A Code of Ethics/Values for Countries, Governments, Businesses

The UNESCO Culture of Peace Program "builds peace by working to change behaviours, forge values, and incite the institutional transformations that are indispensable for eliminating the deep roots of violence, exclusion and conflict."

In our Formula For Peace, our first ingredient is:
"1. A credible government(s) code of ethics, with a basis in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In simple terms, of the things they think, say or do, government(s) must be able to be relied upon to be truthful, fair, build good will and better relationships, and strive for the benefit of all concerned. The same ethics should be expected of governments, corporations and other organizations as are expected of individuals. Do as you would have done to you. At the same time, a Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities should also provide suitable guidance."

As a result, we need to identify what Canadian Values currently are, then identify what Canadian Values should be 'that are indispensable for eliminating the deep roots of violence, exclusion and conflict', then identify gaps and action that should be taken to fill the gaps.  To initiate this process and assist in the Process of Clarifying Canadian Values, Phase 1 - Values Clarity, various references are cited below for your information and consideration.

Many of the characteristics we might expect in governments, business, etc. may be learned from what we teach our children.  A selection of 'Instructions for Life' are also enclosed At the Individual Level (below).  In my work, I will be looking for evidence to either prove or disprove the hypothesis (i.e. The same ethics should be expected of governments, corporations and other organizations as are expected of individuals.)

There is, however, at least one systemic barrier to any Government's Code of Ethics that the reader should be aware of.  Strategic warfare is often played out at the level of psychology.  The side which has the best understanding of its opponents' thinking, while managing to mislead regarding its own thinking, has a clear upper hand, other things being equal. The real problem with this, of course, is that to mislead other countries (i.e. opponents) a country must also mislead its own citizens.  This is why there is so much mistrust and suspicion of governments who do not declare a trustworthy Code of Ethics.  Yes - even the Canadian Government. Our government(s) must come to terms with this dilemma and reject misleading its citizens to achieve peace.

Robert Stewart, C.A., C.M.C., Director
Canadian Centres for Teaching Peace
Box 70
Okotoks, Alberta, Canada T1A 1S4
Email stewartr [at] peace.ca

TABLE OF CONTENTS OF LINKS:  A CODE OF ETHICS

At the National Level:

Canadian values (from Information Canada) - http://infocan.gc.ca/facts/values-e.html

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms - http://canada.justice.gc.ca/Loireg/charte/const_en.html  ; a guide published by the Human Rights Directorate of the Department of Canadian Heritage http://www.pch.gc.ca/ddp-hrd/english/charter/contents.htm

CANADIAN VALUES - as described by the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade  http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/english/foreignp/cnd-world/chap5.htm

CANADIAN VALUES - as described by Citizenship and Immigration Canada: 

- Your Rights and Obligations http://cicnet.ci.gc.ca/english/newcomer/guide/newcr-6e.html ;

- Introducing Canada http://cicnet.ci.gc.ca/english/citizen/look/look-03e.html  ;

- Sustainable Development http://cicnet.ci.gc.ca/english/citizen/look/look-04e.html  ; 

- Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities http://cicnet.ci.gc.ca/english/citizen/look/look-18e.html ;

- Afterword http://www.cci.lg.ua/canada/newcr-8e.html

CANADIAN VALUES - as described by the Canadian Commission for UNESCO:

Inspired by UNESCO's vision of a durable culture of peace built on the intellectual and moral solidarity of humankind, the CCU actively advances the following principles: the promotion of culture and democracy through the sharing of ideas and knowledge; justice and equality for all; freedom of thought, expression and communication; the promotion of tolerance; access to education and information; the affirmation of specific cultures and identities as integral parts of the richness of humanity; a respect for indigenous cultures; and the preservation of the world's heritage and natural environment. http://www.peace.ca/sheet7.htm

Canadian values and vital Canadian interests - a letter from the Flora organization (an alternative local media that address Peace and Environment issues) to The Honourable Christine S. Stewart, Minister of the Environment http://www.flora.org/flora.mai-not/3580

Canadian diplomats seek to promote and defend Canadian values and interests around the world. Representing a country which values international order, and therefore the UN, many Canadian diplomats have made a significant contribution- to the development and advancement of the United Nations and its ideals.  A middle power with a non-colonialist past, Canada is a friend to both small and large powers. It has used this position to play an important and leading role in the UN. These contributions have in turn benefited Canada, the UN and the world. (Courtesy of the United Nations Association of Canada at http://www.unac.org/unfaq/canadians/diplomats.html )

The Canadian Centre for Ethics & Corporate Policy is a charitable, registered, independent ethics centre. We work with our own contributors and with other organizations involved in business ethics, building programs and addressing current issues.  The Canadian Centre for Ethics & Corporate Policy is a volunteer-driven organization comprised of corporations and individuals dedicated to developing and maintaining an ethical corporate culture. 50 Baldwin Street Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5T 1L4;    Telephone: (416) 348-8691 Fax: (416) 348-8689 E-Mail: ethicctr@interlog.com  http://www.ethicscentre.com/

The Evolution of Corporate Responsibility: From Unbridled Markets to Mature Capitalism; Address to The Canadian Centre for Ethics and Corporate Policy by Roy Culpeper, President, The North-South Institute, Toronto, December 2 1998 can be found at http://www.nsi-ins.ca/press/speech7.html 

Family Pledge of Non-violence http://www.gandhiking.com/family.htm

Teaching children values and morals - http://www.parenting-qa.com/cgi-bin/detail/valuesmorals/

At the World Level:

- Manifesto 2000

The World Commission on Culture and Development, chaired by Javier Perez de Cuellar, called for the recognition of a common set of shared principles that would allow cultural diversity to flourish.   A system of global ethics, it said in its report, Our Creative Diversity, must rest on certain pillars:

 

At the Government Level:

Dialogue on Values and Ethics A Practical Guide - based on A Strong Foundation The Report of the Task Force on Public Service Values and Ethics (Summer 1998) http://leadership.gc.ca/static/leaderskit/values_e.shtml

A STRONG FOUNDATION: Report of the Task Force on Public Service Values and Ethics - A Summary.   http://www.ccmd-ccg.gc.ca/pdfs/resume.pdf   A Strong Foundation is the report of the Task Force on Public Service Values and Ethics, one of nine Task Forces led by Deputy Ministers that were established by the Clerk of the Privy Council in 1995. This taskforce took the form of a Study Team established by the Canadian Centre for Management Development and led by John Tait, former Deputy Minister of Justice and then a Senior Fellow of CCMD. The membership of the Study Team is appended to this summary of its report. The complete report (and those of the other Task Forces) is available on the CCMD website at: http://www.ccmd-ccg.gc.ca/publica/task/index.html

Brief on Ethics and Values (on Public Service Management to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) - http://www.psc-cfp.gc.ca/accex/smrtshop/winter99/jan_19/oecd_valuesrep.html

 

At the Business Level:

Managing by Values by Ken Blanchard Michael O'Connor This book goes beyond the standard measures of success in the corporate world--size and volume--to describe a way to gauge a company's success based on the quality of service available to its customers and the quality of life accessible to its employees. Summary - http://www.blanchardsolutions.com/html/mbv.htm

To order the book:  http://www.chapters.ca/books/details/default.asp?UID=178B3CAE83F611D3A6FA0008C7DB3259&WSID=1510178B3CAC83F611D3A6FA0008C7DB&ISBN=1576750078

(Review of Managing By Values - http://users.aol.com/rslts/mbvalue.html )

The Canadian Centre for Ethics & Corporate Policy is a charitable, registered, independent ethics centre. We work with our own contributors and with other organizations involved in business ethics, building programs and addressing current issues.  The Canadian Centre for Ethics & Corporate Policy is a volunteer-driven organization comprised of corporations and individuals dedicated to developing and maintaining an ethical corporate culture. 50 Baldwin Street Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5T 1L4;    Telephone: (416) 348-8691 Fax: (416) 348-8689 E-Mail: ethicctr@interlog.com  http://www.ethicscentre.com/

The Evolution of Corporate Responsibility: From Unbridled Markets to Mature Capitalism; Address to The Canadian Centre for Ethics and Corporate Policy by Roy Culpeper, President, The North-South Institute, Toronto, December 2 1998 can be found at http://www.nsi-ins.ca/press/speech7.html .

In pursuing its purpose the Caux Round Table  http://www.cauxroundtable.org/  members stand for business excellence; they advocate business leadership by example and the building of understanding and trust; and they share these core beliefs:

The primary responsibility of the corporation is to conduct its operations proficiently, i.e., to be technologically innovative, competitive and financially sound.

Caux Round Table Principles for Business (5 star - must read rating) http://www.cauxroundtable.org/PRIN4.HTM

SA8000: An Important Step Towards the Elimination of Abusive Working Conditions by Chantal Plamondon, The Canadian Centre for Ethics and Corporate Policy July 1999 newsletter which can be found at http://www.ethicscentre.com/july99.html (followed by a related editorial).

The International Code of Ethics for Canadian Business - http://www.uottawa.ca/hrrec/busethics/codeint.html

Ethics in Action Awards - Visit http://www.ethicsinaction.com for full information.

Business Ethics and Corporate Shareholder Relations Program - Human Rights Research and Education Centre, University of Ottawa, 57 Louis Pasteur, Ottawa, Ont. KIN 6N5; Attn. Errol Mendes, Director, FAX: (613) 562-5125, Tel: (613) 562-5775, E-mail: emendes@uottawa.ca ; web site http://aix1.uottawa.ca/hrrec/busethics/busmain.html

Links to Organizations with a mandate in corporate ethics http://www.ethicscentre.com/links.html

Ethics in International Business - http://library.lib.binghamton.edu/subjects/business/intbuseth.html

Corporate Watch is an online magazine and resource center designed to provide you--every day Internet users--activists, journalists, students, teachers and policy makers--with an array of tools that you can use to investigate and analyze corporate activity.  We are committed to exposing corporate greed by documenting the social, political, economic and environmental impacts of these transnational giants. http://www.corpwatch.org/

At the Individual Level:

Teaching children values and morals - http://www.parenting-qa.com/cgi-bin/detail/valuesmorals/


A Nepalese Good Luck Tantra Totem

INSTRUCTIONS FOR LIFE

1. Give people more than they expect and do it cheerfully.

2. Marry a man/woman you love to talk to. As you get older, their conversational skills will be as important as any other.

3. Don't believe all you hear, spend all you have or sleep all you want.

4. When you say, "I love you", mean it.

5. When you say, "I'm sorry", look the person in the eye.

6. Be engaged at least six months before you get married.

7. Believe in love at first sight.

8. Never laugh at anyone's dreams. People who don't have dreams don't have much.

9. Love deeply and passionately. You might get hurt but it's the only way to live life completely.

10. In disagreements, fight fairly. No name calling.

11. Don't judge people by their relatives.

12. Talk slowly but think quickly.

13. When someone asks you a question you don't want to answer, smile and ask, "Why do you want to know?"

14. Remember that great love and great achievements involve great risk.

15. Call your mom.

16. Say "bless you" when you hear someone sneeze.

17. When you lose, don't lose the lesson.

18. Remember the three R's: Respect for self; Respect for others; Responsibility for all your actions.

19. Don't let a little dispute injure a great friendship.

20. When you realize you've made a mistake, take immediate steps to correct it.

21. Smile when picking up the phone. The caller will hear it in your voice.

22. Memorize your favourite poem.

23. Spend some time alone.

24. Open your arms to change, but don't let go of your values.

25. Remember that silence is sometimes the best answer.

26. Read more books and watch less TV.

27. Live a good, honorable life. Then when you get older and think back, you'll get to enjoy it a second time.

28. Trust in God but lock your car.

29. A loving atmosphere in your home is so important. Do all you can to create a tranquil harmonious home.

30. In disagreements with loved ones, deal with the current situation. Don't bring up the past.

31. Read between the lines.

32. Share your knowledge. It's a way to achieve immortality.

33. Be gentle with the earth.

34. Pray. There's immeasurable power in it.

35. Never interrupt when you are being flattered.

36. Mind your own business.

37. Don't trust a man/woman who doesn't close his/her eyes when you kiss.

38. Once a year, go someplace you've never been before.

39. If you make a lot of money, put it to use helping others while you are living. That is wealth's greatest satisfaction.

40. Remember that not getting what you want is sometimes a stroke of luck.

41. Learn the rules then break some.

42. Remember that the best relationship is one where your love for each other is greater than your need for each other.

43. Judge your success by what you had to give up in order to get it.

44. Remember that your character is your destiny.

45. Approach love and cooking with reckless abandon.


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