First Annual Canadian Peace Award Recipients and Canadian Peace Hall of Fame Inductee
November 11, 2000
 
Introduction
Awards will be presented in 12 major categories for Canadian achievements in building a Culture of Peace and Non-violence, at home and abroad.  The presentations will also culminate in the first inductions into the Canadian Peace Hall of Fame to be housed at the Canadian Centres for Teaching Peace and on its web site at http://www.peace.ca .  The Award categories will include peace achievements in government, business, the media, education, peacekeepers, peacebuilders in civil society, peace philanthropy, youth, and multi-cultural relations, to name a few.

InukshukThe Award will be in the form of an engraved, soapstone 'Inukshuk'.  For millennia, massive stone figures built in the image of a human have stood silhouetted on the treeless Arctic horizons.  Created by Inuit people, these Inukshuks serve as guides to point out a journey or a safe passage.  The Canadian Centres for Teaching Peace believes this is a fitting Canadian symbol of the journey to safe and caring communities and world.
We come together today in celebration of Peace Champions in Canada and the United Nations International Year for a Culture of Peace.  Each one of us has an obligation to the memory of the many men and women who died for our peace and freedom, to today's millions of needless victims of violence at home and abroad, and to future generations to do everything we can to bring peace to the world and preserve the integrity of this planet.  We know what to do, we just have to do it.  The awards will stress everyone's responsibility and potential influence in building peace in our families, communities and world.
 
Currently, there are several, somewhat low-profile Peace Awards across Canada.  However, generally Canadians are relatively unaware of the Peace Champions and the Culture of Peace Program in Canada.  Many Canadians, and a great number of our youth, do not know that Lester Pearson won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957, that John Humphreys was instrumental in drafting the U.N. Human Rights Declaration, that Canada was the birthplace of Peace Brigades International, that it was Canadian born industrialist Cyrus Eaton who formed the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs (in Pugwash, Nova Scotia) which won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1995, to name a few examples.
 
Our vision is for the Canadian Peace Awards to take a prominent place among Canadian celebrations, fitting of the importance of the topic.  In these violent and rapidly changing times, what could be more important than to celebrate the building of a Culture of Peace at home and abroad, for current and future generations?
 
The First Annual Canadian Peace Awards are being hosted by the Canadian Centres for Teaching Peace. The Awards, in the form of an engraved soapstone 'Inukshuk', have been crafted by the Inuit of Sanikiluaq, Nunavut and supplied by the Nunavut Development Corporation.
 
 
Youth Award
Peace begins with children.  It is our children who may experience conflict and/or violence at a very young age - in either their home, community or school environment.  It is also our children who will lead future generations to either achieve a world of peace, or a world of violence.  We need to provide the children of the world with the skills they need to resolve conflict and build more peaceful communities.  By recognizing those youth who are contributing to building peace, provides a positive relevant example to other youth.  It also drives home to we adults the power of any individual to make a difference with their lives. 

 
Youth - Ryan Hreljac, Kemptville, Ontario   http://www.peace.ca/heroryanhreljac.htm ; http://www.ryanswell.ca/index.html 
Inspired by his Grade 1 teacher at the age of 6, Ryan decided to raise funds to build a clean-water well for a village somewhere in Africa.  Ryan has been working with a national non-profit organization called WaterCan since April 1998. WaterCan’s primary purpose is to raise awareness of and to provide clean water and sanitation for developing countries. WaterCan also helps raise awareness of Canadians of the need to manage domestic water resources responsibly and effectively. Ryan’s efforts resulted in enough funds raised to construct a clean water well. "Ryan’s Well" was dug in January 1999 in the Apac District of northern Uganda and was dedicated on April 20, 1999.  A story was written about Ryan's experience, by Brenda Couch, then Director of Support Services for CUSO, which generated further donations for "Ryan's Well" and related projects.  Ryan originally set out to raise $70 but after almost three years of fundraising, first through extra work done around the house and more recently, on a much broader scale, much more has been accomplished. When matching CIDA funds are taken into account, the total now exceeds $60,000 for clean water wells and related WaterCan projects in developing countries.  Ryan and his classmates at Holy Cross School raised an additional $6,000 in May 2000 through a Hike-A-Thon. The funds were used to pay for import duties and to ship 1,400 school kits to the children at Angolo Primary School (where "Ryan's Well" is located). The "Free The Children" organization had been working with Ryan on this project and donated the 1,400 kits to Angolo Primary School.  Ryan delivered a cheque for $1,200 to the Headmaster at Angolo Primary School for the construction of classrooms during his visit in July 2000.  He also delivered 40 soccer balls to be distributed amongst all schools in Otwal Sub-County.  Clearly, Ryan will continue to make a difference with his life. 
 
 
Media Award
Conflict can be considered the meat and potatoes of journalism and the media. Conflict is both the common experience of humanity as well as its opportunity for progress. But disputes in the media are often reported as if the parties were boxers in a ring or horses running a steeplechase.  Much present day journalism LEAVES OUT the most important part of the story -- how a conflict might be transcended.  Besides reporting the immediate facts of a conflict, the task of the peace journalist is to look beyond the question of who wins, to how the situation might be gradually transformed. What is the conflict about? Who are the parties? What are their real goals? What are the deeper roots of the conflict in structure and culture, including the history of both?Undue focus on the violence, for instance, only serves to hide the underlying conflict and nourishes more violence. The peace journalist needs to report on those who are working to prevent further destruction by asking about their visions of conflict outcomes, their methods, and how they might be supported. Missing facts are as important as reported facts. The task of the good journalist is not only to report what IS, but also to highlight what is MISSING from the story.  (Thanks to Ray Cunnington for editted summary.)
 
 
Media - Marcus Gee, Globe & Mail
Marcus Gee is arguably the most important writer in Canada today.  In a time when sports and finance pages, and Sunshine Girls, garner so much attention, Marcus writes on something even more important - a critical examination of world affairs impacting upon peace.  You may not always agree with him, but he challenges one to inform yourself about any alternatives that might alleviate the suffering and bring the world's conflicts under control. To know Marcus Gee, international affairs columnist for the widely circulated Globe & Mail, one has to read what he has written in one of Canada's leading newspapers.  Here is a typical sampling: 
"Hats off to Lieutenant-General Michael C. Short of the United States Air Force. Thanks to Lt.-Gen. Short, NATO's claim that the air war in Yugoslavia is not directed at civilians has been stripped of its last shreds of credibility."
"When Carlos Torres remembers being tortured by Augusto Pinochet's secret police, it isn't what they did to him that sticks in his mind. It is what they did to his wife."
"Several photos distributed by NATO and said to show possible mass graves in Kosovo could be fake"
"(Talisman Oil's) Jim Buckee is no babe in the woods. A British-born oilman with a fondness for risky business, he has been to some of the world's scariest places and dealt with some of its nastiest regimes. If there ever was a man of the world, he is it. But get him talking about Sudan, as he did in a visit to The Globe and Mail yesterday, and he becomes a wide-eyed innocent, eager to swallow the most transparent rubbish."
"Dave Toycen has a thicket of figures to illustrate how Iraqis are suffering under UN sanctions, but it is one small incident that sticks in his mind. During a tour of Iraq last week for the Christian charity World Vision, Mr. Toycen visited a squalid apartment in the southern city of Amara. He found two families living in the kitchen -- about 16 men, women and children in a space three metres by five metres. When he entered the room, a woman stood up and pushed a glassy-eyed nine-year-old boy toward him. The boy was obviously malnourished and his sight appeared to have been damaged by vitamin-A deficiency. "Help him," she pleaded."
"(Tibetan monk) Palden Gyatso reaches into his cotton shoulder bag and pulls out a foot-long steel baton with a manufacturer's label on the side. The label says: Electric Shock Gun, Jinjiang Radio No. 4 Factory, Jiansu. A prison guard once rammed just such an implement into Mr. Gyatso's mouth, sending an agonizing jolt of electricity through his body. When he regained consciousness, he was lying in a pool of his own blood, urine and feces."
"John Paul has done more than any other pope to reach out to other faiths, often praying with leaders of those religions. In recent years, he has mused about a great summit of the leaders of Islam, Christianity and Judaism on Mount Sinai. In a symbol of his sincerity, he has asked all of the faithful to beg forgiveness for the crimes committed by Catholics over the centuries. "How can we keep silent about all the forms of violence that have been perpetrated in the name of the faith?" he asked in 1994."
There is no essential difference between good journalism as it exists now and peace journalism except that peace journalists are looking for possible cures rather than focusing solely on the disease. Good journalists like Marcus Gee love it. For not only may it reduce human suffering, but actually provide a more realistic image of what goes on in the world.
 
For more information: 
Current Articles by Marcus Gee: http://www.globeandmail.com/servlet/HTMLTemplate?tf=tgam/columnists/Summary.html&cf=tgam/common/MiniHub.cfg&configFileLoc=tgam/config&hub=marcusGee&title=Marcus_Gee 
Past Articles:

What This War is Really About
http://www.uia.ac.be/u/carpent/kosovo/messages/1581.html ;
Haunted by painful memories of Pinochet
http://www.derechoschile.com/pub/globe.rtf ;
Reporter Challenges Reports of Massacres in Pristina
http://www.iacenter.org/natowont.htm ;
Jim Buckee's Sudan
http://www.vitrade.com/talisman/991215_buckee_sudan.htm ;
Deadly battle for food, resources gives rise to new kind of war: Conflicts over ideology old hat as soldiers focus on survival
http://www.earthsystems.org/list/elan/0157.html ;
Turkey says Greece complicit in terrorism Rival neighbours clash over Kurdish leader
http://www.ahmp.org/Globmai1.html ;
Pressure Mounts for Quick Removal of Iraq Sanctions http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/sanction/iraq1/iraq018.htm ;
Former president criticises suppression of dissent http://www.singapore-window.org/sw99/90329gm.htm ;
Bleak future predicted for illiterate children http://reviews.theglobeandmail.com/headlines/19990323-UOXFAN.html ;
Tools of torture a monk's props http://www.tibet.ca/wtnarchive/1998/12/22_1.html ;
Recognize Castro for what he is http://www.fiu.edu/~fcf/reccastrocan.html ;
After 20 years, do we really know Pope John Paul II?
http://reporternews.com/religion/pope1017.html 
 
 
Civil Society Award
This new century calls for new ways of thinking and doing. The evolution of organized civil society is as significant as the invention of the nation state. Central to any discussion of suggestions for reform or new initiatives must be the role of civil society as a partner in the deliberations and implementation of the new social order. For it is us, mere mortal civilians, who are on the ground.
More people are waging peace today than ever before. The new movement is powered by more than 20,000 civilian organizations around the world, up from just 985 in 1956, and their work is beginning to bear fruit.  “There is a growing influence of civil society,” says Tamara Malinova, political affairs officer of the U.N.’s Department of Disarmament Affairs. “No doubt about it.”  Civilian peace organizations have achieved some impressive results of late.  For example, the campaigns that resulted in an international treaty banning land mines and the creation of an International Criminal Court.  To quote Canadian Margaret Mead, “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. Indeed, it’s the only thing that ever has.” 
 
Civil Society - Mennonite Central Committee Canada
Mennonite Central Committee Canada is the service, relief and development agency of the Mennonite and Brethren in Christ churches in North America. The ministries of MCC are understood as a Christian response to human need and an integral part of the church's witness in word and deed to the whole person. Learning from others and cross-cultural interchange are important components of the MCC service experience.  Their fields of work include agriculture, community development, economic & technical assistance, education, health, social services, Justice & Peace.  Often unsung heroes, Members are committed to non-violence and peace-making.  Mennonite contributions to peace include the following:
- Cash donations have reached $16.85 million encompassing general donations, giving to designated projects, relief sales, thrift stores revenue and cash donations to MCC’s food account at Canadian Foodgrains Bank.
- MCC in Canada also more than tripled its shipments of food relief this past year. The largest shipment—6,700 metric tons of wheat—went to Bangladesh, hit by record flooding in 1998. Canadians also sent 9,400 relief kits for victims of Hurricane Mitch and 12,200 kits for Balkan refugees.
- A new MCC Canada initiative in Quebec called Harmony welcomes young people done in the context of an intercultural experience. The working language of this program is French. Six young people from Canada, Europe and Africa participated this year.
- A tire recycling company in Atlantic Canada, started with the help of MCC Canada in 1997 to create jobs, appears to have turned the financial corner.
- MCC submitted sponsorships by Mennonite and Brethren in Christ congregations for approximately 250 refugees from Kosovo in 1999.
- In Labrador MCC continues to struggle with the question of how principles of mediation and conflict resolution might be applied to broader justice issues, especially in cross-cultural contexts. Within Labrador there is cross-cultural tension as Inuit, Innu, Metis, white and military cultures struggle for access to land and resources. The Innu communities of Davis Inlet and Sheshashiu continue to struggle with suicides. MCC workers in Happy Valley-Goose Bay offer spiritual and physical support to local leaders as they seek to provide guidance during times of crisis.
- MCC Canada has produced a new Sunday school curriculum aimed at helping churches become more caring toward people coping with mental illness or other stressful situations. Becoming a More Caring Congregation comes out of the understanding that congregations want to be more caring but often are unsure how to do this well. 
- MCC Canada sponsors two peace studies programs at Colleges in Canada: Menno Simons College is an affiliated college with The University of Winnipeg, offering 3-year Bachelor of Arts Degees in International Development Studies (IDS) and Conflict Resolution Studies (CRS); Conrad Grebel College is affiliated with, and sits on the campus of, the University of Waterloo. The College offers UW courses in Arts, English, Fine Arts, History, Mennonite Studies, Music, Peace and Conflict Studies, Philosophy, Religious Studies, and Sociology.  
For more information, contact Mennonite Central Committee Canada, 134 Plaza Drive, Winnipeg MB R3T 5K9; Telephone: (204) 261-6381; FAX: (204) 269-9875; E-mail: mccon@mennonitecc.on.ca ; Web site: http://www.mennonitecc.ca/mcc/ 
Peace Power to the People: Future of Peace May Lie with Grassroots Organizations http://www.peace.ca/peacepower.htm
 
 
Sports and Entertainment Award
We know from research in psychology that young children (and even adults) tend to model their behaviour and attitudes on those of adults, particularly adults they admire. Athletes and entertainers are role models. But Club Owners, sponsors and the entertainment media often encourage the violence, because it attracts spectators.  To children it all seems natural and sometimes confusing. Little does he or she know that the extreme violence he sees often grows more out of the owners' commercial interests than normal inclinations.  A well-adjusted child who watches acts of violence committed by thieves, murderers, or sadists in films or on TV generally knows that society disapproves of these acts. The child who watches sports knows that athletes' acts of violence are approved of. It makes sense that sports violence would serve as an important role model for children who tend to be well adjusted socially, while illegal violence on the screen would tend to have a greater influence on the behaviour of children who are more psychologically damaged and/or feel more alienated from society. We have reached a crisis point today. Contributing to this crisis is TV, which introduces violent athletes and entertainers as role models and often focuses attention on the violence.  It is time to honour those men and women in sports and entertainment who work to counter violence.
 
Sports and Entertainment - Ken Dryden
drydenIn just seven full NHL seasons, Ken Dryden won six Stanley Cup rings and established himself as one of the all-time greats, claiming countless individual awards for his outstanding performances. From early on, the articulate scholar-athlete's commitment to education was also apparent. He missed the 1973-74 season to fulfill his law school requirements, working with a Toronto law firm for $137 a week.

Since leaving the game as a player, Dryden has written several highly acclaimed, best-selling books, including The Game (acknowledged by many as one of the finest hockey publications ever written), and Home Game, which was developed into an award-winning documentary series for television. His most recent book, In School, is a masterful examination of Canada's education system. Dryden has also worked as a television commentator and host, as well as a Youth Commissioner and consultant on youth unemployment and education. Most recently, Dryden has been appointed President and General Manager of the Toronto Maple Leafs. A frequent lecturer, Dryden is known for his passionate views and willingness to tackle difficult issues, such as violence in sports, with superb powers of observation, compassionate insight, honesty and humanity.  As an elite athlete, he can understand the intensity of participation at that level. Mr Dryden assisted the University of Moncton after the regrettable incident that occurred in an Atlantic University Hockey League playoff hockey game (Feb 24, 1996). He conducted a thorough analysis and provided insightful comments to University administrators. 

Ken has inherited his compassion and leadership from his parents Murray and Margaret Dryden, who have operated a charity since 1970 called Sleeping Children Around the World ( web site http://www.scaw.org/ ) which raises funds to provide bedkits to the neediest of children in underdeveloped and developing countries. (The content of each bedkit varies from country to country depending upon local needs, but usually consists of a groundsheet, mattress, sheets, blanket or mosquito netting, pyjamas, sweater or other clothing, and personal care items.)  Since its founding in 1970 through to February 1997, SCAW has raised over $9.5 million to provide bedkits for over 410,000 children in 30 countries.
 
 
Business Award
Just as businesses participate in building a culture of violence, businesses must be involved in building a Culture of Peace. Canadian corporations should be expected to follow the same peace building values and ethics that we expect of our citizens. That these values would contribute greatly to peacebuilding at home and abroad is obvious.
  • Corporations must be increasingly responsive to issues affecting the physical, social and economic environments not only because of their impact on business performance but also out of a pro-active sense of responsibility to all constituencies served.
  • Corporations need to consider the balance between the short-term interests of shareholders and the longer-term interests of the enterprise and its stakeholders (including the community).
  • Meeting the traditional objectives and performance criteria is not sufficient. Voluntary standards which exceed the requirements of prevailing law and regulations are necessary to the development of sustainable practices. Society's "license or franchise to operate" has to be earned.
  • Corporations should lead by example through business practices that are ethical and transparent, and that reflect a commitment to human dignity, political and economic freedoms, and preservation of the planet.
  • Corporations cannot act alone but should seek to address key global issues through cooperative efforts with governments, other institutions and local communities.
  •  
    Business - there will be no award this year
    There were no nominations identifying a Canadian business that has demonstrated a significant and sustained contribution to building a Culture of Peace at home or abroad.
    For more information:
    Caux Round Table Principles for Business (5 star - must read rating) http://www.cauxroundtable.org/PRIN4.HTM
    A Code of Ethics/Values for Countries, Governments, Businesses http://www.peace.ca/codeofethics.htm
     
     
    Government Award
    Some 80 years ago there was inscribed in the Peace Tower, that magnificent symbol of peace which gives world-renowned character to Canada's Parliament, the words from Proverbs: "Where there is no vision, the people perish."  As we prepare to move into a new century and a new millennium, we should think deeply about this scriptural admonition.  What is our vision? What do we see for Canada; a bounteous land blessed with space, industry, resources, technological advancement, and immense human energies?  How do we see Canada related to the world at this pivotal moment in world history where human beings have in their power the means to fashion human security for everyone on God's planet, and the power to blow it apart?  Leadership is key to effective team building, community building, nation building and peace building.  We elect our government leaders to provide visionary leadership.  While it is easy to be critical of government, this award celebrates what has been done, rather than what has yet to be done or done differently in future.
     
    Government - Hon. Lloyd Axworthy
    Lloyd Axworthy, Canadian foreign affairs minister, was among the leaders of the anti-land mine campaign. Both Axworthy and the committee were nominated early on for the Nobel Peace prize.  The United States, which makes most of the world’s land mines, dismissed the campaign early on as naive posturing, but with Axworthy leading the way, the campaign has become a Canadian diplomatic coup, with other nations scrambling onto the bandwagon.  In addition, Mr. Axworthy was a leader of Canada's Foreign Policy for Human Security.  Human security places a focus on the security of people. This constitutes a major and necessary shift in international relations and world affairs, which have long placed predominant emphasis on the security of the state.  Other initiatives: Canada to promote increased capacity for rapid reaction for UN Peacekeeping Missions; support of an International Criminal Court; War Child Conferences; proponent of Soft Power; the launching of the Canadian Peacebuilding Initiative; review of NATO nuclear policy.  Some initiatives have been controversial: participation in the "humanitarian bombing" of Serbia and Kosovo and Canada's stated readiness "to go to war again for humanitarian reasons even if the action defies international law and the United Nations Charter"; lack of support for the United Nations Culture of Peace Program and action on Talisman Oil's Sudan involvement.   In the world of politics, we can not expect to achieve everything - Lloyd Axworthy did achieve a lot, and leaves a large pair of shoes for his successor to fill.  We can only hope that Mr. Axworthy's legacy will inspire the Canadian government to do more to build a Culture of Peace and Non-violence at home and abroad.  For more information: biography http://198.103.104.40/paris/canadafrance/axworthycv-e.asp  and http://www.mfa.gov.sg/amm/delegate_canada.html ; Choosing Nobel Prize Winner Clouded in Secrecy A Mysterious Process http://archive.abcnews.go.com/sections/world/nobel110_process/ ; The Challenge of Soft Power http://www.time.com/time/magazine/articles/intl/0,3266,21163,00.html
     
     
    Peace Education Award
    Education is a cornerstone in the peacebuilding process. As today's youth become increasingly desensitized to violence, the roles of schools and the curriculum they represent assume great importance. Schools have the power to shape the attitudes and skills of young people toward peaceful human relations. Through teaching young children values of respect, tolerance, and empathy, and by equipping them with the necessary skills to resolve conflict in a non-violent manner, they are provided with the tools they need, now and in the future, to foster peaceful relations at home, at school and around the world.  Education builds the foundations for good citizenship, respect for self and others, democratic values and tolerance of opinions. Educational research indicates that when young people are trained in civics, mediation, ethnic tolerance and conflict resolution, the likelihood that they will resort to violence later in life is diminished. We firmly believe that we can not have a peaceful people without educating for peace. 
     
    Education - Toh Swee Hin, Edmonton (University of Alberta) 
    During 2000, a Canadian professor won the equivalent of the "Olympic gold medal" for peace educators - who, then, could be better qualified for our First Canadian Peace Education Award? - UNESCO Director-General Koïchiro Matsuura has decided to award the 2000 UNESCO Prize for Peace Education to Professor Toh Swee-Hin, who is of Malaysian origin and whose candidature was submitted by the Philippines. He was designated as the winner of this year's UNESCO prize on the unanimous recommendation of an international jury.  In nominating Toh Swee-Hin to receive this year's UNESCO prize, the jury sought to reward "the candidate's exceptional contribution to the promotion of the ideals of peace and non-violence and for his practical action in favour of peace through the education of a wide range of social actors." Mr Toh was born and grew up in Malaysia, has Australian citizenship and now lives in Canada. A professor and researcher, Mr Toh has helped to pioneer and promote peace education in many countries - such as Uganda, South Africa, Jamaica, Japan and the USA - but above all in Mindanao, Philippines, a site of longstanding armed, social and cultural conflicts. As the Director of the Centre for International Education and Development from 1994 to 1999, Mr Toh was able to integrate peace education into several bilateral educational development projects in Africa, Asia and the Caribbean. He has always been very active in numerous international associations, networks and agencies that promote peace education.  The US$25,000 Prize for Peace Education, created in 1980 through a donation from the Japan Shipbuilding Industry Foundation, promotes actions that increase public awareness and mobilize opinion in favour of peace. The UNESCO prize-giving ceremony will take place on December 11 (6.30 p.m.) at Organization Headquarters.
     
    For more information:
    Education for Peace:  Towards a Millennium of Well-Being http://www.peace.ca/educationforpeace.htm
     
     
    Peacekeepers Award
    One of the current misconceptions in Canada is the role of peacekeepers in a Culture of Peace.  Peacekeepers (e.g.. the military, police, security guards, etc.) have (some would say 'unfortunately') a legitimate, necessary and positive role to play.  Often they are called upon after the fact, or as a threat against violence.  We should Remember the peacekeepers.  As was the message in the movie 'Saving Private Ryan', remembering the dead is not sufficient ... each of us must honour our inherited commitment to those who served and died, in order that we may live, by doing as much as we possibly can to prevent violence and wars, at home and abroad. 

     
    Peacekeepers - Romeo d'Allaire
     
    LGEN DALLAIRE
    What he saw affected him personally, and it took much courage to speak out at great risk to his personal career.

    Lt.-Gen. Romeo Dallaire, is the United Nations peacekeeping force commander who tried to stop the genocide in Rwanda.  "Lieutenant-General Dallaire's leadership throughout his career has been truly inspirational," said Art Eggleton, the Minister of National Defence, "He has left an indelible, endearing mark of dedication to duty on the national and international stage."  "Roméo Dallaire is the epitome of the professional, modern military officer," said Gen. Maurice Baril, the Chief of the Defence Staff. "He may be taking off the uniform but we are not saying 'goodbye' to him. I personally, and the Canadian Forces at large, will continue to take advantage of his professional experiences and insights as we work on our reform and change agenda in the Canadian military. His personal courage, moral integrity and bearing under unimaginable circumstances stand as an example for all of our personnel."

    On 1 July 1993 he took command of the United Nations Observer Mission - Uganda and Rwanda (UNOMUR) and the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR). It is for this mission that he was awarded the Meritorious Service Cross.  The REPORT OF RWANDA INQUIRY TEAM, on  January 11, 1994, reported on a cable which UNAMIR Force Commander Brigadier-General Romeo Dallaire had sent to United Nations, New York. The report says the cable features prominently in discussions about what information was available to the United Nations about the risk of genocide. Mr. Carlsson said the cable contained “very important information –- most of which turned out to be correct. This cable was so important that it should have been shared with the Secretary-General and the Security Council as a whole. The serious mistake with the cable was the follow-up”.   General Kupolati said that as far as the military issues surrounding peacekeeping were concerned, the UNAMIR Force Commander, General Dallaire, was working with a “flawed mandate ... . He did not have the men he needed, they arrived late and without the right equipment. Given this background, General Dallaire acquitted himself well –- but he was handicapped”. He also said that there were problems with the rules of engagement, and that some of General Dallaire’s officers had disagreed with those rules.    For more information: retirement press release http://www.dnd.ca/eng/archive/2000/apr00/12dallaire_n_e.htm ; biography http://www.dnd.ca/hr/dsa/engraph/BIODALLAIRE_e.asp ; Washington Post article "The Haunting"
     
     
    Peace Philanthropy Award
    Today, many organizations face increased expectations to meet community needs, increasing competition for funds, and demands for more accountability from funders and the public.  The environment that charitable organizations operate in is complex and ever-changing. Research shows that the voluntary sector is built on a very narrow base of donors and volunteers.  If it is the government's role to provide for basic human needs, it is the charitable sector's role, both as partner and counterpoint to government, to explore and challenge systems and solutions and to put the words to music. To do that effectively, the sector requires some independent money, money that is not tied to political timetables or points of view. This is where philanthropy comes in.  As Tom Axworthy said when he was with the CRB Foundation in Montreal, foundations are investment bankers in the commonwealth. They have the ability to deal with the basic fissures that produce the problems in the first place. Private foundations also have the luxury of time, and so can deal with the long-term. Peter Goldmark, president of the Rockefeller Foundation, describes philanthropy as the practice of applying assets of knowledge, passion and wealth to bring about constructive change.  Alan Broadbent of the Maytree Foundation, made the following comment: "The best philanthropy occurs at the vital crossroads of the donor’s values and the needs of the community's." It is my view that community foundations have a very important role to play in facilitating and enabling the best peacebuilding.

    Philanthropy - Jennifer Simons, Ph.D. Vancouver, B.C.
    President of The Simons Foundation, a private family foundation, representing its members (9). Ms. Simons is also Adjunct Professor in The Institute for the Humanities, Simon Fraser University, past Board Member of the Canadian Centre for Arms Control and Disarmament, Peacefund Canada, and a current board member of the Canadian Council for International Peace and Security.  She is also a member of the International Steering Committee of the Middle Powers Initiative, an International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons chaired by Canadian Senator Douglas Roche.  The mandate of The Simons Foundation is to promote public
    education in matters of global peace and security including nuclear disarmament, human rights, social justice and environmental issues. 
    For more information: Nanoose Bay Expropriation ftp://ftp.nautilus.org/nnnnet/references/Simons081799.txt

    SIGNPOSTS, MILESTONES TO A CULTURE OF PEACE  (Word Document file)

    PERHAPS ONLY A QUESTION OF TIME: SCIENCE, ETHICS AND WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION

    Canadian Centre for Philanthropy http://www.ccp.ca/

     
     
    Multicultural Award
    Tolerance and understanding are dependent upon the dissemination of information which deconstructs myths of the 'other' as well as promoting recognition of commonality between communities. The education highlighting similarities between communities is hoped to reveal shared solidarity.  Activities for Culture of Peace programs may include: 1. International projects for school children promoting intercultural understanding; 2. Fostering multilingualism and cultural expression by minorities and indigenous people in multicultural societies; 3. Promoting values which consolidate intercultural dialogue for peace and which secure the participation of women and young people; 4. Intercultural projects for dialogue and exchange between cultural areas.  The challenge lies in co-existing non-violently while respecting differences.  Canada is a country of many cultures: anglophone, francophone, First Nations peoples, and more recent immigrants.  We need to grapple with the challenge of promoting cultural solidarity or what a Filipino-based inter-faith educator and activist has called “active harmony”.  Through critical dialogue and collaborative activities, conflicting or divided cultural /ethnic/racial groups, communities and nations are able to understand the root causes of their divisions, to cultivate respect of each other beliefs and traditions, and to seek reconciliation or healing of differences which may often harbour deep and violent feelings of bitterness, enmity and revenge. In facilitating such intercultural respect and ties of solidarity, we can build societal and global harmony. 

    Multicultural - Ovide Mercredi
     
     
    Ovide Mercredi, a lawyer by profession, first rose to national prominence during the Oka crisis, through his thoughtful interventions and careful negotiations in aid of a non-violent resolution of the Oka conflict.  Mr. Mercredi served two terms (July 1991 - July 1997) as the National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations, the national political organization of the 630 First Nations in Canada, becoming the longest serving National Chief.  He earned a reputation as a skilled political activist committed to the Gandhian traditions of non-violence.  In 1992, he led a team of about 60 First Nations representatives that resulted in the Charlottetown Accord which recognized a legal duty to honour the treaties and aboriginal self-government as a distinct third order of government.  In 1994, he became the first aboriginal person from Canada to lead an official delegation for a federal international human rights and democratic development institution, as an observer of human rights conditions in Chiapas, Mexico, on behalf of the International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development during the conflict in Chiapas.  During his term, Ovide addressed the United Nations in both Geneva and New York.  He has spoken in India, Australia, Great Britain, Scotland and Germany; he has addressed the Navaho legislature in the United States, and has lectured at various American Universities.  He has been honoured with several awards, including being nominated by the Mahatma Gandhi Foundation for World Peace for the Gandhi Prize, an annual award by the Government of India in recognition of the achievements of individuals who, in their efforts on behalf of disadvantaged people, best exemplify the principles of Gandhi. 
     
    Quoting Mr. Mercredi, "My greatest personal achievement has been to become a participating student in traditional and spiritual knowledge and culture.  Learning from traditional elders has been a true academic experience of another kind that has engaged me in a serious search for the meaning of life.  To know yourself as an indigenous human being is a definite struggle in contemporary society but learning about your very own culture is one path towards achieving personal validation.  For me, there are very few teachings that are as great as this wisdom passed down by our ancestors: 'All life is sacred'."
    For more information: Nonviolence and Aboriginal Rights http://www.peacemagazine.org/archive/mercredi.htm ; Ovide Mercredi on nuclear waste http://www.ceaa.gc.ca/panels/nuclear/transcripts/earav54/s21.htm ; Ovide Mercredi on Globalization http://www.apc.org.nz/pma/ovide.htm 
     
     
    Country Contributing to Peace Award
    Canada is well endowed with resources and skills.  We should be expected to have a leading role in building peace in the world.  Canada's name should be prominent in dialogues for peace in the halls of the United Nations and its agencies.  The majority of other countries are not so fortunate, and yet some of them have made remarkable contributions to world peace.  These too should be recognized and encouraged.

    Country - New Agenda Coalition: Brazil, Egypt, Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand, South Africa, Sweden
    On 9 June 1998, the Foreign Ministers of Brazil, Egypt, Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand, Slovenia, South Africa, and Sweden launched a Joint Declaration in the United Nations called "Towards A Nuclear Weapon-Free World: The Need For A New Agenda." This group, known as the New Agenda Coalition criticized both the nuclear weapon states and the three nuclear weapon-capable states of India, Israel, and Pakistan and called on them all to agree to start work immediately on the practical steps and negotiations required for eliminating their nuclear arsenals.  They shared the conclusion expressed by the commissioners of the Canberra Commission in their Statement that "the proposition that nuclear weapons can be retained in perpetuity and never used - accidentally or by decision - defies credibility. The only complete defence is the elimination of nuclear weapons and assurance that they will never be produced again."
     
    This historic development, bringing together eight courageous "middle-power" governments (reduced to seven with the loss of Slovenia following NATO pressure) determined to act for humanity and the planet, posed a serious challenge to the nuclear weapon states that they could not ignore. The NAC -- drawn from nearly every continent and independent of the Cold War blocs -- represents the overwhelming majority of states which have clearly lost patience with the lack of progress towards a nuclear weapon-free world. More than this, it consists predominantly of states that have forsworn nuclear weapons, have shown leadership on disarmament issues, and have good relations with the nuclear weapon states. The Joint Declaration embodies a way to move gradually from the current unstable, unsustainable, and discriminatory non-proliferation regime to a more secure world free from the threat of nuclear annihilation.
     
    The NAC Resolution stated, "We can no longer remain complacent at the reluctance of the nuclear-weapon states and the three nuclear-weapons-capable states to take that fundamental and requisite step, namely a clear commitment to the speedy, final and total elimination of their nuclear weapons and nuclear weapons capability and we urge them to take that step now. ... We therefore call on the governments of each of the nuclear-weapon states and the three nuclear-weapons-capable states to commit themselves unequivocally to the elimination of their respective nuclear weapons and nuclear weapons capability and to agree to start work immediately on the practical steps and negotiations required for its achievement. ... We call on them to abandon present hair-trigger postures by proceeding to de-alerting and de-activating their weapons. They should also remove non-strategic nuclear weapons from deployed sites. ... We, on our part, will spare no efforts to pursue the objectives outlined above. We are jointly resolved to achieve the goal of a world free from nuclear weapons. We firmly hold that the determined and rapid preparation for the post-nuclear era must start now." Recorded Vote Adopted November 13, 1998 - Yes: 97; No: 19; Abstain: 32 (including Canada)

    Subsequent to a working meeting earlier this year, a new New Agenda resolution was overwhelmingly adopted at the United Nations on 1 November, 2000 by a vote of 146 to three with eight abstentions: an obvious and unequivocal endorsement. All of NATO (except France) voted yes. The US, UK and China are in the "yes" column; Russia and France abstained. The three "no" votes are from the non-NPT NWSs - India, Israel and Pakistan.  This overwhelming vote serves the dual goals of bringing the Non-Proliferation Treaty consensus onto the broader international stage and solidifying the New Agenda's role in nuclear disarmament deliberations.

    Currently, more than 30,000 nuclear weapons remain deployed or in storage with the destructive power of more than 300,000 Hiroshima bombs 

    For more information:
    New Agenda Coalition Statement  http://www.wilpf.int.ch/~wilpf/about_wilpf/alert5.htm
    The Middle Powers Initiative http://www.middlepowers.org/
     
     
    Canadian Peace Hall of Fame
    The Canadian Peace Hall of Fame (CPHF) honors people and institutions who represent the best in the peacebuilding profession. The Hall of Fame exists to recognize the prominent and the unsung heroes of our country - the people who influence our most worthwhile cause, Peace.  Initially, as a virtual Hall of Fame, the web site will provide you with information about the Canadian Peace Hall of Fame's members.  The goal of recognizing exemplary peacebuilding is to be accomplished through honor, recognition and building awareness. 

    Peace Hall of Fame - Hon. Lester B. Pearson 1897 - 1972 http://www.nobel.se/peace/laureates/1957/press.html
    http://www.nobel.se/peace/laureates/1957/pearson-bio.html
     
    Lester Pearson is regarded by many as the father of modern peacekeeping.  Canadian statesman and prime minister (1963--8), born in Newtonbrook, Ontario, Canada. He studied at Toronto and Oxford universities, and was leader of the Canadian delegation to the UN, becoming president of the General Assembly (1952--3). Minister of external affairs (1948--57), his efforts to resolve the Suez Crisis were rewarded with the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957. Mr. Pearson is the only Canadian ever to win a Nobel Peace Prize.  As Liberal prime minister, he introduced a comprehensive pension plan, socialized medicine, and the maple-leaf flag.

    Pearson believed that Canada had a responsibility and indeed, a vital national interest, in active participation in any international activity that would lessen the chances of another world war. As such, Pearson was a strong advocate of the UN’s role in peacekeeping and in strong Canadian involvement in UN peacekeeping operations. As well, he was actively involved in negotiations that led to the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1949. Through his involvement in early UN conflict solving, both he and Canada emerged with distinction.  By not condemning, isolating or antagonizing the States involved, Pearson was able to end the Suez crisis in 1956 through the United Nations by the creation of an international police force which would separate the combatants; would end the immediate fighting; and would allow the UK and France to withdraw from the crisis with a minimum loss of face and before being formally condemned by the UN.

    [Photo of Nobel Peace Prize Medal]In 1957, Pearson’s remarkable diplomatic achievements in peacebuilding, and in particular in resolving the crisis of Suez through the establishment of a UN Emergency Force, was recognized and honoured with the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize. In his presentation speech, Dr. Gunnar Jahn, Chairman of the Nobel Committee emphasized that "the Peace Prize has not been awarded to the politician or to the secretary of state as such, but to the man Lester Pearson because of his personal qualities -- the powerful initiative, strength and perseverance he has displayed in attempting to prevent or limit war operations and to restore peace in situations where quick, tactful, and wise action has been necessary to prevent unrest from spreading and developing into a worldwide conflagration."

     
    Further information: http://www.mala.bc.ca/~mcneil/pearson.htm 
    The Four Faces of Peace: The Honourable Lester Bowles Pearson’s Acceptance Speech Upon Presentation of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 http://www.unac.org/canada/pearson/FAOandUN-Speech_Nobel.html
    Pearson biography http://www.unac.org/canada/pearson/FAOandUN-Intro.html

    Peace in the Family of Man - by Lester B. Pearson.  After a lifetime devoted to the cause of international peace, one of its most distinguished servants here reflects on the state of the world today and the prospects for peace in the family of man.  Mr. Pearson’s commentary reveals the personal qualities that have established him as a great conciliator: understanding, patience, reasonableness, and the ability to lighten his arguments with a gently ironic sense of humor.  These qualities inform his judgments as he discusses the polarization of international power, the threat of nuclear war, the means of increasing political and economic co-operation, the role of the United Nations, and the prospects for the future. He begins after the First World War, when those who discussed disarmament at Geneva did so in the conviction that there would be no more war, and ends as the major powers, armed like gladiators to the limits of their endurance, confront each other on a high wire in an era when travelers in outer space have reminded us that our planet is home to all the human race.  If Mr. Pearson is not optimistic, he is not disillusioned.  He makes clear the futility of attempts at quick solutions and re-states the urgent need to bring to the creation of a unified international community the same intensity of personal commitment we bring to domestic affairs.  The reader will find that sense of personal commitment here, beneath the familiar unpretentious style, and a clear statement of the ideas and attitudes that must direct actions of both governments and citizens if there is to be stability in the world and hope for all its peoples.  This book, available on the Internet by clicking on the above link ( http://www.peace.ca/peaceinthefamilyofman.htm ) contains the six Reith Lectures broadcast over the BBC in the autumn of 1968.

     

     

     For more information about the Canadian Peace Awards - contact Robert Stewart, C.A., C.M.C., Director, Canadian Centres for Teaching Peace at stewartr [at] peace.ca; (telephone - 403-461-2469; fax - 309-407-6576; mail - Box 70, Okotoks, Alberta, Canada T1A 1S4; web site - http://www.peace.ca )