Civilian Peace Service.

Date: Mon, 02 Aug 1999 14:18:32 -0400
From: Hans Sinn <>
Subject: An Open Letter

                       AN OPEN LETTER

Hans Sinn
R.R. 4,
Perth, Ontario
K7H 3C6
e-mail <>
Civilian Peace Service <

The Hon. Charles Caccia, MP.                       August 2. 1999.
House of Commons
Ottawa, Ont. K1A OA6                                

Re: Canadian Civilian Peace Service

For your information; no reply expected

Dear Charles,

Please find attached the conceptual framework for a Civilian Peace Service,
which was published on June 9, 1999, by the German Ministry for Economic
Cooperation and Development (BMZ). With the publication of this document,
which the BMZ produced during the past six months in consultation with the
relevant government and non-governmental organizations, the German
government is going ahead with its December 1998 decision to create a
Civilian Peace Service.

Three years ago you were kind enough to help me meet with Francis Leblanc,
the then Parliamentary Secretary to Lloyd Axworthy and with Patricia
Fortier, Deputy Director Regional Security and Peacekeeping Division (see
my letter to you of April 18, 1996). On  May 14, 1996, in the course of a
45 minute meeting, I provided Mr. Leblanc and Ms. Fortier with all the
necessary information and documentation about the Civilian Peace Service
Project, its history and current standing. I suggested that our government
explore the CPS concept.  It was agreed at the meeting that Ms. Fortier was
to circulated the documents among the relevant Canadian government
departments and Mr. Leblanc would present the conclusions to Mr. Axworthy.

Unfortunately, I never heard again from either Mr. Leblanc or from
Ms.Fortier. I assume the information and documentation are now resting
somewhere in the bowels of our government's bureaucracy. Nevertheless, I am
convinced that unless we plan to continue our participation in
"humanitarian" bombing campaigns, the Canadian government too will have to
do something to place non-violent conflict management on a professional basis.

With kind regards,


123-T8341 - 20/93
                                                             Bonn, June 9.

The Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
1. Civilian Peace Service - A new Element in Development Cooperation
Crisis Prevention and Conflict Management
A Contribution to Development Cooperation

A central aim of the Federal Government's policies is the prevention and
settlement of armed conflicts. As part of an overall concept of the Federal
Government, it is the task of development politics to improve the partner
countries' economic, social, ecological and political circumstances and to
contribute to the prevention and removal of structural causes of conflict
as well as to build mechanisms for non-violent conflict management.
There now exist internationally agreed upon concepts for an appropriate
alignment of development politics.  These are: the Guidelines on Conflict,
Peace and Development issued by the Development Assistance Agency (DAC) of
the OECD of 1997, the UN-Secretary General's Report on the cause of
conflict and the promotion of durable peace and sustainable development in
Africa of April 13. 1998, as well as the resolution by the European Council
of November 11. 1998 regarding "the Role of Economic Co-operation in peace
producing measures and the prevention and resolution of conflict".
This alignment of the German Development Politics makes additional demands
on the instruments of governmental and non-governmental cooperation.  It
especially calls for strengthening the political-societal dimension of
conflict management. Non-governmental carriers such as political
foundations, churches, technical and personal cooperation will be foremost
in making additional contributions to this process.
2. Civilian Peace Service - Tasks and Areas of Operation

As an element of the stronger crisis prevention and conflict management
direction of the Develop Services, the BMZ is preparing the creation of a
Civilian Peace Service (CPS) in which government and non-governmental
carriers will act together.
The CPS is basically conceived as deployment of appropriately qualified
professionals of recognised development services. The tasks, in the context
of the CPS, differ from the traditional tasks of the development services
by specifically aiming at furthering the non-violent management of conflict
and conflict potential. Professionals in the CPS are acting  - as customary
in development service- without profit motive.
CPS tasks lie in the following areas:
- Strengthening of peace potentials; building confidence between parties in
conflict; creating information and educational structures and programs to
make known and understandable the peace activities and to remove prejudice
and enemy stereotypes (i.e. peace education);
- Mediating in conflicts between the members of interest groups, ethnic,
religious; participating in the observation and promotion of human rights
and democracy actions.
Contributing to reconciliation and reconstruction (including support of
administrative tasks at the community level).

Activities in the context of the Civilian Peace Service take place and are
based on development political criteria such as the subsidiary principle,
the principle of the least possible intervention and the principle of
support toward self help. Cooperation with, and acceptance by, native
partners and parties in conflict are imperative in achieving lasting
effects.  CPS undertakings will be basically conceived of and executed with
the German Development Service.
Professionals who are to be deployed in the context of the CPS require
special qualifications and preparations. The personal demands of
constructive conflict management in an inter-cultural context go beyond the
classic work of development service. On the other hand, peace work
especially needs the skills and experiences which are acquired in the
development services. Training measures should follow uniform standards.
Training should produce experienced professionals with local knowledge, a
capacity to analyse and understand the causes of conflict and a familiarity
with the application of the appropriate means for a peaceful counter
3. Program and Deployment of the CPS - Agreement within the Federal
Government and in the international framework.

The BMZ decides the overall program and deployment of the CPS in agreement
with the Foreign Ministry on the basis of regular agreement (vote) with all
participating carries. A regular, necessary agreement (consultation) of the
CPS carrier organisations with the foreign representations is foreseen.
Otherwise, the processes that are customary for the development services
will be applied. 
CPS deployment occurs with the agreement of the government of the partner
country or the approval of the German Foreign Ministry. This approval can
be revoked depending on the progress of the project or the surrounding
The CPS and the instruments of the Development Services should support each
other (among others, within the framework of the "country concepts" of the
BMZ). CPS deployments should be co-ordinated with comparable European and
multilateral projects and deployments. On the basis of bilateral
experiences there also exists the potential for a systematic co-operation
with international institutions or in connection with international missions.
4. Organisation of the CPS

The tasks of the CPS are to be conferred by, and are the responsibility of
the BMZ to the German Development Service (DED) in collaboration with the
other five recognised development services (AGEH, DO, Eirene, World Peace
Services and CFI) the Forum Civilian Peace Service and the Action Community
Peace Services (AGDF). The participating carriers will confer regularly
under the chair of the BMZ and the Foreign Ministry. The organisational
development of the CPS takes place through the German Development Services
(DED), The DED will also disperse the funds to the other carriers which are
earmarked for CPS activities. The DED is best suited for this function
because of its long and proven administrative experience in personnel
deployment service.
The DED, Forum CPS and the Action Community Peace Services will share
responsibility for the qualifying of professionals for CPS deployments.
The model project "Education in Civilian Conflict Management" will be
included in this framework. The qualifying (training) for CPS deployment
will be linked to the other educational offerings of the Federal Government.
The preparation and deployment of professionals in the CPS will take place
through the recognised development services.
5. Legal Framework of the CPS

Professionals in the CPS who are deployed through the German Development
Service work on the basis of framework agreements or exchange of letters of
agreement. Those professionals who are deployed by Non-Governmental
Organisations work within the framework of agreements, which have been
arrived at, with the respective partner organisations.
CPS deployment is the responsibility of the Federal Government as
represented by the BMZ that thereby too, is considered a possible special
endangerment of life and health of the professionals.
The legal protection of the CPS professionals otherwise takes place in the
framework of the Development Helper Law. As part of a necessary adjustment
of the law, the concerns of the CPS are to be considered.
In the short-term appropriate obligations (Auflagen), among others, in
regard to insurance, are to be adjusted.
6. Realisation of the CPS - Gradual Build up and Development

The CPS will be built up gradually. The beginning phase (until the end of
1999) will be occupied by qualifying personnel, by adjusting the
organisational and structural framework and by the first deployments that
are built on existing experiences.
A pool of trained CPS professionals should emerge in the mid to long term
upon which the Federal Government can call for support in multilateral
missions of the Organisation of European States and the United Nations.
The work of the CPS shall be evaluated after three years.

Translated by Hans Sinn - July 28, 1999
This translation is entirely my own.  Any misinterpretations are mine.
When in doubt about the meaning of the text I have used my own judgement.

Brooke Valley Road 687
Perth, Ontario
Tel: 613 264 8833
Fax: 613 264 8605
Civilian Peace Service <>