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NEWBUTTONPINK.GIF (519 bytes)P2P and Human Evolution: Peer to peer as the premise of a new mode of civilization, Author: Michel Bauwens,The following (see link) essay describes the emergence, or expansion, of a specific type of relational dynamic, which I call peer to peer. It's a form of human network-based organisation which rests upon the free participation of equipotent partners, engaged in the production of common resources, without recourse to monetary compensation as key motivating factor, and not organized according to hierarchical methods of command and control. This format is emerging throughout the social field.  … P2P is a network, not a hierarchy; it is decentralized; it a specific form of network using distributive intelligence: intelligence is located at any center, but everywhere within the system. Assumed equipotency means that P2P systems start from the premise that 'it doesn't know where the needed resource will be located', it assumes that 'everybody' can cooperate, and does not use formal rules in advance to determine its participating members. Equipotency, i.e. the capacity to cooperate, is verified in the process of cooperation itself. Validation of knowledge, acceptance of processes, are determined by the collective. Cooperation must be free, not forced, and not based on neutrality (i.e. the buying of cooperation in a monetary system). It exists to produce something. … I believe that a P2P-based civilization, or at least one that has much stronger elements of it compared with today, would be a better civilization, more apt to tackle the global challenges that we are facing. This is why I propose that this essay is not just part of a process of understanding, but that it can be a guide to an active participation in the transformation of our world, into something better, more participative, more free, more creative.  Read this important essay at

NEWBUTTONPINK.GIF (519 bytes) Pacem in terris : in my view, a very significant document, and in a sense the remote source of the appeals for peace that the present Pope has been making to George Bush in these last few days. Thomas Merton had earlier been silenced by the censors of his Trappist Order (see William Shannon's book on this, Passion for Peace) for saying much the same things as John XXIII did in Pacem in Terris.  So when it came out, the censors had to lift their inhibition of Merton and other Catholic peace activists. ... (Further), if you read the Documents of Vatican II, which came out a little later than Pacem in Terris, you will find a clear statement in the document Nostra Aetate that the eternal or celestial or metaphysical destiny of all people rests in the mystery of divine providence. I would suggest Mary Jo Leddy, Toronto author and theologian, or Michael Higgins, president of St Jerome's University, Waterloo, as excellent sources of comment on this significant document and anniversary.  Comments courtesy of Don Grayston

In Pacifism in the 20th Century (Syracuse Univ.; paperback, $29.95), Peter Brock and Nigel Young offer both broad-gauged history and trenchant analysis. Read as history, their 11 chapters -- beginning with the Quaker Peace Testimony and Socialist anti-militarism at the start of this century, and ending with the work of the Palestinian pacifist Mubarak Awad in the 1990s -- are an overview of peacemakers in action. But as analysts of the major events and personalities of the past 10 decades, the authors, though obviously aligned with the philosophy of pacifism, are anything but uncritical cheerleaders. "The pursuit of peace in the modern world," they write, "is too complex an activity to be comprised within the old pacifist slogan, 'wars will cease when men refuse to fight.' Conscientious objection still retains validity as a moral stand and pacifism as an individual ethic, but the world in the nuclear age stands in pressing need of collective alternatives to violence. . . . Ultimately, the gospel of reconciliation, the Gandhian approach, may prove sounder politics than a philosophy of violent deterrence."  Brock, a professor emeritus of history at the University of Toronto, and Young, a professor of peace studies at Colgate, are necessarily constrained by having to condense 100 years of history into a mere 443 pages. Valuable scholarship is here, though, for both the informed peace educator and the uninformed peace illiterate. For the informed, it is an intellectual comfort to be reminded that in the murderous 20th century -- recorded history's bloodiest -- large number of pacifists, choosing weapons of the spirit over weapons of steel, remain steadfast in asking the crucial questions of our time: What has violence produced except more violence? Is killing the only way to stop killing?  For the uninformed, the authors offer an alternative to war-based history routinely and unthinkingly offered in conventional schools. Students have a right to know about the War Resisters League, the Fellowship of Reconciliation, Pax Christi and Servicio Paz y Justicia, and the heroes of nonviolence: Garry Davis, Anne Montgomery, John Dear, Adolfo Perez Esquivel. Each of these groups and pacifists, and plenty more, is alive and thriving -- and making history.  Oddly, the authors, both professors, write nothing about peace education. Some 70 colleges now offer degrees in peace studies, up from one (Manchester College, Ind.) in 1970. (Review by Colman McCarthy, Washington Post)

NEWBUTTONPINK.GIF (519 bytes) PARLIAMENTS - ACTORS IN POVERTY REDUCTION? This paper looks at the role of parliaments in the implementation process of Poverty Reduction Strategies (PRS) in Africa. It describes the complex function of parliaments in national policy making and the way PRS processes have affected this function. It also suggests future approaches for strengthening national parliaments so they can play a productive role in enhancing good national governance.

Peace bibliography - extensive: ; ;

NEWBUTTONPINK.GIF (519 bytes) The Peacebook: 108 Simple Ways to Create a More Peaceful World - This book examines how individuals can further peace within their communities and in the broader world.  It is also meant to be a blueprint for building a revolutionary social structure founded in the Four Principles of Peace.  It is meant as a guide to action and contains 108 practical suggestions that can help people build a new culture of peace. Author:  Louise Diamond (Coexistence Network Partner). Cost:  $3.00 plus $4.50 for shipping. CONTACT:  PeaceTech, PO Box 253, Bristol, VT 05443, USA. T: 1-802-453-7191/1-888-455-5355; Email:, Website: 

Peacebuilder Magazine for Educators and Youth, Network: Interaction for Conflict Resolution (NICR), Waterloo, Canada.

Peacevox website  - The work of peacebuilding is filled with stories - stories of small victories and large ones, stories of grief and violence, of resilience and humor. These stories may be expressed in many ways - in written narrative, or in art and music. PeaceVox has been created as a global meeting place for peacebuilders of all kinds to express themselves through the arts, outside of the boundaries and restrictions of their work. Art can endow daily experiences with meaning, when it may otherwise be difficult to capture in the midst of violence. Some of the greatest social impact can be achieved through images and narrative.  This is the power of the arts that PeaceVox seeks to harness.  For more information, contact Colleen Malone, editor ; tel. 416-598-0358 Toronto, Canada

Peace Agreement, LIBERIA: The "Comprehensive Peace Agreement Between the Government of Liberia and the Liberians United for Reconcilation and Democracy (LURD) and the Movement for Democracy in Liberia (MODEL) and Political Parties," signed August 18, 2003 can be found on our Library and Links pages at (table of contents, which link to text and annexes).

Peace and Conflict ; ; Comments to the editor: Simon Stander editor@monitor.upeace.orgTo subscribe to this list you can send a message to  with the words "subscribe " (no quotes on the message) on the body.

Peace and Conflict: The Home of Peace Studies on the World-Wide Web - Information topics include: Search Peace Discussions; Peace Studies Abroad Programs; Calendar of Peace Studies Conferences & Events; Directory of University Programs, Courses and Syllabi; Peace Research Centers, Institutes & Organizations; The Peace List (Peace Studies Discussion Group); The Peace Studies Association (PSA); Explore Service-Learning.  See

PEACE AND CONFLICT STUDIES Published by The Network of Peace and Conlict Studies Online publication sponsored by George Mason University

Peace and Conflict Studies - David Barash and Charles Webel.  592 pages, $64.95, ISBN: 0761925074.  "I teach an introductory course on this topic and can think of no other useful text in the field . . . I like the organization and scope of this volume--beginning with the nature and causes of war, then proceeding to 'negative' peace, and then 'positive' peace. I also liked the extensive use of literary fragments--my students would relate to that.There's a need for it and I think the authors are on the right track." --Michael Klare, Hampshire College.  For more information or to place an order, please visit or call (800) 818-2473.

The Peace Book: 108 Simple Ways to Create a More Peaceful World  by Louise Diamond.  OVER 61,000 SOLD!  A perennial favorite with which to share the spirit of peace.  Buy a box of 20 Peace Books for $80 (save $20).  That's just $4.00 per book! View Table of Contents .  View the Author's Prologue .   Click to Order Now

American Psychological Association (APA) Division 48 has sponsored development of the first college textbook on peace psychology (all proceeds are donated to the division). "Peace, Conflict, and Violence: Peace Psychology for the 21st Century" edited by D. Christie, R. Wagner, and D. Winter (2001) is now available from Prentice Hall. The book is a 426 page paperback, very attractively packaged. If you teach at the college level, this may be the perfect text for your peace psychology or conflict and violence course. Knowing that an excellent text is available, some of you may now want to develop the first peace psychology course for your college. 5 Star Must Reading   Click on the link to Peace Psychology to read an excellent summary and ordering information.


McFarland & Co. in Jefferson, North Carolina has just published a second edition of Ian Harris's 1988 classic, Peace Education.. The 2003 version has a second author, Mary Lee Morrison.  This book, Peace Education, introduces a relatively new area of educational reform, where educators use their skills to address problems of violence. It explains how educational strategies reduce levels of violence in this postmodern world. It defines peace education, discusses diverse approaches, presents key issues and topics, describes obstacles, discusses new ways of thinking, explains how to construct educational programs, addresses fears generated by the arms race, and presents alternatives for resolving conflict nonviolently. This book has been written for a broad audience that includes school personnel, university professors, scholars, church leaders, and peace movement activists. Many different  people are currently concerned with peace, and the issues of violence that spark their interest cover many different realms - from domestic abuse to international terrorism.  Peace Education suggests that teaching about alternatives to violence can improve school performance and build the foundation for constructing a culture of peace.  The world has changed dramatically since the 1988 first edition of this work. The very notion of what is meant by peace, at least domestically, has been profoundly affected by the events of September 11, 2001.  New to this edition are additional discussions of the contributions of feminist theorists to the understanding of peacemaking, the role of the family in peace education, and the creation of visions and hope for the future. The present volume begins with a discussion of the concepts of peace and peace education. It then considers religious and historical concepts of war, peace and peace education, describes how peace education can move people to work for social change and look for alternatives to violence, and discusses ways to begin implementing peace education in schools, churches and other community settings such as youth groups. It goes on to address sensitive issues in peace education, key concepts and topics, important biological and cultural factors, and barriers facing those who teach peace. It provides the "how" of peace education by examining optimal pedagogy and practices.  Ian M. Harris is a professor of education policy and community studies at the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. Mary Lee Morrison is the founder and director of Pax Educare, the Connecticut Center for Peace Education in Hartford, Connecticut. She lives in West Hartford, Connecticut.  McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers , Box 611, Jefferson, North Carolina 28640 (336) 246-4460; FAX (336) 246-5018; Orders (800) 253-2187; .  Ian M. Harris, Department of Educational Policy and Community Studies, Enderis 553, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, P.O. Box 413, Mil. WI 53201 USA, (Phone)1+(414) 229-2326   (Fax) 1+ (414) 229-3700
e-mail: ;

Peace education: Contexts and values. Calleja, J., and Perucca, A. (Eds.) (1999). Published in collaboration with the Division of Democracy, Human Rights and Peace of UNESCO and the Peace Education Commission of the International Peace Research Association. Lecce: Pensa MultiMedia.

Peace Education in UNICEF June 1999, Prepared by Susan Fountain, Consultant, UNICEF New York.  Peace education is an essential component of quality basic education. This paper defines peace education as the process of promoting the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values needed to bring about behaviour changes that will enable children, youth and adults to prevent conflict and violence, both overt and structural; to resolve conflict peacefully; and to create the conditions conducive to peace, whether at an intrapersonal, interpersonal, intergroup, national or international level.  In this paper, issues pertaining to peace education are considered from the perspective of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Jomtien Declaration on Education for All. The relationship between peace education and other educational initiatives (children’s rights/human rights education, education for development, gender training, global education, life skills education, landmine awareness, and psychosocial rehabilitation) is examined. The aims of peace education as they appear in programmes around the world are then summarized, followed by a brief survey of the types of approaches that have been used in a variety of educational environments. A number of ‘windows of opportunity’ for peace education are described. A rationale for the use of interactive, learner-centred methods in peace education is presented, along with elements of effective peace education programmes selected from current research. The paper concludes with an overview of methods for evaluating peace education programmes, sample behavioural indicators, and suggestions for setting up an evaluation.  Peace education programmes have been developed in a number of UNICEF country offices and National Committees for UNICEF over the past decade. Ideas are continually evolving about how to use the full range of children’s educational experiences to promote commitment to principles of peace and social justice. Therefore, this paper should be seen as a working document, rather than a statement of policy. Its purpose is to stimulate further discussion and networking among UNICEF colleagues, to move towards a clearer articulation of good practice in peace education, and to pave the way for further exploration of how best to evaluate the impact and effectiveness of this area of UNICEF activity. As the need to evaluate peace education programmes becomes greater, so too does the need for a common framework within which to examine their content and methods. Also see 

For an eye-opening look at how non-violent action and peaceful activism is changing the world for the better, see the new book, Peaceful Persuasion.  For details, see: .  Peaceful Persuasion asserts that nonviolent persuasion, largely overlooked until now, supports conflict transformation when applied to contemporary political crises, such as those in the Balkans, in the U.S. 'war on terrorism', in Asia, and beyond.  It offers timely and refreshing views on how important it is to study, teach, and promote peacemaking and peace activism in the 21st century.  Ellen W. Gorsevski, Ph.D., Tel: 208/457-1175, Email: ; Address:  2020 N. Treaty Rock. Blvd., Post Falls, ID  83854  USA

Peace is breaking out around the world: reports CBC.  Last Updated Sun, 29 Aug 2004 22:39:47 EDT.  TORONTO - "International peace researchers report that worldwide conflict is on the decline as are the number of casualties.  Their research shows that the number of people killed in battle has fallen to 20,000 per year–the lowest number in the post-Second World War period.  Although death tolls in Iraq and Afghanistan have thrust war into the global spotlight, annual reports from think-tanks such as the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute and the Canadian NGO Project Ploughshares, cite a drop from the peak numbers of armed conflicts witnessed in the 1990s.  According to the Stockholm Institute, which measures the number of conflicts that produce greater than 1,000 deaths in a year, 19 major wars were in progress in 2003 compared to 33 in 1991.  The 2004 Stockholm report, obtained in advance of its September publication by The Associated Press, points out that three wars ended in 2003 (Angola, Rwanda and Somalia) and a fourth in India's Assam state was downgraded from the 'major' category in the same period of time.  There were three new wars added in 2003–Iraq, the Darfur region of Sudan and Liberia .  The list also includes the U.S. war on al-Qaeda and the conflict between India and Pakistan .  Project Ploughshares, which measures the number of wars that accumulate 1,000 deaths from the beginning of a conflict, reports a drop to 33 conflicts in 2003 from 44 in 1995. The Canadian figures do not include deaths from war-induced starvation and disease, deaths from ethnic conflicts not formally involving states or unopposed massacres such as the Rwandan genocide."  Written by CBC News Online staff.  This appeared on the CBC website.  at

Peace, Justice and Freedom: Human Rights Challenges for the New Millennium - Horrendous war crimes in Kosovo. Senseless bloodshed in Algeria and East Timor. Riots in Seattle. Now more than ever, the dialogue on human rights demands our attention. To mark the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, scholars, activists, politicians, peace workers, and concerned individuals from around the world gathered in Edmonton to examine the progress in human rights since the Declaration's origins.   Peace, Justice and Freedom is a collection of their insights, with contributions from such leading figures as Archbishop Desmond Tutu, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Mary Robinson, and the Assistant Director General of UNESCO Francine Fournier. The volume offers a comprehensive look at the state of human rights today, from the Canadian Arctic to the Australian Outback, from Vietnam to Nigeria, from individual sufferings to global threats. Hopeful, honest and wide-ranging, these 54 articles reiterate the need to recognize the inalienable rights of all members of the human family - a need enshrined both in the original Declaration and in the Edmonton Resolution, an important outcome of the conference.  A must-read for anyone who cares about rights issues, Peace, Justice and Freedom is a passionate examination of who we are, where we're going, and what we must yet accomplish. The University of Alberta Press ISBN 0-88864-339-X * 433 pages * Appendices * $34.95 paper.  For more information or to obtain books for review or examination, please contact: Cathie Crooks, Sales/Marketing Manager, The University of Alberta Press Ring House 2, Edmonton, AB   T6G 2E1 Telephone: (780) 492-5820     Fax: (780) 492-0719     Email:


Peace in the Family of Man - by Lester B. Pearson.  After a lifetime devoted to the cause of international peace, one of its most distinguished servants here reflects on the state of the world today and the prospects for peace in the family of man.  Mr. Pearson’s commentary reveals the personal qualities that have established him as a great conciliator: understanding, patience, reasonableness, and the ability to lighten his arguments with a gently ironic sense of humor.  These qualities inform his judgments as he discusses the polarization of international power, the threat of nuclear war, the means of increasing political and economic co-operation, the role of the United Nations, and the prospects for the future. He begins after the First World War, when those who discussed disarmament at Geneva did so in the conviction that there would be no more war, and ends as the major powers, armed like gladiators to the limits of their endurance, confront each other on a high wire in an era when travelers in outer space have reminded us that our planet is home to all the human race.  If Mr. Pearson is not optimistic, he is not disillusioned.  He makes clear the futility of attempts at quick solutions and re-states the urgent need to bring to the creation of a unified international community the same intensity of personal commitment we bring to domestic affairs.  The reader will find that sense of personal commitment here, beneath the familiar unpretentious style, and a clear statement of the ideas and attitudes that must direct actions of both governments and citizens if there is to be stability in the world and hope for all its peoples.  This book, available on the Internet by clicking on the above link ( ) contains the six Reith Lectures broadcast over the BBC in the autumn of 1968.

Peace is Possible - Stories of victories for peace:for inspiration, encouragement and empowerment. A reader in California who orders 20 copies for family and friends for Christmas, a peace movement leader in Toronto who wishes 35 copies to spread to key people in local chapters, an enthusiastic General Director of UNESCO, professors from universities around the world using it for teaching peace, a democracy activist in Albania reading from it on local radio, a leading foreign affairs journalist  saying that it was great reading - and a lot to learn , a Foreign Minister recommending it warmly whenever he can .... This is the kind of feedback that tells me that "Peace is possible" has become the book I set out to make, in every respect - except one: "peace" was not sexy enough to find a major publisher to distribute the book all around the world. The answer is the Internet. Most people have a much too modest vision of peace and accept to live with a deadly risky balancing act where we all the time risk to fall and be consumed by devastating military disasters. I wished to reach the general public with attractive stories of successful efforts for a peace that deserves the name. At the same time the many concrete examples showing that it can be done - and how - would be empowering also for people inside the peace movement. And a good tool for peace education. "Peace is possible" contains frank, lively, short  and readable personal accounts from 32 authors - most of them new articles, written for this book by men and women who were at the center of the action, Dalai Lama, Gorbachev, Jody Williams, Scilla Elworthy, Joseph Rotblat, Daniel Ellsberg, Howard Zinn, Nelson Mandela, Richard Falk, Mordechai Vanunu, Joanna Macy, Howard Zinn Š.. Together they offer a wide panorama of the efforts that create hope for a safe and peaceful world order. "Peace is Possible", just published by the IPB with the support of UNESCO, is a great gift to yourself and everyyone concerned with saving this marvellous green planet of ours. More information - how to order:"Peace is possible" is easy to order at   -  or use this direct link:  Price: US$20 (US$ 15 for IPB members and low income. Also bulk rates). - in 6 languages! Available already in 4 languages: Bangla, English Finnish, Norwegian.  Forthcoming:  Hindi and Marathi.

Peace Magazine. ISSN 0826-9521. Published six times a year by the Canadian Disarmament Information Service (CANDIS), 736 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2R4. Telephone 416-533-7581; Fax 416-531-6214; Website:  Email:

Peace Movement Directory - There are many organizations that have taken on a hopeful attitude for peace in the new year, despite the recent events occurring in the United States, the Middle East and in other areas of the world.  This peace movement and its many participants are the focus of a newly published book. "There are nearly 1400 organizations, programs, museums and memorials in North America that are dedicated to peace," says author James Richard Bennett.  "Among my goals in writing the Peace Movement Directory was to make sure these organizations knew about each other and to encourage them to seek each other out."  There is a famous quote from Martin Luther King, Jr. that goes "Those of us that love peace must learn to organize as effectively as those that love war."  Bennet says, "I really believe that." Recommended and called "outstanding" by Library Journal, and published by McFarland (who also published the immensely successful textbook, Confronting War) the Peace Movement Directory offers nearly 1400 entries with the name of the organization, college, museum, memorial or journal; year founded or dedicated; address, phone number, e-mail address and website address; and text that provides historical information.  The directory includes an introduction, bibliography, index and 147 photographs.  More information on the book, including how to order it, can be found at

Peace Movements Between the Wars ~William Solzbacher, Josephine Solzbacher Kennon(Editor), Edwin Mellen Press, Hardcover - October 1998

Peace Movements of the World ~A.J. Day(Editor), Cartermill International, Hardcover - 5 January, 1987

Peace News is an international quarterly magazine written and produced by and for nonviolent activists around the world. With a strong anti-militarist analysis, Peace News tackles topical and philosophical issues head-on.  To buy or subscribe to Peace News please see our website for rates (, or contact us by phone, fax or email for one-off copies, back issues or bulk orders.  Every issue of PN also includes a useful "Tools" section - with contacts and resources; book, film, and CD reviews; alternative news stories; and comment and analysis on topical events.  Peace News for nonviolent revolution, 5 Caledonian Road, London N1 9DY, England; Tel:+44 20 7278 3344 Fax:+44 20 7278 0444; email ; Peace News is produced in cooperation with War Resisters' International

Peace Psychology - American Psychological Association (APA) Division 48 has sponsored development of the first college textbook on peace psychology (all proceeds are donated to the division). "Peace, Conflict, and Violence: Peace Psychology for the 21st Century" edited by D. Christie, R. Wagner, and D. Winter (2001) is now available from Prentice Hall. The book is a 426 page paperback, very attractively packaged. If you teach at the college level, this may be the perfect text for your peace psychology or conflict and violence course. Knowing that an excellent text is available, some of you may now want to develop the first peace psychology course for your college. 5 Star Must Reading  Click on the link to Peace Psychology to read an excellent summary and ordering information.

Peace Psychology Links -

Peace Quest - For a really wonderful book which teaches children and their families peacemaking skills, please see

A Peace Reader : Essential Readings on War, Justice, Non-Violence, and World Order ~Joseph J. Fahey, Richard Armstrong(Editor), Paulist Press, Paperback - January 1992, US List Price: $21.95

Peace Research Institute - Dundas Catelogue of Publications, 25 Dundana Avenue, Dundas, Ontario, L9H 4E5. Telephone 905-628-2356; Fax 905-628-1830. Web site ; email 

Peace Review is a quarterly, multidisciplinary, transnational journal of research and analysis, focusing on the current issues and controversies that underlie the promotion of a more peaceful world. Social progress requires, among other things, sustained intellectual work, which should be pragmatic as well as analytical. The results of that work should be ingrained into everyday culture and political discourse. We define peace research very broadly to include peace, human rights, development, ecology, culture and related issues. The task of the journal is to present the results of this research and thinking in short, accessible and substantive essays. Each issue develops a particular theme but we run both on-theme and off-theme essays.

Peace Studies from a Global Perspective:  Human Needs in a Cooperative World.  This book consists of papers from the General Conference of the International Peace Research Association (IPRA) held in Durban, South Africa.  It is aimed at teachers, researchers, peace educators, and peace builders globally, and may also be used in classrooms.  It emphasizes perspectives from the South and gender analysis.  Organization:  International Peace Research Association (IPRA).  Details:  English, Edited by Ursula Oswald.  CONTACT:  The Maadhyam Books, 1715 Outram Lines, Kingsway Camp, Delhi-110009, India.

Peace studies gain ground at colleges  
By The Baltimore Sun
May 28, 2004 

The Peace Terrorist (Minnesota Voices Project, No 64) ~Carol Masters, New Rivers Press, Paperback - March 1994, US List Price: $9.95

A short book by Daisaku Ikeda, President of Soka Gakkai International (SGI)entitled "Peace through dialogue: A time to talk.  Thoughts on a Culture of Peace", which is worth taking a look at. It both deals with the conceptual (the changing of values, cultural relativism, the power of language,   etc.) and practical aspects (global public goods, poverty reduction, abolition of nuclear weapons, strengthening of the UN, etc.) of the Culture of Peace from a Buddhist   perspective. A few excerpts: On how a culture of peace should be built: "Humanity is charged with the task of not merely achieving a "passive peace" - the absence of war - but transforming on a fundamental level those social structures that threaten human dignity. Efforts to enhance international cooperation and the fabric of international law are, of course, necessary, but even more vital are the creative efforts of individuals to develop a multilayered and richly patterned culture of peace, for it is on this foundation that a new global society can be built."  On the link between a culture of peace and cultural relativism: "one example [of the invasive, aggressive aspect of culture] is the cultural imperialism that accompagnied the European colonization of much the world in the modern era. Some of the negative aspects of such an approach can be counteracted through a stance of cultural relativism. (..) A culture of peace must provide a basis on which a plurality of cultural traditions can creatively interact, learning from each other toward the dream of a genuinely inclusive global civilization".  The full text can be found on the SGI website:

"Peace Within Our Grasp" By Crandall R. Kline, Jr.  Finally, this book is available to order in quantities, in paperback, 300 total pages.  Order from , for $12 including postage.  The book will be mailed to you and you can pay by check when you receive it.  "Peace Within Our Grasp" is a comprehensive book that covers all (?) aspects of war prevention.  It is recommended for students because it is so comprehensive.  The Honorable John Seiberling, former Member of Congress and former Director, Center for Peace Studies wrote, "'Peace Within Our Grasp' does an excellent job of listing the elements that are needed for a peaceful world, both in moral thinking and in our political system.   It correctly calls for nonviolent efforts to be exhausted before resorting to violence.  It shows how built-in emotions can harmfully influence our decision making, and why some people are so easily persuaded to violence.  I recommend this book for all students of peace."  Does our present moral system -- our conventional wisdom, such as the Ten Commandments, the Golden Rule, and Just War Rules provide the right guidance for preventing wars and living peacefully?  Why was the United Nations ineffective in preventing the Korean War and the Gulf War?
Why is it that an entire (?) nation, at times, think that genocide is desirable, such as the Germans in World War II, the Turks in World War I, the Serbs in Bosnia and Kosovo, the Hutus in Rwanda?  Why is it that some Muslims embrace "killing for God" and subjugating women, such as the Taliban are doing, even though Islam forbids it?  We have had wars for thousands of years, and they continue despite all efforts to stop them.  Is this because some men have a built-in love of combat?  If so, what steps do we need to take to prevent wars?  "Peace Within Our Grasp" answers these questions in Chapters such as "Better Rules are the Solution", "Understanding Our Psychological Makeup", "Testosterone", "How the United Nations Should Be Revised", and "Sacreligion".   Additional Chapters are "What is Truth?" "Changing Public's Opinion", "The Role of Editors and Reporters", "A New World Order", "Sovereignty's Limits", "Nonlethal Weapons", and "A Peace Hall of Fame".  The book makes the point that men cannot be looked at as homogeneous; they need to be observed on a continuum, from pacifist to homicidal.  We hope you will be inspired to order a copy.  Volume purchases can be obtained at a 40% discount.  Crandall R. Kline, Jr.  BSME .  A summary of the book is available at How to Achieve World Peace 


Peaceful Resolution of Major International Disputes: The most neglected   but most crucial subject - The book builds on the many unrecognised successes of recent decades in presenting legally and politically sound alternatives to international chaos or domination.  Keynote contribution by Hans Corell Under-Secretary-General and the Legal Counsel of the United Nations
Part I - United Nations Related Issues
Part II - Lessons from Border Dispute Settlement
Part III - Lessons from Arms Control Accommodation
Part IV - Lessons from Commercial Dispute Settlement
Also contains two MODEL NEGOTIATIONS drawn by world's leading experts.  Prepared under the Auspices of the International Law Association and the Consortium on International Dispute Resolution for the Centennial of the First International Peace Conference.  Edited by Julie Dahlitz;
United Nations Publications, Sales Section, Room C 109; CH-1221 Geneva 10 Switzerland
Fax. +41/22 917 0027. 
Costs US$ 19.00 for soft cover and US$ 39.00 for hard copy. Published in 1999.  Available from the UN Bookstore.  Here is there info: LANGUAGE: E. SALES #: GV.99.0.13 H ISBN: 9211010004  PAGES: 316pp. PRICE: $39.00 DESCRIPTION: The creation of the United Nations and the International Court of Justice, together with a   host of other global and regional institutions and treaties bear witness to the dedicated efforts being made to   settle international disputes by peaceful means. This publication draws inspiration from the areas of law and  practice where excellent results have been achieved, with the aim of assisting rapid improvements in all relevant spheres. It presents lessons from border dispute settlements, arms control accommodation and  commercial dispute settlements, and discusses United Nations related issues. The following must be the info for the soft cover edition: SALES #: GV.99.0.18 ISBN: 9211010039 

Peacetest - This survey was designed to measure processes of moral disengagement in the development of support for international violence. Moral disengagement occurs when people begin to tell themselves that violence is excusable. By convincing ourselves that aggression is justified, we disengage or disregard the moral standards that restrain violence in everyday life. When moral restraints are disengaged, "normal" or "good" people may be capable of savage atrocities. They can behave violently with a clear conscience. In studies of individual and group violence, moral disengagement has been shown to strongly influence our willingness to inflict suffering upon others. Education about moral disengagement can help us all learn to be more skeptical of the arguments that we may use to tell ourselves that violence is justified. Answers on this questionnaire can be used to compare individuals and groups and to predict the degree to which they will support war in various circumstances. In a study of young people in the U.S.A. and Finland, the level of agreement with the questions on this survey was strongly related to support for acts of war in Yugoslavia and Iraq. The concept of moral disengagement was developed by Albert Bandura at the Stanford University Department of Psychology.  The International Federation of Medical Students' Associations is organizing a global network of students to help the people of their nations resist "moral disengagement" during international conflict. If you would like to be part of our effort to reduce support for war and strengthen support for peace, please contact Alfred McAlister" <>

Peacezine, an online, international, Internet magazine dedicated to fostering world peace. We are a non-profit organization relying on voluntary contributors for the content of the magazine. We have volunteer journalists from Fiji, the Ukraine, U.S.A. and contacts in Turkey, Great Britain, Morocco, Jordan, Norway as well as many other nations around the world.  We believe in aggressive "marketing" of a sustainable world peace to establish it as a social norm.  We believe that a non-violent society cannot be attained without recognition of self, leading to a better understanding and tolerance of others.   We believe in a policy of non-interference as it applies to the affairs of nations. Our method will centre on educating individuals in the way of peace.  We will be corresponding with religious and government leaders, journalists, students and others to ask them for submissions. It is not our intention to censor this material but to present it in the most balanced, positive and proactive method possible.  It would be a great honour if you would visit our web site at  and a greater honour if you could send us a message of peace.  If you wish to link to our site you can chooses a banner or button at  and if you would like us to link to your site just drop us a line .  Yours in Peace, Glenn Sheppard, Editor; Peacezine, 46 Hathway Drive, Scarborough, Ont., Canada, M1P 4L5  Email:

People Behind the Peace : Community and Reconciliation in Northern Ireland ~Ronald Wells, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Paperback - February 1999, US List Price: $13.00

PEOPLE BUILDING PEACE - 35 INSPIRING STORIES FROM AROUND THE WORLD - The world is facing many conflicts today. Especially the humanitarian crisis and the political deadlock in Kosovo are at the forefront of our attention.   We can learn from the many mistakes made in Kosovo by attempting to ensure that meaningful conflict prevention strategies are identified and are actually pursued in other situations of latent conflict. One of the main messages of  'People Building Peace' is the urge to invest in preventative action in an early stage of conflict. Preventative action is not only necessary; this book also shows it is possible.  'People Building Peace' tells the stories of the valuable initiatives taken by citizens of many countries   to prevent violence, to resolve conflict, and to reconcile parties that have been at war.  It shows the important role 'multi-track' diplomacy can play in conflict prevention and resolution: Churches, women's organisations, the media and non-governmental organisations have all demonstrated their potential for building peace.  The publication is intended to inspire people to invest in peace-building.  It is written with a broad audience in mind: (non-)governmental organisations, governments, educators, media, and all people working for peace.  With contributions of: FEDERICO MAYOR (Director-General UNESCO), PIERRE SCHORI (Minister for Development Affairs, Sweden), JOHN PAUL LEDERACH (Eastern Mennonite University), HIZKIAS ASSEFA (African Peace-building and Reconciliation Network), SEARCH FOR COMMON GROUND, THE INSTITUTE FOR MULTI-TRACK DIPLOMACY and many others.  'People Building Peace' is a publication of the European Centre for Conflict Prevention in co-operation with International Fellowship of Reconciliation (IFOR) and the Coexistence Initiative of the State of the World Forum.  For more information please contact: Paul van Tongeren, Executive director of the European Centre for Conflict Prevention, P.O. Box 14069, 3508 SC Utrecht, Netherlands. Tel: +31 (0)30 253 75 28; Fax: +31 (0)30 253 75 29. Email: ;   Web-site:

PEOPLE ON WAR (from The Drum Beat listserve:  A worldwide project that intends to increase awareness around the world of the rules that already exist for people's protection in wartime and to encourage discussion of humanitarian law in the context of modern-day conflict. It has been designed to involve those who have experience of war.  See the People on War website at:
Peoples Video Network - We are a group of media activists with more than 50 public access shows across the country and hundreds of videos documenting the struggle. We have sent correspondents to the Lacondon Jungle, Russia, Cuba, Korea, Puerto Rico, South Africa, and Iraq. We produce and edit videos about issues the corporate media will not touch. Our goal is to break the information blockade of big business media.
Permanent Peace: How to Stop Terrorism and War-Now and Forever by Robert M.  Oates.  Super Radiance-the new technology of peace-is not based on the old-style, purely objective and physical science. It is based, instead, on a powerful new combined approach. on subjective, consciousness-based technologies (including meditation technologies). that are then verified through standard scientific tests.  The result is a powerful program that.*Dissolves terrorism from its very basis, *Produces dramatic reductions in warfare and war casuaties, *Also cuts crime, traffic accidents and other signs of social disorder, *Begins to work literally overnight, *Harms no one and helps everyone.  When you read Permanent Peace, you'll find the missing answer to terrorism and war . in two parts: 1. The overlooked cause: Attacks by individuals and governments do not happen in a vacuum. They have an underlying cause, and that cause is the stress, fear and hostility rampant in the society as a whole. The connection is simple: If stress in the social atmosphere gets too high, violence erupts. The build-up of anxiety and tension, of fear and anger-between factions, nations and religions- finally breaks out as crime, warfare and terrorism.  2. The missing solution: To dissolve the cycle of violence at its root, dissolve stress and disorder in the society as a whole. Super Radiance-the technology of peace-powerfully purifies social stress. That's why it decreases warfare, terrorism, violent crime and other social violence in a dramatic and easily measurable way. Here are some of the things you will learn: *The facts . all the details of the scientific research. and why independent scholars find it so convincing. *The underlying theory-how coherent brain functioning in a large group of meditation experts radiates coherence into the surrounding society-to dissolve social stress.  *Why the outmoded ideas of 19th century classical mechanics can't explain this Super Radiance technology.  *How the latest superunified quantum field theories do explain the mechanics of such a radiating influence.  *How the intelligence within the human mind can enliven the intelligence at the basis of nature. and generate radiating waves through an underlying unified field of consciousness.  *The master plan to create one permanent super-group of 40,000 Super Radiance experts in a single spot on earth. to radiate an indomitable influence of harmony and peace into the collective consciousness of the entire world. and put a permanent end to violence, terrorism and war everywhere on earth.  *Finally, you'll get a practical Action plan . the exact steps you can take to transform your own life. and to help create a permanent state of peace in the world. For more information, web site  where you can download an electronic mini-version of the book.  (Transcendental Meditation)

Persuasion by ZLATKO ISAKOVIC and FRANÇOIS-PIERRE GINGRASA fresh comparative, interdisciplinary and ultidisciplinary approach to the analysis and synthesis of persuasion. The book will show what has an enduring value and what, if anything, has changed dramatically in the theory and practice of persuasion. It will combine the essential and methodological features of the domestic and international practice of persuasion, reviewing its heritage, its present evolution and its prospects.  The book will comprise a wide range of theoretical considerations as well as analyses of this extremely important aspect of communication in politics and diplomacy, economics and business, arts and sports, education and environment, military and religion, and other areas of life. The book will be provocative and useful reading matter to a very broad range of scholars and practitioners in these fields as well as anyone interested in media and cultural studies, peace research, social communication generally and other mentioned disciplines.  To order: Zlatko Isakovic, Ph.D., Sessional Lecturer and Visiting Scholar, Carleton University, 1125, Colonel By Drive, Room 3A37PA; Ottawa ON K1S 5B6; Canada.  Tel.: +1 (613) 520-2600 x 1087; Fax:  +1 (613) 520-7501; ; web site

"PETROTYRANNY" by John Bacher, Science for Peace, U of Toronto.  Dundurn Press, 2000.  Forward by David Suzuki, Eds: Shirley Farlinger, Derek Paul.  Dedicated to Metta Spencer among others.  "This book illustrates how the deadly trinity of oil,  war and dictatorship presents the greatest challege to humanity at the start of the new millennium. Fortunately, with conservation and by replacing fossil fuels and nuclear energy with renewables, it is possible to foster instead a holy trinity of peace, human rights and environmental sustainability." p. 17.

The Poems for Peace Project is dedicated to the memory of those who lost their lives in the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, to their friends and family members left behind, and to a vision of a world united and at peace. The Poems for Peace Project Creators, Linda L. Smith, J.D., Ph.D., and Susan D. Lowrey, M.A., Life Transition Guides, Toledo, Ohio, email ; web site

Policing the New World Disorder:  Peace Operations and Public Security is available from the Carnegie Commission.  To order, please call 202-332-7900 or email

Polite Protesters ~John Lofland, Syracuse University Press, Paperback - 31 January, 1994
The Politics of Transformation ~Betty H. Zisk, Praeger Publishers, Hardcover - 29 December, 1992

NEWBUTTONPINK.GIF (519 bytes) A POSSIBLE WORLD - Heikki Patomäki And Teivo Teivainen As globalization proceeds apace international law, and the scope and powers of international institutions - the United Nations, the Bretton Woods institutions, the World Trade Organization - continue to grow. If democratic values are still an aspiration of the 21st century, then their deficit at international level must be addressed. Patomaki and Teiveinen survey the range of proposals now on the table. Ruling nothing out, they emphasise feasibility. While democratic advances do not come without political mobilization, there is little point mobilizing people for the utopian and unrealizable.

The Post-Corporate World: Life After Capitalism by David C. Korten.  Over 25,000 copies sold in 7 languages.   From the author of the best selling When Corporations Rule the World (more than 90,000 copies sold in thirteen languages).  An extensively researched, powerfully argued, eye-opening critique of how today's corporate capitalism is destroying the things of real value in the world--like cancer destroys life. Portrays a hopeful future--alternatives to a corporate-dominated and money-ruled world--in showing how to restore health to markets, democracy, and everyday life. THERE IS A DEEP CHASM between the promises of the new capitalism and the reality of social breakdown, spiritual emptiness, and environmental destruction this economic system is leaving in its wake. In this important book, David Korten makes a compelling and well-documented case that capitalism is actually delivering a fatal blow not only to life but also to democracy and the market. Among his startling ideas:  - Capitalism is a pathology that commonly afflicts market economies in the absence of vigilant public oversight; - Since the economy internal to a corporation is a planned economy, the current consolidation of economic control under a handful of global corporations is a victory for central planning-- not the market economy; - The alternative to the new global capitalism is a global system of healthy market economies that function as extensions of local ecosystems to meet the needs of people and communities.  Radical as such proposals seem, they actually reflect processes that are steadily gaining momentum around the world. The Post Corporate World provides a vision of what's needed and what's possible, as well as a detailed agenda for change. Korten shows that to have a just, sustainable, and compassionate society, concentrated absentee ownership and footloose speculative capital as embodied in the global, for-profit public corporation must be eliminated in favor of enterprises based on rooted stakeholder ownership limited to those with a stake in the firm as a worker, supplier, customer, or member of the community in which it is located.  Korten outlines numerous specific actions to free the creative powers of individuals and societies through the realization of real democracy, the local rooting of capital through stakeholder ownership, and a restructuring of the rules of commerce to create "mindful market" economies that combine market principles with a culture that nurtures social bonding and responsibility. Like Korten's previous bestseller, When Corporations Rule the World, this provocative book is sure to stimulate national dialogue and inspire a bevy of grassroots initiatives. It presents readers with a profound challenge and an empowering sense of hope.  For a summary, see and and

NEWBUTTONPINK.GIF (519 bytes)The Power of Nightmares: The Rise of the Politics of Fear, BBC documentary video (2004).  A series of three documentaries about the use of fear for political gain. Every day the governments and media reports of threats to global safety from an international terrorist network.   But now, filmmaker Adam Curtis boldly asks should we be worried at all about these apparent threats? Could this be just a phantom menace constructed to keep society manipulated by fear?  This is a highly intelligent, informative, sometimes humorous and superbly edited series of programmes that look at two types of dominant fundamentalist groups that exist in the Twenty First Century. On the one side we have the Neo-Conservatavists, mostly all white, affluent Christian men (believers in Creationism mostly), who Western society is obviously supposed to value highly compared to the dark, foreign 'others' that make up the 'terrorists' from 'un-civilised' lands. The programmes chart the historic roots of these two fundamentalist groups, and reveal that they both came about from a belief in the corrupt and morally unsound nature of Western society after the threat of the Cold War dissolved. The programmes look at the the War on Terror and Curtis clearly presents the way that 'Nightmares' about terrorism can coerce and manipulate the 'big beast' that is society. Through propaganda, the media becomes a tool where lies are peddled and fear is stoked up to tame and create (un)believable truths in the mind of the general populace. For example a clip from a news programme shows lies about Al Qaeda being a highly organised network with vast caves full of high tech computers and complex equipment. This has been shown as a complete fabrication among many supposed truths presented to the general public.  The series is principally excellent in enlightening us with 'facts' but also the way in which music and editing is used to bring the message across. For example a plethora of clips from the film 'Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves' and the use of traditional American music with images of Al Qaeda. I found this to be a humorous and unique touch that really makes these programmes stand out. Overall what this film reasserted once again is that these Neo Conservativist terrorists are no better than un-organized or partly organised Islamic terrorists. George W Bush is a terrorist of the worst kind, who through repeating lies long enough and hard enough to his scared citizens can manipulate them into believing ,for example, that an unprovoked and illegal war is justified. This idea of good versus evil is a dominant myth within Western societies, and George W Bush et al know that through creating this 'other' evil and building it up continouously, whether it exists or not one can win people on your side. The prime example being his victory in the Presidential elections, a great many of the people interviewed said they would vote for Bush because he would keep U.S.A safe. Which is of course quite the opposite.  (courtesy of online review).  5 Start Must Watching.  See and for background info.  You can watch it on the Internet if you have high speed Internet access at


PPC Peacekeeping News - Les nouvelles du maintien de la paix current news clippings/abstracts about peace and conflict around the world are taken from electronic newspapers from around the world and from the United Nations home page. 

NEWBUTTONPINK.GIF (519 bytes)bluesmpshpin.gif (1016 bytes) The Practice of Peace - by Harrison Owen.  I wish to tell you about this because I see another convergence between the comments that the peacebuilding happens during the process of working on projects (for example), and using the Open Space conferencing in the process.  Owen is the leader behind Open Space Technology.  Open Space Technology or methodology of conferencing is very complimentary to what we have come around to thinking in terms of Servant Leadership style, non-hierarchical organizing, and the principles contained in the draft Charter (borrowed from the World Social Forum).  I have come to believe (an "aha" moment) that essentially the Canadian Peace Initiative may be as simple as providing venues or "Open Spaces to Open Minds to Peace".  (Another "reality check" -- It has been my personal view that I saw my contribution as simply providing venues where peace educators and peace builders could come together to dialogue, network, disseminate information, plan, etc. - in a sense, I/we have been doing Open Space for the past 3 years + without realizing it, through our conferences, my web site, our email listservers, etc.)  What Harrison Owen is saying is, "do not worry about spending a lot of time organizing an agenda.  Just provide an Open Space, have a general theme(s), invite people with a passion to come, the conference will organize itself based on what these passionate people really want to discuss".  He confirms what I think many of our participants have said at the last National Peace Education Conference -- that our best time was in the personal chats outside the presentations.  Harrison puts it much better than I.   You can order the book (and I highly recommend it to you) from the Open Space Institute of Canada in Quebec, by printing an order form off the Internet at and mailing it with a cheque (CDN$33.00).  Alternatively, you can read the 146 page book on the Internet at  Practice of Peace, Chapters 1,2    Practice of Peace, Chapters 2,4    Practice of Peace, Chapters 5,6,    Practice of Peace, Chapters 7,8Practice of Peace, Chapters 9,10 .  (the only thing is, the Internet version is missing about 4 pages - but it doesn't really matter).   Suggestion: do all your group work as a series of Open Space conferencing.  In Owen's words, it will be self-organizing (which coincidentally takes a lot of stress off you).  You may well think that I have gone a bit crazy with this Open Space stuff.  However, I feel it is right for us, for what we have been working on, for the peace constituents, and for these times.  Open Space has all the features of a Culture of Peace (eg. democratic participation, respect, listening to understand, etc.)   Click on this link to read Highlights of the Book.  5 Star Must Reading.

"Press for Conversion", the quarterly publication of the Coalition to Oppose the Arms Trade (COAT) is a WONDERFUL Canadian resource.   Press for Conversion regularly publishes a wide variety of articles on peace, human rights, development and environmental issues relating to Canada's military exports.   The magazine also reports on international efforts to oppose the military industrial complex and to transform military industries and bases to socially useful and environmentally sound alternatives.   PLEASE email COAT care of Richard Sanders <> for full subscription information, but rates are VERY modest: regular-$20; student & unemployed $15; foreign $25 - with even lower rates for 2-year subs.  And extra copies for your friends cost only $10 for 5, $15 for 10, or $25 for 32.

Report of the UN Secretary-General on Prevention of armed conflict, 7 June 2001, .   The 10 new proposals suggested include:
- That conflict prevention was one of the primary obligations of UN member states, and that UN efforts in conflict prevention must be in conformity with the purposes and principles of the UN Charter.
- That conflict prevention must begin with national governments and local actors; otherwise it was unlikely to succeed. They had primary responsibility, with the UN and international community supporting their efforts and assisting them in building national capacities.
- The most useful instruments of prevention were those described in Chapter VI of the Charter, which deals with the peaceful settlement of disputes. Measures under Chapter VII were normally taken only after a conflict has broken out - though they may still have a preventive effect by deterring other potential conflicts.  There may also be cases where certain measures under Chapter VII, such as economic sanctions, could be used preventively.
- Preventive action should be initiated as early as possible. The sooner a dispute or problem which might lead to conflict could be identified and addressed successfully, the less likely it was that it would deteriorate into violent conflict.
- The primary focus of prevention should be the multi-dimensional root causes of conflict. The proximate [immediate] cause of conflict may be an outbreak of public disorder or a protest over a particular incident, but the root causes were more likely to be found in socio-economic inequities, systematic ethnic discrimination, denial of human rights, disputes over political participation, or long-standing grievances over the allocation of land, water and other resources.
- An effective preventive strategy required a comprehensive approach that encompassed both short-term and long-term political, developmental, humanitarian and human rights programmes.
- Conflict prevention and sustainable development reinforced each other. An investment in prevention should be seen as a simultaneous investment in sustainable development, since it was obvious that the latter was more likely to happen in a peaceful environment.
- There was a case for looking at UN development programmes and activities from a conflict-prevention perspective. This, in turn, required greater coherence and coordination in the UN system, with a specific focus on conflict prevention.
- The UN was not the only actor in prevention, and may not always be the actor best suited to take the lead. Member States, international and regional organisations, the private sector, non-governmental organisations, and other civil society actors also have very important roles to play.
- Effective preventive action by the UN required sustained political will on the part of member states. This included a readiness to provide the UN system with the necessary political support and resources for undertaking effective preventive action and developing its institutional capacity in this field.

"PREVENTING PEACE. SIXTY EXAMPLES OF CONFLICT-MISMANAGEMENT IN FORMER YUGOSLAVIA SINCE 1991."  It contains theory and  is very concrete, with the following chapters:
- Pro-active violence-prevention
- Conflicts and emergencies
- Civil society peace culture
- and then comes the sixty examples of conflict mismanagement, concluding in
- nine peace-making lessons that must be learned - again.
This analysis will be followed up by constructive proposals and alternatives to each of the sixty mistakes - what should have been done instead based on a philosophy of principled mediation and peacemaking.  It's short, sharp and sad - sad as a comment on how leaders are misleading us into what looks like impending chaos. On top of it you hear every day that 'we have no choice' and that 'the developments require...'We hope that it will help you think realistically and mindfully about the implications of this particular turn of the year, decade and century.   PREVENTING PEACE.  SIXTY EXAMPLES OF CONFLICT MISMANAGEMENT IN FORMER YUGOSLAVIA SINCE 1991. 58 pp, 125 Swedish kronor or 15 US$ plus postage.  How to order: Write to, we send you payment instructions and when your payment has arrived, we send the analysis to you.

"Preventive Diplomacy: Stopping Wars Before They Start" (2000 NY: Routledge ISBN 415 92284-4) in which nineteen authors write about early warning, public health, impartiality, sovereignty, sanctions & preventive journalism;  also Barry Levy & Vic Sidel's "War & Public Health" (2000 American Public Health Association);  also - E Enarson & BH Morrow's  "The Gendered Terrain of Disaster:  Through Women's Eyes"  (Miami, Fl: Lab for Social & Behavioral Res.)

PRIVATIZING PEACE: FROM CONFLICT TO SECURITY, Allan Gerson, Nat J. Colletta. For the past decades, poverty and war have scarred the planet in ways that continue to frustrate the efforts of the international community to curtail them. Wherever the fault lies-in the unreadiness of post-colonial societies for democracy, in the inefficiency or shortsightedness of international organizations, in the cultural insensitivity of many multinational corporations, in varieties of human greed, or (most likely) some Gordian knot entangling all of these, one thing is certain-the need to solve the problem grows by the day. After September 11, it is clear that innovation and a commitment to utilize all of our resources will be a central hallmark of the strategy not only to win the war but also to win the peace. Privatizing Peace: From Conflict to Security is the first book to explore the possibilities of a fusion in depth. Drawing on first-hand experience of World Bank and UN initiatives, the authors pinpoint the weaknesses in the numerous peacekeeping missions of recent decades, as well as the blind spots in the thinking that guided them. Even more significantly, they clearly demonstrate the ways in which well-meaning stabilization and reconstruction programs fail to accommodate the economic and social imperatives of war-torn societies. But this visionary work is not merely an indictment of First World myopia in the face of Third World devastation.  The authors offer cogent, well-thought-out recommendations, firmly grounded in current reality, with a powerful determination to avoid the repetition of past mistakes. Transnational Publishers, 2002, 1-57105-147-3.

"PROTECTION IN PRACTICE:  FIELD-LEVEL STRATEGIES FOR PROTECTING Civilians From Deliberate Harm" is new monograph from London's Overseas Dev. Inst., by Diane Paul (1999, Relief & Rehabilitation Network) that brilliantly presents & compares recent & historical experience in monitoring, presence, documentation, community watches and other realistic measures to find creative ways to protect vulnerable groups in complex emergencies.

Protests and Visions : Peace Politics in Twentieth-Century Britain ~James Hinton, Hutchinson Radius, Paperback - April 1989, US List Price: $11.95We have just published our 11th issue of Accord, 

NEWBUTTONPINK.GIF (519 bytes)'Protracted conflict, elusive peace: initiatives to end the violence in northern Uganda'Though not often in the international eye, the violent conflict in northern Uganda - since 1986 - has inflicted massive suffering on the civilian population of Acholiland.  Characterised by child-abductions and forced displacement, the conflict between the government of Uganda and successive rebel groups (notably the Lord's Resistance Army) has become entangled with wider geopolitical agendas in the region. Neither military nor political efforts to end the conflict have prevented the violence from continuing. This issue of Accord, 'Protracted conflict, elusive peace', produced in collaboration with our project partners Kacoke Madit, documents the history of these peacemaking initiatives led by local officials, elders and more recently by international governments and institutions. It captures the complex story of how each failure to consolidate and implement agreements reached has led to further spirals of violence and an entrenching of mistrust between the conflict parties. Ugandan and international authors examine the background to the current conflict, the nature of the parties and the dynamics of the various negotiation processes. The issue includes maps, a chronology and the texts of agreements reached between the parties. It is intended to be a resource to help future peacemaking initiatives learn from the past.  While this issue does not document a 'successful' peace process, it does document innovative initiatives and provocative challenges.  We hope and trust that it will be a useful point of comparison for your own peacemaking work.  The publication is now available in web format from the CR web site

Psychology for Peace Activists
by David Adams, Printed by Advocate Press, New Haven CT, 1987. 37 pages. Introduction by David Adams: I believe that history is made by people like you and me. That means that "peace is in our hands", which was the slogan of the International Year for the Culture of Peace (2000). To learn how this could be possible, I undertook the study presented here in Psychology for Peace Activists which examines the lives of great peace activists, based primarily on their own autobiographies. Being American, I chose to study activists from American history. This was later expanded to include the important example of Nelson Mandela from South Africa. From this, I draw the conclusion that while the task is difficult, it is also possible, and we have much to learn from those who have gone before us. For this reason, I have sometimes given this little book the sub-title of "A New Psychology for the Generation Who Can Abolish War." Available online at 

NEWBUTTONPINK.GIF (519 bytes) The Psychology of Nationalism - This book identifies the psychological factors that fuel nationalism, and it helps us understand its passion and its destructiveness.  Filled with vivid stories from refugees and activists in Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Sri Lanka, this book illustrates national feeling at the individual level, sheds light on the psychological dynamics underlying nationalism, and makes suggestions for improving negotiations and other attempts to intervene in conflict.  Chapters include:  What We Know About Nationalism, The Explanations So Far, : Identify - The Consistent Feature, The Fragility of Identity, Nationalism and Human Needs, Implications for Negotiations, and Is There Hope?  Author:  Joshua Searle-White. Details:  ISBN #: 0-312-23369-8. CONTACT:  In the UK:  Palgrave/MacMillan Publishers Ltd, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG21 6XS, United Kingdom. T: 44-(0)1256-329 242, F: 44-(0)1256-479 476; In the US:  Palgrave/St. Martin's Press, 175 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10010, USA. T: 1-212-982 3900/1-800-221 7945, F: 1-212-777 6359. Email:, Website: 

NEWBUTTONPINK.GIF (519 bytes)Psychology of Peace and Mass violence -- Genocide, Torture, and Human Rights: Informational Resources - Linda M. Woolf & Michael R. Hulsizer, Webster University .  This 27-page document contains two annotated bibliographies of materials on genocide, torture, and human rights issues written from a psychosocial perspective. The first bibliography includes major  journal articles, book chapters, books, and Internet resources on these issues organized by topic. The second bibliography is comprised of reference materials for background information and further study. In addition, there is an annotated list of relevant journals.

NEWBUTTONPINK.GIF (519 bytes)Psychology of Peace and Mass Violence -- War, Ethnopolitical Conflict, and Terrorism: Informational Resources -  Linda M. Woolf & Michael R. Hulsizer, Webster University .  This 30-page document contains an annotated bibliography of materials on war, ethnopolitical conflict, terrorism, and peace issues written from a psychosocial perspective. The bibliography    includes major journal articles, book chapters, books, and Internet resources on these issues organized by topic.  In addition, there is an annotated list of relevant journals.

NEWBUTTONPINK.GIF (519 bytes)Psychology of Peace and Mass Violence: Instructional Resources - Linda M. Woolf & Michael R. Hulsizer, Webster University .  This 33-page document consists of resource materials for developing whole courses and lectures on mass violence and peace. For incorporating specific topics into existing courses, lecture suggestions and selected references are given. For developing and revising whole courses, sample syllabi are provided. In addition, lists of relevant videotapes, Internet sites/listservs, and professional organizations are included.

Public Information Research, Inc.   NameBase, a database with nearly 200,000 citations covering the international intelligence community, political elites from the right and left, the U.S. foreign policy establishment, assassination theory, Latin America, big business, and organized crime. Topic categories: Academia, Assassinations, Big Business, Drugs, Elites, High Tech, Intelligence Agencies, Intel Personalities, Media, Military, Nazis, Organized Crime, Other U.S. Agencies, Religions and Cults, Repression, Scandals, Terrorism, UFOs, U.S. Foreign Policy, Vietnam War


RAISING WOMEN'S VOICE FOR PEACEBUILDING: VISION, IMPACT AND LIMITATIONS OF MEDIA TECHNOLOGIES by Susan McKay and Dyan Mazurana.  The global campaign Women Building Peace: From the Village Council to the Negotiating Table was launched in May 1999 between International Alert and more than 200 organizations engaged in women, peace and security issues. The campaign aims to raise global awareness of women's experiences and perspectives of peace and conflict and to help women better realize their potential as peacebuilders from the village to the international level. This book was produced as an independent research study, however the views echo the campaigns own concerns and it is an important complementary initiative to our work, in promoting women's innovative and often unrecognized peacebuilding work. Women's voices have increasing legitimacy due to new ways of working with their own communities in reconciliation And rebuilding societies, of organizing and communicating their concerns and of building women's and social movements in spite of regional and identity differences.  This book explores how women have used communication technologies in their quest for peace, it documents their experience from their own perspectives and provides a rich analytical framework to understand the challenges they face in realizing their vision and using these tools. It shows how women with extremely limited resources are making a difference and documents concrete examples of women's access to and control over today's means of communication.  Raising Women's Voice for Peacebuilding: Vision, Impact and Limitations of Media Technologies, provides an accessible means to understanding and increasing our knowledge of women, violent conflict and peacebuilding and is a fascinating introduction for anyone interested in the innovative and exciting work being carried out by women world-wide in this field.  The book is priced at $10/#7 and for more information or to order a copy please contact Bethan at International Alert, 1 Glyn Street, London SW115EH, +44 (0)207 793 8383 or email  Published by International Alert, Women Building Peace Campaign, Feb 2001 ISBN 1-898702-06-8

"REALIZING HUMAN RIGHTS:  MOVING FROM INSPIRATION TO IMPACT" edited by Samantha Power & Graham Allison (1997 NY: St. Martin's Press  ISBN: 0-312-23494-5) focuses on action to implement human rights principles, whether through regional regimes, intl courts or NGOs.  Judge Goldstone concludes that, for war crimes, "national trials are preferred"  although intl tribunals may be preferable under certain circumstances & depending on the gravity of crime.  Authors give case studies, including the evolution of women's rights in Pakistan.   Kenneth Roth (of Human Rights Watch) writes "No longer can governments claim to be the sole judge of their  human rights record; rights are now understood to permit independent security of government conduct," & points to the pivotal roles of human rights NGOs in practical causes, including the ban on landmines & the intl. criminal court.  Mort Halperin contrasts NGOs according to the human rights battles they pick (for some, immediate issues, such as opposing torture; for others,  promoting democracy). Aryeh Neier writes of the symbolic benefit of sanctions  "their effect on the intl. standing of target countries, their demonstration of support for local human rights victims & activists, & their importance in calling attention to abuses, are benefits that may considerably outweigh their actual economic consequences."  The editors observe that in this age almost all govts seek at least to be seen to respect human rights; & that now human rights now are seen to apply to all individuals, not just political elites.

RECONCILABLE DIFFERENCES: TURNING POINTS IN ETHNOPOLITICAL CONFLICT Edited by Sean Byrne and Cynthia L. Irvin.  Contributors: John A. Agnew, Kathleen A. Cavanaugh, Paul Dixon, Miranda Duncan, Cynthia L. Irvin, Ho-Won Jeong, George J. McCall, John D. Nagle, Frederic S. Pearson, Brian D. Polkinghorn, Mark Suprun, Mitja Zagar.  Ethnic conflict is at the center of politics in divided societies. 'Reconcilable Differences' identifies the causes, responses to, and consequences of ethnic conflict and its resolution, improving our theoretical and practical understanding of the topic. It is particularly relevant now, when intercommunal conflicts are becoming more prominent in public debate.  The book demonstrates the important role of transformational conflict resolution and peacebuilding in protracted ethnic conflicts. It illustrates the value of synthesizing different disciplinary approaches, including international relations, political science, ethnic studies, conflict resolution, and sociology, and will be useful in graduate and advanced undergraduate classes in all these disciplines.  It is also specially relevant to policymakers because it looks both at conflicts with institutional avenues for addressing grievances and at those without established constitutional means for protecting minority rights.  Includes case studies from former Yugoslavia, South Africa, Northern Ireland and the Basque Country.  Kumarian Press 2000, ISBN 1-56549-108-4 pb US$ 24.95 / GBP 19.95; ISBN 1-56549-109-2 cloth US$ 55.00 / GBP 45.95.  Kumarian Press, West Hartford, CT, USA. E-mail:, Website: Tel +1 860 233 5895. Fax +1 860 233 6072.  Available in Europe through Worldview Publications, Oxford, UK. E-mail:, Website: Tel +44 1865 201562. Fax +44 1865 201906

Reconciliation, Coexistence, and Justice in Interethnic Conflict: Theory and Practice - This new publication in peace and conflict resolution brings together scholars and practitioners to discuss questions such as: Do truth commissions work?  What are the necessary conditions for reconciliation?  Can political agreements bring reconciliation?  How can indigenous approaches be utilized in the process of reconciliation?  This is the first comprehensive volume to examine these questions from the perspective of both theory and practice.  Essays focus on the conflict dynamics in regions such as Northern Ireland, Israel-Palestine, South Africa, and Rwanda.  This book will provide lessons and insights for scholars and policy makers interested in post-settlement peacebuilding.  Organization:  Center for Global Peace, American University.  Editor:  Prof. Mohammed Abu-Nimer, Ph.D.
Details:  ISBN #: 0-7391-0268-0 (Paper); ISBN #: 0-7391-0237-0 (Cloth).  Cost:  $29.95 (Paper), $80.00 (Cloth) – 15% discount on online purchase.  Examination copies are available for classroom adoption.  CONTACT: Lexington Books, 4720 Boston Way, Lanham, MD 20706, USA. T: 1-800-462 6420, F: 1-800-338 4550. Email:, Website:

Regeneration of War-Torn Societies (Global Issues Series) ~Michael Pugh(Editor), St. Martin's Press, Hardcover - May 2000, US List Price: $65.00

Religion and Peacemaking Links by United States Institute of Peace 

Remembrance Day Classroom Lesson Plan

Renewing Partnerships for the Prevention of Armed Conflict, by Peter Langille - paper is available at: (>100kb. in pdf): .  The executive summary can be viewed at:

Report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations (Brahimi Report) - a thorough review of the United Nations peace and security activities, and to present a clear set of specific, concrete and practical recommendations to assist the United Nations in conducting such activities better in the future.

NEWBUTTONPINK.GIF (519 bytes)UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan ’s Report on UN reform was released March 21, 2005 (see ).

Reporters Without Borders publishes the first worldwide press freedom index (October 2002)  - The first worldwide index of press freedom has some surprises for Western democracies. The United States ranks below Costa Rica and Italy scores lower than Benin. The five countries with least press freedom are North Korea, China, Burma, Turkmenistan and Bhutan.

Research Guide to International Law on the Internet - Peace & Security: Conflict Resolution , Disarmament & Arms Control, Landmines, Nuclear Weapons, Biological and Chemical Weapons.

The Resolving Conflict Creatively Program (RCCP) is a comprehensive school-based program in conflict resolution and intergroup relations that provides a model for preventing violence and creating caring and peaceable communities of learning. RCCP began in 1985 as a collaboration of the New York City Public Schools and Educators for Social Responsibility's New York chapter (ESR Metro). The RCCP National Center was established in September 1993 to forge multi-year partnerships with school districts to support RCCP dissemination efforts throughout the country.  Through the RCCP National Center, we are making a significant contribution to the social and emotional development of young people, showing them that they have choices other than passivity or aggression for dealing with conflict; teaching them skills to make those choices real in their own lives; increasing their understanding and appreciation of their own and others' cultures; and empowering them to play a significant role in creating a more peaceful world.

"Resolving Conflict Creatively" video series is currently being used by over 800 schools and community groups worldwide.  Video Librarian Magazine gave it three stars and said the following: "This series does an excellent job of demonstrating the effectiveness of negotiation and mediation in resolving conflict. . . The first two volumes would be very beneficial in an interpersonal communications curriculum for high school, college students, or out of school adult learners, while the final two-parter would probably be most helpful for those whose responsibilities lie in government, law enforcement and the juvenile justice system."  These titles are also sold separately:
-Resolving Conflict Creatively in the School Community "Negotiation" & "Mediation" (two half hour tapes)
-Resolving Conflict Creatively in the Multicultural Community "Inter-Cultural Mediation" (24 min.)
-Resolving Conflict Creatively between Victims & Youth Offenders " Diversion " & " Transformation " (two hours on two tapes)
-"Healing Circles", an effective tool in Anti-Bullying Programs, is now available as a separate video.
For more information, reviews, order forms and an independent evaluation survey please visit our website or contact us: Triune Arts, 111 Wildwood Crescent , Toronto , Ontario M4L 2K9 , Fax: 416.686.0468; E-mail:

Physicians for Global Survival announces the launch, in pdf format, of a kit of resource materials on how to be active on nuclear disarmament issues at a community level. "Resource Kit for Community Involvement in Nuclear Disarmament Efforts .  The kit includes background information and planning materials on: Mayors for Peace  - background information and suggestions on how to get your Mayor involved; Lanterns for Peace Ceremony to Commemorate the Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki . 2005 is the 60th anniversary of those catastrophic events. The "how to's" of planning a commemoration ceremony in your community; Shadow Painting Project. How to create a powerful memorial to the innocent victims of the first atomic bombings - people who were instantly vaporized leaving behind only their shadows. How to plan the event, mix the water-soluble paint etc. ; Background information on the threats posed nuclear weapons and efforts to eliminate them;  Tools for working with the media.  For more information: Debbie Grisdale, Executive Director, Physicians for Global Survival (Canada), #208-145 Spruce St., Ottawa ON CANADA  K1R 6P1; Tel: 613 233 1982 / Fax: 613 233 9028; email ; web site

 The New Resource Wars : Native and Environmental Struggles Against Multinational Corporations by Al Gedicks, Winona LaDuke .  Paperback - 288 pages (October 1993) South End Pr; ISBN: 0896084620.  In the northwoods of Wisconsin, Kennecott Copper Corporation is pressuring Native Americans for the right to construct an environmentally destructive open-pit copper mine on treaty lands of the Lake Superior Chippewa Indians. Opposing the mine's construction is a coalition of Chippewa traditionalists and Wisconsin environmentalists. This native and environmentalist struggle against corporate greed and environmental racism is mirrored in hundreds of similar struggles all over the world, from James Bay, Quebec and Malaysia to the Ecuadorian Amazon rainforest. Gedicks documents these struggles and explores the underlying motivations and social forces that propel them.

NEWBUTTONPINK.GIF (519 bytes) Resource Wars : The New Landscape of Global Conflict by Michael T. Klare .  320 pages (May 2001) Metropolitan Books; ISBN: 0805055754.  Klare analyzes the most likely cause of war in the century just begun: demand by rapidly growing populations for scarce resources. An introductory chapter sets the scene, laying out the complexities of rapidly increasing demand as the world industrializes, the concentration of resources in unstable states and the competing claims to ownership of resources by neighboring states. Succeeding chapters look more closely at the potential for conflict over oil in the Persian Gulf and in the Caspian and South China Seas, over water in the Nile Basin and other multinational river systems and over timber, gems and minerals from Borneo to Sierra Leone. The strength of Klare's presentation is its concreteness. His analyses of likely conflicts, for example among Syria, Jordan and Israel for the limited water delivered by the Jordan River, are informed by detailed research into projected usage rates, population growth and other relevant trends. As Klare shows, the same pattern is repeated in dozens of other locations throughout the world. Finite resources, escalating demand and the location of resources in regions torn by ethnic and political unrest all combine as preconditions of war. Klare, an expert on warfare and international security (Rogue States and Nuclear Outlaws, etc.), presents a persuasive case for paying serious attention to these impending hostilities and furnishes the basic information needed to understand their danger and the importance of international cooperation in staving off conflict. (May) Forecast: Klare's message is important, but it probably won't be heard by many beyond readers of the handful of major newspapers that will review it.

Resources for Peace Home Page 

Resources on Conflict (U.S. Agency for International Development) -

The Responsibility to Protect - The so-called "right of humanitarian intervention" has been one of the most controversial foreign policy issues of the last decade - both when intervention has happened, as in Kosovo, and when it has failed to happen, as in Rwanda. United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan, in his report to the 2000 General Assembly, challenged the international community to try to forge consensus, once and for all, around the basic questions of principle and process involved: when should intervention occur, under whose authority, and how. The independent International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty was established by the Government of Canada in September 2000 to respond to that challenge.  Its report's central theme is the idea of "The Responsibility to Protect".  Sovereign states have a responsibility to protect their own citizens from avoidable catastrophe -- from mass murder and rape, from starvation -- but when they are unwilling or unable to do so, that responsibility must be borne by the broader community of states.  There must be no more Rwandas.  The Commission's report, The Responsibility to Protect, is the culmination of twelve months of intensive research, worldwide consultations and deliberation. It has been formally presented to Secretary-General Kofi Annan and the United Nations community, where it will hopefully help build a new consensus in the debate the Commission was mandated to advance. The full text of the report is contained in the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty website at  (where a hard copy can also be ordered).  A copy of the Synopsis can be read online at  .  Thanks to Canada, who took a lead role in supporting the Commission.

The Ribbon Around the Pentagon : Peace by Piecemakers (Publications of the American Folklore Society, New Series) ~Linda Pershing, University of Tennessee Press, Paperback - June 1996, US List Price: $22.50

NEWBUTTONPINK.GIF (519 bytes) Richest in Canada 

NEWBUTTONPINK.GIF (519 bytes) Richest in the World

Rites of Peace  Magazine: Responding to the Rights of Children in Armed Conflict - Rites of Peace is a compilation of original articles, interviews, recommendations, poetry, photographs, factsheets, and resources.  It combines tools, strategies, good practice cases and a critical analysis of the global response system to the needs and human rights of children in armed conflict environments.  Organization:  Peacemedia.  Editor:  Eric Abitbol (Coexistence Network Partner).  Details:  64 pages, March 2001.  Cost:  None (donations accepted).  CONTACT:  Eric Abitbol, Peacemedia, c/o QPIRG-McGill, 3647 University Street, 3rd Floor, Montreal, QC, H3A 2B3, Canada.  T: 1-514-398 7432, F: 1-514-398 8976. Email:, Website: 

Books by Canadian Senator Doug Roche :
Bread Not Bombs: A Political Agenda for Social Justice
The Ultimate Evil: The Fight to Ban Nuclear Weapons   
An Unacceptable Risk: Nuclear Weapons in a Volatile World  
Safe Passage into the Twenty-First Century  
A Bargain for Humanity: Global Security by 2000  
In the Eye of the Catholic Storm: The Church Since Vatican II (with Bishop Remi De Roo and Mary Jo Leddy)  
Building Global Security: Agenda for the 1990s  
United Nations: Divided World  
Politicians for Peace  
What Development is All About  
The Human Side of Politics  
Justice Not Charity: A New Global Ethic for Canada  
It's a New World  
Man to Man  
The Catholic Revolution 

"Rogue State: A Guide to the World's Only Superpower"  by William Blum

Rumors of Peace : A World at Peace Is What Everyone Longs For-Or Is It? ~Gary E. Parker, Bethany House Publishers, Paperback - June 2000, US List Price: $10.99

Running Guns - The Global Black Market in Small Arms.  EDITORS: Lora Lumpe, Peace Research Institute (PRIO), Norway

The Russell-Einstein Manifesto, Issued in London, 9 July 1955.  A Manifesto issued in 1955 by Bertrand Russell and Albert Einstein -- and signed also by Max Born, Percy Bridgman, Leopold Infeld, Frederic Joliot-Curie, Herman Muller, Linus Pauling, Cecil Powell, Joseph Rotblat, and Hideki Yukawa -- which called upon scientists of all political persuasions to assemble to discuss the threat posed to civilization by the advent of thermonuclear weapons. 


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