Canadian Universities - Peace related courses

Compiled By Janet Hudgins

Wolfville, NS

These courses aim to give students a better general understanding of the dynamics of conflict and peace. They attempt to sensitize students to the different dimensions of conflict and peace, of their causes and effects, and of the obstacles and opportunities for meaningful change in the contemporary world. These courses may be taken for political science credit. 

Montreal , QC

POLI 213 Contemporary Issues in Global Politics (3 credits)
This course introduces students to major trends and issues in world politics, such as human rights, refugees, ethnic conflict, environmental degradation, migration, and the peacekeeping role of the U.N.
POLI 301 Social Movements and Protest Politics (3 credits)
This course surveys the politics of selected contemporary movements such as environmentalism, peace, human rights, and feminism. It also provides a comparative analysis of the politics of dissent.
POLI 423 Peace Studies and Global Governance (3 credits)
Prerequisite: See N.B. number (3). This seminar focuses on the theory and practice of peace amongst nations. The course begins with a survey of analyses explaining the causes of aggression, war and peace, including theories of structural violence and revolution; nationalism and cosmopolitanism. It then examines the roles played by the state, international organizations, and peace movements, focusing on global and regional disarmament initiatives and peacekeeping.

, ON
Peace and Conflict Studies
Core Courses
The core courses for each year of the program are designed to bring together students from various disciplines who are interested in the problems of conflict and peace, with the objective of acquainting them with other disciplinary approaches to those problems. Core courses are taught at Conrad Grebel University College by members of the PACS faculty group, other qualified and interested members of participating departments, or by eminent scholars in the field who are invited to the university from time to time.  
PACS 201 Roots of Conflict and Violence
An examination of the influential theories of the nature and roots of human conflict on both the interpersonal and intergroup level. Contributions of the behavioural and social sciences, as well as the humanities, will be explored. This course is also offered through distance education. See Course Outline  
PACS 202 Conflict Resolution
An examination of the resolution of conflicts, ranging from interpersonal to broader social and international conflicts. Students are introduced to negotiation, mediation, and nonviolent resistance, and are encouraged to develop their own theoretical understandings that aid in addressing conflict. See Course Outline  
PACS 301 Special Topics: Peace and Conflict Studies 1
A seminar course investigating special issues related to peace and conflict. Content may vary from year to year.  
PACS 311 Doing Development: Issues of Justice and Peace
This course introduces a variety of theoretical and practical perspectives on international development. It examines current and alternative development programs in terms of their contribution to justice and/or peace at local, national, and global levels. Antireq: PACS 301B  
PACS 312 Quest for Peace in Literature and Film
A study of works of literature and film which express a resistance to war. The course examines how the desire to articulate an anti-war position has engaged the artistic sensibilities and shaped the visions and modes of expression of selected writers and filmmakers. Antireq: PACS 302B  
PACS 313 Community Conflict Resolution
An analysis of the growing use of mediation and other conflict resolution strategies in community conflicts, race relations, church disputes and alternatives to the legal system. The course focuses on case studies with attention to both practical and theoretical issues. Antireq: PACS 302A  
PACS 314 Conflict Resolution in the Schools
This course examines the potential for utilizing the principles of mediation and conflict resolution in school administration, curricula, teaching, classroom management and school counseling. Antireq: PACS 302C  
PACS 316 Violence, Non-violence and War
An exploration of the traditional debates concerning the legitimacy of violence and war as instruments in the pursuit of personal and political goals. The course critically examines a continuum of views from religious doctrines of non-resistance, to various forms of pacifism and non-violent resistance, "just-war theory" and political realism. The strategic arguments for political non-violent action are also considered. Antireq: PACS 301C Cross-listed as PHIL 329  
PACS 318 Peace-building, Human Rights and Civil Society
This course will examine the close causal connection between violations of human rights and violent conflict/war. It will also analyze the role of human rights and civil society principles in forging or consolidating peace. Course work will include case studies, assigned readings, class participation and simulation exercises. Antireq: PACS 302G  
PACS 320 Christian Approaches to Peacemaking
Current Christian approaches to peacemaking in areas of conflict: war and militarism, crime, poverty, racism, and gender relations. Attention will be given to various biblical, theological, and historical bases for these approaches. Cross-listed as RS 257  
PACS 321 Gender in War and Peace
An examination of various themes in the history of peace and war using gender as a central category of analysis. Theoretical literature and international case studies will be used to explore how the discourse and enactment of war and peace are influenced by societal constructions of gender, both historically and in the present. Antireq: PACS 302H  
PACS 322 A History of Peace Movements
A survey of individuals and groups that have created popular movements for peace globally and locally throughout history. The scope will be international, with a particular focus on 19th and 20th century movements. The choice of peace movements will allow for a contrast and comparison of ideology, strategy and impact. See Course Outline  
PACS 323 Negotiation: Theories and Strategies
This course explores different ways of negotiating between people and groups with conflicting interests. You'll learn the theory behind the strategies and develop practical negotiation skills you can put to use in your daily life at home, at work, and in the community. See Course Outline  
PACS 324 Human Rights in the Marketplace
This course will explore the tension between the values of human security/human rights and traditional economic policy. The impact of this dynamic relationship on the well being of individuals as well as on corporations and international economic institutions to promote peace and just development will also be analyzed.  
PACS 325 Conflict Management for Technical Professions
Like all professionals, persons engaged in technical professions are frequently confronted by conflict or by strong opposing interests that the professional must manage in order to accomplish his/her objective. This course will explore the types of conflicts that can arise in the technical professions and provide tools that will enable effective responses. See Course Outline PACS 499A/B Senior Honours Essay Seminar Each Honours student will work on a research paper and will meet regularly with other students working on similar projects to discuss and evaluate their own work. A letter grade for PACS 499A will be submitted only after completion of PACS 499B  
Content Courses
Interdisciplinary PACS Courses
In addition to the core courses, the PACS program offers the following interdisciplinary PACs-related courses which may be used to fulfill the PACS Content Course requirements.  
PACS 390A/B Field Studies in Peace and Conflict
An independent study course requiring reading, research and a paper on issues related to the application of peace and conflict studies theory within a field setting, either in Canada or abroad. Prereq: Permission of PACS Director required.  
PACS 398/399 Directed Readings in Peace and Conflict Studies
Students may arrange independent studies in the area of peace and conflict studies on problems of special interest.  
Content Courses Offered by Participating Departments
The following PACS-related courses are offered by the participating departments and the PACS program under their own designations. Many of the 300- and 400-level courses have specific prerequisites. Students planning to pursue study in these upper-level courses should use their electives wisely to ensure that the prerequisites for these courses are met. Additions or deletions may occur from time to time.  
Where a participating department has not designated a large enough number of courses to meet the requirements for the Honours Option in PACS, or where students find the list inadequate for their needs, students are encouraged to take the listed PACS Content Courses and/or to petition the PACS Administration to have specific courses accepted as PACS Content Courses. This should happen before registration in the course in question is finalized. Please consult the undergraduate officer for more details.  

Environment and Resource Studies
Department Web Page  
ERS 101   Issue Analysis and Problem Solving for Environmental Studies 2  
ERS 219   Approaches to Environmental Decision Making  
ERS 241   Introduction to Environmental Assessment  
ERS 294   The Sacred Earth: Religion and Ecology 1  
ERS 339   Biophysical and Socioeconomic Impact Assessment
ERS 353   The Politics of Sustainable Communities  
ERS 404   Global Environmental Governance  
ERS 409   Activism! Community Action for Environmental and Social Change  

Environmental  Studies
Department Web Page  
ENVS 201                Introduction to Environmental and Planning Law  
ENVS 401                Environmental Law


Department Web Page  
GEOG 202               Local and Global Development Processes  
GEOG 212               Japan and the Pacific Rim  
GEOG 223               The Geography of Indonesia  
GEOG 229               Political Geography  
GEOG 341               Historical Geography of European Imperialism  


Department Web Page  
HIST 101                 Law and Society in the Middle Ages: 500-1000
HIST 102                 War and Society in Europe , 1914-1945 
HIST 106                 Canada and War in the Twentieth Century  
HIST 120                 The United States at War, 1861-1945  
HIST 130                 The Modern World in Historical Perspective  
HIST 208                 American-Russian Relations Since November, 1917  
HIST 210                 History of Ancient Law  
HIST 215                 Canadian Women in Historical Perspective  
HIST 218                 German History 1740-1945  
HIST 220                 The Vietnam War and American Society  
HIST 221                 Race Relations in Canada : An Historical Perspective  
HIST 222                 History of Modern Revolutions  
HIST 223                 The Holocaust in History  
HIST 239                 History of Modern China , 1911 to the Present  
HIST 241                 Constructing Sexual Difference and the Modern Family
HIST 254                 Canadian History: The National Period  
HIST 262                 The Emergence of Modern Society  
HIST 263                 Europe in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries  
HIST 264                 Europe Since 1945  
HIST 301                 Canada and the Holocaust  
HIST 321                 Race Relations in Modern History: Case Studies  
HIST 348                 The Radical Reformation  
HIST 358                 The History of Modern Germany : From the Weimar Republic to Reconstruction  

Department Web Page  
PHIL 216                Rational Behavior and Decision-Making  
PHIL 243                Creative Thinking, Problem Solving and Decision-Making  
PHIL 327                Philosophy of Law 
PHIL 328                Human Rights  
PHIL 329                Violence, Non-violence and War  
PHIL 422                Political Philosophy 1  
PHIL 423                Political Philosophy 2  

Political Science  

Department Web Page  
P SCI 101A              An Introduction to Politics 1  
P SCI 102K              Mass Political Violence 
P SCI 102N              The Politics of Nationalism and Ethnicity  
P SCI 102S               Ethnicity in Canada  
P SCI 110                Introduction to Politics in the Contemporary World  
P SCI 225                Classics in Political Thought 1  
P SCI 226                Classics in Political Thought 2  
P SCI 250                The Comparative Politics of State and Nation  
P SCI 252                Introduction to Third World Politics  
P SCI 281                World Politics 1  
P SCI 282                Foreign Policy  
P SCI 321                Marxist Theory  
P SCI 322                Marxism after Marx  
P SCI 350A              The Politics of the Developing Areas 1  
P SCI 350B              The Politics of the Developing Areas 2
P SCI 364                Ethnicity in Canada  
P SCI 380A              World Politics 2  
P SCI 381                Foreign Policies of South Asian States  
P SCI 382                Politics of Canadian Foreign Policy  
P SCI 383                International Politics of Asia-Pacific 1945-Present  
P SCI 384                Foreign Policies of Select Middle East States  
P SCI 387                Globalization  
P SCI 432                Global Environmental Governance  
P SCI 453                Advanced Topics in Third World Politics and Development 1 
P SCI 456                Ethnic Conflict and Conflict Resolution  
P SCI 457                Ethnic Conflict and Conflict Resolution II  
P SCI 481                Research Seminar on World Politics  
P SCI 483                Power Politics and World Order Studies  
P SCI 484                Contemporary Strategies: Theories and Policies  


Department Web Page  
PSYCH 222R           Cross-Cultural Psychology  
PSYCH 232             Psychology of Evil  
PSYCH 235             Psychological Perspectives on Gender and Sex
PSYCH 253             Social Psychology
PSYCH 338             Organizational Psychology
PSYCH 352             Culture and Psychology
PSYCH 353             Social Cognition
PSYCH 354             Interpersonal Relations  

Religious Studies

Department Web Page
RS 100L   Evil
RS 220     Millennialism and Violence
RS 221     Cults and New Religious Movements
RS 257     Christian Approaches to Peacemaking
RS 263     Justice, Peace, and Development
RS 264     Religious Responses to Political Oppression
RS 290C   Gospel and Liberation
RS 292     Women and the Church
RS 295A/B    The Sacred Earth: Religion and Ecology
RS 322     Radical Reformation
RS 328     Christian Feminist Thought  
RS 353     The Bible and Peace  
RS 354     War and Peace in Christian Theology
RS 355     Interreligious Encounter and Dialogue
Social Development Studies
Department Web Page
SOCWK 301R          Understanding Diversity in Canada
SOCWK 322R          Community Organization 2: International Perspectives
SOCWK 355R          Child Maltreatment: Identification and Prevention
SOCWK 357R          Family Violence
SOCWK 390A/B      Family Violence: An Advanced Seminar
Department Web Page
SOC 102 Social Problems
SOC 201 Victims and Society
SOC 206 Gender Relations
SOC 222 Juvenile Delinquency
SOC 224R  Poverty in Canada and its Social Consequences
SOC 226 Juvenile Justice
SOC 227 Criminology
SOC 228 Sociology of Corrections
SOC 229 Selected Topics in Criminology
SOC 241 Introduction to the Sociology of Work
SOC 242 Industrial Sociology
SOC 256 Ethnic and Racial Relations
SOC 258 Millennialism and Violence
SOC 265 Political Sociology
SOC 310 Seminar in Group Dynamics
SOC 325 Seminar in Female Sexuality and the Law
SOC 327J   Policing in a Democratic Society
SOC 328 Sentencing as a Social Process
SOC 364 Social Change
SOC 370 Sociology of Law
SOC 372 Good and Evil in Social Relations
SOC 378 Sociology of Women  

Other PACS-Related Courses
The courses below, offered by non-participating departments, may be counted as content courses.
ARTS 260/
FINE 260 Women and Film
DRAMA 491           Selected Seminar: Conflict Management
ENGL 216               Canadian Multicultural Literature
GER 381  Fascism in Germany : Holocaust and Resistance Literature
SYDE 533                Conflict Analysis  

, NS

POLI 3596.03         Explaining Global Conflict and Violence
POLI 3596.03         Explaining Global Conflict and Violence
POLI 3303.03         Human Rights and Politics                                                

, ON


300E Comparative Politics and Protest and Social Justice.
An examination of cases of unconventional politics and protest movements with reference to competing theories regarding their formation and activities. Focus will be on their political role and activities which invoke a sense of solidarity, shared identity, and a set of moral principles as much cultural as political. Antirequisite: Politics 392E (570) Selected Topics in 2003-2004. Prerequisite: Registration in Year Three of Honors Political Science or Year Three of Honors Social Justice and Peace Studies 2 seminar hours.  
325E Ethnic Conflict and Resolution.
This course will be concerned with the phenomenon of ethnic conflict and conflict resolution. It will examine the numerous theories of ethnicity and ethnic conflict resolution, and will apply these to various examples of ethnic conflict throughout the world. Prerequisite: Enrolment in third or fourth year Political Science. 2 seminar hours.  
345E International Law and Organization.
A study of the principles and operations of international and regional associations such as the UN and NATO. An introduction to international law, emphasizing its relevance to the resolution of conflicts between nations. Prerequisite: Politics 231E. 3 seminar hours.  
362E Case Studies in Contemporary Ethnic Conflict.
This course will involve an in-depth assessment of a range of contemporary ethnic conflicts. It will, in particular, examine the relationship between the internal and external dimensions of these disputes. Prerequisite: Politics 231, and registration in third or fourth year Honors Political Science. 2 seminar hours.  
423F/G Nationalism and Secession.
This course will deal with types of nationalism and the relationship between nationalism and conflict in multi-national societies. It will focus primarily on deeply divided societies that have undergone partition or have experienced serious secessionist conflicts, and consider the challenges posed for conflict resolution or management. Antirequisite: Political Science 420E (570) taken in 2003-2004, and 430E Prerequisite: Political Science 362E or written permission of the instructor. 2 seminar hours.  
424F/G Nationalist Conflicts and Paths to Peace.
This course deals with methods of managing and/or resolving nationalist conflicts utilizing integrative methods. These include constitutional power-sharing, federalism and other forms of territorial or non-territorial autonomy for ethnic communities. The course will also examine the involvement of third parties as mediators and guarantors of peace accords. Antirequisite: Political Science 420E (570) taken in 2003-2004, and 430E. Prerequisite: Political Science 362E or written permission of the instructor. 2 seminar hours.  
430E Nationalist Conflicts and Paths to Peace.
This course will deal with the relationship between nationalism and conflict in multinational societies and also examine the challenges posed by self-determination conflicts for conflict resolution and management. The approach will be broadly comparative and based on the study of cases in Europe, Africa, Asia and the Middle East . Antirequisites: Political Science 420E in 2003-2004. Prerequisite: Registration in Honors Politics or permission of the Department. 2 seminar hours.  

, QC
Dept of Political Science  

POLI 347(3) Arab-Israel Confl,Crisis,Peace Concepts - protracted conflict, crisis, war, peace; system, subsystem; Conflict-levels of analysis; historical context; images and issues; attitudes, policies, role of major powers; Crises-Wars - configuration of power; crisis models; decision-making in 1956, 1967, 1973, 1982 crisis-wars; conflict- crisis management; Peace-Making - pre-1977; Egypt-Israel peace treaty; Madrid, Oslo, Israel-Jordan peace; prospects for conflict resolution.  

POLI 351(3) Crisis, Conflict and War
Deals with causes and consequences of international conflict, and its two key manifestations - crisis and war. Synthesizes research from data-based and other analytical approaches.  
POLI 360(3) Security: War and Peace - Focuses on international security and strategies of war and peace in historical and comparative frameworks. Topics include case studies of 20th century wars, conventional and nuclear strategy, and various approaches to peace. McGill's Research Group in Conflict and Human Rights, created in 2002 with funds from the Canada Foundation for Innovation and the Canada Research Chairs Program. The Group supports academic research on issues of political violence, international aid, and human rights. Many Fellows are graduate students in sociology but the Group is open to all disciplines.  

Hamilton , ON

Centre for Peace Studies  

Faculty of Humanities  

Peace Studies Programmes
*Combined Honours B.A. in Peace Studies and another subject
*Honours Arts & Science and Peace Studies Students enter a Peace Studies programme in Level 2. Their Level 1 programme must include the following two introductory Peace Studies courses:  
*              1A03 Introduction to Peace Studies An introduction to the discipline of peace research, which focuses on the concepts of peace, war, security, conflict, violence and non-violence. Students will examine the roles of values and ideologies in the attainment of peace.  
*              1B03 Introduction to the Study of War This course offers a Peace Studies approach to the study of war, and explores the effects of war on people, societies, and the earth. War prevention processes will be examined at the levels of interstate and state politics, social movements, and individual peace.  
*              Minor in Peace Studies Students at McMaster who are enrolled in an undergraduate honours degree programme, can complete a Minor in Peace Studies by taking Peace Studies 1A03 and 1B03, and a further 18 units of upper level peace studies courses.  
Upper Level Courses Peace Studies Programme students can choose from a wide variety of upper level courses, drawn from the Faculties of Humanities, Social Sciences, and Science, which ensures an interdisciplinary approach and maximizes choice for students. Courses include:  
Global Politics         
Conflict Transformation: Theory and Practice  
The Right to Food     
Conflict, Culture and the Quest for Peace  
Theory and Practice of Non-violence
Life, Work and Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi  
Violence in Anthropological Perspective         
War and Peace in the Christian Tradition  
Peace, Human Security and Economic Development   
heoretical Foundations of the Labour Movement  
The Causes of War     
The Modern Middle East  
Modern Latin America Since 1820 
History of Modern Germany  
International Politics in the Postwar Period     
Post-Colonial Literatures: Theory and Practice  
Contemporary Native Literature in Canada     
Religion and Social Justice  
Philosophies of War and Peace  
Genocide: Sociological and Political Perspectives
Democratization and Human Rights       
Theory of Value
Research Seminar   
Human Rights and International Politics
Human Diversity and Human Nature        
Power and Resistance

, MB
International Development Studies Core Course Descriptions Offered for Fall/Winter 2003/2004  International Development Studies IDSCis an interdisciplinary major that challenges students to explore the causes and consequences of processes that promote some individuals, communities, and nations, and exclude others. Moreover, IDS students are prepared for citizenship in an increasingly interdependent global community, and are encouraged to envision paths towards a transformed, just world. The IDS program is jointly offered by Menno Simons College (MSC) and the University of Winnipeg . The interdisciplinary major of IDS can be taken alone or can be effectively combined with another major like Anthropology, Economics, Environmental Studies, Politics, or Sociology in a double major or combined major. All MSC students register as University of Winnipeg students, and all degrees are University of Winnipeg degrees. 60.1100/6 
(Le3)CThe purpose of this course is to survey the main development issues in countries of the South in an interdisciplinary fashion. While the focus of the course will principally be on Africa, Asia, and Latin America, efforts will be made to draw parallels and connections with the North, including Canada . The course will evaluate what has been done in the name of development, particularly in light of issues of poverty, gender, and the environment. The course begins by evaluating alternative definitions and theories of development. This is followed by an analysis of the external factors which influence the South today and during the colonial period. Finally, the course looks at the internal dynamics of development by considering issues such as industrialization and agricultural development. Restrictions: Students may not receive credit for both this course and the former 98.2201/6.
60.2131/3 RURAL DEVELOPMENT (Le3)CThis course examines changes to rural society and economy in the South (Africa, Asia, and Latin America ) brought about historically by colonialism, and more recently through modern development efforts. This course begins by considering how colonialism and expansion of capitalism reoriented agriculture and rural society towards a more global focus. Modern development efforts are then evaluated in light of their impact on rural economy and society. Discussion then highlights the impact of agrarian reform, technological change, and domestic government policies on economic development and social differentiation. Both gender and environmental issues will be interwoven throughout the course, and efforts will be made to draw connections with rural change in Canada . Prerequisities: 60.1100/6 or permission of Coordinator or instructor.
60.2171/3 CRISIS, VULNERABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT (Le3)CToday, civil, environmental, and socio-economic crises threaten global human security as never before. These crises are caused by a complex mix of natural hazards - such as floods, earthquakes and cyclones - and human action, including civil conflict. This course seeks to unravel the causes and consequences of crisis and human vulnerability within an interdisciplinary framework. Moreover, the course aims to understand the role development strategies have played and can play in overcoming vulnerability and mitigating crises. Case studies of ethnic conflict, refugee movement, famine, flooding, earthquakes - among others - shall be reviewed. Prerequisites: 60.1100/6 or permission of Coordinator or instructor.
60.2181/3 SELECTED TOPICS IN INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT STUDIES (Le3)CThis course presents an in-depth view of a particular problem of development in the South. The case study method will be adopted to explore the complexity of issues in the real setting utilizing both theoretical and applied concepts. Prerequisites: 60.1100/6 or permission of Coordinator or instructor.
050 Disability and Development Disability is more than an individual issue and condition. All over the world, persons with disabilities experience discrimination and violation of their rights. According to the UN there are over half a billion people with disabilities. In some countries the incidence of disability is as high as 25%, and when friends and family members are taken into consideration, half of the population could be adversely affected by disability. Disability is a result of social, economic and environmental factors. Specific groups such as women, children, refugees, and landmine survivors require specific consideration. This course will examine the issues that disabled people face in developing countries as well as in Canada , the impact of the Disability Rights Movement and the role of the United Nations. These issues will be examined within a human rights framework with emphasis on community participation in promoting the rights of people with disabilities. Case studies will be drawn from all over the world with emphasis on Russia and Ukraine .  
60.2183/3 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT ISSUES (Le2S1)CThis case study course will survey a subset of the theories, processes, policies and practice of development and underdevelopment in the diverse and complex context of Africa. In the face of intensifying global capital processes and declining humanitarian efforts, many African communities and countries face serious challenges. While exploring development problems and possible solutions, this course will also highlight the tremendously rich and diverse cultural, social and economic experience of African peoples and communities. Prerequisites: 60.1100/6 or permission of Coordinator or instructor.
60.2184/3 ASIA/PACIFIC DEVELOPMENT ISSUES (Le2, S1)CThis case study course will survey a subset of the theories, processes, policies and practice of development and underdevelopment in the diverse and quickly changing context of Asia and the Pacific Islands. Asian communities and nations have been affected in diverse and complex ways by the contemporary expansion and deepening of global capitalism. This course will examine some of these changes and explore related issues like human rights and environmental reference to the enhancement of social capital. Prerequisites: 60.1100/6 or permission of Coordinator or instructor.
60.2185/3 LATIN AMERICA/CARIBBEAN DEVELOPMENT ISSUES (Le2, S1)CThis case study course will survey a subset of the theories, processes, policies and practice of development and underdevelopment in the diverse and dynamic context of Latin America and the Caribbean. The Latin American and Caribbean region has been diversely affected by contemporary globalization processes. People and communities from the region have also been the source of significant critical literature in development studies, including Dependency Theory and Liberation Theology. While exploring development problems and possible solutions, this course will also highlight the tremendously rich and diverse cultural, social and economic experience of Latin American and Caribbean peoples and communities. Prerequisites: 60.1100/6 or permission of Coordinator or instructor.
60/61.2443/3 CONFLICT AND DEVELOPMENT ISSUES IN INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES (Le3)CThis course explores the dynamics of indigenous peoples globally, with special reference to the Canadian context, within the broad frameworks of development and conflict resolution. The course begins by describing key elements of indigenous culture and worldview. From the perspective of conflict resolution studies, inter- and intra-group conflict and conflict resolution processes involving indigenous communities will be explored. From the perspective of international development studies, processes of marginalization and underdevelopment will be presented to understand the indigenous communities' social, economic and political situation. Strategies for community development and conflict resolution will be highlighted as means to achieve transformation. Prerequisites: 60.1100/6 or 61.1200/6 or permission of Coordinator or instructor. Cross-listed: Conflict Resolution Studies 61.2443/3.
60.2521/3 STUDY OF VOLUNTARY SIMPLICITY (Le2, S1)CWithin International Development Studies, development is increasingly understood as a participatory, deliberate process aimed at enhancing the quality of life for individuals within community. This course examines the concept, theory, and practice of voluntary simplicity as a means of development for individuals seeking alternatives to consumer values and culture. The course explores both the historical roots of voluntary simplicity and its modern expressions, with special emphasis on the relevance of simplicity to building emotional well-being, vibrant community, sustainable environment, and social justice. Prerequisite: 60.1100/6.
60.2603/3 ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY (Le3)CThis course focuses on environmental factors relevant to understanding and implementing sustainable development. Its aim is to teach students to understand and appreciate fundamental ecological principles within the context of social values and technological constraints. Moreover, the course seeks to equip students to assess environmental problems from an interdisciplinary perspective. And to develop strategies that might solve these problems. Topics or issues that may be addressed include ecosystem dynamics; feedback in environmental processes; the concepts of carrying capacities and population thresholds; optimum yield theory; loss of biodiversity; over-consumption and overpopulation; deforestation, desertification, and pollution; energy demand versus supply; urbanization trends; global warming; ozone layer depletion; resource management, conservation and recovery; and environmental monitoring and impact assessment. This course may be taken for major credit in Environmental Studies/Urban Studies and International Development Studies. Prerequisites: 84.1600/3, 60.1100/6 or permission of Coordinator or Instructor. Cross-listed: Environmental Studies 84.2603/3.
60.3110/3 POVERTY-FOCUSED DEVELOPMENT (Le3)CThe failure of modern development efforts to eradicate poverty in the South (Asia, Africa, and Latin America) has led to a widespread belief that alternative participatory, grassroots development projects are the solution. This course examines historic efforts at participatory development, including community development and cooperative formation, then considers the growing attention given nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and grassroots movements today. The course then reviews contemporary strategies to enhance productivity through economic interventions such as credit programs and agricultural extension, or human interventions such as education and health provision. Finally, sustainability issues are considered with degradation. While exploring development problems and possible solutions, this course will also highlight the tremendously rich and diverse cultural, social and economic experience of Asian and Pacific Island peoples and communities. Prerequisites: 60.1100/6 or permission of Coordinator or instructor.
60.3111/3 AN ANALYSIS OF DEVELOPMENT AID POLICIES (Le3)CThis course will focus on development aid policies and the administration of aid programs of the developed countries. The course will examine specific cases in a number of developing countries, with special emphasis on the African and Asian continents. Lectures will scrutinize the impact of bilateral, multilateral, and tied aid projects on developing countries, and examine the effectiveness of human resource projects. The course will challenge students to think in terms of sustainable development. How can aid effectiveness be improved and sustainable development achieved? Prerequisites: 60.1100/6 or permission of Coordinator or instructor. Restrictions: Students may not receive credit for both this course and the former 98.3201/3.
60.3160/3 CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES ON GLOBAL PROCESSES (Le1, S2)CThe focus of this course is threefold. First it seeks to apply cultural perspectives on >global scale theory.= Second, we will discern the linkages among some of the main processes at work in 'global systems.' Main processes include communications, transportation, migration, capital, manufacture of export goods, non-state political organizations, and environmental and human health research. The emphasis will be on how two or more of these interact. Third, we will discuss the effects of these processes in local and regional contexts. The specific processes and their salient interrelationships will be chosen in response to interests of those taking the course, and will be developed by group reading and discussion, and individually in term paper projects. Prerequisites: 60.1100/6 OR 02.1001/6 OR 02.1002/3 or permission of Coordinator/Chair. Cross-listed: Anthropology 02.3160/3.
60.3192/6 DIRECTED READINGS IN INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT STUDIES (D)CIn this course, readings and assignments in the area of International Development Studies will be arranged between an individual student and the instructor. Prerequisites: 60.1100/6 and permission of the Coordinator.
60.3193/6 DIRECTED READINGS IN INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT STUDIES (D)CIn this course, readings and assignments in the area of International Development Studies will be arranged between an individual student and the instructor. Prerequisites: 60.1100/6 and permission of the Coordinator.
60.3198/6 PRACTICUM IN INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT STUDIES (P)CThe practicum is meant to allow students to ground their academic learning with experiential learning within the auspices of a local or overseas relief and development agency. The practicum will generally involve voluntary work with an agency, exposing the participant to new cultural, social, and/or economic situations. Assignments may include maintaining a daily journal and other written assignments, as arranged with the faculty advisor. Prerequisites: 60.1100/6, 60.3110/3 and 60.3111/3 and permission of practicum coordinator. Restrictions: This is a limited enrolment course.
60.3199/3 PRACTICUM IN INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT STUDIES (P)CThe practicum is meant to allow students to ground their academic learning with experiential learning within the auspices of a local or overseas relief and development agency. The practicum will generally involve voluntary work with an agency, exposing the participant to new cultural, social, and/or economic situations. Assignments may include maintaining a daily journal and other written assignments, as arranged with the faculty advisor. Prerequisites: 60.1100/6, 60.3110/3 and 60.3111/3 and permission of the practicum coordinator. This is a limited enrolment course.
60.3901/3 HUMANITARIAN AID AND CONFLICT: DO NO HARM (Le,S3)CThis course addresses the central problem found in the complex relationship between humanitarian aid and conflict. Its aim is to help students understand that humanitarian work has both positive and negative impacts on intended recipients. This course will address the nature of contemporary armed conflict, the various forms of humanitarian aid now offered through the international community, and the relationship of these two categories, exploring issues such as whether emergency nutritional and medical aid offered in a war zone actually result in a more protracted war. Analytical models will be examined to help us understand how we may avoid doing harm in zones of conflict. Prerequisites: 60.1100/6 or 61.1200/6 or permission of the Coordinator or instructor. Cross-listed: Conflict Resolution Studies 61.3901/3
60.3910/ 3 PEACE, THEORY & PRACTICE (Le, S3)CThis course investigates theories of peace. Theories of war and the practice of warfare have been studied a great deal; theories of peace and the practice of peace have been studied less. The course begins with attempts to define peaceBa task as difficult as that of defining war and conflictBby drawing on key studies by peace research scholars like Galtung, Reardon, and Elshtain. The course is conducted in modified seminar format (half the course in large group format, the remainder urilizing small group problem-based learning). Prerequisites: 61.1200/6, 60.1100/6 or permission of the Coordinator. Cross-listed: International Development Studies 60.3910/3.
60.3920/3 ACTION RESEARCH METHODS (Le1, S2)CThis course investigates the contemporary research and field work methods commonly used by researchers and practitioners in the field of international development studies. The course will emphasize activities that are necessary to prepare the student to conduct research in the field. Issues in data collection and in the context of field work will be discussed. The following are some of the topics and techniques that will be dealt within the course: planning for research, random sampling and surveys, participatory rural appraisal, interviewing techniques, life history analysis, conducting focus groups, integrating qualitative and quantitative method, and post-field work activities. Prerequisites: 60.1100/6 or permission of Coordinator or instructor. Cross-listed: Conflict Resolution Studies 61.3920/3.
60.4100/3 SENIOR SEMINAR IN INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT STUDIES (S3)CStudents will examine the construction and application of development theory within the community, meso, and global contexts. Participants will examine cultural, social, material and political processes of successful and unsuccessful development, drawing from interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary sources, to investigate current development approaches that overcome these constraints. In the course students may examine analysis from World Systems Theory and literature at the micro level, including Amartya Sen=s entitlement approach and the growing literature on resistance and transformation, e.g., James Scott and David Korten. Prerequisites: 60.1100/6, 60.3110/3, 60.3111/3, 60.3199/3, 60.3901/3 or permission of Coordinator or instructor.
60.4910 CONFLICT & THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE OTHER (S3)C This seminar addresses a central question raised in post-colonial theory about the way humans construct and maintain an understanding of the Other. We ask the question, "Have scholars found the idea of the Other useful as a synthesizing concept?" This problem-based, interdisciplinary seminar considers particular sites of struggle in cultural, social, and individual contexts. Finally, we ask about the implications of this inquiry for our cultural,social, and individual circumstances. Prerequisites: 61.1200/6, 61.2210/3, 61.3220/3 or 60.1100/6, 60.3110/3, 60/3111/3 or permission of the Coordinator. Cross-listed: International Development Studies 60.4910/3.
60.4920/3 PROGRAM PLANNING, MONITORING AND EVALUATION (Le2, S1) CPlanning, monitoring and evaluation are essential phases in the process of intervention in both international development and conflict resolution studies. This fourth year course introduces students to the theory and applications of fundamentals of program design and implementation. Participants will examine elements of the project cycle including planning approaches, indicator analysis, performance reporting and review, and impact assessment. The possible roles of mediators, donors, clients and field workers will be considered. The course will explore the formal mechanisms of development agencies and the way in which they can change the shape of the program. The course will provide the skills necessary for conceptualizing and implementing international or domestic projects; it will also provide an opportunity for the comparison of initiatives in international development or conflict resolution. Pre-requisites: 60.1100/6 or permission of the instructor. Cross-listed: Conflict Resolution Studies, 61.4920.

, NS
Academic Calendar 2004-2005
Undergraduate Programs
Peace and Conflict Studies
To major in peace and conflict studies, students should meet with the Co-ordinator and/or any faculty member of the program to plan their academic studies (a list of other members is available from the Co-ordinator). They can elect to fulfill the requirements for either a 15 unit or a 20 unit Interdisciplinary Bachelor of Arts degree. The major includes: (a) PHIL/FSGN 2202, (b) POLS 3324, (c) and an additional 5-7 units from the peace and conflict studies electives listed below for a 15 unit degree and 7-9 units for the 20 unit degree. Note: students who major in peace and conflict studies may include up to three units from professional studies in their degree program Students who also opt to do a minor in another discipline (or disciplines) within the peace and conflict studies major should consult with the Co-ordinator. Students may take up to three units of directed studies. A GPA of 2.0 must be maintained for courses taken from the approved list of electives.
Minor To minor in peace and conflict studies students should consult with the Co-ordinator or any faculty member associated with the program (a list of other members is available from the Co-ordinator), and fulfill the following requirements (a) PHIL 2202/FSGN 2202, (b) POLS 3324 and, (c) two units of peace and conflict studies electives from the list below with no more than one unit in any single discipline.
Students who complete POLS 3324 and FSGN 4410 may apply with advanced standing to the Dalhousie University Negotiation and Conflict Management Certificated Program (see the Co-ordinator for details).
Three of the ten units that MSVU may accept as transfer from other universities may count towards the major with letters of permission and if the Co-ordinator determines they are relevant.
Electives acceptable for an Interdisciplinary Bachelor of Arts or a minor, in peace and conflict studies are listed below:
Electives acceptable for an Interdisciplinary Bachelor of Arts or a minor, in peace and conflict studies are listed below:
NUTR 3326  Ecological Perspectives of Food   half unit
BIOL 2213  Environmental Science    half unit
BUSI 2250/PHIL 2250/RELS 2250  Business Ethics  half unit
ECON 2224 The Economics of the Arms Race  half unit
ECON 2311 International Trade  half unit
Family Studies and Gerontology
FSGN 4410  Conflict Management and Mediation   half unit
FSGN 3311/RELS 3311 Religion, Gender and Sexualities   half unit
HIST 2219/POLS 2219 Canadian Foreign Policy  half unit
HIST 3337 Revolution, Reform, Reaction: Protest Movements in the US half unit
HIST 3351/WOMS 3351Women, War and Peace half unit
HIST 3352 War and the USA in Modern Times half unit
PHIL 2209/RELS 2209 Introduction to Ethics  half unit
PHIL 2229/RELS 2229 Contemporary Moral Problems half unit
PHIL 2250/RELS 2250/BUSI 2250 Business Ethics half unit
PHIL 3312/POLS 3312 Human Rights: Theory and Practice half unit
Political Studies
POLS 3312/PHIL 3312 Human Rights: Theory and Practice  half unit
POLS 2219/HIST 2219  Canadian Foreign Policy half unit
POLS 2224 War, Peace and Technology half unit
POLS 3307/SOAN 3307 Politics and Society  half unit
POLS 3308/LING 3308  Language and Politics  half unit
POLS 3391/WOMS 3391 Gender and International Relations  
half unit
PSYC 2208 Social Psychology half unit
PSYC 3309 Community Psychology half unit
Religious Studies
RELS 2209/PHIL 2209 Introduction to Ethics half unit
RELS 2229/PHIL 2229 Contemporary Moral Problems half unit
RELS 2250/PHIL 2250/BUSI 2250 Business Ethics half unit
RELS 3311/FSGN 3311 Religion, Gender and Sexualities  half unit
SOAN 2203 Global Human Issues half unit
SOAN 2266 Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Woman half unit
SOAN 3302 Global Transformations  half unit
SOAN 3307/POLS 3307 Politics and Society half unit
SOAN 3370 The Anthropology of War and Aggression  half unit
Women' s Studies
WOMS 3351/HIST 3351Women, War and Peace half unit
WOMS 3371  Women, Resistance and Empowerment half unit
WOMS 3391/POLS 3391 Gender and International Relations half unit
HIST 3351
Women, War and Peace half unit
Prerequisites: one-half unit in a women's studies course and one-half unit in a women's history course; or two one-half units of women's studies courses or two one-half units of women's history courses; or permission of the instructor
An examination of women's historical and contemporary relationship to war and peace. Topics may include the debate over matriarchy, patriarchy and war; women in the military; women and revolution; the women's peace movement; and feminism and non-violence. (Also listed as WOMS 3351 and under Peace and Conflict Studies) POLS 2224
War, Peace and Technology half unit
An analysis of the nature and roots of war preparations including American, Russian, and Middle East foreign policies and political cultures, plus the extent and consequences of arms production and sales. Topics include the peace movement and UN strategies and alternatives to war and regional arms buildup. (Also listed under Peace and Conflict Studies)
SOAN 3370
The Anthropology of War and Aggression half unit
Prerequisite: SOAN 1100 or 2100 or permission of the instructor
An introduction to the anthropological study of war and aggression among tribal peoples. A number of theoretical viewpoints explaining the origins, causes, and consequences of conflict in non-state societies are examined, and some suggestions about their relevance to war and conflict in industrialized states are made. (Also listed under Peace and Conflict Studies)

Victoria , BC

CAM 500  Introduction to the Theory of Conflict Analysis (4) Introduces conflict analysis theory, including the most commonly used definitions, concepts, terms, models, and approaches in the field of social science. Topics include the types, sources, processes, nature and consequences of conflict at the group, organizational, inter-group, and international levels. Particular emphasis is placed on the development of analytical skills and critical thinking. 4 credits. 
CAM 510  The Legal Framework for Conflict Management (2) Introduces principles and concepts of law to Learners in the "Ethnic and Political Conflict" concentration the MACAM program. Focuses on the structures and processes of contemporary Canadian and international legal systems, and provides a critically reflective exploration of the way in which law and other processes of dispute resolution overlap and potentially conflict. Develops an understanding of the pervasive role of law, as well as its limitations, in conflict resolution and management, domestically, internationally, and in the context of ethnic and political conflict. Topics include the adversarial philosophy of common law litigation, tensions between normative and dispute resolution roles of law, legal pluralism and the emergence of international law, non-adversarial processes, alternative dispute resolution processes and their conceptual challenge to legal hegemony. 2 credits. 
CAM 511   Legal Framework for International Trade and Commercial Conflict Management  (2) Examines the international commercial legal framework governing the formation, operation and enforcement of trade contracts and the alternative methods by which trade contract disputes may be resolved. The focus is on private international trade transactions involving contracting parties in different countries. 2 credits. 
512  Legal Framework for Environmental Conflict Management (2) Provides an overview of environmental law in Canada (as a lead into the environmental dispute resolution stream of the second year residency) by reviewing the legal context within which such processes take place. [It is not intended to teach environmental law per se.] Examines the institutions, processes, and legal principles that comprise the field of Canadian environmental law. Includes a review of the legal framework underpinning the existing planning, regulatory, and approvals processes at the international, federal, provincial, municipal, and First Nations levels. It will also address key environmental issues and challenges facing society and the field at present, including, for example, sustainable development. 2 credits. 
CAM 513  Legal Framework for Community and School Conflict Management (2) Provides an overview of the legal implications and recourses available in Canada for dealing with conflict in community and school settings. Examines retributive and restorative justice principles and covers a broad range of alternative dispute resolution and settlement processes. 2 credits. 
CAM 514   The Social Psychology of Organizational Behaviour (2) Provides an overview of theories and concepts essential to understanding human behaviour in organizational contexts. Learners are exposed to different conceptual frameworks and levels of analysis for systematically examining organizational functioning. Offers conceptual tools to understand the contexts within which organizational conflicts occur. Topics include alternative frameworks for organizational analysis, organizational roles, individual differences, leadership, groups, organizational culture, decision-making, power and influence, and organizational change. 2 credits. 
CAM 520  Introduction to Conflict Management Processes (4) Addresses the theoretical and conceptual underpinnings of types of interventions as well as the practical and ethical issues practicioners encounter in applying various intervention strategies or approaches. Learners consider conceptual material about intervention processes and apply their learnings in case study exercises and simulations, gaining an appreciation for the skills needed in various intervention strategies. Intervention tools and approaches discussed include negotiation (power, rights, and interest based), international diplomatic initiatives, reconciliation, and mediation (structural, interest based, transformative, and evaluative), and adjudication. 4 credits. 
CAM 521 Practicum in Conflict Analysis and Management Skills (2) Learners apply theory and approaches to skills learned in the first residential semester. They must arrange their own practicum and practicum supervisor according to guidelines provided by the university. The practicum may take place at a learner's place of employment or in a voluntary organization. Learners are expected to spend at least 60 hours in practicum placement, maintain a journal, and complete a paper on their experience. 2 credits.
530  Designing Dispute Management Systems for Multicultural Environments (4) Focuses on the theory and practice of designing effective dispute resolution systems for different kinds of conflicts and organizational settings, especially in multicultural environments from a perspective which takes into consideration the larger system in which the intentional system will function. Includes the basics of dispute resolution policy and processes, emphasizing alternative dispute resolution techniques and various combinations of arbitration, conciliation, and mediation. Learners study how culture, especially ethnicity, contributes to the origins, expression, dynamics, management, and resolution of conflict, examining how recognition of, respect for, and systematic analysis of cultural differences can be incorporated into the design and operation of conflict management systems. 4 credits.
CAM 575 Methods for Conflict Research and Analysis (4) Examines the methods and sources of information commonly used in conflict research and analysis, with a focus on developing the skills necessary to evaluate research critically in the field of conflict studies and to conduct action research. Includes theory, hypothesis, and asking the right questions; research design and problems of causality; data sources and data-gathering techniques; effective presentation, analysis and data interpretation; report writing; and research ethics. 4 credits. 
CAM 600  Issues in Conflict Analysis and Management (3) Provides a more detailed analysis of selected issues already encountered in CAM 500 and CAM 530. These are examined in the context of cases drawn from different fields and levels of conflict. For learners in the Political, Ethnic and Security concentration particular attention is paid to understanding the origins of deep-rooted conflict, leading theories of social violence in terms of human needs, identity, and collective action, and how cultural differences affect perceptions of conflict and the likely success of various intervention strategies. For learners in the Organizational, School and Community, and Environmental concentration this course has an emphasis on understanding intergroup conflict, especially conflict between identity groups in organizational and community settings. 3 credits. 
CAM 650  Analyzing and Managing Conflict Involving Political, Ethnic and Security Issues (5) An intensive examination of how conflict analysis and management theory and practices can be applied to political, ethnic and security disputes, particularly those involving culturally diverse groups and the threat of violence. Detailed case studies encourage an integrated and holistic approach to conflict analysis and management. Learners examine the case studies critically, viewing the dispute from different perspectives, developing alternative analyses, and proposing various resolutions and follow-up strategies. 5 credits. 
CAM 661  International Trade and Commercial Conflict Management (5) Compares public conflict management design principles with the structure of the World Trade Organization's (WTO) dispute settlement mechanism and its use in managing state trading conflicts under basic WTO agreements. Compares the WTO dispute settlement framework with that of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and develops an appreciation of the nature and scope of potential trading conflicts concerning obligations under basic WTO agreements. 5 credits. 
662  Environmental Conflict Management Issues (5) Focuses on ways in which consensus, which encourages discourse and understanding among competing interests, can be reached through a variety of multiple party mechanisms. Provides the learner with an opportunity to participate in lectures, small group discussions, role plays and case study analysis of environmental issues. 5 credits. 
CAM 675 Community and School Conflict Management Issues (5) Examines a range of issues such as racism, xenophobia, bullying, harassment, rage, gangs, and youth crime. Combines the complexity of these issues with integrated, multilevel, causal analysis of school and community conflict, leading to the development of a comprehensive policy response. 5 credits. 
CAM 680 Analyzing and Managing Conflict and Change in Organizational Settings (5) An intensive examination of how conflict theory and practice can be most effectively applied to conflicts that arise within public, private and third sector (voluntary) organizations. Organizational case studies, simulations, role-plays and other exercises will enable learners to develop competencies in the assessment and the design of intervention strategies geared to tap the creative potential of conflict towards the goal of productive organizational change. 5 credits.
CAM 690 MA Action-Based Major Research Project (8) The action-based research project is a sustained, creative, independent and original piece of scholarship intended to demonstrate both the mastery of good research practices and the intellectual content of the MA program as a whole, including the choice of concentration. Topics must be approved by the learner's major project supervisor, sponsor and MACAM Director. The project can be carried out at the learner's place of work or at another organization with which the learner has made an arrangement. Learners nominate their own major project supervisors and sponsors in accordance with the regulations and procedures outlined in the division's Major Project Handbook. 8 credits.  

Halifax , NS

Political Science

321.1(.2) International Organization
Prerequisite: one (1.0) POL credit at the 200-level. This course examines the concept of international organization. It will focus on the tensions between emerging forms of global governance and existing structures of inter-governmentalism. This course explores current trends and debates within organizations such as the United Nations (UN) and may examine areas such as peace and security, human rights, gender, economic development, environmental protection, and civil society participation.
456.1(.2) Issues in International Security
Prerequisite: one (1.0) POL credit at the 200-level This course examines issues such as international conflict, transnational crime, environmental change and terrorism, taking such perspectives as national security, common security, cooperative security and human security.
554.0 Seminar in Political Behavior
  Prerequisite: permission of instructor.  An analysis of the behavioral movement in political science. Particular attention will be given to the problems of political strategy and political conflict.  

Winnipeg . MB

Political Studies

Introduction to International Relations            (6) credit hours
An Introduction to the analysis of international political action and interaction. The course examines the manner in which the foreign policies of states are formulated and the conflict, competition and cooperation produced by state interaction. Examples are drawn mainly from international events since 1945, with appropriate references to earlier periods.  

Fredericton , NB

Political Science

International Relations

POLS/ECON 3633 International Public Law
   (3 ch) This course examines the sources of law such as custom and treaties and addresses specific issues in the international system: the law of armed conflict, human rights, dispute settlement, intergovernmental and supranational organizations, intellectual property rights, the environment, and the relationship between business corporations, sovereign states and private citizens. This course may be used as a core course in the Law in Society Program.
POLS 3635 Critical Conflict Studies
(3 ch) Overviews traditional conflict research and then examines the nature of contemporary warfare in terms of the class, race, gender and sexual orientation. Particular focus is given to WWI, WWII, the Vietnam War, and the 1991 Gulf War.
POLS 3703 Seminar in Contemporary Issues in World Politics
(3 ch)
The course deals with current trends and developments on the international scene including the global balance of power, relations between the superpowers, ideological conflicts, the Third World and North-South tensions; war, revolution and coup d'etats as these occur.

POLS 3717 The Politics of Nationalism
   (3 ch) A general examination of nationalism as an ideology and political force, with some focus on specific nationalist movements in both the developed and developing worlds. Topics include: competing definitions of nations and nationalism, the underlying causes of nationalist unrest and secessionism, and methods of conflict management in ethnically divided societies.

Ottawa , ON

Political Science/Criminology
International Relations and Global Politics (INT)
POL3105 Theories of Democracy

1  International Organizations

POL3162 Political Violence (3,0,0) 3 cr.
Causes and forms of violence aimed at changing policies, controlling a state, overthrowing a regime, or altering political boundaries. Forms of social, ethnic, and fundamentalist violence, including riots, massacres, terrorism, ethnic cleansing, and genocide.
POL4124 The Politics of Security (3,0,0) 3 cr.
  Strategies, tactics, institutions, theories, and practices of international security broadly defined. Analysis of human security, environmental security, economic security, military security, terror, war, and other current issues.

Charlottetown , PE

Political Science

International Politics

What are the roots of war and what are the prospects for its end? Arms races, the balance of power, liberation wars, and nuclear proliferation are among the topics considered. Case studies include the World Wars, the Arab-Israeli wars, the Falklands war, and the two Persian Gulf wars. Finally, students explore prospects for world peace in the light of the end of the Cold War. In addition to lectures, there will be open class discussions and video presentations. Lecture: Three hours a week
This course examines the evolution and structure of the contemporary global system and considers the perennial questions of peace and stability in a world of independent polities. It treats the diverse capabilities, roles and relationships of state and non-state actors, and considers major patterns of change in the post-war world. Principal attention is directed to recurring theoretical concerns in the study of international politics. Both lectures and readings make generous use of case studies and contemporary issues.  

Sydney , NS

Political Science

POLS 269: War and Peace
(3 credits) This course will offer an in-depth study of the nature of war, its origins and evolution, military strategy, and the impact of war on individual soldiers and citizens through to entire states and ultimately the entire world. The nature of peace, the building blocks of peace and international harmony, and the ways and means of ending wars and promoting peace through peacekeeping and peacemaking will also be examined.

Abbotsford , BC
Political Science
POSC 190:International Relations
                3 credits
Prerequisite(s): None
Transfer: UBC, SFU, UVic, OU, TWU 
A study of aspects of global conflict and world politics. The course provides students with the background necessary for an understanding of sources of power, techniques of wielding influence, and the formulation of foreign policy. The course will examine international law, under development, human rights and global ecology in the context of international political economy.
POSC 195:International Organizations                3 credits
Prerequisite(s): POSC 190

Transfer: UBC, SFU, UVic, OU, TWU 
This course examines the history and present status of international and regional governmental and non-governmental organizations which act in the international arena. Emphasis will be placed on organizations such as the United Nations, the European Community, OPEC, Amnesty International  

Regina , SK

Political Science

PSCI 240
World Politics 3:3-0 A comprehensive introduction to international politics. This course is designed to help students establish a basic understanding of the history of war and peace, international relations theory, human security, international political economy, international law, and international organizations. Prerequisite: PSCI 100
PSCI 342 (formerly PSCI 241)
International Diplomacy and the United Nations System 3:3-0 This course will examine the various approaches to diplomacy and the dynamics of international conflict resolution and peace enhancement through a study of the legal framework, institutional structure and political process of the United Nations System, and other multilateral organizations. It will also involve observation and simulation at the national and international level. Prerequisite: PSCI 240.

Saskatoon , SK

Poltical Science

POLST 112.3
Registration Info — 2004-2005 Regular Session» Political Ideas and Change in a Global Era 1/2(3L) An introduction to political ideas and change in a global era. The course explores themes such as nationalism, ideology, development, democratization, globalization, sovereignty, conflict and human rights.

Toronto , ON

Political Science

Introduction to International Relations 
The course analyzes the impact of the individual, the nation-state, and the international and transnational systems on international conflict and conflict resolution, and examines the major problems the international community confronts in a rapidly changing international environment.
Prerequisite: One full POL course/ 4.0 FCEs in the Faculty of Arts and Science/ express permission of the instructor. Recommended preparation: Prior reading or study of modern history 
Managing International Military Conflict 
Analysis of different aspects of conflict management, including security regimes, U.N. peacekeeping, mediation, bilateral as well as multilateral techniques. Prerequisite: POL208Y1 
Ethnic Politics in Comparative Perspective 
An exploration of approaches to ethnic conflict management in industrial societies. Topics covered: comparison of Canada and United States (First Nations, multiculturalism, Québecois and visible minorities); West European issues: conflict, consociation, and treatment of immigrant minorities; Israel and South Africa ; East European disintegration: Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia ; role of nationalities in collapse of former Soviet Union and in post-Soviet developments. 
International Law International law as an instrument of conflict resolution. Recognition, sovereign immunity, subjects of international law, jurisdiction.
Prerequisite: POL208Y1 
Environmental Conflict & Security
The relationship between human-induced environmental stress and national and international security, with a special focus on the likelihood of environmentally related violence in the developing world. Some treatment of the technical aspects of global environmental change.
Human Rights, Democracy and International Politics 

Explores human rights with reference to global politics and common ways of thinking about democracy and its limits. Materials to be considered are theoretical, practical, empirical and historical, a number of them from Latin America . The defence and protection of human rights provides the basic reference point.
POL 429Y1
Nationalism, Ethnic Conflict and Democracy 
The main theories of ethnic conflict, ethnic violence and nationalism. Focus on the challenges of multiethnic diversity and nationalism for democracy. Origins of nations; construction of ethnic identities; nationalism in the 21st century; causes of ethnic conflict, ethnic riots, and ethnic violence; democracy and ethnic diversity; multination states and democracy.
The Military Instrument of Foreign Policy     
The relationship of military force to politics: Nuclear war and deterrence, conventional war, revolutionary war, terrorism and counter-insurgency are examined from the perspectives of the U.S. , Russia and other contemporary military powers.
Prerequisite: POL208Y1 
JUP460Y1Contemporary Issues in Peace and Conflict     
A colloquium (fall term) and research seminar (spring term) on the changing meanings of security. Concepts to be considered, and to be applied in research, range from the unconventional (feminist theorizing, the GAIA hypothesis) to the familiar (collective security, deterrence). (Offered by the Department of Political Science and University College )
POL468H1Conflict and Conflict Management         
This seminar examines the source of conflict and various methods of conflict management. It focuses on organized conflict, and the manner in which such conflicts appear in character or scope in the contemporary international system.

Contemporary Issues in Foreign Policty 52S 
This senior seminar involves a critical assessment of current foreign policy issues and contemporary world problems. Issues and case studies to be analyzed include: 1. International military interventions to respond to imminent threats or humanitarian crises, issues of legitimacy and effectiveness. e.g., Iraq , Afghanistan , Kosovo , Haiti . 2. Canada-US relations in international crisis management, the track record and the way ahead. 3. Globalization, international terrorism, and their effects on sovereignty, diplomacy and international institutions.