-keeping (5 credits)

INTS  4930 International Law, Organizations & Conflict Management (5 credits)

INTS  4931 International Organizations (5 credits)

INTS  4932 International Law (5 Credits)

INTS  4934 Intervention: Shaping the Global Order (5 credits)

INTS  4937 Human Rights and the International Refugee System (5 credits)

INTS  4949 International Law and Conflict Resolution (5 Credits)

INTS  4948 Hatred and Group Conflict (5 credits)


Human Communication Studies

all quarter hour credit


HCOM 3020 Conflict Management (5 credits)

HCOM 3130 Organizational Communication (5 credits)

HCOM 4030 Human Communications: Critical & Cultural Approaches (5 credits)

HCOM 3140 Intercultural Communication (5 Credits)

HCOM 3240 Group Methods and Facilitation (5 credits)

HCOM 3245 Building Group and Team Effectiveness (5 credits)

HCOM 3300 Principles of Persuasion (5 credits)

HCOM 3550 Principles of Negotiation (5 credits)

HCOM 4030 Human Communications: Critical & Cultural Approaches (5 Credits)

HCOM 4150 Culture, Ethnicity and Communication (5 credit)

HCOM 4220 Intercultural Communication: History and Foundations (arr.)

HCOM 4230 Intercultural Communication: Training & Instruction (5 Credits)

HCOM 4310 Communication and Collaboration (5 credits)

HCOM 4800 Philosophies of Dialogue 

HCOM 4650 International Communication (4 credits)


Graduate School of Social Work


SOWK 4400 Interventions with Families Experiencing Problems (3 credits)

SOWK 4430 Drug Dependency Interventions (3 credits)

SOWK 4500 Mental Health Interventions with Children (4 credits)

SOWK 4712 Law of Family and Child (3 credits)

SOWK 4700 Brief Practice Modalities (4 credits)

SOWK 4705 Forensic Orientation in Social Work Practice (3 credits)

SOWK 4749 Social Work Intervention with Latinos/as (3 credits)

SOWK 4765 International Social Development (3 credits)

SOWK 4440 Conflict Resolution Strategies for Social Work (3 credits)

SOWK 4900 Methods for Evaluating Practice and Programs (3 Credits)

SOWK 4901 Applied Practice and Evaluation Research (3 Credits)


College of Law

1 semester hour = 1.5 quarter hour credits

3 semester hours = 4.5 quarter hour credits


L4060 Alternative Dispute Resolution (4.5 Credits)

L4062 Alternative Dispute Resolution Seminar (4.5 Credits)

L4162 Conflict Management Seminar (3 Credits)

L4316 International Conflict Resolution and Management (3 Credits)

L4430 Mediation Clinic (5 Semester hours)

L4460 Negotiation and Mediation (4.5 credits)

L4462 Negotiating Natural Reserves Agreements (4.5 Credits)

L4501 Race and Civil Rights (4.5 Credits)

L4516 Restorative Justice (4.5 credits)

L4820 Advanced Mediation (4.5 credits)


Daniels School of Business


(Please consult the Business school for other courses)


MBA 4020 Negotiation and Dispute Resolution (2 credits

MBA 4220 High Performance Management I (4 credits)

MBA 4350 International Management Experience (1-8 credits)


Alternative Dispute Resolution at University College


ADR 4204 Mediation Process & Practice (3 credits)

ADR 4205 Facilitation Process & Practice (3 credits)

ADR 4206 Negotiation Process & Practice (3 credits)

ADR 4207 ADR and Judicial Processes (3 credits)

ADR 4208 Arbitration Process & Practice (3 credits)

ADR 4210 Communication Conflict Theory (4 credits)

ADR 4211 ADR and Aging (3 credits)

ADR 4213 ADR and Family Disputes (2 credits)

ADR 4215 Managing Violence (2 credits)

ADR 4216 Community and Cross/Culture Disputes (2 credits)

ADR 4217 Workshops, Training and Careers (2 credits)

ADR 4218 ADR in the International Arena (2 credits)

ADR 4222 ADR in Education (2 credits)

ADR 4223 ADR Negotiation II: Interest-based Bargaining (3 credits)

ADR 4224 Facilitation II (3 credits)

ADR 4225 Professional Ethics (3 credits)

ADR 4227 Agreement Writing (2 credits)

ADR 4228 ADR in Healthcare (2 credits)

ADR 4229 Mediation II (3 credits)

ADR 4302 Restorative Justice (3 Credits)


Other Courses at the University of Denver


ANTH 4300 Cycles of Conquest (4 Credits)

CFSP 4304  Family Systems and Diversity (3 Credits)

CPSY 4070 Trauma and Crisis Intervention (3 Credits)

CPSY 4110 Conflict Resolution (3 Credits)

CPSY 4380 Group Interventions (3 Credits)

CRES 4333 Resolving Environmental and Public Policy Conflict (5 Credits)


Practical Technique Courses

(choose 2 classes)


HCOM 3550 Principles of Negotiation (5 credits)

HCOM 3240 Group Methods and Facilitation (5 credits)

HCOM 3245 Building Group and Team Effectiveness (5 credits)

SOWK 4420 Strategies and Techniques of Family Therapy (3 Credits)

L4060           Alternative Dispute Resolution (4.5 credits)

L4460           Negotiation and Mediation (4.5 credits)

ADR 4204 Mediation Process & Practice (3 credits)

ADR 4205 Facilitation Process & Practice (3 credits)

ADR 4206 Negotiation Process & Practice (3 credits)

ADR 4208 Arbitration Process & Practice (3 credits)

ADR 4227 Agreement Writing (2 credits)

ADR 4229 Mediation II (3 credits)




CRES 4111 Reflective Practice and Evaluation (5 Credits)

CPSY 4050 Research Methods (3 Credits)

INTS 4020 Preparing a Grant Proposal (5 Credits)

QRM 4980 Program Evaluation Methods (3 Credits)

SOCI 3900 Advanced Methods of Social Research (5 Credits)

SOCI 3970 Methods in Field Research (5 Credits)

SOWK 4201 Research Methods and Design (3 Credits)




An internship is required but credit is optional


CRES 4981 Internship in Government or Business  (1-5 Credits)


            This course enables students to work in a practical setting to acquire experience in an international organization, government agency, or non-profit foundation. The work, undertaken once a student is enrolled in the Conflict Resolution Program, must be approved in advance by the academic advisor or program director as relevant and worthwhile. Credit is determined by actual work time (100 hours = five credits). A grade of "P" (pass) is given after the work is completed, and a report of the experience (3-5 pages) is submitted to the student's advisor.  A copy is placed in the student’s file.


Bethel College
300 East 27th Street
North Newton KS, 67117

Global Peace and Justice



General Education


Major in Global Peace and Justice Studies (B.A.):

The major requires 36 hours exclusive of supporting courses.


Core Course Requirements:


SOSC201                         Principles of Political Science

SOSC211                         Principles of Macroeconomics

SOSC222                         Principles of Sociology

SOSC225                         Relief, Development and Social Justice

SOSC233                         Public Policy for Global Issues

SOSC250                         Introduction to Conflict Management

SOSC350                         Social Science Research Methods

SOSC375                         Internship

SOSC481, 482                          Social Science Senior Seminar


Choose three courses from:*


SOSC320                         Poverty Seminar

SOSC311                         Development Economics

SOSC312                         International Conflict Management

SOSC332                         International Health

SOSC372                         Nonviolence Theory and Practice

SOSC382                         Advanced Mediation and Negotiation

SOSC315                         Comparative Economic Systems

PSY260                          Social Psychology


*Students may use concentrations to emphasize certain aspects of this major.


Two concentrations are offered:

1.  Peace Studies Concentration


SOSC312                        International Conflict Management

SOSC372                        Nonviolence Theory and Practice

SOSC382                        Advanced Mediation and Negotiation


2.  International Development Concentration

Choose three of the following:


SOSC320                        Poverty Seminar

SOSC311                        Development Economics

SOSC312                        International Conflict Management

SOSC315                        Comparative Economic Systems

SOSC332                        International Health


Supporting Courses required for the Global Peace and Justice Studies major.


MAT300                       Applied Statistics

IDS233                        Computers in the Sciences

SWK364                       Social  Development and Social Justice

COA415                        Communication and Culture

BRL430                        Christian Social Ethics



Chapman University
Orange . CA

Dept of Peace Studies

Bachelor of Arts in Peace Studies

Minor in Peace Studies 


2004-2005 Catalog            


PCST 120 Introduction to International Relations

(Same as POSC 120.)


PCST 150 Introduction to Peace Studies

(Same as POSC 250.) An introduction to the applied meanings of peace, justice, and peacemaking particularly at the societal and global levels. Topics explored include the roots of national and international conflict, the dangers of nuclear holocaust, and various attempts to prevent war and achieve disarmament. (Offered every year.) 3 credits.


PCST 230/330 Indigenous Rights: Peace and Justice in the Americas

(Same as ANTH 230/330.)


PCST 247 People with Disabilities in Politics and Society

(Same as POSC 247.) This course will describe how people with disabilities are perceived in politics and society in general. We will also examine similarities to and differences from representations of other historically disadvantaged groups and social movements. (Offered alternate years.) 3 credits.


PCST 253/453 Mediation and Conflict Resolution

(Same as SOC 253/453.) The theory and practice of mediation through role-playing of effective techniques in dealing with a wide variety of interpersonal, workplace, group, and international conflicts and negotiations. (Offered every year.) 3 credits.


PCST 257 Model United Nations I

(Same as POSC 257.) The United Nations promises to become an increasingly influential force in global politics. Through participation in Model United Nations activities, students learn the structure of the organization and become familiar with the issues it confronts. (Offered fall semester.) 3 credits.


PCST 267 Social Science Forum

(Same as POSC 267.)


PCST 229 Experiemental Course

(Offered as needed.) 3 credits.


PCST 320 International Law, International Organizations, and World Order

(Same as POSC 320.)


PCST 325 Albert Schweitzer: His Life and Thought

(Same as PHIL/REL 325.)


PCST 327 Latin American Politics

(Same as POSC 327.)


PCST 328 Human Rights Law

(Same as POSC 328.)


PCST 347 Society, Culture, and Literature: Literature of Peace and Justice

(Same as ENG 347 and SOC 347, when relevant.)


PCST 348 Topics in Legal Studies

(Same as POSC 348.)


PCST 352 Race and Change in South Africa and the United States

(Same as POSC 352.) Apartheid has ended in South Africa , yet ethnic violence and economic challenges cloud the future of South Africa . Despite the civil rights movement, racial injustice persists in America . What insights can South Africa provide for the United States ? (Offered alternate years.) 3 credits.


PCST 353 Peace and Conflict in the Middle East

(Same as POSC 353.) Beginning with a historical examination of the region focusing on the key social forces and the sources of conflict, students explore the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in depth and conduct a peace conference in an attempt to develop a plausible resolution. (Offered alternate years.) 3 credits.


PCST 354 Non-Violent Social Change

In a world consumed by religious, ethnic, and social strife we need to search for non-violent means of solving human problems. Students examine the theory and practice of non-violent social change and explore the ideas of Henry David Thoreau, Mohandas K. Gandhi, and Martin Luther King, Jr. (Offered every year.) 3 credits.


PCST 355 Vietnam : War, Peace, and Legacy

(Same as POSC 355.) The U.S. war in Vietnam had an enormous impact upon both countries. Debates still rage about who won the war and why. Students will study the war, the peace movement, and the legacy of the conflict. (Offered every year.) 3 credits.


PCST 357 Model United Nations II

(Same as POSC 357.) Prerequisite, fall semester or consent of instructor is prerequisite for spring. During spring semester the students participate in the National Model United Nations Conference in New York City . May be repeated for credit. (Offered spring semester.) 3 credits.


PCST 375 Violence and Nonviolence in Society and Religion

(Same as REL 375.) Students examine the religious, philosophic, economic, and biological roots of aggression, violence, and nonviolence among individuals and social groups. The approach is interdisciplinary, and the methods employed range from the study of religious texts through the exploration of cultural tradition. (Offered alternate years.) 3 credits.


PCST 425 Perspectives/World Citizenship

(Same as EDUC 625.) A course specifically designed for (a) students of international or peace studies, and (b) undergraduate or graduate students who may be considering teaching as a career. Examines developments and trends in the global economy, the global environment, cultural and political systems, and technology. Explores ways in which these themes and topics can be incorporated into the K-12 curriculum through the design of appropriate learning activities. May be taken as an MAE elective or as part of the peace studies major. (Offered alternate years.) 3 credits.


PCST 453 Mediation and Conflict Resolution

(Same as PCST 253.)


PCST 490 Independent Internship

P/NP. (Offered every semester.) 1-3 credits.


PCST 498 Senior Seminar

(Same as POSC 498.)


PCST 499 Individual Study

(Offered every semester.) 1-3 credits.



Colgate University
, NY 13346

Peace Studies Program Course Descriptions  

PEAC 211 Introduction to Peace Studies: Violence and Nonviolence

This survey of key issues in the study of war, violence, peace ideas, and actions, including nonviolence as a philosophy and as a technique of action and social change, starts from the problems of aggression and nationalism as well as globalism and communal cooperation. The course introduces key concepts in peace studies (positive and negative peace, structural and direct violence, the analysis of conflict) and shows the links with other parallel concerns (minority issues, women's issues, social change, international relations). It concludes with a study of the potential threat of thermonuclear holocaust.


Required for concentration and minor concentration in Peace Studies. No seniors are allowed.



PEAC 214 Movements for Peace and Social Change

The focus of this course is on those social and political movements in various countries at different times that attempted to create positive peace, a more just, less repressive, more equal or harmonious society. In particular, the use of violent or non-violent methods and the goals of such movements are examined in the light of historical and sociological research as well as from the perspective of transdisciplinary peace research into social movements and social change. A series of case studies is analyzed: millennial movements and religious sects, inter-national socialism and the labor movement, the disarmament movement. the Civil Rights movement in the United States, national liberation movements in India (Gandhi), Vietnam, and Algeria, as well as war resistance before and during World War I and in the Second IndoChina War. The relationship of these movements to the state and comparison with militarist/ nationalist movements (e.g. the Nazis in Germany ) is also considered. There is an examination of the contemporary peace movement in Europe and the U.S.


Open to all students, with priority to sophomores. This course is also listed as SOAN 214.

PEAC 218 The Anthropology of Peace and Conflict

This class looks at the world of today using a variety of lenses to try to understand the complex underlying causes of conflict and war – as well as to consider the conditions under which peace is forged and maintained. Throughout the course we will move between macro-level views of contemporary processes of capitalism, globalization, militarism, and nationalism and micro-level views of communities and cultures caught in the conflicts that these phenomena produce. This course is interdisciplinary and holistic – meaning that we will read across a number of disciplines, including Peace Studies, Sociology, History, Economics, Political Science – but at base it is guided by anthropological principles, which compel us to look at human societies as immensely complicated systems, in which ideologies and symbolic commitments are as important as social structures and political-economic practices.


PEAC 250 Conflict Resolution and Mediation

This course examines the nature of human conflict, its sources, and various techniques for reducing conflict. Topics covered include: negotiating and bargaining strategy, alternative dispute resolution techniques (e.g. mediation, arbitration), escalation of conflict, cross-cultural differences in negotiation, and different theoretical models that can be used to understand better the conflict/negotiation process. The course looks at a wide range of conflicts, starting with interpersonal conflict and going all the way to international disputes. A substantial part of the course involves experiential learning in which students have the opportunity to try out some of the conflict resolution techniques discussed in class.


The course is open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors.


PEAC 260 Women and Peace: War, Resistance, and Justice

This course considers women’s perceptions and experiences in conflict and nonviolent resistance. It focuses on the contributions and aspirations of women toward the creation of a more just and peaceful world. Throughout the course, students study examples of women's resistance and analyze its implications on the interpersonal, community, nation-state, and international levels.


This course is also listed as WMST 260.

PEAC 310 Great War and Making of Modernity

This course will challenge students to rethink both the historical centrality and relevance of 20th century war, and especially 1914-18, and confront the issue of the construction of cultural memory. There is a growing consensus that our world at the turn of the twentieth century has been fundamentally shaped by the cataclysm of 1914-18. From resurgent nationalism, ethnic conflict and cleansing in the Balkans to the proliferation of genocidal weapons, the threats to humanity we face now are remarkably close to that period; moreover, many of the dominant events and processes of the century were shaped by or have their origins in the cultural and technological explosion of that time -- the concept of modernity that evolved from it, and the idea of modern memory, remain of profound contemporary relevance, interest and debate; it was a defining moment for modernism and many of our perspectives on science, civilization and ethics were derived from it. This course seeks to explore those continuities and parallels and these contested concepts by using consequences of the First World War – its technology, its cultural production (art, photography, film and literature, especially poetry) – and how this has evolved since, to confront ethical dilemmas raised by or related to total war, which remain as central today as in 1915.


PEAC 314 Images of War and Peace in Twentieth Century Art, Literature, and Film

The first purpose of the course is to demonstrate to the student the central importance of media images in defining the reality of war, peace, and violence in modern culture. The second goal is to introduce, in a selective manner, film, art, and written works that shaped these definitions. The primary framework is chronological, beginning with a survey of images of war and peace in art and covering in detail World War I, and World War II, and ending with current images of war and of preparations for nuclear war.


The secondary framework distinguishes types or degrees of war: World Wars (I and II); civil wars ( Spain ), and genocide ( Armenia , the Jews in Europe); struggles of national liberation ( Vietnam and Algeria ); and prospects of global holocaust this last creating new imagery in art, poetry, fiction, and film both positive and negative. Methods of evaluation: examination, 20-page research paper, and journal.


PEAC 320 World Food and Hunger

This is an interdisciplinary course that explores the causes and consequences of world hunger by considering the dynamics of agro-ecosystems; food production systems and distribution policies; the role of local and international markets in food supplies; the relationship between population, poverty, and hunger; and the potential for ending hunger and malnutrition in our lifetime.


This course is also listed as ENST 320.


PEAC 330 Peace and War: The European Experience

This course deals with Europeans as peoples profoundly affected by the impact of warfare. It also looks at their concern with the search for peace. The main historical experiences of war are presented, concentrating on the first and second World Wars in Northern Europe and Britain . The European "Westphalian" State System and the role of war in creating and sustaining this system are analyzed. The main focus is on recent developments including the interaction between government and opposition, resistance to militarism and fascism, and dissident and peace movements. The debates of the 1930s(appeasement) and 1950s and 1960s (nuclear weapons) lead to discussion of contemporary peace debates in the wake of the events of 1989, the Cold War and the emergence of a new European order, the debated security and cooperation in Europe within the Helsinki (CSCE) framework, and the wars in former Yugoslavia.


PEAC 333 Religious Understanding and Social Ethics

Social ethics is the discipline, which seeks to set forth the basic principals by which humans ought to organize their lives in community.This course studies the ways in which religious perspectives point toward certain kinds of social policies by considering the questions such as the following: What particular ethical orientations follow from certain religious commitments? Does faith in ultimate meaning turn one away from social-historical responsibility or toward it? How should religious concern express itself with regard to particular social policy issues facing today’s societies? Such questions will be probed through substantial consideration of writings by earlier religious leaders of major movements for social-political change, including Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King. In addition the course will consider more recent interpretations of religious responsibility with regard to contemporary controversies. Particular attention will be given to the ways in which various religiously motivated social ethics are addressing technology, reproductive rights, multiculturalism, and economical, racial, sexual and ecological justice.


PEAC 336 Conflict in the Balkans

This course aims to provide a transdisciplinary background for studying the conflicts – and cooperation – in the Balkans in modern times. There will be five main segments: (a) a historical, geo-political and cultural overview, defining the Balkans, covering the Ottoman period – the two world wars and the post ’45 socialist states especially Tito’s Yugoslavia – and Albania, to 1990; (b) a study of the cultural/ethnic and religious mosaic and often peaceful integration of peoples in these societies, to the present, concentrating on the Muslim Balkans (Bosnia, Albania, and its diaspora, Macedonia and Kosova); (c) detailed socio-anthropological case approaches to traditional communities and tensions in Albania, Kosova and Bosnia; (d) the process of the re-emergence of nationalism in the 1980’s and ‘90’s and the start of the break-up of Yugoslavia to ’93; (e) the continuation of this in the wars of Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Kosova – their causes and consequences; the role of international intervention; a comparative analysis of the conflicts – and their aftermath, stressing peacekeeping and building; peacemaking – nonviolence and mediation; the role of NGO’s in reconstruction as well as future threats to peace.


PEAC291,391,491 Independent Studies


PEAC 479 Research Seminar in Peace Studies: Peace, Conflict and Global Violence: Themes and Analysis

This seminar is intended for those with a strong background in peace or international studies. It examines the literature of peace studies and other relevant theoretical and analytical work relating to violence and conflict resolution at all levels of society, reviewing such major topics in peace research as negative/positive peace, structural/physical violence, and transnational linkages.



Earlham College ·
Richmond , Indiana




Students who wish to major in Peace and Global Studies may focus in one of eight areas.


All majors complete:


• PAGS 101 Introduction to Economics: Global Macroeconomics or

a suitable ECON 150 Earlham Seminar


• PAGS 107 Introduction to International Relations or

PAGS 207 Issues Before the United Nations


• PAGS 120 Introduction to Philosophy: Peace and Justice; or

PHIL 470 Postcolonial Theory, or a

PHIL 150 Earlham Seminar on Peace and Justice


• PAGS 130 History and Theory of Nonviolent Movements


• PAGS 343 Conflict Resolution or PAGS 352 Negotiations


• PAGS 370 Philosophy of Social Science or

SOAN 341 Contemporary Social Thought


• PAGS 372 International Law

or POLS 371 Theories of International Relations


• PAGS 374 Methods of Peacemaking


• PAGS 486 Senior Research Project


• PAGS 488 Senior Seminar


• PAGS Internship, and


• 3 courses forming a special focus from these options:



MGMT 201 Human Relations and Organizational Behavior

MGMT 341 Leadership in Dealing with Differences

SOAN 115 Culture and Conflict

SOAN 118 Institutions and Inequality

ECON 315 Marxism

Off-Campus Programs in Northern Ireland , the Middle East or Border Studies



REL 185 Feminist Spirituality

REL 230 African American Church History

REL 360 Contemporary Religious Movements

REL 425 Religious Responses to War and Violence


The following Peace and Justice Courses (PJST) are offered at Earlham School of Religion and may be taken by upper-level students with consent of the instructor:


HCST 220 Quaker Life

PJST 330 The Bible and Violence and Non-Violence

PJST 351 Quakers in Conflict

PJST 366 Liberation Theology

REL 350 USA Church History

SPST 334 Quaker Spirituality

THST 340 Quaker Beliefs



AAAS 356 The Civil Rights Movement

ECON 315 Marxism

PHIL 385 Discourse and Diversity

PHIL 470 Postcolonial Theory

POLS 371 Theories of International Relations

SOAN 215 Identities and Social Movements

SOAN 340 Contemporary Social Thought

SOAN 368 Political Economy of Development

WMNS 375 Feminist Theories



POLS 371 Theories of International Relations

PAGS 372 International Law

Two courses from:


HIST 347 Europe and the World Wars

PAGS 377 Topics in International Relations

PHIL 470 Postcolonial Theory

POLS 344 Diplomatic History

REL 425 Religious Responses to War and Violence



AAAS 114 Introduction to African and African American Studies

AAAS 351 The Civil Rights Movement

AAAS 355 Readings in African American Women’s History

AAAS 368 African American History

ENGL 204 African American Literature

HIST 224 Race and Ethnicity in the United States

POLS 348 Civil Rights and Civil Liberties

Civil Rights May Term



HIST 367 Women and Men in American Society

PAGS 346 Feminism, Ecology and Peace

PHIL 480 Feminist Philosophies

SOAN 364 Woman, Politics and Cultural Change

WMNS 305 Introduction to Women’s Studies

WMNS 375 Feminist Theories



The focus should represent a disciplinary, thematic or vocational group of courses designed by the student in consultation with a faculty advisor.



Earlham students who are interested in environmental careers focused on reconciliation must complete all the requirements for a major in Peace and Global Studies (PAGS). The overall goal of the PAGS program is to prepare students to help make the world more peaceful at every level. A more peaceful world is defined as one in which there is respect for the dignity of human life, and where nonviolent means are increasingly used in the resolution of conflict." For the environmental concentration, an additional objective is to introduce students to the symbolic systems which govern human relationships with nature. The systems to be considered are: humanistic discourse, social science discourse, natural science discourse, and mathematics.


Given the social and political context of many environmental problems, a major in PAGS will provide the graduate with important knowledge and skills applicable to feasible solutions of environmental problems.


All students will take the courses required of a PAGS major. Note that in the PAGS senior seminar, the student will be required to write a paper appropriate to an environmental studies concentration.


All students will take three of the following science courses, chosen from exactly two departments.


BIOL 111 - Ecological Biology, 4 natural science laboratory credits (Fall, Prerequisites - none) BIOL 226 - Biological Diversity, 3 natural science laboratory credits (Spring, Prerequisites - BIOL 111)

CHEM 106 and CHEM 107 - Chemistry in Societal Context, 4 natural science laboratory credits (Spring, Prerequisites - none)

CHEM 111 - Principles of Chemistry, 4 natural science laboratory credits (Fall, Prerequisites - none)

CHEM 230 - Techniques of Water Analysis, 2 natural science laboratory credits (Spring, Prerequisites - CHEM 111) (Note: CHEM 106 and 107, count as a single course, and is designed for students who plan to take no more chemistry. Students who wish to dig a bit more deeply into chemistry should take CHEM 111 and CHEM 230. Students cannot receive credit for both CHEM 106,107 and CHEM 111.)

GEOS 111 - Environmental Geoscience, 4 natural science laboratory credits (Fall, Prerequisites - none)

GEOS 211 - Physical Geology, 4 natural science laboratory credits (Spring, Prerequisites - none)

MATH 120 - Elementary Statistics, 3 natural science non-laboratory credits (Fall and Spring, Prerequisites - none)

Natural History of the Sonoran Desert - Part of Southwest Field Studies, 4 natural science laboratory credits (Spring)

All students will take ENSC 242, Analysis of Environmental Problems, 3 natural science non-laboratory credits. (Fall, Prerequisites - one natural science laboratory course)

All students will take an upper division interdepartmental environmental studies course, currently under development, 3 credits (Spring, Prerequisites - none)


All students will take at least one of the following humanities courses:

ENG 482 - Special Topics, when offered in Literature & Environment, 3 credits (Fall and Spring, Prerequisites - Humanities A and B, )

HIST 364 - The Westward Movement, 3 credits

PAGS 346 - Feminism, Ecology, and Peace, 3 credits (Spring, Prerequisites - Humanities A and B)


All students will take at least one of the following social science courses:

ECON 482 - Special Topics in Economics, when related to the environment, 2 credits

ECON 343 - Economics of the Environment, 4 credits (Prerequisites - ECON 101 or ECON 102)

POLS 373 - International Environmental Politics, 3 credits (Alternate Years, Prerequisites - POLS 107)

SOAN 327 - Indigenous Peoples in a Changing World, 3 credits

SOAN TBA - Theories of Development and Undevelopment, 3 credits

SOAN 446 - Seminar: The City and Social and Environmental Policy, 3 credits

Environmental Issues of Southwest - Part of Southwest Field Studies, 4 credits (Spring)


(Note: Each student must complete a total of at least three courses from Humanities and the Social Sciences.)


All students will take at least one of the following experiential courses:

TBA - Organic Agriculture, 3 credits (currently offered only as independent study)

EDUC 112 - Facilitation and Team Building , 3 credits (Fall, Alternate years, Prerequisites - none)

EDUC 310 - Experiential Education, 3 credits (Fall, Alternate years, Prerequisites - none)


All students will complete an internship of 120 hours (no credit). Students have three options:


- Working with an environmental advocacy group

- Working with an environmental educational project

- Working on an ecologically-oriented nature-based project


(Note: The internship should be in a place unfamiliar to the student not only geographically but also culturally. Urban sites are included.)


These students receive a sound academic foundation in a social science discipline which has been pioneered at Earlham and has proven successful for over 3 decades. In addition, they will be exposed to important science which lies at the heart of most environmental issues. And they will be provided with opportunities to learn how to develop feasible responses to real environmental problems. This departmental pathway is the best preparation for careers in environmental activism, or for further professional study in such areas as environmental law.


The PAGS Interdepartmental Major


Students choosing the PAGS Interdepartmental Major must complete:


• PAGS 101 Introduction to Economics: Global Macroeconomics or a suitable ECON 150 Earlham Seminar


• PAGS 107 Introduction to International Relations or

PAGS 207 Issues Before the United Nations


• PAGS 120 Introduction to Philosophy: Peace and Justice or

PHIL 470 Postcolonial Theory, or an

PHIL 150 Earlham Seminar on Philosophy: Peace and Justice


• PAGS 130 Theory and Practice of Non-Violence


• PAGS 370 Philosophy of Social Science or

SOAN 341 Contemporary Social Thought


• PAGS 377 International Law

or POLS 371 Theories of International Relations


• PAGS 374 Methods of Peacemaking or

PAGS 343 Conflict Resolution


• PAGS 486 Senior Research Project


• PAGS 488 Senior Seminar


• A group of courses from a recognized major such as Politics, Economics, Art, Religion, Spanish. The courses should be selected in consultation with PAGS and the department under consideration. Criteria for comprehensive exams are established by PAGS and the department.



Guilford College
Greensboro , NC



The Bachelor of Arts degree is offered in peace and conflict studies.

General Courses:

*              ECON 432: International Economics

*              GST 250: Community Development ( Mexico )

*              HIST225: African American History

*              HIST 237: Europe in Revolution

*              HIST 238: War & Peace in 20th Century Europe

*              HIST 255: The Second World War

*              HIST 308: The Underground Railroad

*              HIST 315: Civil Rights Movement

*              JPS 220: Building Community

*              JPS 244: Conflict Resolution

*              JPS 424: Trust and Violence

*              JPS 425: Family Violence

*              PHIL 250: Pacifism and Just War Theory

*              PSCI 103: International Relations

*              PSCI 445: Globalization and Its Discontents

*              REL 103: Voices of Liberation

*              REL 203: Buddhism, Peace, and Ecology

*              REL 233: Peace, War, and Justice

*              REL 312: Humanistic Ecology

*              REL 450: Quakers, Community, Commitment

*              REL 450: Women, Body, Voice

*              SOAN 104: HP: Tribes, States, Global Society

*              SOAN 250: Understanding Global Poverty

*              SOAN 350: Understanding Poverty

*              SOAN 250: Latin American Social Issues

*              SOAN 275: Contemporary Mexico : Rebel/Dem.

*              SOAN 413: Gender Violence

*              SOAN 445: Culture, Conflict, Negotiation


Core Courses:

*              PSCI 345: Avoiding War, Making Peace

*              REL 330: Nonviolence: Theories and Practice

*              REL 350: Human Rights

*              REL 450: Religion and Resistance

*              SOAN 345: Personal and Social Change

*              SOAN 346: Mediation & Conflict Intervention




Internship. A peace and conflict studies internship involves practical experience that focuses on social change, nonviolent intervention, conflict resolution or transformation, and/or building a culture of peace. The internship includes critical reflection on the student's experience and analysis of activities, experiences, and structures that contribute to the reduction and transformation of violence and/or the maintenance of systems of violence and domination. May offered at the 290 or 390 levels.


Senior Integrative Experience


The Senior Integrative Experience is normally an IDS 400 that enables the student to integrate many of the elements of the peace and conflict studies major. In special circumstances, the Senior Integrative Experience may be an independent study or senior thesis.


*              IDS 405: Quakers, Community, Commitment

*              IDS 413: Women, Body, Voice

*              IDS 427: Humanistic Ecology

*              IDS 435: Understanding Poverty

*              IDS 445: Culture, Conflict, Negotiation


Independent Studies and Senior Theses


If students have special interests that they wish to pursue that are not covered in peace and conflict studies courses, they may arrange an independent study with an interested faculty member or pursue a senior thesis. We recommend that independent studies be done in the junior or senior year.



Juniata College
Huntingdon , PA



Department: Peace and Conflict Studies

Title: Peace and Conflict Studies


Course Number          

Intro. to Conflict Resolution 

Intro. to Peace & Conflict Studies 

Senior Thesis            

Peace & International Internship              

Peace & International Internship Research

A semester of study abroad may fulfill the PACS 490 and PACS 495 requirements.

The POE includes a minimum of 8 hours language or competency.

Courses to complete the PACS POE should be chosen from the following four sections.  At least 40 credits must come from sections 1, 2 and 3.  From section 4, choose prerequisites and electives.  At least 18 credits must be at the 300 level or above.  POE must include a minimum of 2 “CW” courses, 1 of which must be at the 300 level or above.



1. Understanding War & Deep Rooted Conflict (Choose at least 4)

Applied Psych:  War & Peace



or another Russian Literature course


Self, Identity & Conflict


Anthropology of War & Peace


Gender and Conflict


Contemporary Latin America


Media Violence


The Idea of War


Water & Conflict


The Holocaust


2. Paradigms for Waging Conflict (choose at least 2)

Globalization & The New Wars


Art & Activism in Latin America


Nuclear Threat


Nonviolence: Theory and Practice


Sophomore standing recommended


20th Century American Wars


Social Violence in Latin America

Paradigms for Resolving Conflict (choose at least 2)




Behavioural Analysis of Organizations


Sophomore standing


From Napoleon to Monnet

Conflict Intervention


Bargaining and Conflict Management

Conflict Transformation


International Law & Human Rights


4. Interdisciplinary Electives


Ideas & Power in the Modern World


The American Revolution


Civil War and Reconstruction


Mass Media and Society


Interpersonal Communication


Intercultural Communication


Western Political Thought

Politics of Developing Nations


United States Foreign Policy


Theories of International Politics


Political Ideology



Manhattan College
Riverdale , New York

2002-2004 Undergraduate Catalog

Course Descriptions



The Peace Studies Program is dedicated to the search for solutions to the problems of war and human injustice. It is a multidisciplinary program which examines five areas: 1) war, 2) social justice, 3) conflict resolution, 4) nonviolent strategies, and 5) world community. Manhattan College offers Peace Studies as a major or minor field of study leading to the B.A. degree, and as a Certificate program for those already in possession of a bachelor’s degree. Many students interested in Peace Studies pair it with another academic discipline, and complete a double major. Peace Studies is housed in the School of Arts , but is also available as a minor for students in the Schools of Science, Business, and Engineering, and as a second concentration in the School of Education .


Requirements. Students wishing to major in Peace Studies must take 30 credits in three categories: seminars 201 and 401 (six credits); elective courses (21 credits); field work (3 or 6 credits). In the senior year a thesis is encouraged through the completion of Peace Studies 421-2. Students interested in transnational careers are encouraged to complete 12 credits in foreign languages. Students minoring in Peace Studies must take 15 credits, chosen under the advisement of the Director. For a Certificate in Peace Studies, a student must take 15 credits, chosen in consultation with the Director. A minimum grade of C is required for course credit toward the major or minor.


Peace Studies 201. Introduction to Peace Studies. This seminar is intended to introduce the student to the nature, scope, and methodology of Peace Studies as well as explore some major contemporary problems which threaten peaceful and just relations between groups, nations or individuals. Fall.              (Cr.3)


Peace Studies 302. Special Topics in Peace Studies. Course descriptions will be announced when courses are offered.              (Cr.3)


Peace Studies 401. Senior Seminar in Peace Studies. An in-depth interdisciplinary analysis of specific research and practical problems. Intended to help the student integrate the various courses he/she has taken in Peace Studies. Spring.             (Cr.3)


Peace Studies 421-422. Independent Study in Peace Studies. Available for the Peace Studies student who wishes to conduct in-depth research on a specific problem or personality in Peace Studies. Acceptable for the senior thesis.       (Cr.3, 3)


Peace Studies 451-452. Peace Studies Field Project. Practical, off-campus training in conflict resolution, mediation and arbitration, international diplomacy, and social justice projects. Specialized work at the American Arbitration Association, the United Nations, Educators for Social Responsibility, the American Friends Service Committee, Pax Christi, and other organizations involved in peace and social justice activities. International experience available.  (Cr.3, 3)


Biology 223. Ecology. Introduction to the study of the distribution and abundance of organisms. Survey of ecological principles at the level of individuals, populations, communities, and ecosystems with emphasis on quantative analysis. Fall 2002, 2003.         (Cr.3)


Biology 326. Animal Behavior. The biological basis of animal behavior from an ecological and evolutionary perspective. Two lectures and three laboratory or field hours. Suggested Preparation: MATH 211. Spring 2003.   (Cr.3)


Communication 340. Media Criticism. A critical analysis of the mass media including major theories and research in the field. The course explores media institutions, content, and economic structure and also offers an in-depth investigation into media effects and influence on individuals, society, and culture. (Juniors and Seniors only) Spring.         (Cr.3)


Economics 332. Environmental Economics. An analysis of the relationship between social behavior, environmental degradation, economic principles and public policy. Topics include pollution, extinction, sustainability, population growth, global warming, acid deposition, hazardous waste, poverty, and health. This course also considers the viability and success of public policies designed to alleviate the environmental problems. Prerequisite: ECON 201, 202.               (Cr.3)


Economics 334. International Economics. A study of international trade and financial relationships. Topics covered include theory of international trade, public and private barriers to trade, commercial policy of the U.S. , regional economic integration, foreign exchange markets, balance of payments, disequilibrium and the adjustment process, international monetary systems, and economic development of the developing nations. Offered every semester. Prerequisites: ECON 201, 202, 227.   (Cr.3)


Economics 335. Political Economy. This course deals with determinats of economic growth and development from a global perspective. This political and legal environment will be given attention alongside economic factors. Issues facing transitional and developing economies will be given special focus. Spring 2003, 2004. Prerequisites: ECON 201,.       (Cr.3)


Economics 422. History of Economic Thought. A historical and analytical perspective on the developments of economic ideas and the major schools of thought. Special attention will be given to important economic thinkers such as Adam Smith, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx and Alfred Marshall. The purpose is to understand why economics is what it is today. Prerequisites: ECON 201, 202.        (Cr.3)


English 265. Post Colonial Literature. A comparative study of selected literary texts by African, Asian, Caribbean , Latin American, and Australian writers responding to the impact of Western colonization and imperialism. Fall 2002.         (Cr.3)


English 347. Literature and War (World Literature). A study of the representation in fiction, poetry, drama, and film of such catastrophic human conflicts as the World Wars and the Vietnam War. Spring 2004.   (Cr.3)


Government 251. Global Issues Seminar. This course will highlight the interrelatedness of economic, ecological, and cultural events as they affect nations, regions, and the global community. The course is designed to illuminate the complex nature of world events and the nature of international studies. Fall.  (Cr.3)


Government 344. The Politics of the Contemporary Caribbean . Comparative study of the politics of Caribbean nation-states. Their colonial heritages, political cultures, ideologies, institutions, groups, and development strategies (including regional integration efforts) will be analyzed. Fall 2002.              (Cr.3)


Government 345. The Dynamics of Latin American Politics. Comparative study of the political organizations, institutions, and groups in Latin America and the Caribbean . Discussion of politics in selected countries, as well as analysis of national and regional conflicts and change and the role of the United States in the region. Spring 2004.          (Cr.3)


Government 346. Contemporary African Politics. Impact of traditional culture, Western colonialism and neocolonialism on contemporary African ideologies, political organizations, institutions and groups. Nation-building strategies for overcoming underdevelopment and dependence. Spring 2003.   (Cr.3)


Government 351. International Relations. Analysis of various factors underlying war, peace, diplomacy, economic policy and other means by which international actors conduct their relations with one another. Spring 2004.             (Cr.3)


Government 352. International Organizations. A study of the nature, functions, operations, and politics of the League of Nations , United Nations, and regional or specialized international bodies. Fall 2003.          (Cr.3)


Government 412. Seminar: Women in Politics. Feminism as political ideology. The struggles of 19th Century feminists, the suffrage amendment movement and the contemporary women’s movement as political action. Cross-cultural comparisons of the concerns that mobilize women, their attainment of political power, and the impact of their activity on public policy. Fall 2003.               (Cr.3)


Government 420. Seminar: Conflict Resolution. Analysis of sources of conflict and study of methods of conflict management and resolution at interpersonal, neighborhood, national, and international levels. Spring 2004.   (Cr.3)


Government 426. Seminar: The Politics of Race, Ethnicity and Class in the United States . The assault by racial and ethnic minorities, the poor and working class on traditional patterns of domination and inequality in U. S. politics. The mobilization of mass movements and their struggle for access to city governments, responsive policies, and political power. Their capacity to sustain power at the local level, while attempting to achieve the same at the state and national levels. Spring 2003.          (Cr.3)


Government 457, 458. Model United Nations. A hands-on, participatory experience in which students will acquire expertise on a particular country which they will represent at the five-day National Model United Nations Conference in New York City. The UN simulation is designed to reinforce the basic principles of the world organization, such as maintaining international peace and security, developing better relations among nations based on respect, equal rights and self-determination of peoples and the adjustment and settlement of international disputes. Permission of the instructor is required. Prerequisite: GOVT 352. Spring.                (Cr.3)


History 313. Vietnam to the Philippines . Political, social, economic change, and the kaleidoscope of outside intervention in modern Southeast Asia since the founding of Singapore in 1819. Spring 2003.      (Cr.3)


History 319. The Crusades. The great military expeditions of Latin Christendom against the Moslems and the Byzantine Empire for the recovery and defense of the Holy Land . Special topics include the growth of chivalry, the rise of anti-Semitism, and the increased economic contacts between Europe and the Middle East . Spring 2003.       (Cr.3)


History 326. Diplomatic History of Europe , 1815-1945. The international relations among the European states Congress of Vienna through the era of Imperialism and the 20th century’s two world wars. Fall 2002.   (Cr.3)


History 327. The Cold War and the World. An examination of the U.S.-Soviet ideological and military confrontation, détente, and resolution, including their impact on other regions of the world.    (Cr.3)


History 355. Eastern Europe in Modern Times. A survey of the history of Eastern and Central Europe, the area between Germany and Russia , from the end of World War I until the present day. The countries of the region will be examined both comparatively and individually to identify the economic, social, cultural, and national forces which have shaped their developments. Spring 2004.       (Cr.3)


History 364. The Anatomy of Peace. Following a historical review of significant war-limiting and/or peace-maintaining systems employed prior to 1919, this course utilizes a case history approach to World War II, the Cold War, and Vietnam , to establish specific causes for the breakdown of peace and to suggest paths to long-term peace-keeping. Fall 2003.  (Cr.3)


History 362. American Foreign Relations, 1900 to the Present. "The American Century." The rise of America to world power. Relations with other countries before, during and between the world wars, in the Cold War, and in the post-Soviet era including politics toward Latin America, the Middle East, Africa and Asia. Fall 2003.   (Cr.3)


History 374. The Art of War Since 1713. The changing forms of war; special reference to the strategic conceptions of nineteenth- and twentieth-century military thinkers, such as Karl von Clausewitz and B.H. Liddell Hart.        (Cr.3)


International Studies 201. Global Issues. This course will highlight the interrelatedness of political, economic, ecological and cultural events as they affect nations, regions, and the global community. The course is designed to illuminate the complex nature of world events and the nature of international studies. Fall. (Cr.3)


Management 415. Human Behavior in the Organization. Individual and social behavioral processes and their relevance to managers. Behavioral sciences concepts and techniques for maximizing both the contribution of human resources toward organizational goals and the personal growth and fulfillment of organizational personnel. Fall. Prerequisite: MGMT 201.               (Cr.3)


Management 450. The Management of Behavioral Dynamics. Managerial implications of alternative methods for dealing with organizational confrontation, change, and inter- and intra-group conflict. Extensive experiential learning techniques utilized. Spring. Prerequisite: MGMT 415 or permission of instructor.         (Cr.3)


Philosophy 238. Philosophies of War and Peace. Historical-conceptual consideration of war, peace, causes, and conditions of war and peace; social strife, racism, sexism, attitudes toward war and peace, peaceful coexistence, pacifism, nonviolence as techniques of struggle. Fall 2003.                (Cr.3)


Psychology 207. Psychology of the Disadvantaged. Analysis and discussion of topics in social psychology which relate to prejudice and discrimination. Each semester two or three disadvantaged groups are examined in some detail. Fall 2002.         (Cr.3)


Psychology 321. Social Psychology. A study of the processes by which the behaviors, thoughts, and feelings of the individual are influenced by his/her social environment. Topics include: social perception and attribution, attitude development and change; interpersonal attraction and interpersonal relations such as friendship. Offered every semester. (Cr.3)


Psychology 344. Group Dynamics. An introduction to small group processes, including theory, research, and application. Topics include leadership, power, decision-making and conflict. Offered once a year.      (Cr.3)


Religious Studies 336. Native American Religions. The study of the principal rites, stories, and religious symbols of the Native Americans of North America through the study of selected tribes or nations. Various research approaches and popular media portrayal of the "Indians" will also be discussed. Offered every semester.             (Cr.3)


Religious Studies 355. Islam. An introductory survey of the origins and religious teachings of Islam, with special attention to the Islamic views of providence, revelation, worship, and moral obedience. Community, social justice, and revolutionary thought in the contemporary Islamic world will also be discussed. Spring 2003; Spring 2004.  (Cr.3)


Religious Studies 357. Religions of China and the Far East . A survey of the religious traditions of the cultures of the Far East . Examines Confucianism, Taoism, and Far Eastern forms of Buddhism as well as the cultural background, beliefs, practices, art, and literature of these religions. Spring 2003.         (Cr.3)


Religious Studies 358. Religions of India . A survey of the religions that began in India : Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism. Traces the historical development of these religions from the time of the Vedas to Mahatma Gandhi. The survey will focus on the religious beliefs, practices, and literature of these different groups. Fall 2002; Fall 2003.      (Cr.3)


Religious Studies 404. Religion and Social Justice. The role of religion in the economic, political, and cultural life of the underclass in New York as interpreted through biblical insight and Roman Catholic social teaching. Site visits to such places as homeless shelters, social action groups, Wall Street, inner-city churches, the United Nations. Intersession.             (Cr.3)


Religious Studies 405. Urban America : Crisis and Opportunity . An interdisciplinary, service learning course. Sociological, political science, economic analysis of urban poverty, combined with reflections on Catholic social teaching, provide the framework for student-volunteer work at various Bronx-based community organizations. Offered every semester.  (Cr.3)


Religious Studies 433. Religious Dimensions of Peace. A theological and ethical inquiry into the major Jewish and Christian responses to war: pacifism, just war, and crusade. Various religious anthropologies are considered as possible ethical bases for peace in today’s world. Contemporary relevance of Reinhold Niebuhr, Mohandas K. Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Jr. and Cesar Chavez. Offered every semester.                (Cr.3)


Religious Studies 434. Non-Violent Revolution. A study of the theory and practice of non-violence as found in select contemporary leaders: Mohandas K. Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Jr., Cesar Chavez, Vinoba Bhave, Danilo Dolce, and Helder Camara. Examinations of the theological and ethical foundations of non-violent revolution.   (Cr.3)


Religious Studies 436. Theologies of Liberation. An examination of the theologies of liberation in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and among Afro-Americans and women in the United States; dialogue among these groups; response of first-world theologians; relation between religion and politics; place of activism in the life of a religious person.     (Cr.3)


Sociology 301. Social Problems. A critical analysis of the causes and impact of social problems using the major theoretical approaches developed in sociology. Topics include poverty, the environment, corporate power, war, et al. Fall 2003.        (Cr.3)


Sociology 302. Race and Ethnicity. Theories, concepts, and research findings from sociology and anthropology as they relate to dominant and minority relations in various countries. Sociological study of conflict, prejudice, and discrimination. Spring.           (Cr.3)


Sociology 304. Social Class and Inequality. Analysis of the class structure of the United States . Economic and noneconomic characteristics of different classes. How class status affects one’s life (physical and mental health, food and shelter, education, crime, and political power). The factors influencing what class one ends up in adulthood. The impact of welfare reform. Variations in class inequality across societies and across different time periods in the U.S. Varying explanations of and solutions to class inequality. Offered every semester. (Cr.3)


Sociology 327. Power and Conflict. Analysis of the nature of political power and the dynamics of political change in the U.S. Different theories of the distribution of political power in the U.S. Different devices used by political groups to influence government. The political interests, tactics, and impact of social movements; minorities, women, labor, and environmentalists. Varying proposals to change the distribution of political power. Fall 2003.         (Cr.3)


Sociology 328. Societies and Cultures of Latin America . A study of the native and contemporary cultures of Latin American societies from an anthropological perspective. Analysis of the processes of socio-cultural change and the external forces affecting Latin American cultures. Spring 2004.          (Cr.3)



Norwich University  
, Vermont 05663

Peace, War, and Diplomacy Studies

B.A. Program in Peace, War and Diplomacy Studies


Bachelor of Arts Degree Requirements


A.            Composition and Literature (six degree credits)

B.            World Literature (six degree credits)

C.            Laboratory Science Electives (eight degree credits)

D.            Mathematics (six degree credits)

E.             Humanities Requirement:

1.             Military Literature EN270 or Literature of the Sea EN251

2.             Philosophy of Non-Violence PH340 or Social Ethics PH304

3.             Humanities Elective

4.             Humanities Elective


F.             Modern Language (12 degree credits or proficiency)


Core Courses of Peace, War, and Diplomacy Studies (11 Courses)

A.            HI107 & HI108 The History of World Civilization (2 courses)

B.            PO211 American Government

C.            PO212 European Government

D.            HI222 American History II or HI343 Recent History of the U.S.

E.             HI235 & HI236 Military History (2 courses)

F.             PO333 American Foreign Policy or HI337 Diplomatic History of the U.S.

G.            PO334 The American Military Ethic

H.            HI334 The Citizen-Soldier in American History or HI332 American Revolution

I.              PO412 Seminar on War and Peace or PO444 International Relations


Supporting Courses (7 courses)


A.            Principles of Economics (macro)

B.            Principles of Economics (micro) or Business

C.            Social Sciences (1 prescribed elective)

D.            International Affairs and area studies (4 prescribed electives)

*              EC419: International Economics, or

*              HI312: The Far East in Modern Times, or

*              HI314: The Middle East in Modern Times, or

*              HI316: Latin America : The Republican Period, or

*              HI318: Problems in African History, or

*              HI329: Soviet and Post Soviet Russia , or

*              HI354: Europe Since 1914, or

*              PO202: Introduction to Comparative Politics, or

*              PO308: International Law and Organizations, or

*              PO340: Revolution and Forces of Change, or

*              PO342: Russian Politics, or

*              PO348: Asian Politics


Free Electives (6 courses)


Note: HI300, HI400 or PO300, PO400 courses may be substituted for core or prescribed courses when the topic is appropriate, with the permission of the director of the Peace, War, and Diplomacy Program.




For the Peace, War, and Diplomacy major, the most important resources are the Library and the computer facilities available. Our library houses more than two hundred thousand volumes plus several important manuscript collections. It is a federal depository which houses most of the important papers and documents generated by the Congress and the executive branch. A group of rare seventeenth and eighteenth century books on military subjects forms a core of the Library's special collections. The Computer Center offers E-mail and networking facilities available at several computer labs around campus, including the library.


Size of Program


The Peace, War, and Diplomacy major is part of one of the larger departments on campus. We utilize the talents of five full-time History faculty, as well as those in Political Science and other disciplines. We have an average of 65 majors in Peace, War, and Diplomacy every year.


Special Programs


Faculty areas of interest, not offered in regular courses, may be available to students through individualized Independent Study courses. For the qualified student, and depending on openings, internships may be available, especially in government offices, such as the State Office for Military Affairs.


Cooperative Education


Since the state capital is only ten miles away, paid work experience can often be combined with an internship for which the student may earn college credits toward graduation.


Post-Graduate Planning and Placement


The major in Peace, War, and Diplomacy is not designed to train professional military officers, but to produce well-educated citizens who are able to understand the world around them, and who are prepared to be leaders. For those who are interested, however, the Department offers advice about graduate school as well as law school and other post-graduate opportunities.



Northland College
, WI


Peace, Conflict and Global Studies

Only at Northland


*              Founded in 1985, ours is the first peace, conflict and global studies major in Wisconsin .

*              Northland’s commitment to the environment influences our peace studies focus, offering a distinctive combination where issues of peace and social justice are interwoven with the goal of environmental sustainability.

*              Our graduates have pursued careers in a wide range of humanitarian and political fields, attended graduate school and served as teachers and community organizers. Our alumni have built a long-standing, respected awareness of this major at Northland.


What are some of our graduates doing now?


*              Professor of conflict resolution, Portland OR

*              Program associate (R&D) for environment and social development association, Bangladesh

*              Service coordinator for community development and planning organization, Eugene , OR

*              Peace Brigades international nonviolent escort, Sri Lanka

*              Graduate school in social work, University of Iowa , Iowa City, IA

*              Union organizer, Graduate Employees⤙ Organization Local 3550, Ann Arbor , MI

*              Senior program analyst, Robbins-Giola, LLC, Alexandria , VA

*              Director of information and technology, Catholic Charities of Maine

*              Applications and systems specialist, Indiana University School of Journalism, Bloomington , IN

*              Senior program analyst, Alexandria , VA

Course Descriptions


PGS 115 Introduction to Peace Studies

An entry-level course designed to familiarize students with the major questions and basic issues, concepts, and vocabulary associated with the study of peace and violence. Along with lectures, readings, and videos, students are given ample opportunity for discussion. Offered every fall.               3 credits


PGS 200 Volunteer Experience

Students volunteer with a social service agency or in some other capacity in an off-campus experience and file regular reports with the Peace, Conflict, and Global Studies Program Coordinator. Students will assist in finding an agency or other experience. Graded S/U. Offered by arrangement.         1-3 credits


PGS 215 Introduction to Conflict Resolution

An introduction to conflict analysis and conflict resolution skills. Students learn a variety of strategies for dealing with conflicts, including communication skills, negotiation, and mediation. Offered Fall 2003 and alternate years.      3 credits


PGS/ENV 227 Environmental Citizenship

Explores the emerging definitions and responsibilities of leaders and communities in an active and environmentally literate citizenry. Environmental citizenship means being informed about one's place in the biosphere, acting responsibly on this basis and preparing for meaningful membership in the larger community of living things whose home is the biosphere. Includes a community outreach project. Offered Winter 2004 and alternate years.

Liberal Education: Global Environment       3 credits


PGS/HIS 250 The Holocaust

An in-depth study of one of the most tragic and horrifying events in the modern world. Begins with background information on European anti-Semitism and racism and then examines the political and social crisis of the 1930s and the course of World War II. Much of the course will then focus on the nature and structures of the Nazi concentration camps, gas chambers, and the massive mobilization of government and social resources for the purpose of genocide. Finally, the course will address the controversial issues of assigning guilt and the Holocaust's legacy and meaning for the contemporary world. Primary sources will include Nazi propaganda, eyewitness accounts of the Holocaust, and secondary studies of the nature and course of the Holocaust. Offered Fall 2002.

Liberal Education: Human Communities       3 credits


PGS 250 Special Topics in Peace, Conflict, and Global Studies

Special topics courses are offered in areas of faculty expertise and student interest. Credit for each topic is allowed only once. See Timetable of Courses for more information.       3-4 credits


PGS 264 The Ecology of War and Peace

This course shows the connections between war and war preparation and environmental degradation and asks students to think critically about peace and security systems that would not degrade the biosphere. Offered Spring 2003 and alternate years.

Liberal Education: Global Environment       3 credits


PGS/GWS 305 Gender and Peace

Considers the role gender plays in conflicts, social resistance, and in efforts to create a more just world. Frameworks of peace studies and feminism are used to examine the role women have played in social movement organizing and resistance to war. Students also explore how an analysis informed by these perspectives can contribute to current and future peace work. Offered Fall 2002 and alternate years.                3 credits


PGS 315 Theory and Practice of Nonviolence

Considers theorists of nonviolence, including Thoreau, Gandhi, Demming, and King and modern practitioners of nonviolent resistance locally and around the world. Offered Spring 2003 and alternate years.     3 credits


PGS 348 Dilemmas of War and Peace

Looks at major issues associated with war and peace through both historical and contemporary frames and considers such topics as the causes of war and conditions of peace and the relationship of religion, gender, and environmental issues to war and peace. Self-instruction is emphasized. Offered by arrangement.              3 credits


PGS 415 Advanced Conflict Resolution

Students move beyond the basic skills approach to a deeper analysis of conflict transformation. Students learn and employ a diversity of negotiation methods and practice a variety of scenarios that include difficult ethical choices and cross-cultural conflicts. Offered Spring 2004 and alternate years.             3 credits


PGS 496 Senior Capstone: Thesis Part I

Independent study of a topic of interest in peace, conflict, and global studies. Prerequisites: senior standing and instructor consent. Students register using a Special Course Registration Form available from the registrar's office.         1-4 credits


PGS 497 Senior Capstone: Thesis Part II

Continuation of PGS 496. Prerequisites: PGS 496 and instructor consent. Students register using a Special Course Registration Form available from the registrar's office.   1-4 credits


Special Course Enrollment

Students may register for special courses such as Independent Study (290/490), Field Experience (291/491), Internship (292/492), Teaching Assistantship (294/494), Senior Capstone (496/497), and Research Assistantship (295/495) by using a Special Course Registration Form available from the registrar's office. Freshman and sophomore students enroll in 200-level special courses; junior and senior students enroll in 400-level special courses.

No more than 12 credits of Field Experience, Internship, and Teaching Assistantship may count toward a degree, except in Outdoor Education where the 12-credit limitation does not include Teaching Assistantship. See ACADEMIC AFFAIRS and sponsoring faculty members for more information about special course enrollment.


Requirements for Peace, Conflict, and Global Studies majors

Peace, Conflict and Global Studies majors must successfully complete the following core courses and one of the following six concentration areas.


Core courses

All of the following


Course   Credits

PGS 115 Introduction to Peace Studies                            3

PGS 200 Volunteer Experience                           1-3

PGS 215 Introduction to Conflict Resolution                  3

PGS 264 The Ecology of War and Peace*                       3

PGS 315 Theory and Practice of Nonviolence                 3

PGS 348 Dilemmas of War and Peace                               3

PGS 292/492 Internship       1-3

PGS 496 Senior Capstone: Thesis Part I                           3

PGS 497 Senior Capstone: Thesis Part II                          3

Two of the following


Course   Credits

PGS/GWS 305 Gender and Peace      3

PGS 415 Advanced Conflict Resolution           3

SOC 245 Human Conflict    3

Total Core Requirements    29-33 credits

*Meets Liberal Education Requirement.

 May not be used in concentration areas.


Concentration areas (choose one of six)

In order to further develop their course of study, peace, conflict, and global studies majors must successfully complete at least 18 additional credits from one of the emphasis areas below. A minimum of 6 credits must be from 300- and/or 400-level courses. Substitutions are subject to approval from the Peace, Conflict, and Global Studies Program Coordinator.


1. Community Organizing Concentration

Choose 18 credits from the following


Course   Credits

CIS 175 Web Page Design and Publication     3

ENG 180 Public Speaking                    3

ENG 360 The Writer's Craft                                3

OED 221 Group Process and Communication                 3

PGS 415 Advanced Conflict Resolution           3

SOC 255 Volunteerism                         3

SOC 301 Media and Popular Culture                                3

SOC 315 Sociology of Community                    3

SOC 338 Political Sociology                               3

Total Concentration Requirements: 18 credits

Total Major Requirements: 47-51 credits

Additional Liberal Education, Minor, and/or Elective Requirements: 73-77 credits

Total Requirements Needed to Graduate: 124 credits


2. Counseling and Conflict Resolution Concentration

Choose 18 credits from the following


Course   Credits

OED 221 Group Process and Communication                 3

PGS 415 Advanced Conflict Resolution           3

PSY 233 Social Psychology                               



PSY 315 Introduction to Counseling                                3

PSY/EDU 332 Learning                       4

SOC 226 Social Movements                               3

SOC 245 Human Conflict    3

SOC 336 The Nature of Social Inequality                         3

Total Concentration Requirements: 18 credits

Total Major Requirements: 47-51 credits

Additional Liberal Education, Minor, and/or Elective Requirements: 73-77 credits

Total Requirements Needed to Graduate: 124 credits


3. Environmental Studies Concentration

Choose 18 credits from the following


Course   Credits

BUS/GOV 420 Environmental Law in Business and Society*                      4

ENV/PHL 226 Environmental Ethics*                               3

ENV/SOC 250 Environmental Injustice*                          3

ECN 310 Environmental Economics*                                3

ECN 460 Economics of Sustainability*                            3

GOV 371 Environmental Policy Analysis                         3

HIS 340 Environmental History*                       3

PGS/ENV 227 Environmental Citizenship*       3

SOC 341 Sociology of the Environment*                         3

Total Concentration Requirements: 18 credits

Total Major Requirements: 47-51 credits

Additional Liberal Education, Minor, and/or Elective Requirements: 73-77 credits

Total Requirements Needed to Graduate: 124 credits


4. Multicultural Studies Concentration

Choose 18 credits from the following


Course   Credits

ENG 217 Contemporary Third World Literature*                           3

ENG/GWS 233 Women of the Third World *                   3

GWS/SOC 234 Sociology of Gender                 3

GWS 265 Women's Studies                                3

GWS 266 Ecofeminism*                      3

One MLG course*                               3-4

NAS 233 Native American World Views*                       3

NAS 350 Advanced Topics in Native American Studies                              3

OED 279 Access and Diversity                         3

PGS/GWS 305 Gender and Peace                      3

SOC 302 Sociology of Culture                           3

Total Concentration Requirements: 18 credits

Total Major Requirements: 47-51 credits

Additional Liberal Education, Minor, and/or Elective Requirements: 73-77 credits

Total Requirements Needed to Graduate: 124 credits


Note: International study programs can also be counted for credit in the Multicultural Studies concentration area with approval from the Peace, Conflict, and Global Studies Program Coordinator. A Substitution Form must be submitted to the registrar's office.

*Meets Liberal Education Requirement.

 May not be used in concentration areas.


5. Global Systems Concentration

Choose 18 credits from the following


Course   Credits

ECN 220 Macroeconomics*                               3

ECN 330 Global Economics*                              3

ECN 460 Economics of Sustainability*                            3

GOV 363 Politics of Global Resources*                            3

HIS 234 The Twentieth Century World*                         3

One MLG course                  3-4

PGS/HIS 250 The Holocaust                              3

SOC 368 Sociology of Global Change*                            3

Total Concentration Requirements: 18 credits

Total Major Requirements: 47-51 credits

Additional Liberal Education, Minor, and/or Elective Requirements: 73-77 credits

Total Requirements Needed to Graduate: 124 credits

Note: International study programs (offered in spring) and internships can also be counted for credit in the Global Systems concentration area with approval from the Peace, Conflict, and Global Studies Program Coordinator.


6. Religion and Philosophy Concentration

Choose 18 credits from the following


Course   Credits

PHL 225 Ethics*                   3

REL 229 Judaism, Christianity, and Islam                         3

REL 230 Asian Religions and Philosophies*                  3

REL 231 Buddhism*                            3

REL 258 Religion and Nature                             3

REL 315 Contemporary Christianity*                               3

REL 331 Zen Buddhism                       3

SOC 284 Sociology of Religion                          3

Total Concentration Requirements: 18 credits

Total Major Requirements: 47-51 credits

Additional Liberal Education, Minor, and/or Elective Requirements: 73-77 credits

Total Requirements Needed to Graduate: 124 credits

*Meets Liberal Education Requirement.


Requirements for Peace, Conflict, and Global Studies minors

Peace, conflict, and global studies minors must successfully complete 24 credits, including PGS 115, 200 (for 3 credits), 215, and 264, and 12 PGS elective credits. Substitutions allowed with approval of the Peace, Conflict, and Global Studies Program Coordinator.



Tufts University
Medford , MA

Peace & Justice Studies Program

PJS offers both a major and a Certificate

Fall 2004 Courses

Number Name      Instructor


PS 178AK              International Conflict Management  Kachuyevski

PS 157    Studies in War and Empire Mufti

HST 001                

Dissent and American Foreign Policy             



BIO 97WW           Contemporary Bisocial Problems in America   Feldberg

ENG 045 Non-Western Women Writers          Roy

PHL 048 Feminist Philosophy            Bauer


ANTH 116             Introduction to Latino Cultures         Pacini Hernandez

HST 095 African American History to 1865     Gill

AMER 11A           Race in America    Ammons

Amer 91C               Constructions of Whiteness              Coleman

Citizen Action

ANTH    Culture and Power in Africa                Abusharaf

SOC 184 Non-Profits, States, & Markets         Ostrander

PHL 191A              Ethics, Law and Society      Kelly

AMER 192             Active Citizenship in an Urban Community    Wu


EC 0 30   Environmental Economics  Zabel

UEP 278 Environmental Justice, Security & Sustainability           Agyeman

PS 184    Politics of Environmental Policy        Portney

Economic Development

pd 118    Non-Profits and Civil Society            Berry

PS 166    U.S. Foreign Economic Policy            Chase

UEP 205 Urban Planning and Design               Cousineau



University of California
, CA

Peace And Conflict Studies

Courses with an International Focus

Spring 2003 Course List

Course   Title       CCN       Time       Room      Course Abstract

Peace and Conflict Studies 24.1         Sophomore Seminar             66703      Tu 2-4pm               202 Wheeler          The sophomore seminar has been designed to provide new students with the opportunity to explore an intellectual topic with a faculty member in a small-seminar setting.

Peace and Conflict Studies 94.1         Meditation            66706      TuWTh 8-9am      122 Wheeler          A practicum using a modern method for systematically reducing random activity in the mind, with comparative studies of relevant texts from monastic and householder traditions, East and West. * Course may be repeated for credit.* Must be taken on a pass/no pass basis.

Peace and Conflict Studies 125AC.   War, Culture, and Society  66709      MW 2-4pm            50 Birge  This course will examine the role of war in the construction of American national identity. The analysis of race, ethnicity, and class as prisms that filter the experience of war, and the meaning of nationhood in American history and culture will be of special concern.

Peace and Conflict Studies 127A.1   Human Rights       66712      TuTh 3:30-5pm     126 Barrows          This course is designed as an introduction to international human rights; providing students with an overview to the historical, theoretical, political, and legal underpinnings that have shaped, and continue to shape, the development of human rights in both the international and domestic arenas.

Peace and Conflict Studies 130.1       American Foreign Policy    66714      MW 4-5:30pm       4 LeConte              This course will analyze American foreign policy and the current policy debates from a variety of theoretical perspectives, focusing primarily on the period after World War II. We will identify the perspectives underlying alternative positions on military policy, foreign economic policy, policies on human rights, democracy, and regime change.

Peace and Conflict Studies 135.1       Regional Conflict: South Asia            66715      TuTh 11-12:30pm 88 Dwinelle             

Peace and Conflict Studies 151.1       International Conflict: Analysis and Resolution            66718      TuTh 2-3:30pm     56 Barrows            This course examines the global context of conflict today and the increasing role of the international community in conflict resolution. The spectrum of conflict resolution to be considered includes the range of activities from peacekeeping, peacemaking, and peacebuilding.

Peace and Conflict Studies 153.         Advanced Conflict Resolution          66721      MW 10-12pm        340 Moffitt            This course presents advanced theoretical foundation and procedural framework for interest-based conflict analysis and resolution and third party intervention in disputes, with a focus on mediation. It uses a combination of cases, readings, and exercises to help students develop understanding and skill with miltiparty, multi-issue displutes that evolve over time. Special emphasis on theory and technique of diffusing/de-escalating conflict.

Peace and Conflict Studies 155.1       Ethics of Conflict Resolution             66723      MW 10-12pm        TBA       This course investigates individual and group values in relation to group communication and conflict resolution processes, with emphasis on analyzing the third party intervenor's ethical responsibilities and dilemmas. Case studies will be used to examine and formulate ethical approaches to issues such as cultural competence, neutrality and impartiality, power, and voluntary and consensual participation.

Peace and Conflict Studies 157.1       Practicum in PACS               66724      TBA       TBA       This course provides the opportunity to analyze and evaluate the results of applying collaborative conflict resolution theory and models in supervised internships. Activities and materials will be designed to assist students in developing skill and understanding, with a focus on ethics and culture, while completing specific substantive requirements for neutrals.

Peace and Conflict Studies 164B.      Nonviolence Today             66727      TuTh 12:30-2pm   110 Barrows          A systematic survey and analysis of the many forms in which nonviolence has been involved with increasing frequency in freedom struggles, reform movements and 'anti-globalism' since the Vietnam War.

Peace and Conflict Studies 186.1       PACS Internship  66730      TBA       TBA       Supervised internship in selected community agencies concerned with peace and justice. Placement relevant to student's academic interests and career objectives. Required for PACS majors and normally restricted to them.

Peace and Conflict Studies 187.1       PACS Internship Seminar   66733      M 1-2pm                24 Wheeler            Introduction to professional peace work: values and ethics, the use of social sciences, methods and basic skills used in a variety of peace and justice work settings. Provides students with the structure for developing critical analysis and problem solving skills relevant to their internships.

Peace and Conflict Studies 190.1       Senior Seminar: An Integrative Experience      66736      Wed 12-2pm          151 Barrows          Students prepare a major analytical paper synthesizing what they have learned in the major and do an oral presentation based on their area of concentration. Open to PACS majors only. To be taken in the final year of study.



•University/College of Saint Benedict
St. Joseph , MN 56374

Peace Studies Department


Course Offerings -- Spring 2004 

PCST111: Introduction to Peace & Conflict Studies (SSL)

01A     Dr. Jeffrey Anderson

            2-4-6, 1:00-2:10, Simons 330


02A     Dr. Ron Pagnucco

            1-3-5, 11:20-12:30, HAB 101


Examination of the field of conflict (e.g., between individuals, groups and societies, within and between nations), the relationship of the roots of conflict to social concepts of gender, and the resolution of conflict through such methods as direct action, mediation, arbitration, removal of the sources of conflict through economic, social and political development. Study of examples in historical context. This course carries a global flag.


PCST343: Philosophies of Violence & Nonviolence (HMU)


Rene McGraw, OSB

2-4-6, 9:40-10:50, Quad 349


Classical and modern philosophy did not, in general, make the subject of violence and nonviolence an explicit theme of research.  Contemporary philosophers have begun to investigate the structure of violence and nonviolence on both an ethical and a metaphysical level.  This course will concentrate on the metaphysical level using texts from Martin Heidegger to illustrate the connection between technology and violence in current society.


PCST368: Religion, Society, and Politics


Dr. Ron Pagnucco

1-3-5, 2:40-3:50, HAB 101

This course is cross-listed with CORE 369.


Recent developments in the United States and other parts of the world have led observers to look closely at religious groups' beliefs and activities concerning the state, society, and sociopolitical issues like cultural diversity and war and peace. In this course we will examine the Judeo-Christian tradition and address such questions as: What is the relationship between religion and ethnicity and religion and nationalism? What is religious fundamentalism? How do various groups view their relationship with the state and the broader society? What kinds of social and political goals do religious groups have and how do they try to achieve them? We will try to answer these and other questions through the study of historical and sociological case studies and selected religious texts reflecting the range of belief and practice in the Judeo-Christian tradition.


PCST399: Capstone - Community Organizing


Dr. Kelly Kraemer

W, 6:30-9:30pm, HAB 121


Sen. Paul Wellstone said "full participation in our democracy is an essential aspect of citizenship and is crucial for the success of our democracy." Community organizing, the process by which people freely choose to come together to pursue a common purpose, is a fundamental element of democratic participation. This course will help participants gain an understanding of community organizing as a process essential for building peaceful communities and learn to evaluate the variety of different courses of action available for making social change. We will study theories and methods of organizing; examine and compare organizing experiences of different communities; analyze the historical development and changing practices of community activism; and pay particular attention to the effects of race, ethnicity, and gender on organizing strategies and practices in all of these areas.•University of St Thomas

St. Paul , MN 55105-1096


Peace Studies Program


Core Courses


JPST 250: Introduction to Justice and Peace Studies

THEO 305: Theologies of Justice and Peace.

JPST 340: Active Nonviolence

JPST 470: Conflict Resolution

JPST 472: Justice and Peace Methods and Resources


Other Courses


JPST 350: The Holocaust

JPST 360: A VISION of . . .


Topics Courses


The Causes of War.

Hunger, Justice, and Peace.

THEO: Cuba : Neither Heaven Nor Hell (taught in Cuba in January term).

THEO: Jesus and the Cycle of Violence (half-course, January term).


University of St Thomas

St. Paul , MN 55105-1096


Peace Studies Program

Majors and Minors


St. Thomas offers a major and a minor in Justice and Peace Studies. Many students double major with another department. A wide range of departments has been selected for a double major, with the largest number in the social sciences, theology, philosophy, and language.

More Specifics 

St. Thomas has recently been graduating between fifteen and twenty justice and peace studies majors a year, somewhat fewer minors in recent years.

Graduates have found jobs or pursued graduate studies in a wide variety of areas, including education, politics, law, business, ministry, community development and empowerment, and social activism. Many students have spent a year or more in volunteer programs after graduation, from the Peace Corps to religious groups such as Jesuit Volunteers or Lutheran Volunteers.

Foreign or other off-campus study programs are encouraged. Students have pursued programs of foreign and experiential education in Australia, Austria (European Peace University), Bangladesh, Central America, Colombia, Ecuador, France, India, Ireland, Mexico, Minneapolis (Metro Urban Studies Term), Norway, South Africa, Spain, Zimbabwe, and around the world by ship with the Semester at Sea. 

Four of the five core courses are limited to twenty students. All five involve extensive discussion.


Wayne State University


The Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies

Co-Major and Minor Core Requirements


PCS 2000 Intro to Peace and Conflict Studies

Approaches to Peace and Conflict Studies

* Select two courses in this group as core courses *

AFS 2210 Black Social and Political Thought

ANT 5200 Social Anthropology

ECO 5300 International Trade

HIS 5130 American Foreign Relations Since 1933

PCS 2010 Topics in Peace and Conflict Studies

PCS 2020 Science, Technology and War

PCS 2050 Non-Violence

PCS 5999 Readings in Peace and Conflict Studies

SOC 3300 Social Institutions and Social Structures

PHI 2330 Introduction to Social and Political Thought

PS 2510 Political Ideologies

PS 2810 World Politics

PSY 2600 Psychology of Social Behavior


Experiences in Applying Dispute Management Methods

*Select one course in this group as a core course*

PCS 5000 Dispute Resolution

PCS 5010 Internship

PCS 5100 Advanced Special Topics

PCS 5500 Ethnicity



•The School for International Training

accredited by the New England Association
of Schools and Colleges, Inc.


PIM Degree Options

These PIM degree options are described in depth in the following pages:


*              Master of Arts in Conflict Transformation

*              Master of Arts in International Education with concentrations in International Education Advising and Educational Exchange Management

*              Master of Arts in Social Justice in Intercultural Relations with concentrations in Community Development and Social Action Training, Human Resource Development and Training and Diversity Leadership

*              Master of Arts in Sustainable Development with concentrations in Community Development and Social Action Training and Development Management

*              Master of Science in Organizational Management

*              Master of Arts in Intercultural Service, Leadership and Management, a self-designed combination of courses from other degree areas


All PIM programs involve an academic year of on-campus study (September to May), including courses, projects and group work, followed by a professional practicum of at least six months, anywhere in the world. The final phase is the capstone research paper that builds on the coursework and practicum experience and is presented at the culminating event of the program, the Capstone Seminar.



•The Joan B Kroc Inst for Int’l Peace Studies
University of Notre Dame
, IN (also San Diego )


Master of Arts in Peace Studies

an interdisciplinary, two-year program


Program Structure




FALL TERM I - September through December


*              Global Politics and Peacebuilding (core)

*              Culture & Religion in Peacebuilding (core)

*              Elective

*              Elective


SPRING TERM I - January through April


*              Political Economy of War and Peace (core)

*              Conflict Transformation and Strategic Peacebuilding (core)

*              Elective

*              Elective


SUMMER / FALL TERM II - May through December


*              Field Experience


SPRING TERM II - January through April


*              Master’s Colloquium: Effective Peacebuilding

*              Elective

*              Elective





Gadjah Mada University
Yogyakarta , Indonesia



Semester 1 - Major

The Scope of Peace and Conflict Resolution Studies - The subject brings to the students the major themes of the research and practice on the peace and conflict resolution field. It tries to provide the students with the alternatives on how to foster peace and reconciliation in the human's life. It is expected that the students will have a strong curiosity about the knowledge, attitudes and skills on peace and conflict resolution.


Human Security - The course will examine "human security" as the essence of development and human welfare. It will also discuss the concept in relations with the peace and conflict resolution studies and will be examined as a multi-facet field covering themes such as economic, political, military and policing security, security on properties, food, health, etc.


The Philosophy of Conflict Resolution - The subject will examine some keywords on the philosophy of conflict resolution. It will also discuss and explore the thoughts of several great thinkers such as Aristoteles, John Burton, Johan Galtung, Mahatma Gandhi, Rene Girard, Thich Nhat Hahn, Hassan Hanafi, Bernard Lonergan, Paul Ricoeur, Carl Schmitt, Amartya K. Sen, Soedjatmoko and Michael Walzer. The course aims to provide the students with the moral, philosophic and etical foundation on various concepts of peace and conflict resolution.


Conflict Management I - The skill-building on conflict management will be the focus of this subject. Students will learn about facilitation and mediation skills such as active listening, empathy, paraphrasing, reframing, negotiation and analytical skills on problem solving. The subject will also explore themes such as recording conflict chronology, identifying roles in a conflict, highlighting turning points in a conflict resolution process, finding alternatives and designing an agenda on conflict resolution. In the end of the lecture process, it is expected that students will have the ability to analyze and apply those skills above in their interpersonal conflict, intergroup conflict, organizational conflict and communal conflict.


Elective (2 subjects):

Law and Conflict Resolution - The course will examine the legal aspects relevant to the conflict resolution. The aspects discussed in the course will cover themes such as legal framework for problem-solving, human rights enactment in conflict situation and the laws prevailing in a conflict setting. The subject will also examine some case studies, their actual updates and their constraints.


Strategic Analysis - The course will explore the school of thoughts of the strategic analysis, the theories of the strategic analysis, and the design of the strategic analysis and conflict intervention.


Intergovernmental Relations - The course will explore the relationships among the governmental departments on the subject of authority, finance and power. It will focus on the perspectives that influence the dynamics of the governmental relations, especially the one relevant to the conflict and its solution.


Industrial Conflict - The course aims to describe and understand industrial conflicts occur in Indonesia by learning and exploring the theoretical concepts on industrial conflict, economy and development in Indonesia , political regime, industrial relations and management and resolution of the industrial conflict.


The Political Economy of Development - The subject brings the students to comprehend development problems through the description of policy making process, and the implementation, as well as the explanation of basis variables, and the exploration of the policy consequences using a method, which integrate economic and political perspective.


Semester 2 - Major

Social Sciences Research Methodology - The subject will introduce the students to the research design, theoretical approach of the research, methods of collecting data, data analysis and interpretation, qualitative and quantitative techniques, and the agenda of the peace and conflict resolution studies.


Conflict Management II - This second part of the course will explore further skills and knowledge on conflict management, covering themes like negotiation and mediation in a deep-rooted and prolonged conflict setting such as revolutionary conflict, international conflict or trans-national conflict; the dynamics in the peace and conflict resolution process; the implementation of an agreement; and post-war transformation issues: development, reconciliation, confession, amnesty, restitution and transitional justice.


Policy and Decision-Making Analysis - This subject will brings student to do an analytical study toward social conflict or dispute related with policy formation, policy implementation, and policy reformation. The role of policy and decision making analysis in the intervention of social conflict and dispute, in public, private, and citizen sector.


Elective (3 subjects):

Ethnicity and National Integration - Applying a broad definition of the ethnicity, the course will introduce ethnic conflict and ethnic conflict resolution theories, racial conflict and communal conflict. It will examine the roles of religion (as organized religion) in a conflict, war peace building and conflict resolution. It will also discuss the cases of ethnic and other identity conflicts in a complex social system.


Agrarian Problems and Social Change - The course will explore the theories of agrarian conflict, the management of agrarian conflict, the instrument of the assessment of the agrarian conflict and the tools to design the problem-solving of the agrarian conflict. The exploration will be conducted trough case studies or class projects.


The Political Economy of Natural Resource Use - The course will introduce the students to the topic of the economy-politics of the natural resources management. It will explore the theories of the natural resources and environment conflict, the assessment and the management aspects of the natural resources conflict and their case studies.


Local Politics and Governance - The subject will introduce the students to the governance conceptual framework in local level, models of conflict management in local governance in normal situation, challenges in governance in complex emergency situation, cooperation and collaboration between local governments, and the role of local government and its leader in developing people security.


Police and Policing - The course aims to introduce the police and policing studies. It will explore the theories and the philosophical foundation of the police and policing in the community and in the modern state, police as a part of the criminal justice system, community policing, case studies on police and policing (including the conflicts and cooperation between police and community; police-military conflict; police in the transition towards democracy and decentralization).


Security Sector Reform - This subject will explore security studies, including all of the organization which has the authority to use violence in order to defence the state. Exploring the distortion, which appear in security sector, and exploring the reforming agenda in security sector.


Insurgency and Secessionist Movement - The course will introduce the students to the theories of the separatism and insurgency, the definition, the classification, and the lessons learned of the separatist and insurgent cases. It will explore the birth, the dynamics and the ending of the insurgency. The course also examines the military operation dimension of the counter-insurgency and anti-guerrillas, covering themes such as the rebels, the authorities and its environment, the dimension of the counter-insurgent policies and anti-guerrilla, political and governmental aspects, insecurity challenges, the management, mediation and negotiation, trust and agreement.


Transnational and Non-traditional Security Issues - The course will introduce the students to the security studies with the stressing to the trans-national security, non-traditional security, and the theoretical perspective, including neo-realism, neo-liberalism, and constructivism. Exploring trans-national security issues, including terrorism and another trans-national crimes. Non-traditional security issues, 'securitization' and 'de-securitization' issues, and multilateral cooperation in trans-national and non-traditional security.


Semester 3 - Thesis

There are two types of thesis that can be chosen by the students:

a. Minor thesis, is a written report after the students participate on one of the activities below:


*              Practice.

*              Internship.


b. Major thesis, is a regular thesis written by the students after conducting an empirical or literature research based on the prevailing academic terms.



•The University of New England
NSW, Australia


Description of Units


PDPS 200: Introduction to Peace Studies. This unit commences by considering the meanings of conflict, violence and peace. Part II examines the nature and dimensions of conflict and violence in Australia . Part III looks at four global threats to Peace and Security: the military-industrial complex, poverty, the environmental crises, and the denial of human rights. In Part IV, alternative means of dealing with threats to peace are examined at community, national and international levels. Semester 1 and 2 external only


PDPS 400: Reading Course in Peace and Conflict. This unit involves a practicum/internship in an organization within a relevant field of Peace/Conflict. Students may arrange either a placement with an organization that involves a specific project designed to promote peace and justice or personally organize and begin to implement a non-violent peace campaign. Permission to enrol in the unit depends upon the student finding a suitable placement, project or campaign on which to work. The Coordinator has to approve a detailed proposal and plan before a student commences this unit.


PDPS 401: The Philosophy and Practice of Non-violence. The unit examines non-violence from a number of religious, philosophical and political perspectives. The course leads students to examine a wide range of alternative methods of non-violence. Using extensive case study material, the course examines the reasons for the success or failure of particular non-violent campaigns, along with ways of building peace.


PDPS 402: Social Development, Environment and Peace. This unit allows students to undertake applied social analysis of changing social and environmental conditions in local communities. Case studies from around the world provide examples from post-conflict societies that are experiencing rapid and widespread social change. Issues considered include sustainable development, patterns of land use and conflicts over natural resources, experiences of social dislocation, environmental degradation and the resulting pressures on family, community life and culture. The unit provides students with the opportunity to critically analyse the practices and operations carried out by external agencies working with and for local communities and indigenous societies - including non-government organizations, government agencies and companies.


PDPS 429: Peacemaking and Conflict Resolution. The first part of the unit, peacemaking, has national and international focus and deals with roles of mediators and negotiators in conflict situations in areas such as Africa, the Middle East and Northern Ireland . As conflict resolution theorists propound, the principles of conflict resolution hold at both the macro and micro levels, the second part of the unit looks at inter-personal conflict resolution in the contexts of education, organizations and the community.


PDPS 451: Building Peace in Post Conflict Situations. This unit explores processes of peacekeeping, peacemaking and peace building in post conflict situations. It focuses on the main tasks of recovery and reconstruction and using detailed case studies from the Asia Pacific and Europe , explores best practice for creating a stable peace through community education and governmental intervention. Topics covered include: the role played by government and non government organizations; decommissioning of weapons and demobilisation of combatants; economic and socio-cultural reconstruction; the rebuilding of the education and health sector and peace building at a community level. Students complete two assignments, one of which is a detailed case study.


PDPS 454: Post conflict Justice and reconciliation. This unit explores processes of reconciliation and justice implemented in post-conflict situations. It begins by examining legal and political mechanisms established to call to account atrocities and violations committed during the conflict. It evaluates the role that war crimes tribunals, truth commissions and informal justice mechanisms play in the transition from conflict to peace. Case studies from South Africa , Germany , Japan , Rwanda and Yugoslavia are included. The second part of the unit examines processes of reconciliation amongst deeply divided societies. It evaluates the effectiveness of reconciliation mechanisms in Australia , Israel/Palestine and Northern Ireland . Students complete two assignments; one of these is an applied case study.


PDPS 473: States of Disarray Social Consequences of Globalisation. This unit examines the social dimensions of contemporary global issues in relation to armed conflicts within and between states across the globe including those that affect Australia ’s closest neighbours. The unit identifies and articulates that a good understanding of the issues affecting these societies is crucial to the performance of professionals working in post-conflict situations. The unit investigates topics such as – managing globalisation, promoting sustainable economic and social development, managing and promoting fair and equitable international trade, managing the displacement of people including the challenges of restoring war-torn societies.


For Further Information:


Please Contact


Ms Gerda Jonkhart


Faculty of Education, Health and Professional Studies

University of New England , Armidale, NSW 2351

Phone: 02 6773 3855

Email: gvanhout@pobox.une.edu.au


PhD in Peace Studies

PhD study would particularly suit those already in, or aspiring to, academic employment. Increasingly however, a PhD has become a valuable wishing to augment their professional development. The minimum entry requirement is a first or upper second class honours degree in a relevant discipline. A strong performance in the MPS qualifies students for entry to PhD candidature.


Students are free to choose their choice of topic, although there are broad themes which the programme is focussing on over the period 2000-2002, and within which a topic would provide a closer strategic fit.


- Recovery from armed conflict; peacebuilding


- Reconciliation (widely defined)


- Nonviolent social change


- Gun control policy


- Educating for peace and justice


- Alternative defence systems


You might also consider an action research project - where you actually work for change as part of the dissertation process: Internal or external study is possible and further details are available from the Coordinator.


For academic information contact Dr Rebecca Spence, Phone: 02 6773 5095; Email: rspence1@pobox.une.edu.au



University of Sydney , Australia
Faculty of Arts

Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies


Postgraduate Peace and Conflict Studies Programs


The Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies offers postgraduate research and coursework programs.


Postgraduate research programs in Peace and Conflict Studies


Master of Arts (Research)

Master of Philosophy

Doctor of Philosophy

Doctor of Social Sciences


Postgraduate research program fees


Postgraduate coursework programs in Peace and Conflict Studies


Graduate Certificate in Peace and Conflict Studies

Graduate Diploma in Peace and Conflict Studies

Master of Arts in Peace and Conflict Studies

Master of Letters (Peace and Conflict Studies)


Postgraduate Peace and Conflict Studies Units


The postgraduate Peace and Conflict Studies program includes the Units of Study listed below. Not all units are taught each year. For more information on when these units of study are being taught, please check the timetables.


SCWK 6930 Peace and Conflict: Understanding the Issues (Core Unit)

(name change to PACS 6911 Key Issues in Peace and Conflict Studies in 2005)

PACS 6901 United Nations and International Conflict Resolution

PACS 6902 Reconciliation and Conflict Transformation

PACS 6903 Peace and the Environment

PACS 6906 Faith, Politics and the Clash of Civilisations

PACS 6907 Gender and the Development of Peace

PACS 6908 Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding

PACS 6909 Cultures of Violence

PACS 6910 Peace Through Tourism

SCWK 6933 Non-violence and Social Change

(name will change to PACS 6912 Nonviolence: Philosophy and Practice in 2005)

SCWK 6934 Resolving Conflicts Within Organisations

(name will change to PACS 6913 Conflict in Organisations in 2005)

SCWK 6935 Peacebuilding Media: Theory and Practice

(name will change to PACS 6914 Conflict-Resolving Media in 2005)

SCWK 6941 Understanding and Attaining Human Rights

(name will change to PACS 6915 Human Rights, Peace and Justice in 2005)

SCWK 6940 Peace and Poetry

(name will change to PACS 6916 Passion, Peace and Poetry in 2005)

PACS 6917 Religion, War and Peace

PACS 6918 History and Philosophy of Peace and Conflict


PACS 6904 Dissertation Part 1

PACS 6905 Dissertation Part 2

PACS 6919 Treatise Part 1

PACS 6920 Treatise Part 2


SCWK 6930 Peace and Conflict: Understanding the Issues (Core Unit)

(name change to PACS 6911 Key Issues in Peace and Conflict Studies in 2005)

Lecturer: Dr Wendy Lambourne

This unit introduces students to theories of peace, conflict and violence. It demonstrates the interdisciplinary character of peace and conflict studies and the application of theories and methods across the spectrum of conflict types from intrapersonal and interpersonal, to community, interethnic and international. Students gain an understanding of the nature of social conflict, causes of violence and the meanings of peace, as well as conflict analysis and resolution and the means of achieving peace with justice in different conflict settings.


PACS 6901 United Nations and International Conflict Resolution

Lecturers: Iris Wielders & Dr Wendy Lambourne

In this unit students critically examine the role of the United Nations in promoting international peace and security. The various international conflict resolution mechanisms employed by the UN are defined and analysed, including preventive diplomacy, peacemaking, peacekeeping, peace enforcement, and peacebuilding. Students will learn to assess the contribution of the UN to the attainment of peace with justice by considering historical and contemporary case studies such as Cambodia , Somalia , East Timor and Iraq .


PACS 6902 Reconciliation and Conflict Transformation

Lecturer: Dr Wendy Lambourne

The concepts of apology, forgiveness, reconciliation and justice are explored as they apply to the transformation of conflicts and building of peaceful relationships and societies. Psychological, spiritual, structural and political dimensions of reconciliation are considered in the context of case studies from the domestic and international arenas. Students are challenged to critically assess the reconciliation process between indigenous and non-indigenous Australians, and to examine a range of reconciliation and restorative justice mechanisms including truth and reconciliation commissions, victim-offender reconciliation and indigenous rituals. Case studies include South Africa , Bougainville, East Timor and Rwanda . Students are encouraged to develop their own ideas about reconciliation and conflict transformation through self-awareness and role play exercises, and to link their ideas to those of theorists and practitioners in the field.


PACS 6903 Peace and the Environment

Lecturers: Paul Clark & Dr Wendy Lambourne

The study of peace and conflict shares with the study of ecology a holistic exploration of relationships - of systems of communication and separation, of connectedness and alienation. We live in an interdependent web of mutuality within and between ourselves. But our understanding of, and capacity to nurture, this human relationship system is limited unless we also develop a deep understanding of how this system of relationships interweaves with our setting, our context – our environment. This unit applies the holistic thinking of peace, conflict resolution, nonviolence and deep ecology to our relationships – with our environment, with each other and, ultimately, with ourselves. In this unit students will be challenged to explore how human beings have attempted in the past, and how we could succeed more in the future, to foster environmental stewardship and sustainable development with a view to attaining peace within ourselves and with our environment.


PACS 6906 Faith, Politics and the Clash of Civilisations

Lecturer: Dr Paul White

This unit allows students to examine the notion that a fundamental cleavage exists between ‘Western civilisation’ and other civilisations — especially the ‘Muslim world’. Students are challenged to explore several case study conflicts using both the ‘clash of civilisations’ paradigm of Samuel P. Huntington and the ‘Orientalist’ discourse of Edward Said. The unit enables students to consider whether the conflicts being investigated demonstrate a civilisational clash, as well as to explore sources of conflict beyond civilisational clashes and to consider recent scholarship that challenges the Huntington thesis.


PACS 6907 Gender and the Development of Peace

Lecturer: Lynda-ann Blanchard

This unit explores the significance of gender in peace and conflict studies. In addressing the key question ‘What has gender got to do with peace?’, feminist approaches to human rights and the role of women and men as agents of social change and peacebuilding are investigated. From the operation in Australia of women's night patrols as a response to community violence, to the Grameen Bank's experience of the feminisation of poverty in Bangladesh , the unit examines 'development' as a context for the interplay between gender and peace.


PACS 6908 Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding

Lecturer: Dr Wendy Lambourne

This unit builds on the conflict analysis and resolution skills introduced in the core unit. The focus of the unit is on advanced theoretical and practical assessment of various methods of conflict resolution and transformation in a peacebuilding context. Students learn how to analyse conflict situations and to design appropriate intervention strategies, including organising and facilitating workshops, consideration of ethical issues and funding, and follow-up and evaluation. Case studies, role plays and simulations are used to illustrate and develop skills in techniques such as mediation, dialogue and problem-solving workshops.


PACS 6909 Cultures of Violence

Lecturer: Dr Ken Macnab

This unit studies the cultural contexts, origins, meaning and leading varieties of ‘violence’ in the modern world. How violence has been defined historically, its character and prevalence in different times and places, and changes in public perceptions, media presentation, tolerance, prevention and prosecution are examined. Topics such as violence in the home, sport, public protest, sexual and racial relations, terrorism, genocide, warfare, youth culture and the criminal justice system are considered.


PACS 6910 Peace Through Tourism

Lecturer: Lynda-ann Blanchard

Tourism not only flourishes in peaceful environments but may also contribute to the achievement of peace. Starting with the dichotomy of tourism as an industry versus tourism as a social force, this unit investigates the social science perspective of tourism as a catalyst for peace. Topics covered include equity and justice issues, sustainability, international citizenship, globalisation, education and reconciliation tourism. A close examination of the historical phenomenon of social tourism and the effect of contemporary neo-liberal economic principles on the social value of tourism are undertaken. The unit also assesses the contention of such bodies as the World Tourism Organisation that tourism is a force for peace.


SCWK 6933 Non-violence and Social Change

(name will change to PACS 6912 Nonviolence: Philosophy and Practice in 2005)

Lecturer: Emeritus Professor Stuart Rees

Nonviolence is a core concept and practice in peace and conflict studies. This unit offers students the opportunity to assess the relevance of the philosophy, language and skills of nonviolence in contemporary conflicts and to evaluate the record of nonviolence in achieving social change in the cause of peace with justice. Students also learn about group process as a means of comprehending the potential for creative use of nonviolence in social and community development, in education and in ‘politics’. Specific topics include: approaches advocated by Gandhi, Martin Luther King and Aung San Suu Kyi; manifestations of nonviolence in the language of peace negotiations; analysis of how commitments to nonviolence advance understanding of democracy and civil society and thus influence principles of citizenship and human rights; and appraisal of the relevance of nonviolence to questions about national identity and policy priorities in the 21st century.


SCWK 6934 Resolving Conflicts Within Organisations

(name will change to PACS 6913 Conflict in Organisations in 2005)

Lecturer: Cheryl Minks

Most people will spend a large part of their lives within organisations (if we are employees, members) or dealing with them (if we are clients, customers, providers). In organisations we are usually working in close proximity and communication with other people, often with some intensity and under pressures of various kinds. These settings have a high potential to produce conflict and also provide the opportunity for creative and progressive dynamics to emerge within groups. The quality of interaction and relationships here will affect the whole of our lives and have an impact on our overall health and our ability in general to manage potential or actual conflict. Too often conflict that is avoidable is mismanaged and becomes extremely damaging for individuals, groups and the organisations themselves. By drawing on personal experiences of conflict this unit creates a link between the “big picture” theories and large-scale practices and conflict at a local and individual level. It grounds the philosophical in the personal and applies theories to the everyday experience of individuals. Through an understanding of patterns of conflict, structural issues and individual coping styles, the unit enhances participants’ analytical and practical skills for the prevention and management of situations of conflict.


SCWK 6935 Peacebuilding Media: Theory and Practice

(name will change to PACS 6914 Conflict-Resolving Media in 2005)

Lecturers: Jake Lynch and Annabel McGoldrick

The potential of the media to prevent or moderate violence begs to be discussed, evaluated and mobilised. This unit examines media representations of conflict and the influence of the media on the behaviour of those involved. It introduces creative ways for journalists, media development workers and media activists to apply principles of conflict resolution. Students diagnose ‘war journalism’ and ‘peace journalism’, and analyse conflict in a journalism context. Theories of news and concepts of objectivity and responsibility are critically explored. Students gain practical skills in peace journalism and media activism as well as devising media interventions in conflict-affected areas that could contribute to transformation of that conflict.


SCWK 6941 Understanding and Attaining Human Rights

(name will change to PACS 6915 Human Rights, Peace and Justice in 2005)

Lecturer: Dr Geneviève Souillac

This unit explores the philosophy and development of the idea of human rights and the international human rights regime as a means of promoting peace with justice through understanding and attaining human rights. Legal instruments and mechanisms, political strategies, humanitarian challenges and moral imperatives for implementing human rights locally and internationally are identified and discussed. Debates considered include those surrounding the universality and indivisibility of human rights, existence of group rights, ethics of humanitarian intervention and specific rights such as those of refugees, minorities and indigenous peoples.


SCWK 6940 Peace and Poetry

(name will change to PACS 6916 Passion, Peace and Poetry in 2005)

Lecturer: Emeritus Professor Stuart Rees

In governments’ deliberations about ending conflicts and in the UN representatives’ conduct of peacebuilding, the influence of poets and poetry is left mostly unacknowledged. This unit explores how the message of anti-war poets, from diverse cultures and traditions, expresses the meaning of peace and non-violence including protection of the environment. It identifies ways in which peace negotiators – such as former UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarsjköld – were inspired by poets. The unit focuses on poetry but also encourages students to tap other literature that has explored the meanings of peace and thereby inspired individuals and social movements.


PACS 6917 Religion, War and Peace

Lecturers: Dr Wendy Lambourne & Dr Paul White

Religion has been blamed as a source of conflict and yet religions are also a source of philosophies and practices of peace. In this unit students gain an appreciation of the peace traditions, attitudes towards violence, and peacebuilding practice in the world’s major religions, focusing on Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The role of religion in determining ethical boundaries of human behaviour is explored in relation to pacifism, nonviolence, just war and humanitarian intervention. Case studies of religious wars and peacemaking are drawn from history as well as contemporary examples.


PACS 6918 History and Philosophy of Peace and Conflict

Lecturer: Dr Geneviève Souillac

This unit explores the meaning and origins of theoretical frameworks of peace and conflict studies, in the history of ideas and philosophy. Topics covered include the philosophies behind such normative concepts as sovereignty, rights and duties, democracy, cosmopolitanism, international law and human rights, just war, transitional justice, conflict containment and resolution. Students learn to recognise and critique political theories and ethical notions connected to the promotion of international peace, such as liberalism, republicanism, universalism, cultural relativism and postmodernism.


PACS 6904 Dissertation Part 1

Coordinator: Dr Wendy Lambourne

This unit is required for completion of the MA (Peace and Conflict Studies). For more information on the requirements for the dissertation please contact cpacs.teaching@arts.usyd.edu.au.


PACS 6905 Dissertation Part 2

Coordinator: Dr Wendy Lambourne

This unit is required for completion of the MA (Peace and Conflict Studies). For more information on the requirements for the dissertation please contact cpacs.teaching@arts.usyd.edu.au.


PACS 6919 Treatise Part 1

Coordinator: Dr Wendy Lambourne

This unit is required for completion of the MLitt (Peace and Conflict Studies). For more information on the requirements for the treatise please contact cpacs.teaching@arts.usyd.edu.au.


PACS 6920 Treatise Part 2

Coordinator: Dr Wendy Lambourne

This unit is required for completion of the MLitt (Peace and Conflict Studies). For more information on the requirements for the treatise please contact cpacs.teaching@arts.usyd.edu.au.


•Rotary International


The Rotary Foundation awards 70 scholarships each year to people who have demonstrated an interest in humanitarian work, social justice, peace and  international understanding. The Rotary World Peace Scholarship consists of a full stipend, covering all tuition fees and living costs over two years at one of seven universities in the UK, France, the US, Japan, Australia and Argentina. It also includes funding for a holiday internship of the scholar's own choice.



Coventry University
, UK

Peace and Conflict Studies

Type: Full-time Undergraduate

Length and mode of course: Three-years Full-time

Qualification: BA Honours

Course Code: L252


As a student on this course, you will benefit from the expertise available within the History, International Relations and Politics Subject Group, as well as the Centre for the Study of Forgiveness and Reconciliation. Our aim is to equip you to develop an understanding of the linkage between different levels of conflict in the world, and to gain theoretical and practical knowledge of peace-making.

Course content

At Level 1, you will take a Peace Studies double module, alongiside mandatory modules relating to methods and study skills. At Level 2, required modules include 'Peace and Change' and 'Conflict and Diplomacy in the Contemporary World'. For your remaining module, you will be able to select from a wide range in International Relations and History. At Level 3, in addition to your modules, you will undertake a dissertation.


Human Rights and Criminal Justice, Human Rights or Criminal Justice

Type: Postgraduate

Length and mode of course: One-year Full-time/Two-years Part-time

Qualification: LLM


On these LLM programmes in human rights and criminal justice, you can choose to study both subjects or to concentrate on either human rights or criminal justice.

Course content

The protection of human rights is an increasing concern in both domestic and international law and the programme addresses issues raised by the Human Rights Act 1998. Important current criminal justice issues are studied.


In both areas, detailed legal analysis is supplemented by relevant political and social perspectives.


Completion of just the taught modules leads to the award of Postgraduate Diploma. The LLM is awarded on successful completion of a dissertation.



Göteberg University
Göteberg , Sweden

Faculty of Social Sciences


Dept of Peace and Development Research

Bachelor's Degree: The degree is obtained on the fulfilment of course requirements up to a minimum of 120 points, 60 of which must be in a major subject. The major subject must include a degree project of at least 10 points. There is a wide freedom of choice for the remaining 60 points.


Master's Degree: The degree is obtained on the fulfilment of course requirements up to a minimum of 160 points, 80 points of which must be in a major subject. The major subject must include a degree project/thesis of at least 20 points (or two projects of at least 10 points each). There is a wide degree of choice for the remaining 80 points. ( Göteborg University does not offer general Master programmes)


Development Studies, Basic Course (0-20 p)

Course Plan (pdf)


Development Studies, Intermediate Course (21-40 p)

Course Plan (pdf)


Development Studies, Advanced Course I (41-60 p, 30 ECTS) [In Eng]

Course Plan (pdf)


Development Studies, Advanced Course II (61-80 p,30 ECTS) [In Eng]

Course Plan (pdf)


• International Relations

International Relations, Introductory Course (Distance instruction, 10 p)

Course Plan (pdf)


International Relations, Basic Course (0-20 p)

Course Plan (pdf)


International Relations, Intermediate Course (21-40 p)

Course Plan (pdf)


International Relations, Advanced Course I (41-60 p)

Course Plan (pdf)


International Relations, Advanced Course II (61-80 p, 30 ECTS) [In Eng]

Course Plan (pdf)


International Conflict Resolution, Special Course (5 p, 7.5 ECTS) [In Eng]

Course Plan (pdf)


International Conflict Resolution, Basic Course (0-20 p, 30 ECTS) [In Eng]

Course Plan (pdf)



Course Objectives:

The course objectives are to give basic orientation in conflict resolution, mediation and peace building. The aim is to grant basic knowledge about international conflicts, how they have been resolved and also reveal what research is saying about these issues. Introduction of the subjects various theoretical approaches and traditions will be conducted. Both traditional and alternative conflict - and conflict resolution theories are examined. This course is also equivalent to the first module in the 20 credits (30 ECTS) course in International Conflict Resolution and the students will therefore study together with the students from that course. Instruction is given in the form of lectures, discussions and exercises. Role-playing and computer simulation can also be included. Further information is provided in connection with the introduction.


Level:     -

Entrance requirements:    

Admission to the course requires at least one year of previous university studies, preferably in Social Sciences.

Credits: 7.5 ECTS credits (5 p)

Period:   Aug 30 - October 1

Rate of study:       Full time (100%)



European University Center for Peace Studies (EPU)

Rochusplatz 1, A-7461 Stadtschlaining/ Austria ,


Advanced International Study Program in Peace and Conflict Transformation/Certificate Program

Master of Arts in Peace and Conflict Studies/ MA Program

Fall term: National and International Structures



Includes an introduction to the course on an intellectual academic level as well as to aspects of the multicultural encounter in the special setting of EPU.


Violence, Security and Demilitarisation   

Emphasises the security of human beings, not nations or structures, as the perspective to be taken; analyses existing military alliances, the changing nature of conflict, privatisation of security and demilitarisation both on the classical inter-state level and on the level of movements e.g. with respect to landmines or small arms.


Global Economy, Peace and Development 

Analyses economic inequality and structural violence as absence of peace as much as poverty as a source of direct violence; looks at globalisation and economic actors as potential contributors to violence or to peace.


Governance, Participation and Human Rights

Introduces the concept of good governance and of human rights in relation to peace, plus some potential practical ways of bringing about positive change in state or society by non-violent means.


Crises Prevention, Intervention, Post-Conflict Reconstruction 

Introduces participants to the emerging discourse in the field, highlighting both its potentials and its dangers in a critical analysis.



Encourages participants to reflect on their personal learning and the possible impact on their future life and work.



Spring term: Cultures and Communities



Includes an introduction to the course on an intellectual academic level as well as to aspects of the multicultural encounter in the special setting of EPU


Culture of Peace and Peaceful Transformation

Analyses notions of gender, race and class in their relation to a culture of peace, as well as concepts such as a philosophy of non-violence; introduces practical means of alternative dispute resolution and conflict transformation including mediation.


Peace, Education and Media

Explores theoretical and practical approaches to peace education; analyses the role of the media in promoting war or peace and the potentials and dangers of new media such as the internet.


Communities, Development and Conflict

Questions the meaning of ”development”, pointing out the importance of culture and participation; looks at ways in which projects can increase or prevent community conflict and at project management.


Crises Prevention, Intervention, Post-Conflict Reconstruction 

Introduces participants to the emerging discourse in the field, highlighting both its potentials and its dangers in a critical analysis.



Encourages participants to reflect on their personal learning and the possible impact on their future life and work.



•The Richardson Inst
Lancaster University
Lancaster , UK


Courses - BA in Peace Studies and International Relations

This degree scheme offers a flexible choice of courses from Peace Studies, Politics and International Relations. The course offers an introduction to peace and conflict research and an analysis of the practical problems of conflict prevention, conflict resolution, and post-conflict peace-building.

Part I: Lancaster offers a broad choice of subjects in the first year. Students study four of the following six courses taught in the Politics and International Relations Department: The Modern International System; World Politics in the 1990s; Democracy and Freedom; Political Theory and the State; Politics in the United States ; British Politics in the 1990s. They also take two other subjects from among almost fifty courses available (including computer studies, culture and communication, economics, geography, history, law, linguistics, management, marketing, mathematics, philosophy, psychology, religious studies, sociology, women's studies and languages).

Part II: In the next two years six courses are taken which include:


*              Introduction to Peace Studies

*              Understanding Peace Processes

*              Understanding International Relations

*              A dissertation



The two or more remaining courses are selected from an extensive list of subjects offered by the Department of Politics and International Relations.



University of Bradford  
Dept of Peace Studies

, England

[Postgraduate Diploma, M.A., M.Phil. or Ph.D. in Peace Studies; Postgraduate Diploma & M.A. in Conflict Resolution]



Peace Studies

UCAS code L252 BA/Pax


Peace Studies was first developed as an academic subject just after the Second World War, and is now taught in more than 100 universities worldwide.  It addresses some of the most enduring and intractable problems of human history: the origins and nature of conflict within and between societies, and the efforts to build peaceful and equitable forms of social co-existence.  Graduates go on to a wide variety of careers in conflict management, international organisations, non-government organisations, civil service, local councils, military, police, journalism, education etc.


My Peace Studies training was an essential component in my successful application to join Oxfam, especially aspects such as development economics.  There is no doubt that the course has been an enormous benefit in helping me develop this extremely rewarding career.  Recent graduate John Sargent, Campaign Officer, Oxfam.


Conflict Resolution


UCAS code L251 BA/C


Conflict Resolution emerged as a distinct field of academic study in the period immediately after the Second World War.  It is now recognised as a vitally important area of education, research and practice, and the Department of Peace Studies has an international reputation as a centre for its study.  The degree provides an understanding of the theory, concepts and practices of contemporary conflict resolution.  Careers in conflict management range from working locally in community mediation and education, to placements with international organisations, including UN agencies.


Development and Peace Studies


UCAS code L920 BA/DPS


Development Studies is a well-established interdisciplinary field which emerged in the 1960s out of a concern to promote positive changes in the economies, societies and politics of the poorer countries of the world.  These countries are also where many of today's conflicts and peace settlements occur, so an increasing number of development researchers and non-governmental organisations are turning to peace studies and conflict resolution to seek more effective analyses and policies.  On this degree, experienced staff bring the distinctive insights offered by peace studies to contemporary debates on development issues.  Graduates therefore gain a sure footing in both camps, and are well placed for careers in national and international non-governmental organisations concerned with development, including UN agencies and development policy research.


"I certainly have a much broader perspective having a degree in Peace Studies."


Dominic Martinez, Peace Studies graduate


International Relations and Security Studies


UCAS code L250 BA/IRSS


International Relations has been a distinct field of study since the horrors of the First World War made vital a proper understanding of how countries relate to each other.  It is concerned with war and peace, but also encompasses the study of all interactions between countries; multinational corporations and terrorist groups as well as governments.  Security Studies involves the study of military problems and threats but, in the light of environmental destruction and globalisation, is also concerned with individual, national and international security in relation to non-military threats.  Graduates from this degree can go on to careers in journalism, policy research, the civil service and diplomacy.


" My time at Bradford was both fun and essential in developing my career."


Graeme Goldsworthy, Peace Studies graduate, now working in international landmine clearance.


Politics and Peace Studies

UCAS code L290 BA/PPS


Politics is concerned with developing a knowledge and understanding of government and society, sometimes defined as 'who ges what, when, how, why and where'. Peace Studies was developed as an academic discipline after the Second World War and is now taught in more than 100 universities worldwide. It addresses some of the most enduring problems of human history: the origins and nature of conflict within and between societies, and the efforts to build peaceful and equitable forms of social co-existence.


Political Science is a broad field with many elements, including policial theory, institutions and governance, international relations and area studies. It also includes the more specialised and growing areas of peace studies, conflict analysis, conflict resolution, and development studies. The degree course in Politics and Peace Studies at Bradford enables you to gain proficiency in the study of the wider discipline, but also gives you the opportunity to study these approaches with an applied focus upon a central set of political problems relating to peace and conflict in the UK and internationally.



Peace Studies


Conflict Resolution


Development and Peace Studies


International Relations and Security Studies


Politics and Peace Studies


The first year of the course is common to students on these four courses, except for two modules taken outside the Department as option units.  It provides a firm foundation in politics, sociology and international relations, and in elements of social psychology, history, philosophy, development studies and economics; all focused on central concerns of peace and conflict.  First-year modules focus on the theoretical and conceptual issues which underpin the more specialised options available later.


At the end of the first year, you choose one of these four degree courses.  Over the second and final years, normally at least six modules (and your dissertation) must be appropriate to your chosen degree.


In the second year you take the equivalent of seven compulsory core modules, which build on the theoretical foundations introduced in the first year.  Some of these examine problems of social change and conflict within society, while others look at competing perspectives on understanding issues of peace, conflict and co-operation in the global order.  You choose a further six modules from the list of options.


In the final year you choose a further five option modules, and complete a dissertation on a subject of your choice.


Option modules


Over 20 option modules are available altogether.  These are divided into two groups, only one group of which is offered in any particular year.  Any individual module is thus only offered once every two years, but every module is open to both second- and final-year students.  This pattern enables us to maximise the total number of option modules available, and allows you to plan a coherent scheme of study over your second and final years.  In addition, you may take one module per semester from outside the Department.


The dissertation


The dissertation counts as six modules, and thus constitutes half your final-year work.  This is a substantial piece of work (12,000-15,000 words) and is written under individual supervision on a subject of your choice within your degree specialisation.  Some students go on to do postgraduate degrees on the strength of their dissertations.  Successful completion also demonstrates to employers your ability to initiate, analyse, organise and write a large project of your own.


Study abroad


The Department is seeking support by the European Commission via the SOCRATES/ERASMUS programme.  Subject to university approval, you may choose to study abroad for one semester or one year.




Introduction to international relations (double module)


This module analyses international and global affairs, and examines some of the most important trends and issues in recent international history.  Using case studies, it develops your understanding of theoretical issues, concepts and key historical processes.  The main focus is on modern and contemporary history since 1945.


Introduction to development


This module makes links between the socio-political analysis of conflict in the South and its understanding in terms of development.  You will explore a range of theories set in the context of colonialism/imperialism, globalisation and the changing relations of states and international institutions.  You will also look at changing modes of development practice and explore Southern responses to the new political order.


Conflict, order and peace in the UK


This module introduces the politics of Britain , and compares the role of the state in Britain , Italy and Germany .


Introduction to peace studies: the ethics of war and peace


This module concerns philosophical issues and problems in the study of peace.  It introduces peace studies as an academic discipline, and the ethics of peace and war.  You become actively involved in debate, and are encouraged both to develop your own thinking, and to test it in reasoned interchange with others.


Political theory and peace (double module)


This module examines the political values which inform discussion on what constitutes a good/just society.  You gain understanding of political philosophy and political theory, and the nature of political concepts.  You can then analyse and evaluate competing political values, and critically reflect on your own political values and beliefs.




This module develops your study skills in taking lecture notes, essay writing, analysis, project planning, communication, and your use of information technology.  You gain confidence in oral presentation through working in your tutor group on a project which you present to the other students in your year.  This also encourages you to work co-operatively, and gain experience in group work.


Introduction to conflict resolution: theory and skills (double module)


This module introduces core theoretical concepts as well as practical methods of conflict resolution.  The module is partly lecture-based, but the emphasis is upon the experiential learning of conflict resolution and mediation skills, using a mix of simulations and negotiation exercises.




International Relations: Theories and Applications (Double Module)


This module develops your understanding of the theories and concepts introduced in the first-year International relations module.  It provides conceptual tools to facilitate the understanding of key debates that will be of particular value in optional modules. It goes on to apply these theories to international relations.


Peace and change (double module)


This module builds on some of the social and political theories and conceptual issues introduced in the two first-year Politics modules.  It encourages you to think analytically and theoretically about the ways in which societies develop and change, and the different forms this has taken historically; including the role of revolution, reform, and of non-violent movements.


Conflict resolution in international society (double module)


This module follows on from the first-year Introduction to conflict resolution module.  It examines the history of approaches to the peaceful resolution of conflict, from international diplomacy and mediation to peace building.  The focus is on the role that conflict resolution techniques can play when conflicts emerge between and within societies.


Research Skills


This module follows on from the first year Methods course unit. It aims to give you the skills necessary to complete the final year dissertation.






Human rights


This module develops your understanding of the values and norms underlying the concept of universal human rights, and the issues raised in promoting human rights in contemporary society.  It includes examination of instances where the rights of different individuals appear to clash, or where different rights appear to be in contradiction.  It explores the limits of the 'rights' discourse (for example, the rights of the unborn, minority rights, animal rights), a review of the international discourse on human rights, and the effectiveness of international regimes set up to protect or promote human rights.


International organisations


This module examines the role of law and organisations in international affairs, and in the promotion of a just and peaceful global society.  It includes detailed examination of the work of institutions such as the International Court of Justice; and also of the role of regional organisations in peace and security issues.  It develops themes introduced in the second-year Peace and security in global society module, through detailed case studies.


Nationalism and ethnicity in modern politics


This module introduces the rise of nationalism as a key form of political identity in the modern world.  It examines competing theories of nationalism and ethnicity, conceptualising the problems dealt with in case-study form in other parts of the degree.  It also examines how extreme forms of nationalism are capable of generating destructive inter-group conflicts, illustrated by examples from the North and the South.


International politics of the Cold War: 1945-1991


This module uses three key issues in international relations to explore the major processes and trends shaping international affairs between 1945 and 1991.  The components build upon and inform each other.  Thus the history of the Cold War informs the discussion of both the development of nuclear weapons, and nuclear strategy and foreign policy; using historical examples to illustrate ideas and principles within the context of their evolution.


Arms control and disarmament


This module examines the theory and history of arms control and disarmament, and analyses the problems and opportunities of arms control following the end of the Cold War. 


Religions in conflict


This module introduces the role that religion plays in both fostering and resolving conflict, using case studies from the local, national and international levels.  You analyse specific conflicts with a religious dimension, and examine broader relationships, for example between Islam and the West.   The module includes case studies where religious differences have been successfully reconciled.


Peace, conflict and development


Conflicts occur predominantly in the South, where levels of development are low.  This module uses case studies from Africa and Latin and Central America to explore major themes of policy and analysis relating to the promotion of peace and development.


Development and democracy in the South


This module examines the relationship between development and democracy and the problematic history of democratisation in Latin America and Africa .  It also analyses the relationship between the economic marginalisation of the South in the global economy, and the forms of government that have prevailed there.  The colonial legacy continues to influence the distribution of power, and open politics provides new opportunities to challenge injustice.


Culture and conflict resolution


This module builds on the core modules, Introduction to conflict resolution and Conflict resolution in international society.  It provides a critical perspective on the field of conflict resolution by exploring cultural dimensions of conflicts and the applicability of conflict resolution methods in a range of cultural contexts.  Using case studies and perspectives from the field of anthropology, the limitations of current conflict resolution models are explored and new ways forward are considered.


Global and North-South Security Studies


This module develops your understanding of global security issues through analysis of the causes and consequences of regional and North-South conflicts.  It focuses on comparing security problems and the management of conflicts in different regions, defining the nature of security relations between the North and South, and explaining the causes and consequences of disputes.




Ethics in conflict resolution


This module develops, extends and deepens your understanding of a central dimension to conflict resolution and  peace studies.  Applied ethics is the application of ethical reasoning to specific areas of practical concern.  You approach difficult questions, dilemmas and controversies partly by analysis, evaluation and discussion of the relevant literature, but also by development and interchange of your own responses and ideas.


Peace keeping and conflict resolution


This module examines how the UN, through peace keeping, contributes to international peace and security.  It explores the extent to which UN intervention has become possible and desirable in the 'new world order'.


Northern Ireland : area in conflict


This module introduces the dynamics of ethnic group conflict in Northern Ireland , which has had particular impact on the UK , whose government administers the province.  Comparative dimensions illustrate that this is not a unique conflict, and that similar disputes rooted in historical and material differences, and different conceptions of national identity, are increasingly common in Europe and elsewhere.


Regional security


This module begins with an introduction to the geopolitics of western Europe in the post-Cold War era.  You will analyse history institutions and ideology in the context of current issues and dynamics.  Regional interactions between countries are explored, as are the interactions of military, political and economic factors in regional security across the Middle East .


Democratisation processes in Southern and Eastern Europe


This module explores the processes and problems of democratisation in southern and post-communist Europe .  It considers the important processes of transition from authoritarian regimes between 1945 and 1989, and provides a comparative perspective on the problems of democracy and democratisation.


Conflict resolution and the humanitarian community


This module examines how theories and practices in conflict resolution relate to the work of humanitarian and peace-building agencies.  You explore concepts of conflict resolution, and also analyse practice by examining the roles of specific organisations and their impact upon building peace.


Strategic studies


This module examines the nature of security and the evolution of military technology and warfare, analysing the dynamics of such phenomena as militarisation and arms proliferation.


International politics of the environment


This module concerns the international political processes that have developed in response to international environmental problems.  It includes those that are intrinsically global (such as ozone depletion); those that arise throughout large areas of the world (such as pollution

by toxic waste); and those that present problems in the international management of global commons (such as the high seas or Antarctica ).  It examines the emergence of the environment as an important issue in international politics, and the nature and effectiveness of international responses to key issues.


Globalisation and the South


The effects of globalisation are different for the South than for the richer North.  You examine the phenomenon of globalisation from competing perspectives, looking at the policies of governments which try to change or control it.


Evaluating alternative development strategies


This module introduces a range of alternative thinking on development, from the United Nations Development Programmes ideas on human development, through Oxfams emphasis on grass-roots, human-centred development, to the post-developmentalists who reject the very concept of development.  The role of non-governmental organisations in development is discussed through case studies.


Social alternatives


This module explores the history and significance of utopian thinking and the main ways in which it has been criticised.  Case studies are used to illustrate attempts to establish utopian communities in different historical and geographical contexts.  These case studies then provide the base for thematic comparison of communities on topics such as relationship between individuals and communities, and between communities and wider society; education of children, decision-making processes, ideals and practices.  The module concludes with an evaluation of the successes and failures of intentional communities as attempts to progress towards more peaceful ways of living.


Peace thinking and peace making


This module covers the most significant developments in the history of peace thinking, peace theory and the development of the philosophies of peace.  Based on this overview, the module then focuses on understanding how peace theory was converted into forms of peace practice through the development of processes of non-violent conflict resolution, especially after 1945.



•University of Innsbruck/Austria


Master of Arts Program in Peace, Development, Security and

International Conflict Transformation

(MA in Frieden, Entwicklung, Sicherheit und Internationaler Konflikttransformation)


Following a very successful pilot term in 2002 we are pleased to be able to offer the  Master of Arts Program in Peace, Development, Security and International Conflict Transformation at Innsbruck/Tyrol on a permanent basis.


In addition to a first class academic education of the global network in peace studies the Innsbruck program offers a special field training component designed to integrate academic excellence with the skills required in real conflict situations.

Intro into Program, Place and

Peace Studies


3.8.2004  10.00-13.00


16.00-17.30             Dietrich  Intro into Peace Studies


4.8.2004  10.00-13.00


16.00-17.30             Krippendorff Young    History of Peace Studies


5.8.2004  10.00-13.00


16.00-17.30             Vattimo Nos Aldás             Philosophy and Communication as a

Means of Conflict Transformation


6.8.2004  10.00-13.00


16.00-17.30             Baehr Reinisch International Law and Human Rights

as a Means of Conflict Transformation


9.8.2004  10.00-13.00


16.00-17.30             Pearce Weber    Civil Society, Violence and

Conflict Transformation


10.8.2004                10.00-13.00


16.00-17.30             Brenner Petris      Perception, Memory and the

Cultures of Peace


11.8.2004                10.00-13.00


16.00-17.30             Duden Corrin     The Question of Gender and

Conflict Transformation


12.8.2004                             Library Day


13.8.2004                10.00-13.00                   Exams


Women and War in Africa

Seminar 2:

Schratz-Hadwich/Pittracher      Violent realities and the SOS Kinderdorf strategy to face them: childhood theories ... more

Seminar 3:

Ölböck   Praktische Aspekte internationaler Friedensmissionen


Democracy, the Anomie of Nation State

and Suprastate Integration as a Means

of Conflict Transformation


31.8.2004                10.00-13.00


16.00-17.30             Mair Brand     Development and Environment

as a Question of Peace


1.9.2004  10.00-13.00


16.00-17.30             Bauer Krejsa     Humanitarian Action and Control

as a Means of Conflict Management


2.9.2004  10.00-13.00


16.00-17.30             Lewis Berardi   ICT as a Means of

Democratization, Popculture as a means of Peace ?


3.9.2004  10.00-13.00


16.00-17.30             Sedmak Palaver   The Question of Poverty and Violence


6.9.2004  10.00-13.00


16.00-17.30             Nyakora Sax      Children as Victims of Direct and Structural Violence


7.9.2004  09.00–18.00       Tyrolean Firefighter's School         Field Training


8.9.2004  09.00-18.00         Tyrolean Firefighter's School              Field Training


9.9.2004  09.00– 14.00                           Library Day


10.9.2004                10.00-13.00                             Exams


Seminar 1: Kaller/Staffler/Dietrich     Food and Nutrition as a Question of Peace and Violence

Seminar 2: Sützl    Peace, Communication and the Aesthetics of Cyberdemocracy ... more



•Bancaja Int’l Centre for Peace and Development
Castellón- España

MA Program in Peace and Development Studies of UJI

UNESCO Chair of Philosophy for Peace

Calendar for the Academic Year 2004-2005


De momento, os informamos de la distribución temporal de los tres trimestres. En breve, comunicaremos la lista completa del profesorado y el nombre de los cursos.


Below please note the following calendar for the three terms. We are currently in the process of completing the list of the teaching staff and the names of the courses.


Trimestre de Otoño 2004 / Fall term 2004


(27 sept. - 21 dic./dec.)

I (27 sept. - 15 oct.)


0-100: Introduction to Peace and Culture Studies


Researchers of the UNESCO Chair of Philosophy for Peace, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón , Spain


0-100: Introducción a los Estudios para la Paz y la Cultura          

Irene Comins Mingol, investigadora de la Cátedra UNESCO de Filosofía para la Paz, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, España


Mercedes Alcañiz Moscardó, Universitat Jaume I de Castellón, España


II (18 oct. - 5 nov.)


Language Policies and their Implications for Peace       Tariq Rahman, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Culture, Ethics and World Politics    Peter Lawler, University of Manchester , England

Comunicación intercultural: perspectivas de entendimiento       

Mary Farrell, Universitat Jaume I de Castellón (España)


Adoración Salvador, Universitat Jaume I de Castellón (España)


III (8 - 26 nov.)


Politics of Identity              

Maria Stern, University of Göteborg , Sweden


An Unusual Approach to Conflict Studies:

Relativism, Cultural Cognition and Metaphor

                Johannes Kranz, Fundación Casa de los Tres Mundos , Nicaragua

La paz imperfecta. Propuestas de reconstrucción del pensamiento pacifista           

Francisco Muñoz, Instituto de Paz y Conflictos, Universidad de Granada, España


Mª Elena Díez Jorge, Instituto de Paz y Conflictos, Universidad de Granada, España


IV (29 nov. - 21 dic. / dec.)


Corporate social responsibility and development in the global economy context: International Business Ethics              Elsa González, Univesitat Jaume I of Castelló ( Spain )


El conflicto del Sahara Occidental: Historia, Derecho y Diplomacia           

Juan Soroeta Liceras, profesor de Derecho Internacional Público en la Universidad del País Vasco-Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea


Ahmed Boukhari, miembro del Secretariado Nacional y Representatante del Frente Polisario en las Naciones Unidas


Trimestre de Invierno 2005 / Winter Term 2005


(10 enero / january- 24 de marzo/march)

I (10 - 21 enero / january)


0-101: Introduction to Peace and Conflict Studies        


0-101: Introducción a los Estudios para la Paz y los Conflictos


Jesús Núñez, Instituto de Estudios sobre Conflictos y Acción Humanitaria (IECAH), Madrid, España


Francisco Rey, Cruz Roja, Madrid , España


II (24 enero / january - 11 feb.)


Title Pending        

Peace and Peace Processes in Africa               Macharia Munene, United States International University (USIU), Kenya

Estudio filosófico-pedagógico de los conflictos y la paz             

Martha Burguet, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC) (España)


III (14 - 24 feb.)


Preventing violent conflicts               Kazuyo Yamane, Kochi University , Japan

Gender, Age and International Protection: Analysis of the protection needs of refugee and internally displace women and children

                Anna Gallagher, Universidad de Deusto, Bilbao, Spain

Aspectos socio-económicos en la resolución y prevención de conflictos               

Manuel Sánchez, Acción contra el hambre


Fernando Navarro, Acción contra el hambre


Gonzalo Sichar, Acción contra el hambre


IV (7 - 24 mar.)


Nonviolent Social Change: Strategies and Tactics        David Cortright, President, Fourth Freedom Forum, Goshen ( Indiana , USA )


Por confirmar       Mario López, Instituto de Paz y Conflictos, Universidad de Granada, España


Trimestre de Primavera 2005 / Spring Term 2005


(5 de abril / april- 24 jun.)

I (5 - 22 abril / april)


0-102: Introduction to Peace and Development Studies               


0-102: Introducción a los Estudios para la Paz y el Desarrollo     GEPYD (Grupo de Estudios sobre Paz y Desarrollo), Universidad de Alicante, España

II (25 abril / april - 13 may.)


III (16 may. - 3 jun.)



Racism, development and conflict    Daniel Nina, Universidad de San Juan , Puerto Rico

IV (6 - 24 jun.)



University of Limerick .     
The Centre for Peace and Development Studies

Ireland.Tel: +353 (0) 61-202700
Fax: +353 (0) 61-330316

Programme Structure

The duration of the programme will be one year.  Students are required to take four core modules in the first semester and a Research Methods Seminar Programme.  The latter will be taken on a Pass/Fail basis.


Second semester requirements will consist of one elective module.  In addition, a comprehensive research project will be expected, leading to a Dissertation of at least 20,000 words on an agreed theme.  Since the Dissertation will account for fifty percent of the total marks available, the second semester programme is structured to provide an opportunity for students to devote appropriate and significant time to personal research.


It is anticipated that students will undertake a week long field trip to an appropriate location within Europe which is experiencing, or has experienced, conflict.  The objective is to ground the theoretical aspects of the course within the reality of practice.


Applicants who wish to discuss detailed elements of the programme should contact the  Department of Government and Society.  


Module Descriptions



Origins, Development and Resolution of Conflict

The objective of the module is to illuminate the concept of conflict using issues such as ethnicity, culture, identity, nationhood, state etc.  Elements such as conflict resolution, accommodation and reconciliation will be approached through strategies including negotiation skills, mediation, diplomacy etc.  The latter will include reference to the procedures of Top-Down, Bottom-Up, Track 1 and Track 2 diplomacy.  The course will also examine issues of minorities and human rights.  The theoretical aspects of the course will be grounded in case studies of Northern Ireland , Sri Lanka and Kosovo.   


Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding  

The objective of the module is to analyse the origins, evolution and rationale of peacekeeping operations and to assess the strategies, problems and prospects of peacebuilding in post-conflict situations.  An assessment will be carried out of the relative merits of strategies for restoring peace such as confidence building measures, rebuilding civic society, elections and economic reforms.  Issues such as regional security initiatives, ‘wider peacekeeping’, training, the influence of the media and the role of civilians and NGO’s in humanitarian emergencies will be evaluated in the context of peacekeeping operations in Suez, the Congo, Cyprus, Cambodia, Somalia, Mozambique and El Salvador.   




Development Issues and Conflict Transformation in Emerging Societies  

This module is presented in two parts.  The first deals with development issues emphasising socio-economic development, especially in the context of the post-colonial, post-imperialworld.  A significant part of the second section is devoted to the concepts of governance and sustainable human development.  The section also deals with the politics and distribution of aid and the role of NGO’s.  Currently, contributions are made to the unit by personnel from the Department of Foreign Affairs, Concern Worldwide and Amnesty International.   




Feminist Perspectives on Conflict and Development Issues  

This module subscribes to the argument that “sustainable development cannot be achieved without the active involvement and participation of both men and women on a basis of full equality” (The Irish Government’s 1996 White Paper on Foreign Policy).  In this context, it takes issue with the tendency for development theorists to have related development purely to political economy.  Gender and development issues are examined with particular reference to language, culture, representation and a critical, political economy perspective.  Sexual violence as a means of ethnic cleansing is also considered.  Issues such as domestic violence, social inequity and social exclusion are analysed from a gender perspective.  




American Foreign Relations  

The making of American foreign policy;  American diplomatic objectives and style; American defence and national security policy in the 1990’s;  US relations with other regions during the Bush and Clinton administration (EU, Eastern Europe, Middle East; the Pacific, Africa and South America ).  




Central and Eastern Europe :  Continuity and Change

Historical background from the postwar era to the contemporary period; political and socio-economic developments in Central and East Europe, with an emphasis on those states that have applied for EU membership criteria.  




International History of Twentieth Century  

The conceptual and methodological foundations of international history, the development and emergence of a global economy, the changing balance in relationships between Africa, America, Asia and Europe; the nature of leadership after the Second World War, the ‘American Century’; the end of the national state and the development of the European Community.  




Middle East - Regional and Strategic Issues

Contemporary issues in the Middle East; the Iran-Iraq war; Israel and Palestine ; Arab oil as a political weapon; inter-Arab relations.  The role of regional and international actors in resolving differences between the conflicting parties in the Middle East, Europe as a blue print for Middle East integration.  




External Relations of the European Union  

Formulation and conduct of EC/EU external relations; institutions, actors and processes; common commercial policy; development policy; relations with the USA, Japan, EFTA, Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, the ACP States, China, South and Central America; the EC/EU and international organisations; the United Nations and GATT; common foreign and security policy and the Maastricht Treaty.  




Research Methods Seminar Programme

The objective of the course is to familiarise students with research methodology and to introduce a range of research techniques.  Various strategies appropriate to social research will be covered.  These will include quantitative measures (objective, psychometric, statistical); qualitative (observation, action, participation); the interview (structured and semi-structured), skills and techniques; validity and reliability; appropriateness of method; research design.  Special emphasis will be given to case study and fieldwork techniques.





The dissertation will be selected with the approval of the director of the programme and following consultation with a faculty member with appropriately specialized qualifications, who will act as supervisor to the student.  The dissertation will be based on private research using primary and secondary sources relevant to the particular theme



University of Tromsø
Centre for Peace Studies

University of Tromsø
Faculty of Social Science
9037 Tromsø
 tlph. +47 77 64 42 96

About Centre for Peace Studies

The Centre for Peace Studies is a research and co-ordination project in Peace Studies at the University of Tromsø, Norway. The project is funded for the period 2002-2006. Inspired by the conference Higher Education for Peace on 4-6 May 2000, dreams, ambitions and hopes for such a project saw results when in November 2001 The Norwegian Parliament awarded two million Norwegian kroner to establish a national and international centre for Peace Studies. In the assignment letter from The Department it is stated that “the Centre is to establish new competence within the field of peace- and conflict-studies, and within such areas as ethnicity and democracy-building. The centre is to have a co-ordinating role for the field, both nationally and internationally.”

The Centre is also in charge of a two-year master programme in Peace and Conflict Transformation at the University of Tromsø, which has been taught since August 2002. August 2003 will see a new class intake, following a very successful experience with our first class.

In the field of Peace Research, our main position is to focus on non-violent forms of conflict resolution, emphasizing the task of building a positive, sustainable peace. In other words, our task is not primarily to analyze wars or keep an account of wars, armament or civil wars, but rather to focus how – and on what basis – a civil and transnational, sustainable peace can be built. In November 2002 this work started with a symposium on non-violence, where leading experts on Peace Research from all continents met in Tromsø to establish the current status of the field and point the way ahead. The Centre has the following policy statement.

Our brief history has revolved around widespread national and international activities in order to keep up to date with current research, engage in such research, build and maintain networks, document education and supervision capacity on a national scale, prepare for the assigned, co-ordinating role on a national scale in the field of Peace Education, and create an updated database in this field.

For the time being, the centre is organized as a four-year project (2002-2006) within the Faculty of Social Science, with a relatively autonomous position and the discretion to pursue strategies and activities of its own choosing. The academic stuff is headed by the Academic Director Charles P. Webel , Academic coordinator Stuart Robinson, and comprise the Associate professor in pedagogics Vidar Vambheim (on research leave).

The administrative staff is composed of Project manager Jochen Peters and Senior executive officer, Hildegunn Bruland.

Program description




SVF-3021: Integrated peace and conflict studies, 20 credits.

First semester, 20 credits, about 40 hours of lectures and seminars.

Examination: Essay, written within a period of 10 days.


Evaluation is based on the grading system A-E, F = fail.

The Peace studies programme has the dual objective of analysing problems associated with conflict(s), violence and war, and searching for ways to solve or transform conflicts and reduce violence. This objective is presented in the table below, balancing elements of analytical and constructive/ future oriented work.


















As a primarily problems-oriented course, 'Integrated Peace and Conflict Studies' gives a broad introduction to, followed by analysis of, conflict and violence, their origins, context and forms. Philosophical perspectives on war and peace, human rights and international law are emphasised as well as structural and cultural violence and associated issues of direct (intentional) and indirect (unintended) violence. The course-material is divided into two distinct but related components:


1.             Peace Studies: Philosophy, Theory and Epistemology

2.             The Western Global 'Order' in Philosophical, Historical and Theoretical Perspective


SVF-3022: Culture, conflict and society, 10 credits


First semester, 10 credits, about 20 hours of lectures and seminars.


Examination: Essay, written within a period of 10 days.


Evaluation is based on the grading system A-E, F = fail.


SVF-3022 employs anthropological, religious and psychological perspectives on conflicts, peace and conflict transformation. The focus is on conflict and violence as human experience – cultural and psycho-logical. The associated complex issues of cultural difference form a critical backdrop to efforts to understand conflict and violence in their various manifestations


SVF-3023: Specialisation with methodology


Second and third semester, 10 credits, about 20 hours of reading-course and seminars.


Examination: Project description for individual master’s work/ thesis, research-paper of up to 6000 words.


Evaluation: Project description: Pass/ Fail, research-paper: A-E, F = fail


The project description must be approved before May 15th.


This informal and low-intensity course starts by agreement with a thesis supervisor in the second semester and runs towards the end of the third semester. The students choose a research topic and select a supervisor or research group within one of the following fields (topics will be elaborated at the beginning of the 1. semester):


*              Social medicine

*              Political economy

*              Law

*              Social science

*              Political science

*              History

*              Integrated peace studies

*              Psychology

The course integrates the research topic with the methods of research relevant for each field/ project. During the course, students will develop an individual project description for their master’s thesis, the process of which is supported through a combination of lectures and supervision. The project description shall define the empirical basis of the proposed work (literature, fieldwork, data collection) and discuss the theoretical and methodological framework and choices for the thesis.


SVF-3024: Conflict resolution and conflict transformation, 20 credits


Second semester, 20 credits, about 40 hours of lectures and seminars.


Examination: Essay written within a period of 10 days + oral examination. Evaluation is based on the grading system A-E, F = fail.


SVF-3024 examines in greater depth the political and social dimensions of conflict, violence and peace, and a range of highly divergent strategies for managing, resolving and/or transforming conflict. The course consists of two distinct but related components:


(i) Social and political violence

(ii) The pursuit of peace: Conflict management and resolution.


The focus, particularly in part (ii), is on constructive measures to avoid or reduce violence (negative peace), to solve or transform conflicts in creative, less- or non-violent ways, and to enhance the capacity to do so (positive peace). This entails a consideration of strategies, organisations, agencies and means to reduce violence and create more sustainable peace at different levels; from UN/International law via Governments and NGO's, to individual faculties of conflict mediation and conflict management, including an opportunity to train individual skills.


SVF-3901: Masters thesis, 40 credits


Third and fourth semester, 40 credits, 40 hours of supervision.


Examination: Submission of thesis approximately May 15th, and an oral examination approximately June 15th.


Evaluation of the thesis by a committee and is based on the grading system A-E, F = fail.


The students can choose either to write a theoreti-cally or an empirically based master’s thesis. Students must begin collecting the data material (quantitative and qualitative) during the summer session between the second and third semester. Field work/ data collection is to be finished by Oct. 1st in the third semester.


Elective 1 and 2: 10 + 10 credits


Second and third semester


Elective courses will vary from semester to semester. The students can choose individually between approved courses (mostly at the 3000-level) offered by other departments.


It is required that one of the electives be chosen from the courses offered in the area of methodology (except under special circumstances and by special agreement with the programme director and the thesis supervisor)


Examination: Depending on the individual choice of course. Evaluation is based on the grading system A-E, F = fail.




During the first and second semester a seminar group will be convened to facilitate continued discussions of topics from lectures, literature etc.

First and second semester, no credits. 120 hours seminar. No examination.



•The University of York
Derwent College
Heslington, York , UK




Module I: Understanding conflict and international response


*               Week 1:Understanding Peace, War & Conflict Analysis

*               Week 2:International Responses to Conflict

*               Week 3:International Legal Aspects


Module II: Practical skills of working with communities in conflict


*               Week 4: Humanitarian Practices

*               Week 5: Conflict Management & Peace Processes

*               Week 6: Researching with Communities


Module III: Perspectives on Post-war Recovery


*               Week 7: From Relief to Reconstruction

*               Week 8: Working with Communities

*               Week 9: Return, Reintegration & Reconstruction


Module IV: Planning and Managing Reconstruction Programmes


*               Week 10: Planning & Programming

*               Week 11: Project Evaluation & Management

*               Week 12: Security & Risk Management


Module I: Understanding conflict and international response


Week 1: Understanding Peace, War & Conflict Analysis


An introduction to war and conflict which promotes the understanding of the dynamics of conflict, from the root causes to the cessation of hostilities. The origins and paths of different types of conflicts are investigated to provide a grounding for future discussions.

Week 2: International Responses to Conflict


Examines the international community's interventions in recent conflicts within global, political, economic and ethical frameworks exploring new partnerships and the inter-relationship between peace-keeping and humanitarian work.


Week 3: International Legal Aspects


Presents the central tenets of, and debates surrounding, the international charters and conventions governing the conduct of war, the maintenance of human rights and the protection of, and assistance to, forced migrants. It examines the principles of International Law, International Human Rights Law, International Humanitarian Law and International Refugee Law.


Acknowledgements to visiting lecturers and institutions including: Giovanni Ruffini, Movimondo-Rome, Voice-Brussels; Tom Porteous, BBC; Dr Alan Bullion, Open University; Urs Bogli, ICRC; John Owen-David, Crosslines; Fabrizio Pagani, University of Pisa; William Lume, Institute for African Alternatives; Jon Bennett, IDP Global Survey, Norweigan Refugee Council; Angela Mackay & James Arbuckle, The Lester B Pearson Canadian International Peacekeeping Training Centre


Module II: Practical skills of working with communities in conflict


Week 4: Humanitarian Practices


Focuses on the current theoretical and practical debates informing humanitarian activities, and presents an overview of the main trends affecting contemporary humanitarian organisations.


Week 5:Conflict Management & Peace Processes


Introduces the key concepts involved in conflict management and, by way of a typology of a contemporary peace process, examines the main obstacles encountered in transitions from violence to peace.


Week 6: Researching with Communities


Gives students the opportunity to develop research methodology and data gathering skills for the field study visit.


Acknowledgements to visiting lecturers and institutions include: Carlo von Flüe, International Committee of the Red Cross, Geneva ; Peter Marsden, British Agencies Afghanistan Group; Giovanni Rufinni; Dr Feargal Cochrane; Brendon Hamber; Ben Hoffman, The Carter Centre; Jon Bennett, IDP Global Survey, Norweigan Refugee Council;


Field Study Visits


Having completed the first 2 modules, students will undertake a group field visit to examine, first hand, experiences of post-war reconstruction. Through PRDU's international links, the field visit could be, for example, to Belfast , El Salvador , Eritrea , Lebanon and Yemen . Students' views are considered when finalising the destination.


The 1996/97 class undertook their field visit to Iran , which included participation in the 3rd International Conference on Reconstruction of the War-Damaged Areas, held in Tehran , as well as a comprehensive study tour along the Iraq - Iran border from Abadan in the South to Kermanshah in the North investigating and reviewing 8 years of post-war reconstruction experience.


The 1997/8 visit was to Afghanistan , where students investigated relief and reconstruction programmes within an Afghan context, had site visits to Kabul and Jalalabad, and took part in a workshop entitled " Indigenous Peace Building in Afghanistan ".


The 1998/99 academic year's field visit took place in Lebanon . Firstly, the visits focussed on areas outside the reconstruction of Beirut Central District (BCD) such as Elyssar and Linord, and the Mountains Region of Lebanon. The group visited Saida and Tyre in south Lebanon during the second part of the programme. Finally, the PRDU visit included a three-day workshop which was jointly organised with the PRDU's host, Solidere - a joint-stock corporation working on the reconstruction and development of BCD.


The 1999/2000, 2000/2001, 2002/2003 academic years' field study visits took place in Sri Lanka , Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, respectively.


<Organisations and individuals who contributed to the success of the field visits include: IRAN: Dr Kamrava & Dr Nouri, Organising Committee of the 3rd International Conference on Reconstruction of the War-damaged Areas; The Reconstruction Council; Dr Mehdi Hodjat, University of Tehran; Dr Akbar Zargar, Chancellor, University of Arts; Finn Hakonsen & Hans Skotte, Directors, Project for Reconstruction and Development, NTNU-Trondheim. AFGHANISTAN: Norweigan Church Aid and its staff; United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); UNCHS Kabul; International Committee of the Red Cross; Madera, Jalalabad. LEBANON: American University of Beirut, SOLIDERE, Team International; SRI LANKA: Mohamed Marikkar at FORUT Sri Lanka and its other members of staff; CROATIA: Zoran Milovic from International Organisation for Migration; The British Council; Croatian Ministry of Reconstruction; The Mayors of Dvor and Osijek; The Open Society; UNHCR; BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA: Tajma Kurt, Murray McCullough; EU Delegation to Mostar; UMCOR; DRC; Turkish Consulate in Mostar.


Module III: Strategic planning and project evaluation


Week 7: From Relief to Reconstruction


Presents the principles of physical, social and economic reconstruction through identifying and exploring challenges and issues involved in the progression from relief to reconstruction.


Week 8: Working with Communities


Examines the challenges of working with war-affected communities in the planning and implementation of post-war recovery programmes.


Week 9: Return, Reintegration & Reconstruction


Examines the human, political and economic complexities of resettlement and reconstruction, and the issues of reintegration of combatants into society, demobilisation and disarmament.


Acknowledgements to visiting lecturers and institutions include: Prof Ian Davies, Disaster Preparedness Centre, Cranfield University; Dr Joseph Nasr, American University of Beirut; David Higdon, School of Architecture and Planning, University of Newcastle; Nabil Hamdi, CENDEP, Oxford Brookes University; Bob Wolfe, Planning and Regeneration Consultant, Leeds; Elizabeth Brookfield, Leeds City Council; Eugenia Date-Bah, ILO; Tajma Kurt, UMCOR Mostar; Judith Large, CREATE; Dr Fred Robinson, University of Durham; Halton Moor Estate Management Board, Leeds; Nicola Wood, Gateshead Council; John Borton & Alistair Hallam, Overseas Development Institute; Peter Wiles, Consultant; Elizabeth Winter, British Agencies Afghanistan Group; Laurence Taylor, Development Studies, Selly Oak College.


Module IV: Planning & Managing Reconstruction Programmes


Week 10: Planning & Programming


Imparts the principles, skills and planning techniques required for identifying needs, conducting action planning and managing physical and economic recovery programmes.


Week 11: Project Evaluation & Management


Disseminates theories and mechanisms for team selection, team building, managing staff, budgets and programmes in situations of flux and political instability, and monitoring and evaluation.


Week 12: Security & Risk Management


Imparts the skills and knowledge required by those working under fire in order to maintain personal, organisational and project security as well as to manage change and crisis.


Acknowledgements of visiting lecturers and institutions include: Dr Farhand Analoui, Development and Project Planning, University of Bradford ; Dr G Fettis, The University of York; Andrew McClintock, Clarendon Consultancy; Martin Goldsmith, Consultant; Philip Warwick, Dep. Health Studies-Unv. of York; Nirmala Ragbir-Day, CHE-University of York; Rae McGrath, Consultant; Anthony Needley, Consultant; Koenraad van Brabant, Overseas Development Institute; The British Military


Philipps-Universität Marburg
University of Marburg

Center for Conflict Studies



Uppsala Universtet



International Conflict Studies A, 20 points, 30 ETCS   

HT 2004                 April 15 2004        

                Course Module    Begin / End           Contact

1              Introduction to Peace and Conflict

Research (5 p, 7.5 ETCS)     Aug 26 / Oct 04    Eva Söderberg

2              Conflict Analysis (5 p, 7.5 ECTS)                       

3              Ethnicity, insecurity, and civil wars (5 p, 7.5 ECTS)                        

·                     Negotiation and Mediation (5 p, 7.5 ECTS)      



University of Marburg
Philipps-Universität Marburg


Center for Conflict Studies



Presently, The Center for Conflict Studies at the University of Marburg, Germany , co-ordinates the only subject in peace and conflict studies in Germany . Every semester the interdisciplinary minor program offers about 30 courses. The minor can accompany all undergraduate courses of studies at University of Marburg leading to diploma and seven ones leading to the degree ‘Master of Arts’. Depending on the regulations of the respective major, the minor comprehends of eight to seventeen courses. The course of study is built on modules and is presently demanded by more than 500 students. Every year about 120 freshers start their peace and conflict studies. A comprehensive brochure informs students and teachers about all essential issues concerning the minor. Since its beginning in 1996 the course of study has been evaluated by procedures which were in parts especially developed.

In preparation are a major in peace and conflict studies leading to a graduate Master and a concentration on conflict management / mediation. Furthermore, we strive for courses on ‘civilian coping of crises and conflicts’.   



Bar Ilan University
Ramat Gan
, Israel


The theories of conflict management and resolution (including negotiation, mediation, arbitration, and diplomacy) span and integrate different academic disciplines: social sciences (political science, international relations, sociology, psychology, social work, criminology, education, and economics); humanities (history, rhetoric, and philosophy); law; and (when focusing on Jewish issues and society), Jewish studies.

This program was created through cooperation between the different faculties and departments of Bar Ilan University , allowing students to study and integrate the different approaches to conflict management and resolution, and to apply them in different situations. This broad interdisciplinary approach facilitates research in the application of theories and models of conflict resolution (including game theory, socio- psychological models, political negotiation theories based on interests and power, legal processes, etc.) to the analysis of a wide spectrum of disputes.

In their first year, all students are required to complete a series of core courses, and in the second year, they take additional elective courses and engage in research based on one of four tracks:

1.             Political Studies and Diplomacy

2.             Law

3.             Sociology, Psychology, Education, and Labor Relations

4.             Jewish History, Philosophy, and Rhetoric


In addition, participants can receive training in mediation. Students specializing in theoretical aspects of conflict management and resolution will be able to continue toward a doctoral degree.

The faculty from the different departments and disciplines provide the foundation necessary to analyze specific instances of conflict, mediation, and negotiation in the context of Israel and Jewish society. This program allows the participants to apply the models of conflict management and mediation to family, community, domestic polity, and regional levels, as well as to more macro level areas. Students receive advanced training in each of these levels, and acquire the basis for examining specific issues in conflict resolution in the religious-secular sphere, as well as to political negotiations in the region, environmental disputes, etc. The research activities will be undertaken in cooperation with the Program in Conflict Resolution, established by the late Hans Bachrach.