Culture of Peace work thesis:

ABSTRACT

‘Peace requires more than political and economic arrangements of governments; peace must be founded upon the intellectual and moral solidarity of humankind.’

Preamble of the Constitution of UNESCO

Despite numerous international, national and local attempts at mediation, resolution and compromise; the fate of nations and communities emerging from conflict is overshadowed by resumption of violence. Peace accords are signed, agreements made, United Nations peace-keeping missions are deployed but nevertheless, the majority of conflicts subject to resolution at the hand of the United Nations receive no guarantee that the end has come to their status as warring societies. In a great number of instances, despite the best of efforts and intentions, conflict resumption seems inevitable. Tensions in the former Yugoslavia, Cambodia, El Salvador, Iraq, the Middle East, the Western Sahara and Angola are only a few cases in point for the continuation of violence and conflict despite all efforts at resolution – either with or without the aid of the United Nations. What is being left out of the processes of rehabilitation and reconciliation, and thus limiting the successes of attempts at conflict resolution, is a bottom-up approach which seeks for comprehensive inclusion. Simply stated, the people have not had the opportunity to work through their anger and hatred to come out of their distrust and dislike of their perceived enemy. The citizens in each region, state and community have not met the levels of resolution to pursue tolerant co-existence. Until this is accomplished, there can be no lasting peace and very limited pause in conflict. Until the United Nations incorporates such practices to promote the ability at the unit level to transcend the attitudes and behaviours of violence, no conflict will be resolved and international security will remain insecure.

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